Samta Prasad

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Samta Prasad
Shahid Parvez Khan performing at a concert.jpg
Pt. Samta Prasad accompanying sitar player Shahid Parvez Khan
Background information
Birth nameSamta Prasad Mishra
Also known asGudai Maharaj
Born(1921-07-18)18 July 1921
Origin Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Died1994 (aged 73)
Genres Indian classical music
Instruments Tabla

Pandit Samta Prasad (Hindi : पण्डित सामता प्रसाद; 20 July 1921 – 1994) was an Indian classical musician and tabla player from the Benares gharana. [1] [2] He played tabla in many Hindi films including, Meri Surat Teri Ankhen (1963) and Sholay (1975), and film music composer Rahul Dev Burman was one of his disciples. [2] [3]


He was the son of Pandit Hari Sundarrr, also known as Bachaa Mishra, his grandfather was Pt. Jagannath Mishra, and his skillful ancestors included Pt. Pratap Maharaj, also known as Gudai Maharaj. [4]

He was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1979, given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama and the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian honour given by Govt. of India in 1991. [5] [6]

Early life and training

Pandit Samta Prasad was born on 20 July 1921, in Kabir chaura, Banaras (Varanasi), Uttar Pradesh into a family steeped in the tradition of tabla and pakhawaj of Benaras gharana, sometimes referred as Poorab baaj school. [7] [8]

His preliminary taalim (training) began with his father, who died when Samta Prasad Ji was just seven. Thereafter, he took the discipleship of Pt. Bikku Maharaj, himself a disciple of Pt. Baldev Sahai, and began to practice for long hours daily. [9]


Pt. Samta Prasad gave his first major performance at the "Allahabad Sangeet Sammelan" in 1942, where he impressed the musicians present there, [10] and soon established himself as an accompanist as well as a soloist.

Throughout his career, he performed in various parts of India, such as Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Lucknow. He also represented the Indian cultural team while abroad, in such places as France, Russia and Edinburgh.

He also played the tabla in Hindi films like, Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje , Meri Surat Teri Ankhen , Basant Bahar , Asamapta and Sholay . It is believed that music director, S.D. Burman postponed the recording of the song, "Nache mora manwa magan tikta dhighi dhighi" being sung by Mohd. Rafi in the film Meri Surat Teri Aakhen until the arrival of Pandit Samta Prasad from Banaras. [11]

He died in May 1994 in Pune, India. He was on a visit to Pune to conduct a coaching workshop organized by Naad Roop. The workshop was a success, but Panditji's unexpected demise left a permanent scar on the minds of those who attended the workshop.[ citation needed ]

Awards and recognitions

He was awarded "Padma Shri" in the year 1972, and received the "Sangeet Natak Akademi Award" in 1979 and the President Scholarship in 1987. He achieved the Padma Bhushan in 1991. [12]


Amongst his noted disciples are Pandit Bhola Prasad Singh, Patna, Pandit Shashanka Shekhar Bakshi, Nitin Chatterjee, Naba Kumar Panda, Rahul Dev Burman (R.D.Burman), Gurmit Singh Virdee, Partha Sarathi Mukherjee, Satyanarayan Bashisht, (Late) Pandit Chandrakant Kamat, Pt. Manikrao Popatkar and Pt. Samta Prasad's son - (Late) Pandit Kumar Lal Mishra who died recently,[ when? ] a noted tabla player himself. [9]

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  1. "Shanta Prasad". Archived from the original on 8 February 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2009.
  2. 1 2 "In memoriam:UNFORGETTABLE Pandit Shanta Prasad Mishra". The Hindu . 2 June 2006. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011.
  3. Pathfinders: artistes of one Worldby Alka Raghuvanshi, Sudhir Tailang. Wisdom Tree, 2002. p. 66-67
  4. Naimpalli, Sadanand (2005). Theory and practice of tabla. Popular Prakashan. pp. 100, 104. ISBN   81-7991-149-7.
  5. "Sangeet Natak Akademi Award: Instrumental – Tabla". Sangeet Natak Akademi (Official listing). Archived from the original on 17 February 2012.
  6. "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2007)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. 30 May 2007. "1991: 27. Samta Prasad" (Official spelling)
  7. Kumar, Raj (2003). Essays on Indian music (History and culture series). Discovery Publishing House. p. 200. ISBN   81-7141-719-1.
  8. Shovana Narayan (6 May 2008). "Pt Kishan Maharaj: End of an era". The Tribune .
  9. 1 2 Pandit Samta Prasad Biography Archived 27 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Massey, Reginald; Jamila Massey (1996). "15. The Musicians". The music of India. Abhinav Publications. p. 160. ISBN   81-7017-332-9.
  11. "SD Burman: A giant's century". Screen. 23 October 2006.[ permanent dead link ]
  12. "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.

12. ^ Life history of the Pandit Gudai Maharaj.

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