|United States district judge for the District of Vermont|
April 8, 1842 –January 15, 1857
|Appointed by||John Tyler|
|Preceded by||Elijah Paine|
|Succeeded by||David Allen Smalley|
| United States Senator |
March 4,1831 –April 11,1842
|Preceded by||Dudley Chase|
|Succeeded by||Samuel C. Crafts|
|Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court|
|Preceded by||Richard Skinner|
|Succeeded by||Titus Hutchinson|
|Associate Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court|
|Preceded by||Joel Doolittle|
|Succeeded by||Titus Hutchinson|
|Member of the VermontHouseofRepresentatives |
from the Montpelier district
|Preceded by||Araunah Waterman|
|Succeeded by||William Upham|
|Died||January 15,1857 74) (aged|
|Resting place|| Green Mount Cemetery |
|Political party|| Federalist |
(m. 1804;died 1855)
|Children||12 (including Theodore Prentiss)|
Samuel Prentiss (March 31,1782 –January 15,1857) was an associate justice and chief justice of the Vermont Supreme Court,a United States senator from Vermont and a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont.
Born on March 31,1782,in Stonington,Connecticut,Prentiss moved with his family to Worcester,Massachusetts,and then to Northfield,Massachusetts,in 1786,completed preparatory studies and was instructed in the classics by private tutor Reverend Samuel C. Allen. He studied law in Northfield with attorney Samuel Vose, and Brattleboro,Vermont,with attorney John W. Blake in 1802. He was admitted to the bar and practiced in Montpelier,Vermont,from 1803 to 1824.
He was a member of the Vermont House of Representatives from 1824 to 1825.He was an associate justice of the Vermont Supreme Court from 1825 to 1829, and chief justice from 1829 to 1830.
In addition to practicing law,Prentiss became active in politics,first as a Federalist,and later as a National Republican and Whig. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the United States House of Representatives in 1816.
Prentiss was elected in 1831 to the United States Senate as a National Republican. He was reelected as a Whig in 1837 and served from March 4,1831,to April 11,1842,when he resigned to accept a judicial appointment.He was Chairman of the Committee on Patents and the Patent Office for the 27th United States Congress.
While in the Senate,Prentiss was the originator and successful advocate of the law to suppress dueling in the District of Columbia.
Prentiss was nominated by President John Tyler on April 8,1842,to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Vermont vacated by Judge Elijah Paine.He was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 8,1842,and received his commission the same day. His service terminated on January 15,1857,due to his death in Montpelier. He was interred at Green Mount Cemetery in Montpelier.
Samuel Prentiss was the fourth in his line to be named Samuel Prentiss. He was the second of nine children born to Dr. Samuel Prentiss III and his wife Lucretia ( née Holmes). Two of his younger brothers also had notable political careers. John Holmes Prentiss served two terms as a U.S. congressman from New York. William A. Prentiss was the 10th mayor of Milwaukee,Wisconsin,and served in the Vermont House of Representatives and the Wisconsin State Assembly.
Their father,Dr. Samuel Prentiss was a prominent physician and served as a combat surgeon for his father,Colonel Samuel Prentice II,during the American Revolutionary War. The Prentiss family were descendants of Captain Thomas Prentice,who emigrated from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the 1640s and served as a captain during King Philip's War.
Samuel Prentiss IV married Lucretia Houghton (1786–1855),of Northfield,in 1804. They had twelve children,though at least two died in infancy. Their 8th child,Theodore Prentiss,moved to Wisconsin,became the first mayor of Watertown,Wisconsin,and also served in the Wisconsin State Assembly.
Among the lawyers who received their education and training in Prentiss's office was William Upham,who later served in the United States Senate.
Prentiss was a trustee of Dartmouth College from 1820 to 1827;he received the honorary degrees of Artium Magister and Legum Doctor from Dartmouth in 1817 and 1832.
Northfield is a town in Washington County, Vermont, United States. The town lies in a valley within the Green Mountains and has been home to Norwich University since 1866. It contains the village of Northfield, where over half of the population lives. The town's total population was 5,918 at the 2020 census.
Jefferson Parish Kidder was an American lawyer and jurist. He served as the non-voting delegate from the Dakota Territory to the United States House of Representatives. Kidder was the only Democratic lieutenant governor of Vermont until John J. Daley in 1965.
Jonathan Robinson was an American politician, lawyer, and judge from the state of Vermont who served as chief justice of the Vermont Supreme Court and a United States senator.
Dudley Chase was a U.S. Senator from Vermont who served from 1813 to 1817 and again from 1825 to 1831. He was born in Cornish, New Hampshire.
William Upham was an American attorney and politician from Montpelier, Vermont. He was most notable for his service as a United States senator from Vermont.
Samuel Chandler Crafts was a United States representative, Senator and the 12th governor of Vermont.
John Holmes Prentiss was an American newspaper publisher and politician in the U.S. state of New York. He represented New York's 19th congressional district in the 25th and 26th U.S. Congresses from 1837 to 1841.
Sterry Robinson Waterman was a Vermont lawyer and a United States circuit judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
William Hebard was an American attorney and politician from Vermont. He served in several elected offices, and was most notable for representing Vermont in the United States House of Representatives for two terms (1849-1853).
Paul Dillingham Jr. was an American lawyer and politician. He served as a U.S. Representative from Vermont, the 24th lieutenant governor of Vermont from 1862 to 1865, and the 29th governor of Vermont from 1865 to 1867.
Eliakim "E. P. Walton" Persons Walton was an American journalist, editor and politician. He served as a U.S. Representative from Vermont.
William Augustus Prentiss was an American merchant, Republican politician, and Wisconsin pioneer. He played an important role in creating the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and was the 10th mayor of that city. He also served in the Vermont House of Representatives, the 2nd Wisconsin Territorial Assembly, and the Wisconsin State Assembly.
James Loren Martin was a Vermont lawyer, politician, and United States federal judge. The notable positions in which he served during his career included State's Attorney of Windham County, Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives, United States Attorney for the District of Vermont, and United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont.
Elijah Paine was a justice of the Supreme Court of Vermont, a United States senator from Vermont and a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont.
David Allen Smalley was a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont.
Theodore Prentiss was an American lawyer, Democratic politician, and Wisconsin pioneer. He was the first mayor of Watertown, Wisconsin, and represented Jefferson County for one year in the Wisconsin State Assembly.
Nicholas Baylies was a Vermont lawyer, politician, and judge. He served as a justice of the Vermont Supreme Court from 1831 to 1833.