Saline County, Arkansas

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Saline County, Arkansas
Saline County Courthouse (Benton, Arkansas).jpg
Saline County Courthouse in Benton
Map of Arkansas highlighting Saline County.svg
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR.svg
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedNovember 2, 1835
Seat Benton
Largest cityBenton
Area
  Total730 sq mi (1,891 km2)
  Land724 sq mi (1,875 km2)
  Water6.9 sq mi (18 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
  (2016)118,703
  Density148/sq mi (57/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.salinecounty.org

Saline County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,118. [1] at the 2010 census. Its county seat and largest city is Benton. [2] Saline County was formed on November 2, 1835, and named for the salt water (brine) springs in the area, however, it is pronounced "suh-LEAN" instead of the typical pronunciation, "SAY-lean". Until November 2014, it was an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity sharing sovereignty as the United States of America

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Saline County is included in the Little Rock North Little Rock Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Little Rock, Arkansas Capital of Arkansas

Little Rock is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arkansas. It is also the county seat of Pulaski County. It was incorporated on November 7, 1831, on the south bank of the Arkansas River close to the state's geographic center. The city derives its name from a rock formation along the river, named the "Little Rock" by the French explorer Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe in the 1720s. The capital of the Arkansas Territory was moved to Little Rock from Arkansas Post in 1821. The city's population was 198,541 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau. The six-county Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is ranked 78th in terms of population in the United States with 738,344 residents according to the 2017 estimate by the United States Census Bureau.

North Little Rock, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

North Little Rock is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, across the Arkansas River from Little Rock in the central part of the state. The population was 62,304 at the 2010 census. In 2017 the estimated population was 65,911, making it the seventh-most populous city in the state. North Little Rock, along with Little Rock and Conway, anchors the six-county Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is further included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area with 902,443 residents.

Conway, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Conway is a city in the U.S. state of Arkansas and the county seat of Faulkner County, located in the state's most populous Metropolitan Statistical Area, Central Arkansas. Conway is unusual in that the majority of its residents do not commute out of the city to work. The city also serves as a regional shopping, educational, work, healthcare, sports, and cultural hub for Faulkner County and surrounding areas. Conway's growth can be attributed to its jobs in technology and higher education with its largest employers being Acxiom, the University of Central Arkansas, Hewlett Packard, Hendrix College, Insight Enterprises, and many technology start up companies. Conway is home to three post-secondary educational institutions, earning it the nickname "The City of Colleges".

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 730 square miles (1,900 km2), of which 724 square miles (1,880 km2) is land and 6.9 square miles (18 km2) (0.9%) is water. [3]

Major highways

Arkansas Highway 5 highway in Arkansas

Highway 5 is a designation for three state highways in Arkansas. The southern segment of 44.99 miles (72.40 km) runs from Highway 7 in Hot Springs north to US Highway 70 (US 70) in Little Rock. A northern segment of 146.63 miles (235.98 km) begins at US Highway 67/US Highway 167 in Cabot and runs north to Missouri Route 5, including a lengthy overlap with Highway 25 between Heber Springs and Wolf Bayou. A portion of Highway 5 is designated as part of the Sylamore Scenic Byway.

Arkansas Highway 9 highway in Arkansas

Highway 9 is a designation for two north–south state highways in Arkansas. A southern segment of 51.44 miles (82.78 km) begins at U.S. Route 79 at Eagle Mills and heads north to U.S. Route 67 in Malvern before terminating. The northern segment of 174.17 miles (280.30 km) runs from AR 5 to U.S. Route 63 in Mammoth Spring. The route was created during the 1926 Arkansas state highway numbering, and has seen only minor extensions and realignments since. Pieces of both routes are designated as Arkansas Heritage Trails for use during the Civil War and the Trail of Tears.

Arkansas Highway 35 highway in Arkansas

Arkansas Highway 35 is a northwest–southeast state highway in southeast Arkansas. The route runs 115.83 miles (186.41 km) from Dewey near the Mississippi River northwest to Arkansas Highway 5 in Benton.

Adjacent counties

Perry County, Arkansas county in Arkansas

Perry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 10,445 at the 2010 United States Census. The county seat is Perryville. The county was formed on December 18, 1840, and named for Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, naval hero in the War of 1812. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Pulaski County, Arkansas county in Arkansas, United States

Pulaski County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas with a population of 392,664, making it the most populous county in Arkansas. Its county seat is Little Rock, which is also Arkansas's capital and largest city. Pulaski County is Arkansas's fifth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Hempstead Counties. The county is named for Casimir Pulaski, a Polish volunteer who saved George Washington's life during the American Revolutionary War.

Grant County, Arkansas county in Arkansas

Grant County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 17,853 at the 2010 United States Census. The county seat is Sheridan.

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 2,061
1850 3,90389.4%
1860 6,64070.1%
1870 3,911−41.1%
1880 8,953128.9%
1890 11,31126.3%
1900 13,12216.0%
1910 16,65726.9%
1920 16,7810.7%
1930 15,660−6.7%
1940 19,16322.4%
1950 23,81624.3%
1960 28,95621.6%
1970 36,10724.7%
1980 53,16147.2%
1990 64,18320.7%
2000 83,52930.1%
2010 107,11828.2%
Est. 2016118,703 [4] 10.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
1790–1960 [6] 1900–1990 [7]
1990–2000 [8] 2010–2016 [1]
Age pyramid Saline County USA Saline County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Saline County

As of the 2000 United States Census, [10] there were 83,529 people, 31,778 households, and 24,500 families residing in the county. The population density was 116 people per square mile (45/km²). There were 33,825 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.27% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 United States Census 22nd determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000

The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 31,778 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.90% were non-families. 19.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,569, and the median income for a family was $48,717. Males had a median income of $32,052 versus $23,294 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,214. About 5.00% of families and 7.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.80% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Media

The area is served online and in print by The Saline Courier. [11]

Government

Presidential elections results
Saline County vote
by party in presidential elections [12]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 68.83%35,86325.44% 13,2565.73% 2,981
2012 70.04%32,96327.34% 12,8692.61% 1,230
2008 69.38%30,98128.43% 12,6952.19% 977
2004 63.15%24,86435.94% 14,1530.91% 359
2000 57.48%18,61739.21% 12,7003.32% 1,074
1996 40.77% 11,69548.90%14,02710.33% 2,963
1992 39.38% 10,10549.38%12,67111.24% 2,885
1988 58.89%12,35340.22% 8,4360.90% 188
1984 60.68%11,70936.16% 6,9773.17% 611
1980 42.60% 8,33053.02%10,3684.38% 857
1976 25.55% 4,12374.41%12,0080.04% 7
1972 63.64%7,97235.95% 4,5030.42% 52
1968 23.15% 2,61427.55% 3,11149.31%5,569
1964 38.96% 3,62860.18%5,6050.86% 80
1960 32.32% 2,19557.40%3,89810.28% 698
1956 40.81% 2,60358.09%3,7051.10% 70
1952 30.12% 1,76668.99%4,0450.89% 52
1948 13.60% 39072.18%2,07014.23% 408
1944 19.99% 64379.45%2,5560.56% 18
1940 12.17% 27487.21%1,9630.62% 14
1936 18.86% 35979.87%1,5201.26% 24
1932 5.03% 10793.47%1,9901.50% 32
1928 29.12% 52070.60%1,2610.28% 5
1924 13.65% 14472.99%77013.36% 141
1920 24.13% 40372.22%1,2063.65% 61
1916 12.85% 23187.15%1,5670.00% 0
1912 13.86% 16468.81%81417.32% 205
1908 27.48% 36966.94%8995.58% 75
1904 38.04% 39157.20%5884.77% 49
1900 29.01% 34268.79%8112.21% 26
1896 15.89% 26884.00%1,4170.12% 2

Communities

Cities

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Townships in Saline County, Arkansas as of 2010 Saline County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large.jpg
Townships in Saline County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Saline County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated place s that are fully or partially inside the township. [13] [14]

Source: [15]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Garland County, Arkansas county in Arkansas

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Salem, Saline County, Arkansas CDP in Arkansas, United States

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  4. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  6. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  7. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  9. Based on 2000 census data
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. "Contact | The Saline Courier". www.bentoncourier.com. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  12. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  13. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Saline County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-16.
  14. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  15. "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing . United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014.External link in |work= (help)
Government
General information

Coordinates: 34°39′04″N92°40′54″W / 34.65111°N 92.68167°W / 34.65111; -92.68167