San'yō Main Line

Last updated
San'yō Main Line
JRW kinki-A.svg JRW oka-S.svg JRW oka-W.svg JRW oka-X.svg JRW hiro-G.svg JRW hiro-R.svg
JNR 115-3000 in Setouchi yellow livery 2015-01-04.jpg
JNR 115-3000 in Setouchi yellow livery crossing the Yoshii River Bridge.
Overview
Other name(s) JR Kobe Line (Kobe – Himeji)
Native name山陽本線
Owner JR West
JR Kyushu
Locale Kansai, Chugoku, Kyushu regions
Termini Kōbe , Hyōgo
Moji, Wadamisaki
Stations124
Service
TypeHeavy rail, commuter rail
SystemUrban Network
(Kōbe – Kamigōri, Hyōgo – Wadamisaki)
Hiroshima City Network
(Shiraichi – Minami-Iwakuni)
Operator(s)JR West
JR Kyushu
JR Freight
History
Opened1872
Technical
Line length537.1 km (333.7 mi)
528.1 km (328.1 mi)
(Kōbe – Shimonoseki)
6.3 km (3.9 mi)
(Shimonoseki – Moji)
2.7 km (1.7 mi)
(Hyōgo – Wadamisaki)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
(Kōbe – Kanmon Tunnel, Hyōgo – Wadamisaki)
20 kV AC 60 Hz overhead catenary
(inside Moji station only)
Operating speed130 km/h (81 mph)
(Kōbe – Okayama)
120 km/h (75 mph)
(Okayama – Shimonoseki)
85 km/h (53 mph)
(Shimonoseki – Moji, Hyōgo – Wadamisaki)

The San'yō Main Line (山陽本線, San'yō-honsen) is a major railway line owned by JR Group companies in western Japan, connecting Kōbe Station and Moji Station, largely paralleling the coast of the Inland Sea, in other words, the southern coast of western Honshu. The San'yō Shinkansen line largely parallels its route. The name Sanyō derived from the ancient region and highway San'yōdō, the road on the sunny (south) side of the mountains.

Contents

The Sanyō Main Line is operated by the two JR companies West Japan Railway Company (JR West) and Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu). The Wadamisaki Line, a short section of line in the length of 2.7 km between Hyōgo and Wadamisaki stations in Kobe is technically part of the Sanyō Main Line. A short section connecting Kitakyushu Freight Terminal also forms part of the Sanyō Main Line.

Basic data

Stations

From Kobe to Himeji (JR Kobe Line)

From Himeji to Itozaki

Ra: Rapid (快速, Kaisoku)
SR: Special Rapid (新快速, Shin-Kaisoku)
SL: Rapid Sun Liner (快速サンライナー, Kaisoku Sanrainā)
No.Station nameJapaneseTotal distance (km)RaSRSLTransfersLocation
JR West
Himeji 姫路54.8++ Shinkansen jrw.svg San'yō Shinkansen
JRW kinki-A.svg Sanyo Main Line (JR Kobe Line) ( A85 )
JRW kinki-J.svg Bantan Line
JRW kinki-K.svg Kishin Line
Number prefix San-yo Railway line.png Sanyo Railway Main Line (SY 43: Sanyo Himeji Station)
Himeji Hyōgo
Agaho 英賀保59.4++
Harima-Katsuhara はりま勝原62.2++
Aboshi 網干65.1++
Tatsuno 竜野71++ Tatsuno
Aioi 相生75.5++ Shinkansen jrw.svg San'yō Shinkansen
JRW kinki-A.svg Akō Line
Aioi
Une 有年83.1++ Akō
Kamigōri 上郡89.6++ Chizu Express Chizu Line Kamigōri, Akō
S11 Mitsuishi 三石102.4 Bizen Okayama
S10 Yoshinaga 吉永109.5
S09 Wake 和気114.8 Wake, Wake
S08 Kumayama 熊山119.4 Akaiwa
S07 Mantomi 万富123.5 Higashi-ku, Okayama
S06 Seto 瀬戸128.0
S05 Jōtō 上道132.7
S04 Higashi-Okayama 東岡山136.1 JRW oka-N.svg Akō Line Naka-ku, Okayama
S03 Takashima 高島138.9
S02 Nishigawara 西川原140.8
S01
W01
Okayama 岡山143.4+ Shinkansen jrw.svg San'yō Shinkansen
JRW oka-L.svg Uno Line ( JRW oka-M.svg Seto-Ōhashi Line)
JRW oka-T.svg Tsuyama Line
JRW oka-U.svg Kibi Line(Momotaro Line)
Okayama Electric Tramway (both at Okayama-Ekimae) ;
Higashiyama Line
Seikibashi Line
Kita-ku, Okayama
Nishi-Okayama Freight Terminal 西岡山(貨)145.9
W02 Kitanagase 北長瀬146.8
W03 Niwase 庭瀬149.9
W04 Nakashō 中庄154.6 Kurashiki
W05 Kurashiki 倉敷159.3+ JRW san-V.svg Hakubi Line
Mizushima Main Line (Kurashikishi)
W06 Nishiachi 西阿知163.3
W07 Shin-Kurashiki 新倉敷168.6+ Shinkansen jrw.svg Sanyō Shinkansen
W08 Konkō 金光174.9* Asakuchi
W09 Kamogata 鴨方178.4*
W10 Satoshō 里庄182.4* Satoshō, Asakuchi
W11 Kasaoka 笠岡187.1+ Kasaoka
W12 Daimon 大門194.2 Fukuyama Hiroshima
W13 Higashi-Fukuyama 東福山197.5
W14
X14
Fukuyama 福山201.7+ Shinkansen jrw.svg Sanyō Shinkansen
JRW oka-Z.svg Fukuen Line
X15 Bingo-Akasaka 備後赤坂207.5
X16 Matsunaga 松永212.4
X17 Higashi-Onomichi 東尾道215.3 Onomichi
X18 Onomichi 尾道221.8
X19
G17
Itozaki 糸崎230.9 Mihara

From Itozaki to Tokuyama (Hiroshima City Network)

Ra: Rapid Service
No.Station nameJapaneseTotal distance (km)RaTransfersLocation
JR West
X19
G17
Itozaki糸崎230.9MiharaHiroshima
X20
G16
Mihara 三原233.3 Shinkansen jrw.svg Sanyō Shinkansen
JRW hiro-Y.svg Kure Line
G15 Hongō 本郷242.8
G14 Kōchi 河内255.1 Higashihiroshima
G13 Nyūno 入野259.5
G12 Shiraichi 白市263.9
G11 Nishitakaya 西高屋268.3
G10 Saijō 西条272.9+
G09 Jike 寺家275.2+
G08 Hachihommatsu 八本松278.9+
G07 Seno 瀬野289.5 Skyrail Midorizaka Line (Midoriguchi) Aki-ku, Hiroshima
G06 Nakanohigashi 中野東292.4
G05 Aki-Nakano 安芸中野294.4
G04 Kaitaichi 海田市298.3+ JRW hiro-Y.svg Kure Line Kaita, Aki
G03 Mukainada 向洋300.6 Fuchū, Aki
G02 Tenjingawa 天神川302.4 Minami-ku, Hiroshima
Hiroshima Freight Terminal 広島貨物ターミナル303.1
G01
R01
Hiroshima 広島304.7+ Shinkansen jrw.svg San'yō Shinkansen
JRW hiro-P.svg Geibi Line
Hiroden Main Line;
Route 1, 2, 5, 6;
R02 Shin-Hakushima 新白島306.5+ JRW hiro-B.svg Kabe Line
Hiroshima Rapid Transit Astram Line
Nishi-ku, Hiroshima
R03 Yokogawa 横川307.7+ Route 7 and 8; Hiroden Yokogawa Line
Kabe Line
R04 Nishi-Hiroshima 西広島310.2+ Route 2 and 3; Main Line and Hiroden Miyajima Line (Hiroden-nishi-hiroshima)
R05 Shin-Inokuchi 新井口314.4+ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Shōkō Center-iriguchi)
R06 Itsukaichi 五日市316.8+ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-itsukaichi) Saeki-ku, Hiroshima
R07 Hatsukaichi 廿日市320.2 Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-hatsukaichi) Hatsukaichi
R08 Miyauchi-Kushido 宮内串戸321.8+ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Miyauchi)
R09 Ajina 阿品324.8 Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-ajina)
R10 Miyajimaguchi 宮島口326.5+ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-miyajima-guchi)
JR Miyajima Ferry
R11 Maezora 前空328.3
R12 Ōnoura 大野浦331.4
R13 Kuba 玖波336.4 Ōtake
R14 Ōtake 大竹340.8+
R15 Waki 和木342.3 Waki, Kuga Yamaguchi
R16 Iwakuni 岩国346.1+ Gantoku Line Iwakuni
Minami-Iwakuni 南岩国350.7
Fujū 藤生353.4
Tsuzu 通津358.6
由宇361.6
Kōjiro 神代366.8
Ōbatake 大畠371.9 Yanai
Yanaiminato 柳井港376.4
Yanai 柳井379.2
Tabuse 田布施385.4 Tabuse, Kumage
Iwata 岩田390.9 Hikari
Shimata 島田395.9
Hikari 400.7
Kudamatsu 下松406.9 Kudamatsu
Kushigahama 櫛ヶ浜411.5 Gantoku Line Shūnan
Tokuyama 徳山414.9 Shinkansen jrw.svg Sanyo Shinkansen

Tokuyama to Moji

Station nameJapaneseTotal distance (km)TransfersLocation
JR West
Tokuyama徳山414.9 Shinkansen jrw.svg Sanyo ShinkansenShūnanYamaguchi
Shinnan-yō 新南陽421.9
Fukugawa 福川425.7
Heta 戸田425.7
Tonomi 富海434.2 Hōfu
Hōfu Freight Terminal 防府(貨)437.2
Hōfu 防府441.4
Daidō 大道449.2
Yotsutsuji 四辻454.0 Yamaguchi
Shin-Yamaguchi 新山口459.2 Shinkansen jrw.svg Sanyō Shinkansen
Ube Line
Yamaguchi Line
Kagawa 嘉川463.2
Hon-Yura 本由良467.7
Kotō 厚東478.0 Ube
Ube 宇部484.5 Ube Line
Onoda 小野田488.0 Onoda Line Sanyōonoda
Asa 厚狭494.3 Shinkansen jrw.svg Sanyō Shinkansen
Mine Line
Habu 埴生502.6
Ozuki 小月508.8 Shimonoseki
Chōfu 長府515.0
Shin-Shimonoseki 新下関520.9 Shinkansen jrw.svg Sanyō Shinkansen
Hatabu 幡生524.6 Sanin Main Line
Shimonoseki 下関528.1
JR Kyushu
Shimonoseki下関ShimonosekiYamaguchi
Moji 門司534.4 Kagoshima Main Line Moji-ku, Kitakyushu Fukuoka

Wadamisaki Line

Rolling stock

JR West 117 series EMU JRW EC 117 series E05 new color.jpg
JR West 117 series EMU
JR Kyushu 415 series EMU 415-1514cuoR.jpg
JR Kyushu 415 series EMU
Freight train with Class EF67 bank engine JRF EF67-104.jpg
Freight train with Class EF67 bank engine

JR West

Limited Express

Local trains

New 2- and 3-car 227-0 series electric trains are scheduled to be introduced in the Hiroshima area on the Sanyo Main Line during fiscal 2014, replacing older 115 series trains. [1]

JR Kyushu

History

The entire line between Kobe Station and Shimonoseki Station was originally opened by the private Sanyō Railway company. The section between Hyōgo Station (in Kobe) and Akashi Station (in Akashi, Hyōgo) opened first in 1888. In 1889 the line was extended to the east to Kobe Station (as a dual track section) and Tatsuno Station (in Tatsuno, Hyōgo Prefecture) to the west. The Sanyō Railway was progressively extended to the west, reaching Okayama and then Fukuyama in 1891, Hiroshima in 1894 and in 1901 it reached Bakan (now Shimonoseki) Station. Under the Railway Nationalization Act of 1906 it was purchased by the Japanese government and renamed Sanyō Main Line.

Duplication

The Hyogo – Himeji section was duplicated in 1899, and the Hiroshima – Kaitaichi section in 1903. After the line was nationalised, further duplications occurred between Kamigori – Yoshinaga in 1910/11, Hatabu – Shimonoseki in 1915 and Himeji – Agaho in 1917. Work to duplicate the remainder of the line commenced in 1921, and opened in stages until completed in 1930, with the exception of the section between Iwakuni and Kushigahama, where construction of a new direct line had commenced. This direct line, which bypassed the coastal section via Yanai involved significant tunnelling, and unexpected geological instability delayed completion of the line until 1934, and then as a single track. Although the new line became the Sanyo Main Line at that time, in 1944 the original coastal alignment was duplicated and returned to the formal Sanyo Main Line, with the former bypass line becoming the Gantoku Line.

Electrification

The Kobe – Akashi section was electrified in 1934, extended to Himeji in 1958, Hiroshima in 1962 and (except for the Wadamisaki Line, which was electrified in 2001) the entire line was electrified in 1964, to coincide with the opening of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka the same year.

Deviation/extension

The Sanyō Main Line approximately parallels the Inland Sea but some sections could be shortened by tunnels. In 1934, the Gantoku Line between Iwakuni and Tokuyama was opened and replaced the former line which traverses Yanai adjacent to the Inland Sea. In 1944, this new alignment was replaced again by the previous coastal alignment because the coastal line was upgraded to dual tracks.

The Sanyō Main Line was connected to Kyushu by ferry from Shimonoseki and Shimonosekiko Station (Port Shimonoseki). In 1942, the Kanmon Tunnel under the Kanmon Straits was completed and the Sanyō Main Line was extended to Moji Station. A second tunnel duplicating the section opened in 1944.

Service variations

Prior to the opening of the Sanyo Shinkansen, many expresses operated on the Sanyō Main Line and it serves as a major transport corridor through Western Honshu and connecting to Kyushu. The Shinkansen was extended as the Sanyō Shinkansen line, first to Okayama Station in 1972, and then to Hakata Station in 1975. On both occasions, many express services on the Sanyo Main Line were withdrawn, and since 1972, the line has been mainly used by local and freight services. CTC signalling was commissioned between Mihara and Shimonoseki in 1984.

Service disruptions

The section between Kobe and Nishi Akashi was severely damaged by the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake, and took ten weeks to repair.

The 2018 Japan floods resulted in the Okayama – Shimonoseki section closing on 6 July 2018. [2] The majority of services were restored between 8 July – 18 July, but the Yanai – Tokuyama section remains out of service.

Former connecting lines

Iwakuni Electric Railway train Iwakuni Electric Tramway.JPG
Iwakuni Electric Railway train
A Nagato Railway train Nagato Railway.JPG
A Nagato Railway train

The Tatsuno Electric Railway Co. opened a 17km 1435mm gauge line electrified at 600 VDC from Shingu-Cho to Aboshiko between 1909 and 1915 which connected at this station. The line closed in 1934.

A 6km line to Hamadako operated between 1943 and 1989.

The Sanyo Railway Co. was commissioned by the Japanese Army to build a 6km line to Ujina Port following the outbreak of the First Sino-Japanese War in 1894. In 1897 the company leased the line from the Army and commenced a passenger service, and when the company was nationalised in 1906, ownership of the line transferred from the Army to JGR. The Army leased the line in 1915 for use during WW1 and subsequent hostilities in China, and passenger services were suspended between 1919 and 1930. The line was not damaged by the atomic bomb attack, but was damaged by Typhoon Marurazaki which hit the area 6 weeks later. Passenger service ceased in 1972, and the line closed in 1986.

The Kirin Brewery operated a 2km line to its complex between 1937 and 1986.

See also

Related Research Articles

Tōkaidō Main Line Railway line in Japan

The Tōkaidō Main Line is a major Japanese railway line of the Japan Railways Group network, connecting Tokyo and Kōbe stations. It is 515.4 km (320.3 mi) long, not counting its many freight feeder lines around the major cities. The high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen largely parallels the line.

Akashi, Hyōgo city in Kansai region, Japan

Akashi is a city located in southern Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, on the Seto Inland Sea west of Kobe. As of April 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 294,312 and a population density of 6,000 persons per km2. The total area is 49.22 square kilometres (19 sq mi).

Hokuriku Main Line

The Hokuriku Main Line(Japanese: 北陸本線, Japanese pronunciation: [Hokuriku-honsen]) is a 176.6 kilometer railway line owned by the West Japan Railway Company connecting the Maibara Station in Maibara, Shiga, with the Kanazawa Station in Kanazawa, Ishikawa. It serves the Hokuriku region on the northern central coast of Honshu, the largest island of Japan, as well as offering connections to the regions of Kansai, Tōkai, Kantō, and Tōhoku.

Honshū–Shikoku Bridge Project System of bridges

The Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Project is a system of bridges connecting the islands of Honshu and Shikoku across the Inland Sea of Japan, which were previously only connected by ferry. It consists of three major connections. All bridges are now controlled by the Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company and the Japan Expressway Holding and Debt Repayment Agency (日本高速道路保有・債務返済機構). The system consists of three expressways and their respective bridge systems.

Tōhoku Main Line

The Tōhoku Main Line is a 575.7 km long railway line in Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company. The line starts from Tokyo Station in Chiyoda, Tokyo and passes through such cities as Saitama, Utsunomiya, Fukushima, and Sendai, before reaching the end of the line in Morioka. The line originally extended to Aomori, but was truncated upon the extension of the Tōhoku Shinkansen beyond Morioka, which mostly parallels the Tōhoku Main Line. A portion of the Tōhoku Main Line is also shared with the Keihin–Tōhoku Line and the Saikyō Line.

Hanshin Main Line

The Hanshin Main Line is a railway line operated by the private railway company Hanshin Electric Railway in Japan. It connects the two cities of Osaka and Kobe, between Umeda and Kobe-Sannomiya stations respectively.

Sanyo Electric Railway Japanese railway company

The Sanyo Electric Railway Company, Ltd. is a Japanese private railway operating company based in western Hyōgo Prefecture. It runs local and express rail service between Himeji and Kobe, and also connects directly with Hanshin Main Line to Osaka.

Himeji Station Railway station in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan

Himeji Station is a railway station in Himeji, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company. Himeji is a major stop on the San'yō Main Line, and the western end of the JR Kobe Line. The station serves as a connection point between the main line and the Sanyō Shinkansen, the Kishin Line and the Bantan Line.

Bantan Line Railway line in Hyogo prefecture, Japan

The Bantan Line is a railway line that connects Himeji and Wadayama station in Asago City, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The line is operated by the West Japan Railway Company and serves as a connector between the Sanyo Main Line and the Sanin Main Line. The name refers to the ancient provinces of Harima (磨) and Tajima (馬), which the line connects.

Japan National Route 2 Road in Japan

National Route 2 is a major highway on the islands of Honshū and Kyūshū in Japan. It follows the old Sanyōdo westward from the city of Osaka, Osaka Prefecture in the Kansai region to the city of Kitakyūshū in Fukuoka Prefecture, passing through the San'yō region en route. Between Hyōgo Prefecture and Yamaguchi Prefecture it parallels the Sanyō Expressway; it crosses the Kanmon Straits through the Kanmon Roadway Tunnel. Its total length is 533.2 km. At its Osaka terminus, it meets Route 1; at its western terminus, it links with Routes 3 and 10.

JR Kobe Line Railway line in Japan

The JR Kobe Line is the nickname of portions of the Tokaido Main Line and the Sanyo Main Line, between Osaka Station in Osaka, Osaka Prefecture and Himeji Station in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture. The line, along with the JR Kyoto Line and the Biwako Line, forms a contiguous service that is the main trunk of West Japan Railway Company's Urban Network commuter rail network in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area. The line also offers continuous service to the Gakkentoshi Line via the JR Tōzai Line.

Akō Line Railway line in Japan

Akō Line is a railway line owned by West Japan Railway Company between Aioi, Hyōgo to Okayama, Okayama in Japan. A loop line off the Sanyō Main Line, the Akō Line commences at Aioi, is situated south of the main line approximately paralleling the Seto Inland Sea, and rejoins the main line at Higashi-Okayama.

Wadamisaki Line Railway line in Japan

The Wadamisaki Line is an unofficial name for the spur line of the Sanyō Main Line, operated by West Japan Railway Company and connecting Hyogo on the main line and Wadamisaki.

Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line

The Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Sanyo Electric Railway. It stretches from Kobe west to Himeji via Akashi, Kakogawa and other municipalities in Hyōgo Prefecture. The line runs parallel to West Japan Railway Company JR Kobe Line, with closest sections between Sanyo Suma and Sanyo Akashi stations, and competes with the JR line for its entire stretch.

Sanyō Railway

The Sanyō Railway was established in 1887 and served as a major railroad company during the Meiji period in Japan. The railroad was headquartered in Kobe, and Nakamigawa Hikojirō served as head of the railroad.

Sanyo Suma Station Railway station in Kobe, Japan

Sanyo Suma Station is a train station in Suma-ku, Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.

Sanyo Electric Railway Aboshi Line

The Sanyo Electric Railway Aboshi Line is an 8.5 km single-track railway line in Himeji, Hyōgo, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Sanyo Electric Railway. The line connects with the Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line at Shikama Station.

Kishin Line

Kishin Line is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company between Himeji, Hyōgo and Niimi, Okayama, Japan. The name of the line comes from the first kanji of Himeji () and Niimi () which the line connects.

Sakura (train)

The Sakura is a high-speed shinkansen service operated between Shin-Osaka and Kagoshima-Chūō in Japan since 12 March 2011.

Sanyō Shinkansen Shinkansen (high-speed railway) line between Osaka and Fukuoka

The San'yō Shinkansen (山陽新幹線) is a line of the Japanese Shinkansen high-speed rail network, connecting Shin-Osaka in Osaka with Hakata Station in Fukuoka, the two largest cities in western Japan. Operated by the West Japan Railway Company, it is a westward continuation of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and also serves other major cities in between on Honshu and Kyushu islands such as Kobe, Himeji, Okayama, Hiroshima, and Kitakyushu. The Kyushu Shinkansen continues south of Hakata to Kagoshima. The San'yō Shinkansen connects Hakata with Osaka in two and a half hours, with trains operating at a maximum operating speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) for most of the journey Some Nozomi trains operate continuously on San'yō and Tōkaidō Shinkansen lines, connecting Tokyo and Hakata in five hours.

References

  1. "JR西日本、広島地区に227系近郊形直流電車を投入" [JR West to introduce 227 series DC suburban trains in Hiroshima area]. The Page (in Japanese). Japan: Wordleaf Corporation. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  2. "10 rail sections out of service for over a month in flood-hit region:The Asahi Shimbun".