Salisbury, Connecticut

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Salisbury, Connecticut
SalisburyCTseal.JPG
Seal
Salisbury CT lg.PNG
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°59′06″N73°25′20″W / 41.98500°N 73.42222°W / 41.98500; -73.42222 Coordinates: 41°59′06″N73°25′20″W / 41.98500°N 73.42222°W / 41.98500; -73.42222
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
U.S. state Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut
County Litchfield
Region Northwest Hills
Established / Incorporated1741 [1]
Government
  Type Selectman-town meeting
  First selectmanCurtis G. Rand (D)
  SelectmanChris Williams (D)
  SelectmanDon Mayland (R)
Area
  Total60.1 sq mi (155.6 km2)
  Land57.3 sq mi (148.3 km2)
  Water2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
Elevation
699 ft (213 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total3,741
  Density65/sq mi (25.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
06039, 06068 06079
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-66420
GNIS feature ID0213500
Website salisburyct.us

Salisbury is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The town is the northwesternmost in the state of Connecticut; the Massachusetts-New York-Connecticut tri-state marker is located at the northwest corner of the town. The population was 3,741 at the 2010 census. [2]

New England town Basic unit of local government in each of the six New England federated states of the United States

The New England town, generally referred to in New England simply as a town, is the basic unit of local government and local division of state authority in each of the six New England states and without a direct counterpart in most other U.S. states. New England towns overlay the entire area of a state, similar to civil townships in other states where they exist, but they are fully functioning municipal corporations, possessing powers similar to cities in other states. New Jersey's system of equally powerful townships, boroughs, towns, and cities is the system which is most similar to that of New England. New England towns are often governed by a town meeting legislative body. The great majority of municipal corporations in New England are based on the town model; statutory forms based on the concept of a compact populated place are uncommon, though they are prevalent elsewhere in the U.S. County government in New England states is typically weak at best, and in some states nonexistent. Connecticut, for example, has no county governments, nor does Rhode Island. Both of those states retain counties only as geographic subdivisions with no governmental authority, while Massachusetts has abolished eight of fourteen county governments so far. With few exceptions, counties serve mostly as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems.

Litchfield County, Connecticut County of Connecticut in Connecticut

Litchfield County is located in northwestern Connecticut in the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 189,927. The county was named after Lichfield, in England. Litchfield County has the lowest population density of any county in Connecticut and is geographically the state's largest county.

Connecticut U.S. state in the United States

Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), and median household income in the United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. It is part of New England, although portions of it are often grouped with New York and New Jersey as the tri-state area. The state is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of an Algonquian word for "long tidal river".

Contents

History

Salisbury was established and incorporated in 1741, [1] [3] and contains several historic homes, though some were replaced by larger modern structures in the late 20th century. Salisbury was named for Salisbury, a city in England. [4] Historian Ed Kirby tells us that traces of iron were discovered in what was to become Salisbury in 1728, with the discovery of the large deposit at Old Hill (later Ore Hill) in 1731 by John Pell and Ezekiel Ashley. From before the American Revolution, through the Federal Period of the nation, and until around 1920, Salisbury was the seat of an important iron industry. [5]

Salisbury Cathedral city in Wiltshire, England

Salisbury is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Avon, Nadder, Ebble, Wylye and Bourne. The city is approximately 20 miles (32 km) from Southampton and 30 miles (48 km) from Bath.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

American Revolution Revolt in which the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt which occurred between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) with the assistance of France, winning independence from Great Britain and establishing the United States of America.

Additional iron mines were opened, mostly in the western end of the town, although historian Diana Muir dismisses them as "scarcely big enough to notice," with the further disadvantage of not being near a river large enough to ship iron to market at a reasonable cost. The solution, according to Muir, was to pour labor into the iron, working it into a quality of wrought iron so high that it could be used even for gun barrels. This fetched a high price and made Salisbury iron the celebrated choice of Connecticut's early nineteenth-century arms industry [6] as well as the preeminent source of cast-iron railroad car wheels until they were superseded by steel wheels. Peter P. Everts, an agent of the mid-19th-century mines, however, stated the quality of Salisbury iron varied. [7] The iron industry in Salisbury became inactive following World War I, a plan to revive it during World War II was never implemented, and the mines remain under water. [8]

Wrought iron iron alloy with a very low carbon content

Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon content in contrast to cast iron. It is a semi-fused mass of iron with fibrous slag inclusions, which gives it a "grain" resembling wood that is visible when it is etched or bent to the point of failure. Wrought iron is tough, malleable, ductile, corrosion-resistant and easily welded. Before the development of effective methods of steelmaking and the availability of large quantities of steel, wrought iron was the most common form of malleable iron. It was given the name wrought because it was hammered, rolled or otherwise worked while hot enough to expel molten slag. The modern functional equivalent of wrought iron is mild or low carbon steel. Neither wrought iron nor mild steel contain enough carbon to be hardenable by heating and quenching.

Gun barrel firearm component which guides the projectile during acceleration

A gun barrel is a crucial part of gun-type ranged weapons such as small firearms, artillery pieces and air guns. It is the straight shooting tube, usually made of rigid high-strength metal, through which a contained rapid expansion of high-pressure gas(es) is introduced behind a projectile in order to propel it out of the front end (muzzle) at a high velocity. The hollow interior of the barrel is called the bore, and the diameter of the bore is called its caliber, usually measured in inches or millimetres.

World War I 1914–1918 global war starting in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, and initially in North America as the European War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the resulting 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Scoville Library in Salisbury was the first in the United States open to the public free of charge. [9] Salisbury is also home to the oldest Methodist church in New England, the Lakeville Methodist Church, constructed in 1789. [10]

Scoville Library United States historic place

Scoville Memorial Library is the public library of Salisbury, Connecticut. Established in 1803, it was the first in the United States open to the public free of charge. It is located at 38 Main Street, in an architecturally distinguished Romanesque 1894 building donated by Jonathan Scoville, a local philanthropist. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

Geography

Salisbury occupies the northwest corner of Litchfield County and the state of Connecticut. It is bordered to the north by Berkshire County, Massachusetts, and to the west by Dutchess County, New York. Salisbury is 49 miles (79 km) northwest of Hartford, Connecticut's capital; 38 miles (61 km) south of Pittsfield, Massachusetts; and 39 miles (63 km) northeast of Poughkeepsie, New York.

Berkshire County, Massachusetts County in Massachusetts

Berkshire County is a county on the western edge of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 131,219. Its largest city and traditional county seat is Pittsfield. The county was founded in 1761.

Dutchess County, New York County in New York

Dutchess County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 297,488. The county seat is the city of Poughkeepsie. The county was created in 1683, one of New York's first twelve counties, and later organized in 1713. It is located in the Mid-Hudson Region of the Hudson Valley, north of New York City.

Hartford, Connecticut Capital of Connecticut

Hartford is the capital city of Connecticut. It was the seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960. The city is nicknamed the "Insurance Capital of the World", as it hosts many insurance company headquarters and is the region's major industry. It is the core city in the Greater Hartford area of Connecticut. Census estimates since the 2010 United States Census have indicated that Hartford is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut, behind the coastal cities of Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 60.1 square miles (155.6 km2), of which 57.3 square miles (148.3 km2) are land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), or 4.72%, are water. Within Salisbury there are several ponds and six lakes: Wononscopomuc, Washinee, Washining, Wononpakook, Riga Lake and South Pond. The Housatonic River forms the eastern boundary of the town. Although the summit of Mount Frissell lies in Massachusetts at an elevation of 2,453 feet (748 m), the south slope of the mountain in Salisbury, is the highest point in Connecticut at 2,380 feet (730 m).

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Lake Wononscopomuc is a lake located in the Lakeville section of Salisbury, Connecticut, United States. It has the distinction of being the deepest natural lake in the state.

Housatonic River river in the United States of America

The Housatonic River is a river, approximately 149 miles (240 km) long, in western Massachusetts and western Connecticut in the United States. It flows south to southeast, and drains about 1,950 square miles (5,100 km2) of southwestern Connecticut into Long Island Sound. Its watershed is just to the west of the watershed of the lower Connecticut River. Birds and fish who live in and around the river contain significant levels of PCBs and present health risks.

Principal communities

The town of Salisbury includes the villages of Salisbury and Lakeville, and the hamlets of Amesville, Lime Rock, and Taconic (formerly Chapinville). Taconic is located in the northern section of Salisbury and is a seasonal and affluent community of approximately 200 in population, with a town green and US post office. Historically the areas of Joyceville, Ore Hill, Hammertown, Weatogue and Twin Lakes were recognized as separate communities but are no longer.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 2,695
1850 3,103
1860 3,100−0.1%
1870 3,3036.5%
1880 3,71512.5%
1890 3,420−7.9%
1900 3,4892.0%
1910 3,5220.9%
1920 2,497−29.1%
1930 2,76710.8%
1940 3,0309.5%
1950 3,1323.4%
1960 3,3095.7%
1970 3,5738.0%
1980 3,8969.0%
1990 4,0905.0%
2000 3,977−2.8%
2010 3,741−5.9%
Est. 20143,665 [11] −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]
The NY-MA-CT tri-state marker on the border of Salisbury NY-MA-CT Tripoint Marker.jpg
The NY-MA-CT tri-state marker on the border of Salisbury

As of the census [13] of 2000, there were 3,977 people, 1,737 households, and 1,042 families residing in the town. The population density was 69.4 people per square mile (26.8/km²). There were 2,410 housing units at an average density of 42.0 per square mile (16.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.75% White, 1.66% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.

There were 1,737 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 31.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,051, and the median income for a family was $69,152. Males had a median income of $43,807 versus $29,861 for females. The per capita income for the town was $38,752. About 4.9% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

The Appalachian Trail runs through Salisbury.

Sports

The Salisbury Winter Sports Association hosts ski jumping competitions at its Satre Hill venue in Salisbury. It has hosted United States Eastern Ski Jumping Championships each February since 1952.

The well-known automobile racing course of Lime Rock Park is in the southeast corner of Salisbury.

Government

Salisbury has an open town meeting form of government, with three selectmen.

Education

Salisbury is a member of Regional School District 01, which also serves the towns of Canaan, Cornwall, Kent, North Canaan, and Sharon. Public school students attend Salisbury Central School (grades K-8), and Housatonic Valley Regional High School, which is in Falls Village. There are also three boarding schools in the town, Salisbury School and Hotchkiss School, both high schools, and Indian Mountain School, pre-K through grade 9.

Media

The community is served by a weekly newspaper, The Lakeville Journal. The Salisbury Sampler is a 10-issue-per-year newsletter of community events, notices and news edited by the office of the Selectmen and mailed to all households. The Salisbury Association publishes a bi-annual newsletter covering the land trust, historical and civic committees news and activities. It is mailed to all households.

Infrastructure

Transportation

U.S. Route 44 is the main east-west highway in the town, while Connecticut Route 41 is the main north-south highway. US 44 leads northeast 7 miles (11 km) to North Canaan and southwest 6 miles (10 km) to Millerton, New York. Route 41 leads south 8 miles (13 km) to Sharon and north 17 miles (27 km) to Great Barrington, Massachusetts. Connecticut Route 112 runs diagonally, northwest to southeast, and connects with U.S. Route 7, which runs north/south parallel to the Housatonic River.

Notable people

Maple Shade Inn (1908 postcard) PostcardMapleShadeInnSalisburyCT1908.jpg
Maple Shade Inn (1908 postcard)

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "The Town of Salisbury Connecticut". The Town of Salisbury Connecticut. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  2. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Salisbury town, Litchfield County, Connecticut". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  3. Newberry Library -- Connecticut Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Archived November 10, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  4. "Profile for Salisbury Connecticut". ePodunk. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  5. Ed Kirby, Echoes of Iron in Connecticut's Northwest Corner, Sharon Historical Society, 1998 p. 6
  6. Diana Muir, Reflections in Bullough's Pond: Economy and Ecosystem in New England, University of New England Press, 2002, p. 126.
  7. https://books.google.com/books?id=kjdJAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA97&dq#v accessed July 31, 2010
  8. Hartford Courant, January 25, 1942
  9. "History". Scoville Memorial Library. Retrieved October 2013.Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  10. "Lakeville United Methodist Church". Lakeville United Methodist Church. Retrieved October 2013.Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. "BARNUM, William Henry, (1818 - 1889)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  15. "CHIPMAN, Daniel, (1765 - 1850)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
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