Sampoorna Ramayanam (1958 film)

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Sampoorna Ramayanam
Sampoorna Ramayanam 1958.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byK. Somu
Screenplay by A. P. Nagarajan
Based on Ramayana
by Valmiki
Produced byM. A. Venu
Starring N. T. Rama Rao
Padmini
CinematographyV. K. Gopanna
Edited byT. Vijayarangam
Music by K. V. Mahadevan
Production
company
M. A. V. Pictures
Release date
  • 14 April 1958 (1958-04-14)
Running time
204 minutes
CountryIndia
LanguageTamil

Sampoorna Ramayanam (transl.The Complete Ramayana) is a 1958 Indian Tamil-language Hindu mythological film directed by K. Somu. It is based on Valmiki's Ramayana . The film stars N. T. Rama Rao in the lead role of Rama and Sivaji Ganesan as Bharatha. It was released on 14 April 1958 and ran for over 264 days in theatres, thereby becoming a silver jubilee hit. The film was dubbed into Hindi as Ramayan in 1960. [1]

Contents

Plot

The film is the complete Ramayana it begins at Ayodhya on Solar dynasty’s present ruler Dasharatha. He is perturbed as childless so he conducts Putrakameshti on ordinance of Sage Vashishta, with his 3 wives Kausalya, Sumitra & Kaikeyi. Here, Vishnu with Shesha Shanku & Chakra incarnated as his 4 sons: Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, & Shatrughna. Parallelly, while tilling the ground, Janaka, the king of Mithila, finds the box enclosing the baby whom he rears as Sita. Time passes, Saint Vishvamitra arrives and seeks to send Ramalakshmana for the protection of his Yaga. Soon, he endorsed them with powerful armaments, which they used to destroy Tataka & Maricha Subahu and accomplish the Yaga.

Meanwhile, Janaka announces Svayamvara to Sita when Vishvamitra moves in with the sibling. Amid, Rama transforms a stone form of Ahalya into normal. Here, the challenge is to affix the world-renowned bow of Siva. However, Ravana lands therein without an invitation but fails and gets humiliated. All at once, Rama breaks it when enraged Parashurama confronts him but realizes he is his continuation and backs up. After the wedding of Sita & Rama, Dasharatha announces Rama's crowning ceremony, which immerses Ayodhya. Begrudged Mandhara sly maid of Kaikeyi poisons her to seek her husband, the 2 boons at the time of the Devasura war. Dasaratha offers to do so, Kaikeya forces Bharata's crowning, and Rama is exiled for 14 years. The heartbroken Dasaratha accedes to Kaikeyi's demands. Rama also deliberately accepts his father's reluctant decree and proceeds with Sita & Lakshmana. Guha crosses them, the Ganges. After that, Dasaratha dies when Bharata backs and flares up on his mother, which makes her regret. Bharata rushes to retrieve Rama but denies obeying his father's words. So, Bharata obtains his sandals as a gesture and starts ruling Ayodhya.

After 13 years, Rama moved to Panchavati, where Ravana's sister, Shurpanakha, entices him, and Lakshmana cuts off her nose & ears. Being aware of it infuriated Ravana ploys to seize Sita with the aid of the Maricha, who turns into a golden deer. Entranced by its beauty, Sita pleads with Rama to capture it when he chases it, leaving Lakshmana as a guard. Rama shoots it and mimics Rama before dying. Frightened, Sita forces Lakshmana to go, which he obeys but stipulates not to cross the chalk outline he drew. Ravana, in the guise of an ascetic, abducts Sita. Jatayu tries to arrest Ravana but loses his wings. Ramalakshmana learns about the fatality via him.

Ongoing, they meet an ascetic Shabari, who directs them toward Kishkindha. So, they step in and befriend Anjineeya & Sugriva. Rama kills his malice brother Vaali and crowns him. Then, Vanara are under the hunt of Seeta. Anjineeya crosses the sea and reaches Lanka, locking Seeta in Ashoka Grove. Here, he bestows the ring and states Rama will take revenge for her insult. Plus, he takes her golden hairband, who returns by setting fire to Lanka and warning Ravana. With the aid of Vanara, Rama constructed a stone bridge over the sea and reached Lanka. Vibhishana, a good Samaritan Ravana's brother, requests him to pardon Rama. As a result, he is ostracized and propitiates with Rama, who promises to bestow Lanka.

The war begins, and most of the demon warriors are destroyed. So, Ravana awakes his second sibling Kumbhakarna, who is too slaughtered by Rama. Here, Indrajit creates an illusion of Sita's assassination when Rama faints. Now Lakshmana takes charge and collapses by Indrajit's "Nagastram." Anjineeya secures him by "Sanjeevani" and he kills Indrajit. Ultimately, Ravana walks to battle when Rama disarms & asks him to arrive tomorrow. The following day, Ravana confronts him with his 10 heads. Rama kills Ravana by getting knowledge of his death secret from Vibhishana. Next, Rama asks Sita to undergo an "Agni Pariksha" test of fire to prove her innocence, as he wants to eliminate the rumors surrounding her. Sita plunges into the sacrificial fire, and Agni raises Seeta, unharmed, to the throne, attesting to her fidelity. At last, Rama backs Ayodhya with Sita, Lakshmana, Anjineeya, and other Vanaras. Finally, the movie ends happily with the Rama's coronation.

Cast

Production

After Town Bus (1955), its producer M. A. Venu decided that his next venture would be Sampoorna Ramayanam, [7] based on the Ramayana , an Indian epic written by Valmiki. [8] It was directed by K. Somu and produced by Venu under M. A. V. Pictures, while A. P. Nagarajan wrote the screenplay. Cinematography was handled by V. K. Gopanna, and the editing by T. Vijayarangam. [9] [10]

K. V. Srinivasan dubbed the voice of N. T. Rama Rao, [5] who played Rama. [11] S. S. Rajendran was initially offered to play Bharata but declined due to his aversion to act in films based on mythology; Sivaji Ganesan was later cast in that role. [12] [13] This marked Ganesan's first mythological film. [14]

Soundtrack

The music composed by K. V. Mahadevan. [15] [16] All lyrics were penned by A. Maruthakasi. Unlike most Tamil films of that era, the songs were composed to form a part of the narrative, as opposed to being standalone segments. [17] S. Somasundaram was originally hired to sing a few songs, including "Veenai Kodiyudaiya" which was picturised on Ravana. As Bhagavati's lip synching could not match Somasundaram's fast singing, the singer was replaced with C. S. Jayaraman. Offended, Somasundaram left the film and at his request the songs he sang were dropped. [18]

SongSingersLength
"Annaiyum Pithavumaagi...Yen Pirintheer" T. M. Soundararajan, Thangappan02:31
"Indru Poi Naalai Vaaraai" C. S. Jayaraman 02:52
"Neethi Thavarathu" Sirkazhi Govindarajan 01:03
"Pathugaiye Thunaiyaagum"T. M. Soundararajan & Sirkazhi Govindarajan02:49
"Sabarikku Raamanum"Sirkazhi Govindarajan06:08
"Sangeetha Sowbagyame"C. S. Jayaraman04:24
"Sree Raamachandhran Magudaabishega"Sirkazhi Govindarajan & S. C. Krishnan00:45
"Ellorum Kondaadum Raamaraajyame" A. P. Komala, A. G. Rathnamala, K. Rani, Sarojini & Udutha00:49
"Thennaadudaiya Sivane...Kannpaarum Enaiyaalum"C. S. Jayaraman02:31
"Paakraan Sumaa Paakraan" M. S. Rajeswari 01:02
"Thavamuni Viswamithiran.... Panjanai Meedhu"C. S. Jayaraman06:00
"Veenai Kodiyudaiya" Thiruchi Loganathan, C. S. Jayaraman01:45
"Mannellaam Ponnaagum Raaman Varavaaley" A. P. Komala, A. G. Rathnamala, S. C. Krishnan, K. Rani, Sarojini & Pathma01:45
"Vaazhiya Ulagam... Makkal Pirandhadhai Enni Enniye"T. M. Soundararajan04:28
"Araneri Marandha Thamayanai"Sirkazhi Govindarajan01:40
"Pogadhe Atthaan Pogadhe"M. S. Rajeswari01:02
"Azhagiya Ilangaa Nagarai"Sirkazhi Govindarajan01:02
"Utthaman Pogindraane... Utthaman Raaman Pogindraan" Ghantasala 02:30
"Atthiri Munivar Raaman Latchmananai"Sirkazhi Govindarajan02:37

Release and reception

Sampoorna Ramayanam was released on 14 April 1958, during Puthandu. [7] [19] Politician C. Rajagopalachari, who wrote the Ramayana as a serialised story in Kalki which was later published as a book, watched this film and appreciated it, particularly Ganesan's performance as Bharata. Usually he was a critic of cinema in general and did not think much about films. [5] [20] In a review dated 27 April 1958, the magazine Ananda Vikatan lauded Ganesan's performance, felt T. K. Bhagavathi was perfect for the role of Ravana, and called the film a must-watch. [21] The film was a major commercial success and ran for over 264 days in theatres, [22] thereby becoming a silver jubilee film, [23] and also being responsible for a renewed interest in mythological films in Tamil cinema. [24]

Related Research Articles

<i>Ramayana</i> Ancient Sanskrit epic

The Ramayana also known as Valmiki Ramayana, as traditionally attributed to Sage Valmiki, is a smriti text from ancient India, one of the two important epics of Hinduism known as the Itihasas, the other being the Mahabharata. The epic, narrates the life of Rama, a prince of Ayodhya in the kingdom of Kosala. The epic follows his fourteen-year exile to the forest urged by his father King Dasharatha, on the request of Rama's stepmother Kaikeyi; his travels across forests in the Indian subcontinent with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana; the kidnapping of Sita by Ravana, the king of Lanka, that resulted in war; and Rama's eventual return to Ayodhya along with Sita to be crowned king amidst jubilation and celebration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lakshmana</span> Younger brother and close companion of the Hindu god Rama

Lakshmana, also spelled as Laxmana, is the younger brother of Rama and his loyalist in the Hindu epic Ramayana. He bears the epithets of Saumitra and Ramanuja. He is the twin of Shatrughna.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dasharatha</span> Father of Rama in the Ramayana

Dasharatha was the king of the Kosala kingdom and a scion of the Suryavamsha dynasty in Hinduism. He ruled from his capital at Ayodhyā. Dasharatha had three primary consorts: Kausalya, Sumitra, and Kaikeyi, and from these unions were born Rama, Bharata, Lakshmana, and Shatrughna. He is mentioned in the Rāmāyana epic and the Vishnu Purana.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shatrughna</span> Brother of Rama

Shatrughna is a prince of Ayodhya, King of Madhupura and Vidisha, and a brother of Prince Rama in the Hindu epic Ramayana. He is also known as Ripudaman. He is the twin of Lakshmana. He is a loyalist of Bharata, just like Lakshmana is to Rama. According to the Valmiki Ramayana, Shatrughna is an incarnation of the Sudarshana Chakra. Shatrughna also appears as the 412th name of Vishnu in the Vishnu Sahasranama of the Mahabharata.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sita</span> Hindu goddess and the female protagonist of the epic Ramayana

Sita, also known as Siya, Janaki, Maithili, Vaidehi and Bhumija, is a Hindu goddess and the female protagonist of the Hindu epic, Ramayana. She is the consort of Rama, the avatar of the god Vishnu, and is regarded as an avatar of Vishnu's consort, Lakshmi. She is also the chief goddess of Rama-centric Hindu traditions. Sita is known for her dedication, self-sacrifice, courage, and purity.

Bharata (<i>Ramayana</i>) Ramas brother

Bharata is a figure in the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana. He is the son of Dasharatha, the king of Kosala, and Kaikeyi, the daughter of King Ashvapati of Kekeya. He is a younger half-brother of Rama. He rules Ayodhya as its regent while Rama is banished from his kingdom, and fights to rescue his wife Sita, kidnapped by Ravana.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manthara</span> Character in the Hindu epic Ramayana

Manthara is a character in the Hindu epic Ramayana. In the epic, she is described to have convinced Queen Kaikeyi that the throne of Ayodhya belonged to her son Bharata and that her step-son—crown-prince Rama —should be exiled from the kingdom. She is portrayed as a mother-figure to Kaikeyi and her twin Yudhajit, following the banishment of their mother. She accompanied Kaikeyi to Ayodhya after her marriage to Dasharatha.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mandavi</span> Ramayana character

Mandavi is a princess and the elder daughter of King Kushadhvaja and Queen Chandrabhaga in the Hindu epic Ramayana. She is married to Bharata, a younger brother of Rama. Mandavi is considered to be an incarnation of the conch shell of Lakshmi.

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Ramayan is an Indian television series depicting the story of Rama and based on stories from classic Indian literature. The 2008 release is a reboot of the 1987 Ramayan television series of the same name. The plot derives from Valmiki's Ramayan, Tulsidas's Ramcharitmanas and Chakbasta's Urdu Ramayan with aspects of other works. The television series was produced by Sagar Arts and aired on NDTV Imagine. This Show Was Re-Aired On Dangal TV while the entire episodes of this show can be watched on Dangal Play app.

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Bibliography