This article needs to be updated.December 2019)(
|• Chosŏn'gŭl||삼 지 연 시|
|• Hancha||三 池 淵 市|
|• Revised Romanization||Samjiyeon-si|
View of Samjiyon in 2008
Map of Ryanggang showing the location of Samjiyon
|Administrative divisions||10 dong, 6 ri|
|• Total||1,326.14 km2 (512.03 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,381 m (4,531 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)|
Samjiyŏn is a city in Ryanggang Province, North Korea. It takes its name from three lakes in the city, which are collectively known as the Samjiyŏn. Samjiyŏn is situated near Mount Paektu, and tour groups fly to the city's airport to see the mountain, which holds significance in North Korean mythology.
Many houses and buildings in Samjiyŏn have been upgraded in recent decades, and many new buildings, including a recreational centre for youths, were finished in 2005. Popular activities in Samjiyŏn are skiing and various activities for schoolchildren, who use the surrounding area of Mt. Paektu for various scouting-like operations in conjunction with school-led vacations or outings.
In December 2019, Kim Jong-un opened a completed expansion of the existing township, described by state media as a "modern" city with residences and industrial parks.The city was known as a county until the decision of an upgraded its status in December 2019. The modernization of Samjiyon City is to also help boost tourism to North Korea (DPRK).
Samjiyŏn is divided into 10 dong (neighborhoods) and 6 ri (villages):
Samjiyŏn is served by the Korean People's Air Force along with the national flag carrier Air Koryo which operates scheduled flights and charter services between Samjiyŏn and P'yŏngyang, Wŏnsan and Ch'ŏngjin. In 2005, the airport was closed due to major renovations, which were partially underwritten by the Hyundai corporation.
Samjiyŏn city is served by the narrow-gauge Samjiyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway. Construction of a new, 78 kilometres (48 mi) standard-gauge line from the Pukbunaeryuk Line at Hyesan to Samjiyŏn is underway since 2008, with 80% of the roadbed and 70% of lineside structures being complete as of June 2015; the new terminus station is to be at Chunghŭng-ri, Samjiyŏn city.
The current presidential train station is located near Ŭihwa-ri in Poch'ŏn county, Ryanggang, in a very narrow gorge, making aerial attack difficult. The facilities of this station are much more sophisticated than the nearby civilian Hyesan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station. 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Wangdŏk.Officially called Hyesan No.1 Railway Station, it is commonly known as Wangdŏk Station due to the original 1985 station having been built only
The first station was built in 1985, but as it was easily viewed from China, in 1989 it was destroyed and moved to a second site, 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of the current third site. However, on inspecting the completed facilities, Kim Il-sung deemed it unsuitable, as it was in view of China's mountains. Ordering a third rebuild, the second station was taken over by the Samjiyŏn Precision Machinery Factory (the No. 95 Munitions Factory) after completion of the current, third site, in 1992. This third station is located directly on the Paektu Mountain Tourist Road, which gives direct access to Kim Il-sung's palace compound. 20 civilian personnel and two military squads protect the area immediately around the station. During the annual presidential visit in July or August, the entire civilian population is employed to clean the transportation system and local environment.
The Samjiyon Grand Monument consists of four groups of sculptures called On the Battlefield, Fatherland, Longing, and Forwards.
Samjiyŏn has been a holiday resort and destination for two presidents of North Korea. Both Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il have established palaces and compounds in the area, accessed by a specially developed and exclusive railway station for the presidential train.
Samjiyon has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dwc) with cool summers and cold, dry winters.
|Climate data for Samjiyon (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−11.1|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−17.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||−23.8|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||18.1|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||9.8||9.2||12.6||12.0||16.1||16.9||19.7||15.4||10.1||9.0||12.7||12.2||155.7|
|Average snowy days||16.3||15.0||17.5||13.3||4.1||0.2||0.1||0.1||0.9||7.1||16.9||18.0||109.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||76.9||73.0||69.4||65.6||67.4||76.9||84.5||83.3||77.0||68.7||74.9||77.4||74.6|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration|
It has one of the three speed skating ovals in the country.
Hyesan is a city in the northern part of Ryanggang province of North Korea. It is a hub of river transportation as well as a product distribution centre. It is also the administrative centre of Ryanggang Province. As of 2008, the population of the city is 192,680.
Ryanggang Province is a province in North Korea. The province is bordered by China (Jilin) on the north, North Hamgyong on the east, South Hamgyong on the south, and Chagang on the west. Ryanggang was formed in 1954, when it was separated from South Hamgyŏng. The provincial capital is Hyesan. In South Korean usage, "Ryanggang" is spelled and pronounced as "Yanggang"
Poch'ŏn County is a kun, or county, in Ryanggang Province, North Korea. It looks westward across the Amrok River at China.
Unhŭng County is a kun, or county, in Ryanggang Province, North Korea. It was created following the division of Korea from portions of Hyesan and Kapsan.
Rail transport in North Korea is provided by Korean State Railway which is the only rail operator in North Korea. It has a network of over 6,000 km of track, of which the vast majority is standard gauge; there is, however, nearly 400 km of narrow-gauge lines (762 mm) in various locations around the country.
Since the establishment of the state, all three North Korean leaders—Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un—have been known to use high-security private trains as their preferred method of domestic and international travel.
The death of Kim Jong-il was reported by North Korean state television news on 19 December 2011. The presenter Ri Chun-hee announced that he had died on 17 December at 8:32 am of a massive heart attack while travelling by train to an area outside Pyongyang. Reportedly, he had received medical treatment for cardiac and cerebrovascular diseases. During the trip though, he was said to have had an "advanced acute myocardial infarction, complicated with a serious heart shock".
The Pukbunaeryuk Line, also called the Hyesan–Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line after the only completed stage of three planned stages, is an electrified standard-gauge secondary trunk line of the Korean State Railway in Chagang and Ryanggang Provinces, North Korea, connecting the Manp'o Line at Manp'o to the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line at Hyesan. It also connects to the China Railway Meiji Railway via the Ji'an Yalu River Border Railway Bridge between Manp'o and Meihekou, China.
The Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary mainline of the Korean State Railway running from Kilju on the P'yŏngra Line to Hyesan on the Pukbunaeryuk Line; it connects to the narrow gauge Paengmu Line at Paeg'am Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station, and to the Samjiyŏn Line at Wiyŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station.
The Paengmu Line is a partially electrified narrow gauge line of the Korean State Railway running from Paeg'am on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Musan on the Musan Line, in the Ryanggang and North Hamgyŏng provinces of North Korea.
The Poch'ŏn Line, also known as Paektusan Rimch'ŏl Line, is a former partially electrified narrow gauge line of the Korean State Railway in Ryanggang Province, North Korea, running from Karim on the Samjiyŏn Line to Ryanggang Taep'yŏng.
Samjiyŏn Line is the name of a railway line of the Korean State Railway in Ryanggang Province, North Korea, running from Wiyŏn on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Motka. The name is applied both to the original narrow gauge line built in 1948, as well as to the new standard gauge line opened in 2017.
Paegam Ch'ŏngnyŏn station is a railway station in Paegam-ŭp, Paegam county, Ryanggang province, North Korea, on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway. The narrow-gauge Paengmu Line connects to the standard-gauge network here.
Wiyŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn station is a railway station in Wiyŏn-dong, greater Hyesan city, Ryanggang province, North Korea, on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway. It is also the starting point of the narrow-gauge Samjiyŏn line.
Jong-il Peak is one of the peaks of Mount Sobaek, south-east of Paektu Mountain. The height is 5,899 ft (1,798 m). It is located near the shore of Sobaek Stream, in Samjiyon County, Ryanggang Province, North Korea.
Poch'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn station is a railway station in Kasal-li, Poch'ŏn county, Ryanggang province, North Korea, on the Samjiyŏn of the Korean State Railway. It is also the starting point of the narrow-gauge Poch'ŏn line.
Ryanggang Taep'yŏng station, originally P'yŏngmul station, is a former railway station in Taep'yŏng-rodongjagu, Poch'ŏn county, Ryanggang province, North Korea, the terminus of the narrow-gauge Poch'ŏn line.
The Unbong Line is a secondary railway line of the Korean State Railway located entirely within Unbong-rodongjagu, Chasŏng County, Chagang, North Korea, running from Sangp'unggang on the Pukbunaeryuk Line to Kuunbong.
The Samjiyon Band is a North Korean classical music ensemble.
Samji (Korean: 삼지) is a lake in North Korea. The lake serves as a tourist attraction.
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