Samsenethai

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Samsenthai
King of Lan Xang
Reign1374 - 1416
Coronation 1374
Predecessor Fa Ngum
Successor Lan Kham Deng
BornOun Heuan
1357
Muang Sua, Lan Xang
Died1416
Muang Sua, Lan Xang
SpouseQueen Keo Lot Fa (Ayutthaya)
Queen Bua Then Fa (Muang Sua)
Queen Noi On Sor (Lan Na)
Queen Keo Yot Fa (Ayutthaya)
Queen Keo Sida (Sip Song Panna)
IssuePrince Lusai
Prince Lan Kham Deng
Prince Kham Tam Sa
Prince Khon Kham
Prince Vang Buri
Princess Keo Kumari
Princess Anocha
Princess Manora
Princess Suphatthat
Princess Mahakai
Regnal name
Samdach Brhat-Anya Samu Sena Daya Daya Buvana Natha Adipati Sri Sadhana Kanayudha(Lao: ສົມເດັຈພຣະຍາ ສາມແສນໄທ ໄຕຣ໌ພູວະນາທອາທິປັຕ ສຼີສັຕນາຄະນາຫຸທ)
Dynasty Khun Lo
Father Fa Ngum
MotherKeo Kang Ya
Religion Therevada Buddhism

Samsenethai(Lao : ສາມແສນໄທ) also called Oun Huan(Lao : ອຸ່ນເຮືອນ) was the second king of Lan Xang in Laos. He succeeded his father, Fa Ngum.[ citation needed ]

He ruled from 1372 until 1417. The origin of the name Samsenethai is thought to be a reflection of the political and social upheaval occurring within the area at the time of his rule. Samsenethai literally means "300,000 Thai," thus reflected the result of a census conducted in his reign. It is unclear whether the census included the entire population or just men capable of bearing arms. [ citation needed ]

There is also discussion as to whether during this period, the terms "Thai" and "Lao" were interchangeable, whether the term "Lao" yet[ further explanation needed ] existed, or whether "Thai" was used in his name to refer to the fact that the census included all Tai groups. Local Thai history records that Samsenethai's Mother was a high born lady of Ayuttaya (Siam - Thailand) and that she had brought Thai Ministers for the government of Lan Xiang (Lan Chiang). Also noteworthy, the flag adopted for Lan Xiang is a near copy of the flag of Ayuttaya. Red background with a White elephant in the center. For the duration of his 43-year reign, Lan Xang did not fight a single battle. [ citation needed ]

Wat Manorom, Wat Oubôsôt, and Wat Xiang Kham were built in Samsenethai's reign. He was succeeded by his son Lan Kham Deng.

Family

  1. Queen Buvana Dhanipaya (Bua Then Fa), Princess Keava Nawi Anungahaya - a daughter of his uncle (m.1377)
    1. Prince Lamakamadinga Lan Kham Deng, King of Lan Xang (r.1416-1428)
  2. Nang Nawiangsari (Noi On Sor) - daughter of the King of Lan Na
    1. Prince Gunikama (Konekham) (Khon Kham) - King of Lan Xang (r.1430–1432)
  3. Queen Keava Rudhi Fa (Nang Keo Lot Fa) - his cousin, widow of his father, and daughter of King Ramadipati of Ayudhaya (m.1393)
  4. Princess Nang Keava Sridha (Chao Nang Keo Sida) - daughter of Chao Sidhakama (Sida Kham), "Hsenwifa" of Muang Lü (Chieng Hung)
    1. Prince Kama Dharmasara (Kham Tam Sa) - King of Lan Xang (r.1432)
  5. Princess Nang Keava Yudhi Fa (Nang Keo Yot Fa) - his cousin, and a daughter of King Intharacha of Ayutthaya
    1. Prince Wangsapuri (Vong Buri), (Sai Tia Kaphut), King of Lan Xang (r.1442-1480)
    2. Princess Mahakani (Maha Kay) - died before 1408, aged five.
  6. a slave
    1. Kham Keul or Kham-Kert - King of Lan Xang (1436-1438)
  7. by unknown women
    1. Prince Luvanajaya (Thao Lue-Sai), King of Lan Xang, r.1432-1433
    2. Thao Somphon
    3. Princess Anusha (Anocha).
    4. Princess Manura (Manora).
    5. Princess Supadhatri (Supatthat).

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Mon Keo was the king of the Laotian Kingdom of Lan Xang between 1627 and 1633, Reigning with the regnal name of Samdach Brhat-Anya Chao Manikya Kaeva Raja Sri Sadhana Kanayudha, he was the son of King Voravongsa II and brother of King Ouphagnauvarath I.

References

    Samsenethai
    Preceded by
    Fa Ngum
    King of Lan Xang
    1373–1416
    Succeeded by
    Lan Kham Deng