Salil Chowdhury

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Salil Chowdhury
Background information
Born(1925-11-19)19 November 1925
Ghazipur, 24 Parganas, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day South 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India)
Died5 September 1995(1995-09-05) (aged 71)
Calcutta, West Bengal, India
GenresBengali, folk, film base, western classical fusion, Indian classical fusion
Occupation(s) Singer-Songwriter, Composer, Arranger, Poet, Lyricist, Story-writer

Salil Chowdhury (19 November 1925 – 5 September 1995) was an Indian music director, songwriter, lyricist, writer and poet who predominantly composed for Bengali, Hindi and Malayalam films. He composed music for films in 13 languages. This includes over 75 Hindi films, 41 Bengali films, 27 Malayalam films, and a few Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Gujarati, Odia and Assamese films. His musical ability was widely recognised [1] and acknowledged in the Indian film industry. He was an accomplished composer and arranger who was proficient in several musical instruments, including flute, the piano, and the esraj. He was also widely acclaimed and admired [1] for his inspirational and original poetry in Bengali.


The first Bengali film for which Chowdhury composed music was Paribortan, released in 1949. Mahabharati, released in 1994, was the last of the 41 Bengali films where he rendered his music. He is affectionately called Salilda by his admirers.


Early influences – childhood and teenage

Salil Chowdhury was born on 19 November 1925, in a village called Ghazipur in South 24 Parganas, West Bengal. Salil's childhood was spent in the Tea Gardens Region of Assam. His father was reputed to stage plays with coolies and other low-paid workers of the tea-gardens. [1] From an early age he listened to the Western Classical collection of his father. [1] During the second world war Chowdhury got the opportunity to closely observe human sufferings, hunger and problem of the refugees. [2] He studied in Harinavi D.V.A.S High School and there after graduating from Bangabasi College, affiliated to the University of Calcutta in Kolkata, and during this period his political ideas were formulated along with a considerable maturity in his musical ideas. [1]

As a teenager in school, Chowdhury already had an interest in music, and played the flute, harmonium and esraj. He learnt to play the piano from his elder brother at the age of 6. Once in college, he also began to compose tunes. His first popular song was "Becharpoti tomar bichaar" (lit. the days of new judgement have come because people are now awake), set to a kirtan tune. Chowdhury composed it in 1945 during the Indian National Army trials when the freedom fighters had returned from Andaman jail. Chowdhury shifted to a village in 24 parganas to live with his maternal uncles, when he was witness to a big peasant uprising there in 1943. He got involved with them and began writing songs for the peasant movement. In 1944, while studying for his MA, Chowdhury witnessed people dying on the streets of Calcutta, as 50 lakh Bengalis died during the famine. The famine was man-made as local rice was instead directed to Britain's war effort overseas, leading to scarcity, aggravated by black marketeers and hoarders. This led Chowdhury to become fully involved in the peasant movement, and he became a full-time member of IPTA and the Communist Party. Subsequently, arrest warrants were issued in his name, and he went underground in the Sunderbans, hiding in paddy fields and supported by local peasants. During this time, he continued writing plays and songs. [3]

In 1944, a young Salil came to Calcutta for his graduate studies. He joined the IPTA [1] (Indian Peoples Theater Association) the cultural wing of the Communist Party of India. He started writing songs [1] and setting tunes for them. [1] The IPTA theatrical outfit travelled through the villages and the cities bringing these songs to the common man. Songs like Bicharpati, Runner and Abak prithibi [1] became extremely popular with the general population at the time.

Songs like Gnaayer bodhu (গাঁয়ের বধূ), which he composed at the age of 20, brought about a new wave of Bengali music. [1] Almost every notable singer at the time from West Bengal had sung at least one of his songs. A few examples are Debabrata Biswas, Manna Dey, Hemanta Mukherjee, Shyamal Mitra, Sandhya Mukherjee, Manabendra Mukherjee, Subir Sen, and Pratima Banerjee.

Film career

Sitting from left: Robin Majumdar, Bhanu Banerjee, Robin Chatterjee, Ila Bose, Bani Ghoshal, Sabita Chowdhury and Salil Chowdhury
Standing from left: V. Balsara, Shyamal Mitra, Montu Bose and Jahar Roy Salil Chowdhury with eminent personalities 1.jpg
Sitting from left: Robin Majumdar, Bhanu Banerjee, Robin Chatterjee, Ila Bose, Bani Ghoshal, Sabita Chowdhury and Salil Chowdhury
Standing from left: V. Balsara, Shyamal Mitra, Montu Bose and Jahar Roy

The first Bengali film in which Salil Chowdhury composed music was Paribortan, released in 1949. Mahabharati, released in 1994, was the last of the 41 Bengali films where he rendered his music.

In an interview with All India Radio, Salil Chowdhury described his coming to Bombay in 1953 as a "stroke of luck". He was writing the script for a Bengali film about a peasant who was disowned of his land and had gone to Calcutta to earn money as a Rickshaw puller. Hrishikesh Mukherjee, who heard of it from Chowdhury during a visit to Calcutta, liked it immensely and suggested that he narrate it to the director Bimal Roy. Roy heard it, and asked him to meet him again the next morning. However, when Chowdhury went to meet him the next day, he learnt that Roy had rushed to Bombay on an urgent call. A week later, he received a telegram from Roy that he wanted to turn his script into a movie. This resulted in Chowdhury's debut in the Hindi film industry in 1953 [1] as the music director for Do Bigha Zamin (1953). The movie was based on Tagore's poem by the same name, but the story was different and was written by Salil Chowdhury himself. Directed by Bimal Roy, this film took his career to new heights when it became the first film to win the Filmfare Best Movie Award and won the international Prize at the Cannes Film Festival. [3]

After working for about 20 years in Bengali and Hindi films, he entered the Malayalam film industry and, in 1964, composed music for the movie Chemmeen . [1] He went on to compose music for films in 13 languages. This includes over 75 Hindi films, 41 Bengali films, around 27 Malayalam films, and a few Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Gujarati, Odia and Assamese films. Asked about his method, Chowdhury described it thus – He would usually ask the film maker to explain the situation to him, then Chowdhury would compose a tune to suit the mood, and the lyric writer would set in words. This remained his practice for most of his films including Madhumati, in which Shailendra wrote the lyrics subsequently. [3]

During the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, Chowdhury contributed to the programmes of the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra based in Kolkata. His 1971 album Bangla Amar Bangla was meant for the liberation struggle. Later, when Chowdhury visited Bangladesh in 1990, he was given the welcome of a mass leader in Dhaka. Chowdhury was posthumously awarded the Muktijoddha Maitreye Samman in 2012. [4]

Poet, Playwright, Short story writer, Salil also directed a film Pinjre Ke Panchhi starring Meena Kumari, Balraj Sahani and Mehmood based on his own story and screenplay in 1966. Salil Chowdhury was the Founder of Bombay Youth Choir, the first ever Secular Choir in India in 1958 as its composer and conductor - he inspired scores of secular choir groups to be formed throughout India formulating a new genre of music using vocal polyphony for Indian Folk and Contemporary Music.

Personal life

Salil Chowdhury married the painter Jyoti Chowdhury in July 1952 in a temple. He had three daughters with her – Aloka, Tulika and Lipika. Later, he had a court marriage with singer Sabita Banerjee, with whom he had two sons, Sukanta and Sanjoy, and two daughters, Antara and Sanchari. Sanjoy Chowdhury is a successful music composer and has scored music for over 100 feature films. Sabita Chowdhury was a legendary singer and their daughter Antara Chowdhury too a known singer. Smt. Sabita Chowdhury died on 29 June 2017. [5]


Chowdhury on a 2013 stamp of India Salil Chowdhury 2013 stamp of India.jpg
Chowdhury on a 2013 stamp of India



1953 Do Bigha Zamin
1954Biraaj bahu; Naukri; Manohar
1955Amaanat; Taangewaali
1956Aawaaz; Parivaar; Jaagte Raho
1957Aparadhi Kaun; Ek Gaaon ki Kahaani; LaalBatti; Musaafir, Zamaana
1958 Madhumati
1960Jawaahar; Honeymoon; Qaanoon; Parakh; Usne Kaha Tha
1961Chaardeewaari; Chhayaa; Kaabuliwaalaa; Maayaa; Memdidi; Sapan Suhaane
1962Half Ticket; Jhoola; Prem Patra
1965Chaand Aur Sooraj; Poonam Ki Raat
1966Pinjre Ki Panchhi; Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose; Jawaab Aayega
1968Mitti Ka Dev
1969Ittefaaq; Sara Akaash
1971Gehraa Raaz; Mere Apne
1972Annadata; Anokha Daan; Anokha Milan; Mere Bhaiyaa; Sabse Bada Sukh
1975Chhoti si Baat; Sangat
1976Jeevan Jyoti; Mrigayaa; Udaan Chhoo
1977Minoo; Anand Mahal
1979Kalaa Patthar; Jeenaa Yahaan
1980Chehre Pe Chehra; Chemmeen Lahrein; Chirutha; Kuhasaa; Naani Maa; Room no.203; Daisy
1981Plot no. 5; Agni Pareeksha
1982Dil Ka Saathi Dil; Darpok ki Dosti; Artap
1984Kanoon Kya Karega
1989Kamla Ki Maut; Nehru The Jewel of India; Atmadaan; Aakhiri Badlaa
1990Triyaatri; Hamaari Shaadi * (MD: Sanjoy Chowdhury and Salil Chowdhury)
1991Netraheen Saakshi;
1994Tiriacharittar (or Striyascharittram)
1994Swami Vivekananda
1995Mera Damaad
Salil Chowdhury Filmography (Detailed)
YearTitleLanguageOther NotesDirector
1949Poribartan Bengali Satyen Bose
1951BarjatriBengaliSatyen Bose
1952 Pasher Bari Bengali
1953Bansher KellaBengali
1953Bhore hoye eloBengali
1953 Do Bigha Zamin Hindi Bimal Roy
1954 Biraaj bahu HindiBimal Roy
1954 Naukari Hindi
1954Aaj SondhyayBengali
1954Mohila MahalBengali
1955 Amaanat Hindi
1955 Ek Din Ratre Bengali Shombhu Mitra and Amit Moitra
1955 Tangewali Hindi
1955RikshawalaBengaliStory written by Salil Chowdhury. In 1952 story was used by Bimal Roy to create "Do Bigha Zameen"Satyen Bose
1956 Raat Bhore Bengali Mrinal Sen
1956 Jagte Raho Hindi
1957Apradhi Kaun?Hindi
1957 Ek Gaon Ki Kahani Hindi Dulal Guha
1957 Gotoma the Buddha HindiA documentary film
1957Lal BattiHindi
1957 Musafir Hindi Hrishikesh Mukherjee
1958 Bari Theke Paliye Bengali
1958 Madhumati HindiWon – Filmfare Award for Best Music Director Bimal Roy
1959The RiverHindi
1960 Gangaa Bengali Rajen Tarafdar
1960 Parakh Hindi
1960 Kanoon Hindi Background Score only. B. R. Chopra
1960 Usne Kaha Tha Hindi Moni Bhattacharjee
1961Rai BahadurBengali
1961 Komol Gandhaar Bengali Ritwik Ghatak
1961 Kabuliwala HindiFrom – Tagore's story Kabuliwala in Begali film 1960
1961Char DiwariHindi
1961 Chhaya HindiHrishikesh Mukherjee
1961 Maya Hindi
1961 Mem-Didi Hindi
1961Sapne SuhaneHindi
1962 Half Ticket Hindi
1962Sunbai Marathi
1962 Jhoola Hindi
1962 Prem Patra Hindi– From a Bengali film " Sagarika"
1964Kinu Goaalaar GoliBengali
1964Lal PattharHindi– From a Bengali film " Lal Pathar"
1965 Chand Aur Suraj Hindi
1965 Poonam Ki Raat Hindi
1966 Paari Bengali
1966 Pinjre Ke Panchhi Hindi
1966Netaji Subhash Chandra BoseHindi
1966Jawaab AayegaHindi
1965 Chemmeen Malayalam
1968Mitti Ka DevHindi
1968 Anokhi Raat Hindi Background Score only
1968ChehereHindiTV series
1968 Ezhu Rathrikal Malayalam
1969 Ittefaq Hindi Background Score only
1969 Sara Akash Hindi Background Score only
1970 Abhayam Malayalam Background Score only
1970Aparajeyo Assamese CHATURANGA – Phani Talukdar, Munin Bayan, Atul Bardaloi & Gauri Barman
1971 Anand HindiHrishikesh Mukherjee
1971 Samshaya Phala Kannada Won – Karnataka State Film Award for Best Music Director
1971Uyir Tamil Background Score only
1971Gehraa RaazHindi
1971 Mere Apne Hindi
1971Ghar Sansaar Gujarati
1972 Marjina Aabdullah Bengali
1972Raktaakto BanglaaBengali
1972 Anokha Milan Hindi
1972 Mere Bhaiya Hindi
1972 Sabse Bada Sukh Hindi
1972 Annadata Hindi
1972 Anokha Daan Hindi
1973 Swapnam Malayalam
1973 Achanak Hindi Background Score only
1974 Nellu Malayalam
1974Chairman Chalamayya Telugu
1974 Rajnigandha Hindi
1975 Rasaleela Malayalam
1975 Mausam Hindi Background Score only
1975 Chhoti Si Baat Hindi
1979 Pratheeksha Malayalam
1975 Neela Ponman Malayalam
1975 Onde Roopa Eradu Guna Kannada
1975 Raagam Malayalam
1975 Thomasleeha Malayalam
1976 Jeevan Jyoti Hindi
1976Udaan ChhooHindi
1976 Thulavarsham Malayalam
1977 Kobita BengaliBharat Shamsher
1977 Mrigayaa Hindi
1977Anand MahalHindi
1977 Aparadhi Malayalam
1977 Chinna Ninna Muddaduve Kannada
1977 Dweep Malayalam Background score only
1977 Vishukkani Malayalam
1977 Kokila Kannada
1978 Ee Ganam Marakkumo Malayalam
1978 Madanolsavam Malayalam
1978 Naukri Hindi Background Score.
Also Story Writer
1978 Samayamayilla Polum Malayalam
1978 Etho Oru Swapnam Malayalam
1979Jibon Je RakamBengali
1979Rupaali SoikateBengaliAlamgir Kabir
1979Srikaanter WillBengali
1979 Azhiyadha Kolangal Tamil
1979 Chuvanna Chirakukal Malayalam
1979 Kaala Patthar Hindi Background Score only
1979 Jeena Yahan Hindi
1979 Puthiya Velicham Malayalam
1980Byapika BidaayBengali
1980 Air Hostess Malayalam
1980 Doorathu Idi Muzhakkam Tamil
1981 Agni Pareeksha Hindi
1981 Akaler Sandhaney (In Search of Famine)BengaliMrinal Sen
1981 Chehre Pe Chehra Hindi Background Score only
1981Batasi Jhada Odia
1981Plot No. 5Hindi Background Score only
1982 Anthiveyilile Ponnu Malayalam
1984Kanoon Kya KaregaHindi Background Score only
1984 Vellam Malayalam Background Score only
1985Manas KanyaAssamesePhani Talukdar
1987ZevarHindi Background Score only
1988 Trishagni Hindi
1989 Aakhri Badla Hindi
1989 Kamla Ki Maut Hindi Background Score only
1990Nehru: The Jewel of IndiaHindi
1990/91AashritaBengali Background Score only
1991Haaraaner NaatjamaaiBengali
1991 Vasthuhara Malayalam
1994Sei SomoyBengali
1994 Swami Vivekananda Hindi G. V. Iyer
1995 Thumboli Kadappuram Malayalam
1985 Mera Damad Hindi
1995Agar Aisa Ho TohHindiTelevision series


1952Paasher Baadi
1953Baansher Kella
1953Bhor Hoye Elo
1954Aaj Sondhaay
1954Mohila Mahal
1956Raat Bhore
1956Ak din Raatre
1959Baadi Thekey Paaliye
1961Rai Bahadur
1964Kinu Goaalaar Goli
1964Laal Paathor
1972Marjina Aabdullah
1972Raktaakto Banglaa (made in Bangladesh)
1979Jibon Je Rakam;Rupaali Soikate (made in Bangladesh)
1979Srikaanter Will
1980Byapika Bidaay
1980Akaler Sandhaney
1990/91Aashrita **(background: Salil) (MD:Hridaynath Mangeskar)
1991Haaraaner Naatjamaai
1994Sei Somoy
1961Komol Gandhaar
1981Aswamedher Ghoraa


1965 Chemmeen
1968 Ezhuraathrikal
1970 Abhayam
1973 Swapnam
1974 Nellu
1975 Neelaponman
1975 Raagam
1975 Rasaleela
1975 Thomasleeha / St. Thomas)
1976 Aparadhi
1976 Thulavarsham
1977 Dweepu (background music only)
1977 Vishukkanni
1978 Samayamayilla polum
1978 Etho Oru Swapnam
1978 Madanolsavam
1978Devdasi (Unreleased)
1978 Ee Ganam Marakkumo
1978 Chuvanna Chirakukal
1979 Pratheeksha
1979 Puthiya Velicham
1980 Air Hostess
1982 Anthiveyilile Ponnu
1985 Vellam (background music only)
1991 Vasthuhara (background music only)
1992Thamburan (Unreleased)
1995 Thumboli Kadappuram


Tamil1971Uyir (Salilda composed background music only - MD was Ramana Sridhar)
Tamil1979Azhiyatha Kolangal
Tamil1980Thooraththu Idimuzhakkam
Telugu1974Chairman Chalamayya
Telugu1978Amara Prema
Kannada1975Onde Rupa Eradu Guna
Kannada1977Chinna Ninna Muddaduve; Kokila
Gujarati1978Ghar Sansaar


Manas Kanya


(Bankground Score)


1981Batasi Jhada


List of some songs for which music or lyrics were composed by Salil Chowdhury (in alphabetical order)

Salil Chowdhury Discography
1955Ab machal utha hain dariyaChorusHindiNon-Film 78 rpm record ( N76006)Govind MunshiSalil Chowdhury
1949Abujh mon re bol moreChorusBanglaPoribartanBimal GhoshSalil Chowdhury
1946Aage chalo aage chaloChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1958Aaja Re Pardesi Lata Mangeshkar Hindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1953Aaja tu aa Lata Mangeshkar HindiDo Bigha Zameen (Story written by Salil Chowdhury "Rikshawala") Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1953Aajab teri duniyaMd Rafi with ChorusHindiDo Bigha Zameen (Story written by Salil Chowdhury "Rikshawala") Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1954Aaji shunye gagan potheBanglaMohila MahalSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1961Aakela tujhe jaane na duLataHindiChaar Deewaari Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Aankho mein masti sharaab ki Talat Mahmood HindiChhayaaRajinder KrishanSalil Chowdhury
1945Aalor desh thekey aandhaar paar hoyeeChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1953Aamar kichhu moner asha
[Chale thumak thumak - Hindi (1957) Lata Mangeskar (Ek Gaaon Ki Kahaani])
Utpala SenBangla-Salil Chowdhury
1953Aamay kichhu khete dao maMahananda BaulBanglaBhor Hoye EloSalil Chowdhury
1949Aamra kishore dalChorusBanglaPoribartanBimal GhoshSalil Chowdhury
1954Aarzi hamariKishore KumarHindiNaukri Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Aanshu samajhke kyun mujhe Talat Mahmood HindiChhayaaRajinder KrishanSalil Chowdhury
1980Alaiyendi KollvomS. P. Balasubramaniam, P. SusheelaTamilDoorathu Idi MuzhakkamKu. Ma. BalasubramaniamSalil Chowdhury
1961Ay dil kahan teri manjilDwijen Mukherjee & Lata Mangeshkar HindiMayaMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1961Ay dil kahan teri manjil Lata Mangeshkar HindiMayaMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1961Ay mere pyaare watan Manna Dey HindiKaabuliwaalaaPrem Dhawan, GulzaarSalil Chowdhury
1946Ay re o ay reChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1955Ay re o paushali bataseChorusBanglaRikshawalaSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1955Baa.nki adaayei.n dekhnaa ji dekhnaaGeeta DuttHindiAmaanat Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1957Baat koi matlab ki hai zaroor
[Jay jay din - Bengali (1967) Biswajit]
Asha VonsleHindiAparadhi KaunMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1982Beeti dino ki sapne
[Kayse manaao - Hindi (1961) Mukesh]
[Chanchal sonali pakhnay - Bengali (1982) Arundhati]
Arundhati Home ChowdhuryHindiNon-FilmYogeshSalil Chowdhury
1953Bhaai re.. Dharti kahe pukar keLata Manna ChorusHindiDo Bigha Zameen (Story written by Salil Chowdhury "Rikshawala") Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1944Bhango bhango bhango bhango bhango kaaraaChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1947Bichaarpoti tomaar bichaar korbey jaaraaChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1954Bodhua lagiya basraso sajanuBanglaAaj SandhyaySalil Chowdhury
1957Bole pihu pihu pi papiharaa Lata Mangeshkar HindiEk Gaaon Ki Kahaani Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1956Bone noy mone aaj ronger melaSandhya MukhopadhyayBanglaRaat BhoreGouriprasanna MazumdarSalil Chowdhury
1954Bristi pare tapur tupurHiralal SarkhelBanglaIPTABhaskar BoseSalil Chowdhury
1958Chadh Gayo Papi Bichhua Lata Mangeshkar & Manna DeyHindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1957Chale thumak thumak taare
[Amaar kichhu moner aasha - Bengali (1953) Utpala Sen]
Lata MangeskarHindiEk Gaaon Ki Kahaani Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1982Chanchal sonali pakhnay [Kayse maano piyawa - Hindi (1961) Mukesh]Arundhati Home ChowdhuryBanglaNon-FilmSalil Chowdhury
1955Chet re moorakh tu kyaaAsha & Manna DeyHindiAmaanat Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1955Chhal chhal paani hamaari zindagaaniAsha & Manna DeyHindiAmaanat Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Chham chham naachata aayee bahaar Lata Mangeshkar HindiChhayaaRajinder KrishanSalil Chowdhury
1954Chhotasa ghar hogaKishorekumar & Shaila BelleHindiNaukri Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1954Chhotasa ghar hogaHemanta MukherjeeHindi Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1957Chuk chuk chhaiya chhaiyaManna Dey, ChorusHindiLal BattiMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1955Dekho tangaa mera niralaMd. RafiHindiTaangewaaliPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1957Desi kyaa bidesi, goraa bhi kitnaaShamshad Begum, Manna DeyHindiLal BattiMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1946Dheu uthchhey karaa tutchheyChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1954Dil mera [Na jani re - Bengali (1954) Gayatri Basu]Shamshad BegamHindiBiraj BahooPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1958Dil Tadap Tadap KeMukesh, Lata Hindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Dil se dil ki Dor baandhe Lata, Mukesh HindiChhayaaRajinder KrishanSalil Chowdhury
1954Do matwale do dilwaleSamshad Begum, ChorusHindiManoharV.M.Adil and J.S. KashyapSalil Chowdhury
1954Dol gayee dhartiMd RafiHindiBiraj BahooPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1956Dukher simaa naaiSatinath MukherjeeBanglaRaat BhoreGouriprasanna MazumdarSalil Chowdhury
1954Duru duru duru guru guru guru
[Aarzi hamari - Hindi - Kishore]
BanglaMohila MahalSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1956E maajhi reShyamal MitraBanglaRaat BhoreGouriprasanna MazumdarSalil Chowdhury
1960Ebar Amar Somoy Holo Madhuri Chattopadhyay BanglaPuja AlbumSalil Chowdhury
1956Ei duniyay bhai sob i hoyManna DeyBanglaAk Din RaatreSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1954Ek chhotisi naukri ka talabgaar hoonKishore, Shyamal Mitra, Shankar DasguptaHindiNaukri Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Gangaa aaye kahaa.n se
[Uthaali paathaali amaar buuk (1960) Manna Dey (Ganga)]
Hemant Kumar HindiKaabuliwaalaaPrem Dhawan, GulzaarSalil Chowdhury
1958Ghadi Ghadi Mora Dil Dhadke Lata Mangeshkar Hindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Gori babul kaLata, chorusHindiChaar Deewaari Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1946Gowrisringa tulechhe sheerChorusBanglaIPTA Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1955Ghoom Aay Re AayPratima BandyopadhyayBanglaPuja albumMangalacharan ChattopadhyaySalil Chowdhury
1979Habuchandra Raja from "Chhotasa ghar hoga"Antara ChowdhuryBanglaSalil Chowdhury
1958Hai Bichhua Hai Re Hai Lata Mangeshkar Hindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1957Hain pyaar ke do matwaaleGeeta Dutt,Manna DeyHindiAparadhi KaunMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1957Hay jhilmil jhilmil ye shaam ke saaye
[Shyamameghame - Malayalam (1977) K.J.Yesudas ]
Lata Mangeshkar HindiLal BattiMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1957Hay koi dekh legaLata Mangeskar, Talat MahmoodHindiEk Gaaon Ki Kahaani Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1955Halke halke chalo saa.nware
[Unaru Unaru (Malayalam) Movie- Air Hostess (1980) K.J.Yesudas, Vani Jairam]
Lata Mangeskar, Hemant MukherjeeHindiTaangewaaliPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1953Hariyaala sawaan dhol bajaata aaya
[Uru taka taka taghina taghina - Bengali (1944)]
Lata Manna ChorusHindiDo Bigha Zameen (Story written by Salil Chowdhury "Rikshawala") Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1948Hei samaalo dhaan ho, kasteyta dao shaan hoChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1961Ho ya qurbaan.. o sabaa kehnaa mere dildaar ko Mohammed Rafi HindiKaabuliwaalaaPrem Dhawan, GulzaarSalil Chowdhury
1957Holi Hain....
[O kanai paar karo amare - Bengali by Nirmalendu Choudhury]
Lata Mangskar, Manna DeyHindiEk Gaaon Ki Kahaani Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1958Hum Haal-e-Dil SunaengeMubarak BegumHindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Hum to ghar mein choolha phoonkeLata, Mahendra Kapoor,chorusHindi Memdidi Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Humko samajh baiThi hai, ye duniyaa [Ei duniyay bhai sob i hoy - Bengali (1956) Manna dey (Ek Din Raatre)]MukeshHindiChaar Deewaari Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1980Indro Manam kalangiK. J. YesudasTamilDoorathu Idi MuzhakkamKu. Ma. BalasubramaniamSalil Chowdhuri
1961Itnaa na mujhse tu pyaar baDhaa
inspired by Mozart's Symphony number 40 in G minor
Lata Mangeshkar, Talat Mahmood HindiChhayaaRajinder KrishanSalil Chowdhury
1959Jaa re ure jare pakhi Lata Mangeshkar BanglaPuja AlbumSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1961Jaa re ur jare panchhi Lata Mangeshkar HindiMayaMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1956Jaago mohan pritam Lata Mangeshkar HindiAk Din RaatreSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1955Jab tumne mohabaat chheen leeAsha BhonsleHindiAmaanat Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1952Jhir jhir jhir jhiir jhiri barosaDhananjay BhattacharyaBanglaPasher BariSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1954Jhoom reGeeta DuttaHindiNaukri Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1957jhoome re neela ambar jhoome Talat Mahmood HindiEk Gaaon Ki Kahaani Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Jhuk jhuk jhuk jhoom ghaTaa aayee reLataHindiChaar Deewaari Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1954Jibano mono charane tomarGayatri BasuBanglaAaj SandhyaySalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1958Jungle Mein Mor NaachaMd RafiHindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Kaabuliwaalaa.. nanhi munni kyo.n kumhalaayaHemant, Usha, Sabita Chowdhury, Ranu MukherjHindiKaabuliwaalaaPrem Dhawan, GulzaarSalil Chowdhury
1958Kaancha Le Kanchi Lai LajoAsha Bhonsle, Sabita Chowdhury & Ghulam MohammadHindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1957Kaanha khubDa langDa loolaa, buDDhaaAsha BhonsleHindiEk Gaaon Ki Kahaani Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1944Karaar duaar bhaango bhaango oikker bajra kothin hatheyChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1995Kaathil Thenmazhayaay K.J Yesudas Malayalam Thumboli Kadappuram O.N.V Kurupp Salil Chowdhury
1961Kayse maano piyawaaMukeshHindiChaar Deewaari Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1953Ke jaabi ayGeeta MukherjeeBanglaBhor Hoye EloSalil Chowdhury
1961Ki je kori, durey jetey hoi taai
[Aanshu samajhke kyun mujhe (1961) Talat Mahmood]
Lata Mangeshkar Bangla-Salil Chowdhury
1952Klaanti naame goDwijen MukherjeeBengali--Salil Chowdhury
1957Koi dekhe to kahey tujhkoAsha VonsleHindiAparadhi KaunMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1961Koi sone ki dil walaMd RafiHindiMayaMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1957Kyaa se kyaa ho gayaa reNirmalendu Chowdhury, ChorusHindiLal BattiMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1956Lo se wai waiSandhya Mukherjee and othersHindiAk Din Raatre Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1954Maajhi re chal naiya, raam karega paarNirmalendu ChowdhuryHindiBiraj BahooPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1954Maharaja jaago jiAsha Bhonsle & ChorusHindiManoharV.M.Adil and J.S. KashyapSalil Chowdhury
1955Mai.n lut gayee duniyaa waalo.nLata MangeskarHindiTaangewaaliPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1954Meghe meghe rim jhimAlpana BanerjeeBanglaAaj SandhyayAnil ChatterjeeSalil Chowdhury
1957Mera dil dil dil dil dil laa...Asha VonsleHindiAparadhi KaunMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1954Mere man bhula bhula kahe doleHemanta MukherjeeHindiBiraj BahooPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1955Meri wafaaei.n tumhaari jafaaei.nAsha BhonsleHindiAmaanat Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1954Na jani re
[Dil mera - Hindi (1954) by Shamshad Begam in Biraj Bahu]
Gayatri BasuBanglaAaj SandhyaySalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1959Na jeo na Lata Mangeshkar BanglaPuja AlbumSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1959Naach re dharti ke pyaare (bangla version: Aay re o pousaali bataaseyHindiHeera Moti Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Nind pari lori gaayi
[Prantorer gaan - Bengali (1953) Utpala Sen
Lata ManggeskarHindiChaar Deewaari Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1960Nijere Haraye KhNuji Madhuri Chattopadhyay BanglaPuja AlbumSalil Chowdhury
1948Nondito nondito desh aamaar Geeta Mukherjee & Salil ChowdhuryBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1947Nobaaruno raage raange reChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1955Nao Gaan Bhore NaoyPratima BandyopadhyayBanglaPuja albumSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1959O banshi hay Lata Mangeshkar BanglaPuja AlbumSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1955O jab se milee.n to se ankhiyaa.n
[Dola o dola - Bengali]
Geeta Dutt & Hemant MukherjeeHindiAmaanat Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1954O man re Lata Mangeshkar HindiNaukri Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1960O sajna barkha bahar ayi Lata Mangeshkar HindiParakh Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1954Om namo namoHemanta MukherjeeHindiBiraj BahooPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1980Onnam kunnin from "chhotasa ghar hoga"K.J.YesudasMalayalam Air Hostess ONV KurupSalil Chowdhury
1960Ogo ar kichu to nai Lata Mangeshkar BanglaPuja AlbumSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1954Patthar se badle huyeHindiMohila MahalSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1961Phir ekbar kahoDwijen Mukherjee & Lata Mangeshkar HindiMayaMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1957Phir wohi dard hai phir wohi jigarManna DeyHindiAparadhi KaunMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1953Prantorer gaan
[Neend pari lori gaaye - Hindi (1961) Lata Mangeskar (Chaardeewaari)]
Utpala SenBangla-Salil Chowdhury
[Jhuk jhuk jhuk - Hindi (1961) Lata;
Monobinaay akhoni boojhi - Bengali (1962) Sabita]
P. JayachandranMalayalamVishukkaniSreeKumaran ThampiSalil Chowdhury
1951Puntimachh dangay uithya foot kateyTarja GaanBanglaBarjatriGurudas PalSalil Chowdhury
1957Raat ne kyaa kyaa khwaab dikhaayeTalat MahmoodHindiEk Gaaon Ki Kahaani Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1956Rim jhim jhimSandhya MukhopadhyayBanglaRaat BhoreGouriprasanna MazumdarSalil Chowdhury
1955Rimjhim jhim jhim badarvaa barse
[Jhir jhir jhir jhiir jhiri barosa (Bengali) Movie- Pasher Bari (1952) Dhananjoy Bhattyacharya]
[Jil jil jil (Malayalam) Movie- Puthiya Velicham (1979) Jayachandran, P.Susheela]
Lata MangeskarHindiTaangewaaliPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1951Roop nagarer pothik ogoSupriti GhoshBanglaBarjatriBimal GhoshSalil Chowdhury
1961Sanam tu chalMd RafiHindiMayaMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1956Se gaan ami jai je bhuleSandhya MukherjeeBanglaAk Din RaatreSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1980Sevvali PooveP. SusheelaTamilDoorathu Idi MuzhakkamKu. Ma. BalasubramaniamSalil Chowdhury
1954Shyam reHemanta MukherjeeHindiBiraj BahooPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1952Shyamal baroni ogo kanya
[Aankhon mein masti sharaab ki - Hindi (1961) Talat Mahmood (Chhaya) ]
Dwijen MukherjeeBengali--Salil Chowdhury
1951Shimul shimul shimultiBharati BasuBanglaBarjatriSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1955Siaram Siaram (Hindi)Dhananjay Bhattacharya and ChorusBanglaRikshawalaGovind MunshiSalil Chowdhury
1958Suhana Safar Aur Yeh MausamMukeshHindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1954Taare udaasGayatri BasuHindiAaj SandhyayPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1958Tan Jale Man Jalta RaheDwijen MukherjeeHindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Tasbeer teri dil me Lata Mangeshkar & Md RafiHindiMayaMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1954Tera ghar aabad raheLata & Shyamal MitraHindiBiraj BahooPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1955Tere nayno neLata and Md. RafiHindiTaangewaaliPrem DhawanSalil Chowdhury
1954Tomra kebal moner sukheBanglaMohila MahalSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1958Toote Huye Khwabon NeMd RafiHindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1954Tore tokka tokka toreBanglaMohila MahalSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1980Ullam Ellam ThalladutheK. J. Yesudas & S. JanakiTamilDoorathu Idi MuzhakkamKu. Ma. BalasubramaniamSalil Chowdhury
1944Uru taka taka taghina taghina [Hariyaali sawaan dhol bajaata aaya - Hindi - Do Bigha Zameen]ChorusBanglaIPTASalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1960Uthaali paathaali amaar buuk Manna Dey BanglaGangaSalil ChowdhurySalil Chowdhury
1960Ye banshi kiun gay Lata Mangeshkar HindiParakh Shailendra Salil Chowdhury
1961Ye kahde hum insaan nahi Md. Rafi HindiChhayaaRajinder KrishanSalil Chowdhury
1961Zadu daale haiAsha Bhosle & ChorusHindiMayaMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1961Zindegi hai kyaMd RafiHindiMayaMajroohSalil Chowdhury
1958Zulmi Sang Aankh Ladi Lata Mangeshkar Hindi Madhumati Shailendra Salil Chowdhury

IPTA:: Indian People's Theater Association

Awards and recognitions

1953 – Do Bigha Zamin

A Hindi film directed by Bimal Roy based on a story in Bengali "Rikshawalaa" written by Salil Chowdhury.

1st Filmfare Awards (1954) [9] WinnerBest Film; WinnerBest DirectorBimal Roy;

1st National Film Awards [10] (India) WinnerAll India Certificate of Merit for Best Feature Film

7th Cannes Film Festival (1954) [11] Winner – Prix International (International Prize) Nominated – Grand Prize (Best Film)

Karlovy Vary International Film Festival [12] Winner – Prize for Social Progress

1965 – Chemmeen

A Malayalam film directed by Ramu Kariat, based on a novel of the same name written by the renowned writer Thakazhy Shivshankar Pillai, where Music Direction was done by Salil Chowdhury.

Recipient of president's gold medal in 1965.

1958 – Madhumati

Received Filmfare Best Music Director Award along with eight other Filmfare awards [13] Madhumati won the National Film Awards for Best Feature Film in Hindi

The Uttar Pradesh Film Patrakar Sangh Puraskar in 1966 for his only Hindi directorial film 'Pinjre Ke Panchhi'

The Bengal Films Journalist Award, Kolkata in 1973

The Allauddin Smriti Puraskar in 1985 from the Govt of West Bengal

1988 – Salil Chowdhury received Sangeet Natak Akademi Award

The Maharashtra Gaurav Puraskar Award in 1990

Posthumously he was awarded the Mukti Judhho Maitreyi Samman Award by the Govt Bangladesh in 2012.

Poet, Playwright, Short story writer, he also directed a film Pinjre Ke Panchhi starring Meena Kumari, Balraj Sahani and Mehmood b

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Further reading