|Sanin Main Line|
|Other name(s)||Sagano Line (Kyoto - Sonobe)|
|Locale||Kyoto, Hyōgo, Tottori, Shimane and Yamaguchi Prefectures|
|Termini|| Kyoto Station |
|Line length||676.0 km (420.0 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Operating speed||85 km/h (53 mph) - 130 km/h (81 mph)|
The Sanin Main Line (山陰本線, San'in-honsen) is a railway line in western Japan, which connects Kyoto and Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). It is the major railway line of the San'in region, approximately paralleling the Japan Sea, crossing Kyoto, Hyōgo, Tottori, Shimane, and Yamaguchi prefectures. The main portion from Kyoto to Hatabu is the longest single continuous railway line in Japan at 673.8 km, although no regularly scheduled train operates over the entire line.
The section between Kyoto and Sonobe, connecting Kyoto and its northern suburbs, is a part of JR West's Urban Network and is nicknamed the Sagano Line .
Rapid trains are operated as local trains and stop at every station between Sonobe and Fukuchiyama.
|Toyooka||豊岡||148.4||Willer Trains Miyatoyo Line|
| Yura |
|Izumoshi||出雲市||384.6||+||+||+||Kita-Matsue Line (Dentetsu-Izumoshi)|
|Gōtsu||江津||454.3||+||Sankō Line (closed 1 April 2018)|
|Sanin Main Line|
|Nagatoshi||長門市||599.6||Mine Line, Sanin Main Line "Senzaki branch line"|
|Hatabu||幡生||673.8||Sanyō Main Line|
|Nagatoshi||長門市||0.0||Mine Line, Sanin Main Line||Nagato||Yamaguchi|
The line was built by three different private companies, which were subsequently nationalised and connected by the Japanese Government Railway (JGR). The Kyoto Railway opened the section to Sonobe between 1897 and 1899. The Bantsuru Railway opened the Ayabe to Fukuchiyama section (as part of the current Maizuru Line) in 1904. Both companies were nationalised in 1907.
The first section opened by the JGR was between Yonago and Mikuriya in 1902, and the line was then progressively extended eastward, reaching Tottori in 1907 and Iwami in 1908, the same year the current Bantan Line opened to Wadayama and Yoka. Construction of that line continued westward, and the two lines were connected in 1912. In the meantime, the Sonobe to Ayabe section was opened in 1910, and the Fukuchiyama to Wadayama section the following year. In addition, construction from Yonago progressed westward, opening to Matsue in 1908 and Izumoshi in 1910, resulting in the 385 km continuous line upon the 1912 connection mentioned above. At the western end, the Choshu Railway opened the Hatabu to Kogushi section in 1914.
From Izumoshi, construction continued progressively westward, opening to Masuda in 1923, and to Todakobama in 1925, the year that the Choshu Railway was nationalised and the Kogushi to Takibe section opened, with construction then continuing from both directions until the two sections were connected in 1933, completing the current line.
The Yonago to Hoki-Daisen section was double-tracked between 1962 and 1966, with the Ayabe to Fukuchiyama section double-tracked in between 1968 and 1969, and the Tamatsukuri-Onsen to Kimachi section in 1970. The Matsue to Higashi-Matsue section was double-tracked in 1979, and the Yonago to Yasugi section in 1980. The original Saga-Arashiyama to Umahori section was built on the banks of the Hozugawa in a narrow gorge. A new double-track alignment was opened in 1989, and the original alignment became the Sagano Scenic Railway. Further double-tracking occurred in stages, with the entire Kyoto to Sonobe section double-tracked by 2010.[ citation needed ]
The Hoki-Daisen to Izumoshi section was electrified in 1982 in conjunction with the electrification of the Hakubi Line. The Fukuchiyama to Kinosaki section was electrified in 1986 in conjunction with the electrification of the Fukuchiyama Line. The Sonobe to Fukuchiyama section was electrified between 1985 and 1986, and the Kyoto to Sonobe section in 1990.[ citation needed ]
Tottori Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Tottori Prefecture is the least populous prefecture of Japan at 570,569 (2016) and has a geographic area of 3,507 km2. Tottori Prefecture borders Shimane Prefecture to the west, Hiroshima Prefecture to the southwest, Okayama Prefecture to the south, and Hyōgo Prefecture to the east.
Shimane Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Shimane Prefecture is the second-least populous prefecture of Japan at 665,205 and has a geographic area of 6,708.26 km2. Shimane Prefecture borders Yamaguchi Prefecture to the southwest, Hiroshima Prefecture to the south, and Tottori Prefecture to the east.
Osaka Station is a major railway station in the Umeda district of Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company. It forms the city's main rail terminal in the north.
Izumo is a city in Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Izumo is known for Izumo soba noodles and the Izumo Taisha Shinto shrine.
Kyōto Station is a major railway station and transportation hub in Kyōto, Japan. It has Japan's second-largest station building and is one of the country's largest buildings, incorporating a shopping mall, hotel, movie theater, Isetan department store, and several local government facilities under one 15-story roof. It also housed the Kyōto City Air Terminal until August 31, 2002.
The Katamachi Line, officially nicknamed the Gakkentoshi Line, is a commuter rail line and service in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area of Japan, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The line connects Kizu Station in Kyoto Prefecture and Kyōbashi Station in Osaka.
Broadcasting System of San-in, Inc. is a Japanese radio station and TV station broadcast in Tottori Prefecture and Shimane Prefecture.
The San'in Region is an area in the southwest of Honshū, the main island of Japan. It consists of the northern part of the Chūgoku region, facing the Sea of Japan.
Ichibata Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is the name of two related, yet different companies in Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Ichibata Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha (一畑電気鉄道株式会社) was a railway operator until 2006, when it became a holding company of the Ichibata Group, spinning off its railway division to its newly founded Ichibata Densha Kabushiki-gaisha (一畑電車株式会社). Although the two companies have different names in Japanese, in English they are referred to by the English name of their parent holding company.
The Sagano Line is the popular name for a portion of the Sanin Main Line in the suburbs of Kyoto, Japan. The electrified and double-tracked railway is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The line starts at Kyoto Station and ends at Sonobe Station.
The Hakubi Line is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company in the mountainous area of the Chūgoku region of Japan. It begins at the south end of Okayama Prefecture at Kurashiki Station in Kurashiki, passing through Niimi Station on the west side of Niimi, and terminating at Hōki-Daisen Station in Yonago, Tottori Prefecture, linking Okayama Prefecture and Yonago across the Chūgoku Mountains. The Hakubi Line follows the Takahashi River between Kurashiki and Niimi, and the Hino River between Shōyama and Hōki-Daisen.
Kinosaki Onsen Station is a railway station on the Sanin Main Line, operated by West Japan Railway Company in western Japan, serving the onsen district of Kinosaki in the city of Toyooka, Hyōgo.
The Maizuru Line is a 26.4 km (16.4 mi) railway line in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan, operated by the West Japan Railway Company. It connects Ayabe and Higashi-Maizuru, the line beyond there being called the Obama Line connecting to Tsuruga.
The Super Matsukaze (スーパーまつかぜ) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by JR West which runs from Tottori and Yonago to Masuda.
The Super Oki (スーパーおき) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by the West Japan Railway Company since July 2001. It runs from Tottori and Yonago to Shin-Yamaguchi. The Super Oki is one of the furthest travelling limited express services in Japan, with the distance from Shin-Yamaguchi to Tottori reaching nearly 380 km and taking more than 5 hours to cover it.
The Kinosaki (きのさき) is a limited express train service operated by West Japan Railway Company. One of the services making up JR West's "Big X Network", it connects Kyoto Station and Kinosaki Onsen Station via the San-in Main Line. The color associated with the service is purple, also the line color of the Sagano Line which it uses for part of its journey.
The Hashidate (はしだて) is a limited express train service operated by West Japan Railway Company in Japan. One of the services making up JR West's "Big X Network", it connects Kyoto Station, Amanohashidate Station and Toyooka Station via the Sanin Main Line and Kyoto Tango Railway's Miyafuku Line and Miyatoyo (Miyazu) Line. The color associated with the service is red.
The Tamba (たんば) was a limited express train service operated by West Japan Railway Company in Japan. It operated between Kyoto and Fukuchiyama via the San'in Main Line, and was one of the services that make up JR West's "Big X Network". The color associated with the service was blue.
The Maizuru (まいづる) is a limited express train service operated by West Japan Railway Company in Japan. It operates between Kyoto and Higashi-Maizuru via the Sanin Main Line, and is one of the services that make up JR West's "Big X Network".
The Kita-Matsue Line is a 22.9 km railway line owned by the Ichibata Electric Railway. The line connects Dentetsu-Izumoshi Station in Izumo with Matsue-Shinjiko-Onsen Station in Matsue, all within Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Tracks run parallel to JR West's San'in Main Line on the north of Lake Shinji.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.