Sampoorna Ramayanam (1958 film)

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Sampoorna Ramayanam
Sampoorna Ramayanam 1958.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byK. Somu
Produced byM. A. Venu
Screenplay by A. P. Nagarajan
Based on Ramayana
by Valmiki
Starring N. T. Rama Rao
Padmini
Music by K. V. Mahadevan
CinematographyV. K. Gopanna
Edited byT. Vijayarangam
Production
company
M. A. V. Pictures
Release date
  • 14 April 1958 (1958-04-14)
Running time
204 minutes
CountryIndia
LanguageTamil

Sampoorna Ramayanam (transl.The Complete Ramayana) is a 1958 Indian Tamil-language Hindu mythological film directed by K. Somu. It is based on Valmiki's Ramayana . The film features N. T. Rama Rao in lead role of Rama and Sivaji Ganesan as Bharatha. The film, produced by M. A. Venu, had musical score by K. V. Mahadevan and was released on 14 April 1958. It became a major commercial success, and ran for over 264 days in theatres, thereby becoming a silver jubilee film. It was dubbed into Hindi as Ramayan in 1960. [1]

Contents

Plot

The story is the complete Ramayana from the birth of Rama to his Pattabhisheka after completing his exile.

Cast

Production

After Town Bus (1955), its producer M. A. Venu decided that his next venture would be Sampoorna Ramayanam, [6] based on the Ramayana , an Indian epic written by Valmiki. [7] It was directed by K. Somu and produced by Venu under M. A. V. Pictures, while A.P Nagarajan wrote the screenplay. Cinematography was handled by V. K. Gopanna, and the editing by T. Vijayarangam. [8] [9]

K. V. Srinivasan dubbed the voice of N. T. Rama Rao, [4] who played Rama. [10] S. S. Rajendran declined the offer to play Bharata before Sivaji Ganesan was cast in that role, [11] stating that he would not act in films based on mythology. [12] This marked Ganesan's first mythological film. [13]

Soundtrack

The music composed by K. V. Mahadevan. [14] [15] All lyrics were penned by A. Maruthakasi. Unlike most Tamil films of that era, the songs were composed to form a part of the narrative, as opposed to being standalone segments. [16] S. Somasundaram was originally hired to sing a few songs, including "Veenai Kodiyudaiya" which was picturised on Ravana. As Bhagavati's lip synching could not match Somasundaram's fast singing, the singer was replaced with C. S. Jayaraman. Offended, Somasundaram left the film and at his request the songs he sang were dropped. [17]

No.SongSingersLength
1"Annaiyum Pithavumaagi... Yen Pirintheer" T. M. Soundararajan, Thangappan02:31
2"Indru Poi Naalai Vaaraai" C. S. Jayaraman 02:52
3"Neethi Thavarathu" Sirkazhi Govindarajan 01:03
4"Pathugaiye Thunaiyaagum" T. M. Soundararajan & Sirkazhi Govindarajan 02:49
5"Sabarikku Raamanum" Sirkazhi Govindarajan 06:08
6"Sangeetha Sowbagyame" C. S. Jayaraman 04:24
7"Sree Raamachandhran Magudaabishega" Sirkazhi Govindarajan & S. C. Krishnan00:45
8"Ellorum Kondaadum Raamaraajyame" A. P. Komala, A. G. Rathnamala, K. Rani,
Sarojini & Udutha
00:49
9"Thennaadudaiya Sivane... Kannpaarum Enaiyaalum" C. S. Jayaraman 02:31
10"Paakraan Sumaa Paakraan" M. S. Rajeswari 01:02
11"Thavamuni Viswamithiran.... Panjanai Meedhu" C. S. Jayaraman 06:00
12"Veenai Kodiyudaiya" Thiruchi Loganathan, C. S. Jayaraman01:45
13"Mannellaam Ponnaagum Raaman Varavaaley" A. P. Komala, A. G. Rathnamala, S. C. Krishnan
K. Rani, Sarojini & Pathma
01:45
14"Vaazhiya Ulagam... Makkal Pirandhadhai Enni Enniye" T. M. Soundararajan 04:28
15"Araneri Marandha Thamayanai" Sirkazhi Govindarajan 01:40
16"Pogadhe Atthaan Pogadhe" M. S. Rajeswari 01:02
17"Azhagiya Ilangaa Nagarai" Sirkazhi Govindarajan 01:02
18"Utthaman Pogindraane... Utthaman Raaman Pogindraan" Ghantasala 02:30
19"Atthiri Munivar Raaman Latchmananai" Sirkazhi Govindarajan 02:37

Release and reception

Sampoorna Ramayanam was released on 14 April 1958, during Puthandu. [6] [18] Politician C. Rajagopalachari, who wrote the Ramayana as a serialised story in Kalki which was later published as a book, watched this film and appreciated it, particularly N.T. Rama Rao's performance as Rama, and Ganesan's performance as Bharata. Usually he was a critic of cinema in general and did not think much about films. [4] [19] In a review dated 27 April 1958, the magazine Ananda Vikatan lauded Ganesan's performance, felt T. K. Bhagavathi was perfect for the role of Ravana, and called the film a must-watch. [20] The film was a major commercial success and ran for over 264 days in theatres, [21] thereby becoming a silver jubilee film, [22] and also being responsible for a renewed interest in mythological films in Tamil cinema. [23]

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Bibliography