Samobor

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Samobor
Grad Samobor
City of Samobor
Samobor Church of Saint Anastazia02.jpg
Samobor fontain02.jpg
Samobor tourists at square.jpg
Samobor Gradna5.jpg
Samoborska Mushtarda.jpg
Top: Church of Saint Anastasia; Center left: Samobor Fountain; Center right: Main Square; Bottom left: Gradna; Bottom right: Samobor mustard sign
Croatia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Samobor
Location of Samobor within Croatia
Coordinates: 45°48′N15°43′E / 45.800°N 15.717°E / 45.800; 15.717 Coordinates: 45°48′N15°43′E / 45.800°N 15.717°E / 45.800; 15.717
Country Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
County Flag of Zagreb County.svg Zagreb
Free royal city 1242
Settlements 77 settlements
Government
  Type Mayor-council
  MayorKrešo Beljak (HSS)
  City Council
   Electoral district 7th
Area
   City 250.73 km2 (96.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation
860 m (2,820 ft)
Lowest elevation
127 m (417 ft)
Population
 (2011) [1]
   City 37,633
  Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
   Urban
18,659
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
HR-10 430
Area code +385 1
Vehicle registration ZG
Patron saints St. Anne
Website http://www.samobor.hr

Samobor (pronounced  [sâmɔ̝bɔ̝ːr] ) is a city in Zagreb County, Croatia. It is part of the Zagreb metropolitan area.

Contents

Geography

Samobor is located west of Zagreb, between the eastern slopes of the Samobor hills (Croatian : Samoborsko gorje), the eastern part of Žumberak Mountains, in the Sava River valley. It is part of the historical region of Croatia proper.

Administration

The city government, court, police, health service, and a post office are part of the Samobor infrastructure.

History

Ruins of Samobor Castle Stari grad Samobor VII. 2014.JPG
Ruins of Samobor Castle

Samobor has existed as a free royal town [2] since 1242, according to a document of endowment by King Béla IV.

Since the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699, Szamobor was part of the Habsburg Monarchy, (Transleithania after the compromise of 1867), and soon after in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, created when the Kingdom of Slavonia and the Kingdom of Croatia were merged in 1868. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Samobor was a district capital in the Zagreb County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

Economy

One of the chief industries in Samobor is crystal cutting, acclaimed in Europe and all over the world.

Notable natives

Many well-known people were born or lived in Samobor. Such notable personalities are:

Population

Historical populations
of Samobor
YearPop.±%
1880 16,548    
1890 18,607+12.4%
1900 18,783+0.9%
1910 20,275+7.9%
1921 19,806−2.3%
1931 21,953+10.8%
1948 23,821+8.5%
1953 25,451+6.8%
1961 27,103+6.5%
1971 28,469+5.0%
1981 32,887+15.5%
1991 35,017+6.5%
2001 36,206+3.4%
2011 37,633+3.9%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

In the 2011 Croatian census, the total population of the administrative territory of Samobor was 37,633, distributed in the following settlements: [1]

Settlements

Monuments and sightseeings

King Tomislav Square Samobor - centar.jpg
King Tomislav Square
View of Gradna River Samobor (1).jpg
View of Gradna River
Samobor Museum Samoborski muzej.jpg
Samobor Museum
Samoborska kremsnita Samoborsko kremsnita.JPG
Samoborska kremšnita

Samobor is one of the earliest tourist resorts in the region, with the first tourist facilities dating back to 1810, catering to anglers, hunters and hikers. The town's beautiful surroundings and vicinity to the capital have supported this tourist tradition to the present day. In 1846, Samobor was paid a visit by the composer Franz Liszt, who at that time was visiting Zagreb during one of his numerous concert tours. Liszt came to Samobor to see his friend Ferdo Livadić, in his lodgings at the Livadić mansion, which is today the town museum. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Livadić mansion came under the ownership of a Jewish family named Daničić. They were forced to leave as a result of the Nazi invasion in 1941. Shortly after this, the mansion was confiscated by the newly formed Independent State of Croatia and never returned to the Daničić family.

Education

There are two elementary schools and one high school in Samobor:

and the Srednja strukovna škola Samobor – with technical studies, hairdressing, etc.

There is also a music academy – Glazbena škola Ferdo Livadić.

Sport

The local football club is NK Samobor, who play in the Treća HNL. The local woman's handball club is ŽRK Samobor, who play in the Prva HRL. The local men's handball clubs are RK MladosT 09, and RK Rudar, who play in the Premijer liga. The local basketball club is KK Samobor, who play in the Druga muška liga, reija Centar. The local judo club is Judo Klub Samobor. The local karate club is Karate klub Samobor.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Samobor is twinned with:

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011" (HTML). Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  2. Treasures of Yugoslavia states "granted free trading rights before 1242".