Sambre

Last updated
Sambre
Namur JPG02.jpg
The Sambre in the centre of Namur
Sambre.png
Location
Countries Belgium and France
Physical characteristics
Source 
  location Picardy
  elevation199 m (653 ft)
Mouth  
  location
Meuse at Namur
  coordinates
50°27′43″N4°52′15″E / 50.46194°N 4.87083°E / 50.46194; 4.87083 Coordinates: 50°27′43″N4°52′15″E / 50.46194°N 4.87083°E / 50.46194; 4.87083
Length193 km (120 mi)
Basin size2,740 square kilometres (1,060 sq mi)
Basin features
Progression MeuseNorth Sea

The Sambre [sɑ̃bʁ] is a river in northern France and in Wallonia, Belgium. It is a left-bank tributary of the Meuse, which it joins in the Wallonian capital Namur.

Contents

The source of the Sambre is near Le Nouvion-en-Thiérache, in the Aisne département . It passes through the Franco-Belgian coal basin, formerly an important industrial district. The navigable course begins in Landrecies at the junction with the Canal de la Sambre à l'Oise, which links with the central French waterway network (or did, until navigation was interrupted in 2006 following structural failures). [1] It runs 54 km and 9 locks 38.50m long and 5.20m wide down to the Belgian border at Jeumont. From the border the river is canalised in two distinct section over a distance of 88 km with 17 locks. The Haute-Sambre is 39 km long and includes 10 locks of the same dimensions as in France, down to the industrial town of Charleroi. The rest of the Belgian Sambre was upgraded to European Class IV dimensions (1350-tonne barges) in the immediate post-World War II period. It lies at the western end of the sillon industriel, which is still Wallonia's industrial backbone, despite the cessation of all coal-mining and decline in the steel industry. The river flows into the Meuse at Namur, Belgium.

Location of the navigable river Sambre, showing the three sections: small waterway in France, small waterway in Belgium, and high-capacity waterway in Belgium from Charleroi to Namur, from the European Waterways Map and Directory Sambre river location.jpg
Location of the navigable river Sambre, showing the three sections: small waterway in France, small waterway in Belgium, and high-capacity waterway in Belgium from Charleroi to Namur, from the European Waterways Map and Directory

The navigable waterway is managed in France by Voies Navigables de France and in Belgium by the Service Public Wallon - Direction générale opérationnelle de la Mobilité et des Voies hydrauliques (Operational Directorate of Mobility and Inland Waterways) [2]

Course

The Sambre flows through the following départements of France, provinces of Belgium and towns:

Main tributaries

Events

Battles

The 19th-century theory that the Sambre was the location of Julius Caesar's battle against a Belgic confederation (57 BC), was discarded a long time ago, [6] but is still repeated.

Heavy fighting occurred along the river during World War I, especially at the siege of Namur in 1914 (Battle of Charleroi) and in the last month of the war Battle of the Sambre (1918).

Related Research Articles

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Wallonia Region of Belgium

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Scarpe (river) river in France

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Sambre–Oise Canal canal

The Canal de laSambre à l'Oise is a canal in northern France. It forms a connection between the canalised river Sambre at Landrecies and the Oise at La Fère. The canal is 71 kilometres (44 mi) long, and has 38 locks. The junction made at La Fère is with a branch of the Canal de Saint-Quentin, while the Canal latéral à l'Oise is joined 10.5 km further downstream at Chauny. It was used by the standard Freycinet-gauge péniches, 38.50 metres (126.3 ft) long, and 5.05 metres (16.6 ft) in beam, carrying up to 250 tonnes. The canal, also a popular waterway for boats heading south from the Netherlands and Belgium to the central French waterways, had to be closed in 2006 when two aqueducts were found to be in danger of failing. Funding has been put in place by the owner, Voies Navigables de France, and the local authorities, with support from the State, and it is expected to reopen the canal throughout in 2020.

County of Hainaut countship

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Mayenne (river) river in France

The Mayenne is a 202.3 km (125.7 mi) long river in western France principally located in the French region of Pays de la Loire. Together with the river Sarthe and its tributary the Loir it forms the Maine, which is a tributary to the Loire.

Charente (river) river in France

The Charente is a 381-kilometre (237 mi) long river in southwestern France. Its source is in the Haute-Vienne département at Chéronnac, a small village near Rochechouart. It flows through the departments of Haute-Vienne, Charente, Vienne and Charente-Maritime. The river flows into the Atlantic Ocean near Rochefort.

Lot (river) River in France

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Yonne (river) River in France

The Yonne is a river in France, a left-bank tributary of the Seine. It is 292 kilometres (181 mi) long. The river gives its name to the Yonne département. It rises in the Nièvre département, in the Morvan hills near Château-Chinon. It flows into the river Seine at Montereau-Fault-Yonne.

Arrondissement of Avesnes-sur-Helpe Arrondissement in Hauts-de-France, France

The arrondissement of Avesnes-sur-Helpe is an arrondissement of France in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region. It has 151 communes. Its population is 230,372 (2016), and its area is 1,407.5 km2 (543.4 sq mi).

Brussels–Charleroi Canal

The Brussels–Charleroi Canal, also known as the Charleroi Canal amongst other similar names, is an important canal in Belgium. The canal is quite large, with a Class IV Freycinet gauge, and its Wallonian portion is 47.9 kilometres (29.8 mi) long. It runs from Charleroi in the south to Brussels in the north. It is part of a north-south axis of water transport in Belgium, whereby the north of France including Lille and Dunkirk and important waterways in the south of Belgium including the Sambre valley and sillon industriel are linked to the port of Antwerp in the north, via the Brussels–Scheldt Maritime Canal which meets the Brussels–Charleroi Canal at the Sainctelette area.

Barzy-en-Thiérache Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Barzy-en-Thiérache is a commune in the department of Aisne in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.

The history of Wallonia, from prehistoric times to the present day, is that of a territory which, since 1970, has approximately coincided with the territory of Wallonia, a federated component of Belgium, which also includes the smaller German-speaking Community of Belgium. Wallonia is the name colloquially given to the Walloon Region. The French word Wallonie comes from the term Wallon, itself coming from Walh. Walh is a very old Germanic word used to refer to a speaker of Celtic or Latin.

Piéton river in Belgium

The Piéton is a northern tributary of the Sambre in the Belgian Province of Hainaut. Their confluence is in Charleroi.

References

  1. Edwards-May, David (2010). Inland Waterways of France. St Ives, Cambs., UK: Imray. pp. 246–249. ISBN   978-1-846230-14-1.
  2. Edwards-May, David (2014). European Waterways Map and Concise Directory. Lambersart, France: Transmanche. pp. 11–12, 17–20 and fold-out map. ISBN   979-10-94429-00-6.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau - La Sambre Canalisée (D0--022-)"., see tab "Affluents"
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 "Contrats de rivière en Wallonie - Sambre". Environnement.wallonie.be. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  5. "Le Ruisseau "le Piéton" - Piéton, Village du Hainaut". Pieton.eu. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  6. Pierre Turquin ("La Bataille de la Selle (du Sabis) en l' An 57 avant J.-C." in Les Études Classiques 23/2 (1955), 113-156) has proved beyond reasonable doubt that the battle was fought at the River Selle, west of modern Saulzoir.