Salgótarján

Last updated
Salgótarján
Salgótarján Megyei Jogú Város
Salgotarjan 2009, view.jpg
Skyline of Salgótarján
Flag of Salgotarjan.svg
Flag
HUN Salgotarjan Cimer.svg
Coat of arms
Nograd location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Salgótarján
Hungary location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Salgótarján
Coordinates: 48°06′15″N19°48′27″E / 48.104042°N 19.807456°E / 48.104042; 19.807456 Coordinates: 48°06′15″N19°48′27″E / 48.104042°N 19.807456°E / 48.104042; 19.807456
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
County Nógrád
District Salgótarján
Government
   Mayor Zsolt Fekete (MSZP)
Area
  Total102.96 km2 (39.75 sq mi)
Elevation
299 m (981 ft)
Population
 (2017)
  Total34,627 [1]
Demonym(s) salgótarjáni
Population by ethnicity
[2]
   Hungarians 85.9%
   Gypsies 5.4%
   Germans 0.4%
   Slovaks 0.3%
   Romanians 0.1%
  Others0.7%
Population by religion
[3]
   Roman Catholic 39.4%
   Greek Catholic 0.2%
   Calvinists 2.2%
   Lutherans 1.2%
  Other2.6%
   Non-religious 25.1%
  Unknown29.3%
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3100
Area code (+36) 32
Website www.salgotarjan.hu
Downtown Salgotarjan Salgotarjan, downtown.jpg
Downtown Salgótarján
Conference centre Salgotarjan, conferential centre.jpg
Conference centre

Salgótarján (Hungarian pronunciation:  [ˈʃɒlɡoːtɒrjaːn] ) is the capital of Nógrád county, north-eastern Hungary, making it the third smallest county capital based on population.

Contents

Location

At the foot of Karancs mountain, in the Cserhát hills, 250 meters above sea level, 120 km (75 mi) north-east from Budapest, 70 km (43 mi) west from Miskolc. Salgótarján is surrounded by beautiful forests and hills topped with castle ruins, which are accessible by bus that may be taken from the center of town.

History

The town already existed in the Middle Ages, but information on it is scarce possibly because it was a small settlement. The word salgó means "shining" in Old Hungarian, while Tarján was the name of one of the Hungarian tribes conquering the area.

The castle of Salgó was built in the 13th century on a mountain of volcanic origin. In the 13th century the town already had a church.

After the 1682 siege of the nearby Castle of Fülek (today Fiľakovo, Slovakia) the town was deserted, and new settlers arrived only ten years later, but remained a small village.

Development came in the mid-19th century, when a coal mine was opened nearby. The job opportunities provided by the mine and the developing industry began to attract people. The village grew quickly and was granted town status in 1922. Today visitors can see the remains of the mining industry by visiting the Mine Museum, which is located next to the main entrance of the mine.

In 1950, Salgótarján became the capital of Nógrád county instead of the previous county seat Balassagyarmat, although the county offices did not move there until 1952. In the next twenty years several villages were annexed to the growing city.

The coal mines closed years ago, leaving the city with high unemployment rates.

In 1994, Salgótarján was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accord with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50.000 were granted county rights, and Salgótarján was one of only two county seats that had smaller population than 50.000; the other was Szekszárd).

Places of interest

The town is near two ruined castles and contains two museums, among other places of interest.

Sport

The city has an association football club. Salgótarjáni BTC competed in the Nemzeti Bajnokság III.

Twin towns – sister cities

Salgótarján is twinned with: [6]

Related Research Articles

Gömör was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. In the 19th century, and in the beginning of the 20th century, it was united with the Kis-Hont County to form Gömör-Kishont County. Its territory is located in southern Slovakia and northern Hungary. Today names Gömör/Gemer are only an informal designation of the corresponding territory without administrative role.

Nógrád County County of Hungary

Nógrád is a county of Hungary.

Visegrád Place in Pest, Hungary

Visegrád is a small castle town in Pest County, Hungary. It is north of Budapest on the right bank of the Danube in the Danube Bend. It had a population of 1,864 in 2010. Visegrád is famous for the remains of the Early Renaissance summer palace of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and the medieval citadel.

Tokaj Town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hungary

Tokaj is a historical town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary, 54 kilometers from county capital Miskolc. It is the centre of the Tokaj-Hegyalja wine district where Tokaji wine is produced.

Békéscsaba City with county rights in Békés, Hungary

Békéscsaba is a city in Southeast Hungary, the capital of Békés County.

Tatabánya Urban county

Tatabánya is a city of 65,849 inhabitants in northwestern Hungary, in the Central Transdanubian region. It is the capital of Komárom-Esztergom County.

Szekszárd City with county rights in Tolna, Hungary

Szekszárd is a small city in southern Hungary and the capital of Tolna county. By population, Szekszárd is the smallest county capital in Hungary; by area, it is the second-smallest.

Fiľakovo Town in Slovakia

Fiľakovo is a town in the Banská Bystrica Region of south-central Slovakia. Historically it was located in Nógrád County, as part of the Nógrád, Novohrad, "Newcastle" region.

Karancsalja Place in Nógrád, Hungary

Karancsalja is a village in Nógrád county, Hungary, in Salgótarján District.

Szalmatercs Place in Nógrád, Hungary

Szalmatercs is a village in Nógrád county, Hungary.

Márkháza Place in Northern Hungary, Hungary

Márkháza is a village in Nógrád County, Hungary. It is located 15 kilometers from Salgótarján in the Kis Zagyva Valley.

The Novohrad – Nógrád Geopark (NNG), a geopark straddling the border between Hungary and Slovakia, is one of the first transnational geoparks in the world. It is a member of the UNESCO Global Geoparks Network and European Geoparks Network.

Hatvan–Fiľakovo railway

Hatvan– Fiľakovo railway is a non-electrified railway connecting Hatvan, Hungary with Fiľakovo, Slovakia. Once a major connecting railway, the line currently sees only local Regionalbahn service and local goods traffic. It is double tracked from Hatvan to Selyp, then single tracked for the remainder of the distance to Fiľakovo.. It is a class III passenger and goods line from Somoskőújfalu to Selyp, then becomes a class II line from there to Hatvan. The line has utilized clock-face scheduling operation since 2008, when direct express train connecting service with Budapest ended.

Thomas (I) Szécsényi was a Hungarian powerful baron and soldier, who rose to prominence during King Charles I's war against the oligarchs. He belonged to the so-called "new aristocracy", who supported the king's efforts to restore royal power in the first decades of the 14th century. He was the first member of the influential Szécsényi family.

Pásztó District Districts of Hungary in Nógrád

Pásztó is a district in south-eastern part of Nógrád County. Pásztó is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Salgótarján District Districts of Hungary in Nógrád

Salgótarján is a district in north-eastern part of Nógrád County. Salgótarján is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Szécsény District Districts of Hungary in Nógrád

Szécsény is a district in northern part of Nógrád County. Szécsény is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Gyöngyös District Districts of Hungary in Heves

Gyöngyös is a district in central-western part of Heves County. Gyöngyös is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region. This district is a part of Mátra Mountains geographical region.

Pétervására District Districts of Hungary in Heves

Pétervására is a district created in 2013 in the north-western part of Heves County. Pétervására is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Ózd District Districts of Hungary in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén

Ózd is a district in western part of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County. Ózd is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

References

  1. Salgótarján, KSH
  2. KSH - Salgótarján, 2011
  3. KSH - Salgótarján, 2011
  4. County History Museum site
  5. Mining museum site
  6. "About Salgótarján". salgotarjan.hu. Salgótarján. Retrieved 2021-04-06.