Samuel D. McEnery

Last updated
Samuel Douglas McEnery
Samuel Douglas McEnery cph.3b20800.jpg
United States Senator
from Louisiana
In office
March 4, 1897 June 28, 1910
Preceded by Newton C. Blanchard
Succeeded by John Thornton
30th Governor of Louisiana
In office
October 16, 1881 May 20, 1888
Lieutenant W.A. Robertson
George L. Walton
Clay Knobloch
Preceded by Louis A. Wiltz
Succeeded by Francis T. Nicholls
16th Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
In office
January 14, 1880 October 16, 1881
GovernorLouis A. Wiltz
Preceded byLouis A. Wiltz
Succeeded byW. A. Robertson
Personal details
Born(1837-05-28)May 28, 1837
Monroe, Louisiana
DiedJune 28, 1910(1910-06-28) (aged 73)
New Orleans, Louisiana
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Spring Hill College
United States Naval Academy
University of Virginia
State and National Law School (New York)

Samuel Douglas McEnery (May 28, 1837 June 28, 1910) served as the 30th Governor of the U.S. state of Louisiana, with service from 1881 until 1888. He was subsequently a U.S. senator from 1897 until 1910. He was the brother of John McEnery, one of the candidates in the contested 1872 election for governor.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

Louisiana U.S. state in the United States

Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the South Central United States. It is the 31st most extensive and the 25th most populous of the 50 United States. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the only U.S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are equivalent to counties. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building, in Washington, D.C.


Early life

Mrs Samuel D. McEnery Mrs Samuel D. McEnery.jpg
Mrs Samuel D. McEnery

McEnery was born in Monroe in Ouachita Parish in North Louisiana. He attended Spring Hill College in Mobile, Alabama, the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, and the University of Virginia at Charlottesville, Virginia. In 1859, McEnery graduated from the State and National Law School in Poughkeepsie, New York. McEnery served as a lieutenant in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War.

Monroe, Louisiana City in Louisiana, United States

Monroe is the eighth-largest city in the U.S. state of Louisiana. It is the parish seat of Ouachita Parish. In the official 2010 census, Monroe had a population of 48,815. The municipal population declined by 8.1 percent over the past decade; it was 53,107 in the 2000 census. After a recheck in 2018, the Census Bureau changed the 2010 population from 48,815 to 47,877. Mayor Jamie Mayo, however, maintains that the Monroe population is more than 50,000 and indicated that he will pursue a continued challenge to the count.

Ouachita Parish, Louisiana Parish in Louisiana

Ouachita Parish is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 153,720. The parish seat is Monroe. The parish was formed in 1807.

North Louisiana region of the state of Louisiana

North Louisiana is a region in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The region has two metropolitan areas: Shreveport-Bossier City and Monroe-West Monroe.


In 1866, McEnery began practicing law in Monroe. He became active in the Democratic Party, and served as its chairman in Ouachita Parish. He was elected lieutenant governor in 1879, and became Governor of Louisiana in 1881 after the death of Louis A. Wiltz. McEnery was elected to a full term as governor in 1884, but failed to be re-elected in 1888. McEnery's administration was weak because of the power wielded by the State Treasurer Edward A. Burke and the corrupt Louisiana State Lottery Company. Despite Louisiana's Roman Catholic plurality (and majority in Acadiana and many of the southern parishes of the state), McEnery was the last Catholic to be elected governor prior to Edwin Edwards in 1972. [1]

Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana lieutenant governor

The Office of Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana is the second highest state office in Louisiana. The current lieutenant governor is Billy Nungesser, a Republican.

A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected. The power of the individual governor can vary dramatically between political systems, with some governors having only nominal or largely ceremonial power, while others having a complete control over the entire government.

Louis A. Wiltz American politician

Louis Alfred Wiltz was an American politician from the state of Louisiana. He served as 29th Governor of Louisiana from 1880 to 1881 and before that time was mayor of New Orleans, lieutenant governor of Louisiana, and a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives.

After losing the 1888 election, McEnery was appointed to serve as an associate justice in the Louisiana Supreme Court. He was elected to serve in the United States Senate in 1896, serving there until his death in 1910. While in the Senate, McEnery served on the Committee of Corporations formed in the District of Columbia and the Committee of Transportation and Sale of Meat Products. [2]


McEnery died on June 28, 1910, in New Orleans and was interred there at Metairie Cemetery. [3]

New Orleans Largest city in Louisiana

New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 391,006 in 2018, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. A major port, New Orleans is considered an economic and commercial hub for the broader Gulf Coast region of the United States.

Metairie Cemetery United States historic place

Metairie Cemetery is a rural cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. The name has caused some people to mistakenly presume that the cemetery is located in Metairie, Louisiana; but it is located within the New Orleans city limits, on Metairie Road.

See also


  1. After Edwin Edwards, Catholics Kathleen Babineaux Blanco, Bobby Jindal, and John Bel Edwards were elected governors.
  2. For McEnery's positions on the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, see Robert Harrison, Congress, Progressive Reform, and the New American State (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 77, 235, 253. ISBN   978-0-521-82789-8, ISBN   0-521-82789-2.
  3. See the Louisiana Secretary of State's "Samuel Douglas McEnery" Archived 2008-02-21 at the Wayback Machine site for McEnery's religious affiliation, date of death, and other information.
Political offices
Preceded by
Louis A. Wiltz
Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
Succeeded by
W.A. Robertson
Preceded by
Louis A. Wiltz
Governor of Louisiana
Succeeded by
Francis T. Nicholls
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Newton C. Blanchard
US Senator (Class 3) from Louisiana
Succeeded by
John R. Thornton

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