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|San'yō Main Line|
|Other name(s)||JR Kobe Line (Kobe – Himeji)|
|Owner|| JR West |
|Locale||Kansai, Chugoku, Kyushu regions|
|Termini|| Kōbe , Hyōgo |
|Type||Heavy rail, commuter rail|
(Kōbe – Kamigōri, Hyōgo – Wadamisaki)
Hiroshima City Network
(Shiraichi – Minami-Iwakuni)
|Line length||537.1 km (333.7 mi)|
528.1 km (328.1 mi)
(Kōbe – Shimonoseki)
6.3 km (3.9 mi)
(Shimonoseki – Moji)
2.7 km (1.7 mi)
(Hyōgo – Wadamisaki)
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead catenary |
(Kōbe – Kanmon Tunnel, Hyōgo – Wadamisaki)
20 kV AC 60 Hz overhead catenary
(inside Moji station only)
|Operating speed||130 km/h (81 mph)|
(Kōbe – Okayama)
120 km/h (75 mph)
(Okayama – Shimonoseki)
85 km/h (53 mph)
(Shimonoseki – Moji, Hyōgo – Wadamisaki)
The San'yō Main Line (山陽本線, San'yō-honsen) is a major railway line owned by JR Group companies in western Japan, connecting Kōbe Station and Moji Station, largely paralleling the coast of the Inland Sea, in other words, the southern coast of western Honshu. The San'yō Shinkansen line largely parallels its route. The name Sanyō derived from the ancient region and highway San'yōdō, the road on the sunny (south) side of the mountains.
The Sanyō Main Line is operated by the two JR companies West Japan Railway Company (JR West) and Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu). The Wadamisaki Line, a short section of line in the length of 2.7 km between Hyōgo and Wadamisaki stations in Kobe is technically part of the Sanyō Main Line. A short section connecting Kitakyushu Freight Terminal also forms part of the Sanyō Main Line.
|No.||Station name||Japanese||Total distance (km)||Ra||SR||SL||Transfers||Location|
|Himeji||姫路||54.8||+||+|| San'yō Shinkansen |
Sanyo Main Line (JR Kobe Line) ( )
Sanyo Railway Main Line (SY 43: Sanyo Himeji Station)
|Aioi||相生||75.5||+||+|| San'yō Shinkansen |
|Kamigōri||上郡||89.6||+||+||Chizu Express Chizu Line||Kamigōri, Akō|
|S04||Higashi-Okayama||東岡山||136.1||Akō Line||Naka-ku, Okayama|
|Okayama||岡山||143.4||+|| San'yō Shinkansen |
Uno Line ( Seto-Ōhashi Line)
Kibi Line(Momotaro Line)
Okayama Electric Tramway (both at Okayama-Ekimae) ;
■ Higashiyama Line
■ Seikibashi Line
|Nishi-Okayama Freight Terminal||西岡山(貨)||145.9||–|
|W05||Kurashiki||倉敷||159.3||+|| Hakubi Line |
Mizushima Main Line (Kurashikishi)
|Fukuyama||福山||201.7||+|| Sanyō Shinkansen |
|No.||Station name||Japanese||Total distance (km)||Ra||Transfers||Location|
|Mihara||三原||233.3|| Sanyō Shinkansen |
|G07||Seno||瀬野||289.5||–||Skyrail Midorizaka Line (Midoriguchi)||Aki-ku, Hiroshima|
|G04||Kaitaichi||海田市||298.3||+||Kure Line||Kaita, Aki|
|Hiroshima Freight Terminal||広島貨物ターミナル||303.1||–|
|Hiroshima||広島||304.7||+|| San'yō Shinkansen |
Hiroden Main Line;
■ Route 1, ■ 2, ■ 5, ■ 6;
|R02||Shin-Hakushima||新白島||306.5||+|| Kabe Line |
Hiroshima Rapid Transit Astram Line
|R03||Yokogawa||横川||307.7||+||■ Route 7 and ■ 8; Hiroden Yokogawa Line |
|R04||Nishi-Hiroshima||西広島||310.2||+||■ Route 2 and ■ 3; Main Line and Hiroden Miyajima Line (Hiroden-nishi-hiroshima)|
|R05||Shin-Inokuchi||新井口||314.4||+||■ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Shōkō Center-iriguchi)|
|R06||Itsukaichi||五日市||316.8||+||■ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-itsukaichi)||Saeki-ku, Hiroshima|
|R07||Hatsukaichi||廿日市||320.2||–||■ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-hatsukaichi)||Hatsukaichi|
|R08||Miyauchi-Kushido||宮内串戸||321.8||+||■ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Miyauchi)|
|R09||Ajina||阿品||324.8||–||■ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-ajina)|
|R10||Miyajimaguchi||宮島口||326.5||+||■ Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-miyajima-guchi)|
JR Miyajima Ferry
|R16||Iwakuni||岩国||346.1||+||■ Gantoku Line||Iwakuni|
|Kushigahama||櫛ヶ浜||411.5||■ Gantoku Line||Shūnan|
|Station name||Japanese||Total distance (km)||Transfers||Location|
|Hōfu Freight Terminal||防府(貨)||437.2|
|Shin-Yamaguchi||新山口||459.2|| Sanyō Shinkansen |
■ Ube Line
■ Yamaguchi Line
|Ube||宇部||484.5||■ Ube Line|
|Onoda||小野田||488.0||■ Onoda Line||Sanyōonoda|
|Asa||厚狭||494.3|| Sanyō Shinkansen|
■ Mine Line
|Hatabu||幡生||524.6||■ Sanin Main Line|
|Moji||門司||534.4||Kagoshima Main Line||Moji-ku, Kitakyushu||Fukuoka|
New 2- and 3-car 227-0 series electric trains are scheduled to be introduced in the Hiroshima area on the Sanyo Main Line during fiscal 2014, replacing older 115 series trains.
The entire line between Kobe Station and Shimonoseki Station was originally opened by the private Sanyō Railway company. The section between Hyōgo Station (in Kobe) and Akashi Station (in Akashi, Hyōgo) opened first in 1888. In 1889 the line was extended to the east to Kobe Station (as a dual track section) and Tatsuno Station (in Tatsuno, Hyōgo Prefecture) to the west. The Sanyō Railway was progressively extended to the west, reaching Okayama and then Fukuyama in 1891, Hiroshima in 1894 and in 1901 it reached Bakan (now Shimonoseki) Station. Under the Railway Nationalization Act of 1906 it was purchased by the Japanese government and renamed Sanyō Main Line.
The Hyogo – Himeji section was duplicated in 1899, and the Hiroshima – Kaitaichi section in 1903. After the line was nationalised, further duplications occurred between Kamigori – Yoshinaga in 1910/11, Hatabu – Shimonoseki in 1915 and Himeji – Agaho in 1917. Work to duplicate the remainder of the line commenced in 1921, and opened in stages until completed in 1930, with the exception of the section between Iwakuni and Kushigahama, where construction of a new direct line had commenced. This direct line, which bypassed the coastal section via Yanai involved significant tunnelling, and unexpected geological instability delayed completion of the line until 1934, and then as a single track. Although the new line became the Sanyo Main Line at that time, in 1944 the original coastal alignment was duplicated and returned to the formal Sanyo Main Line, with the former bypass line becoming the Gantoku Line.
The Kobe – Akashi section was electrified in 1934, extended to Himeji in 1958, Hiroshima in 1962 and (except for the Wadamisaki Line, which was electrified in 2001) the entire line was electrified in 1964, to coincide with the opening of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka the same year.
The Sanyō Main Line approximately parallels the Inland Sea but some sections could be shortened by tunnels. In 1934, the Gantoku Line between Iwakuni and Tokuyama was opened and replaced the former line which traverses Yanai adjacent to the Inland Sea. In 1944, this new alignment was replaced again by the previous coastal alignment because the coastal line was upgraded to dual tracks.
The Sanyō Main Line was connected to Kyushu by ferry from Shimonoseki and Shimonosekiko Station (Port Shimonoseki). In 1942, the Kanmon Tunnel under the Kanmon Straits was completed and the Sanyō Main Line was extended to Moji Station. A second tunnel duplicating the section opened in 1944.
Prior to the opening of the Sanyo Shinkansen, many expresses operated on the Sanyō Main Line and it serves as a major transport corridor through Western Honshu and connecting to Kyushu. The Shinkansen was extended as the Sanyō Shinkansen line, first to Okayama Station in 1972, and then to Hakata Station in 1975. On both occasions, many express services on the Sanyo Main Line were withdrawn, and since 1972, the line has been mainly used by local and freight services. CTC signalling was commissioned between Mihara and Shimonoseki in 1984.
The section between Kobe and Nishi Akashi was severely damaged by the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake, and took ten weeks to repair.
The 2018 Japan floods resulted in the Okayama – Shimonoseki section closing on 6 July 2018.The majority of services were restored between 8 July – 18 July, but the Yanai – Tokuyama section remains out of service.
The Tatsuno Electric Railway Co. opened a 17km 1435mm gauge line electrified at 600 VDC from Shingu-Cho to Aboshiko between 1909 and 1915 which connected at this station. The line closed in 1934.
A 6km line to Hamadako operated between 1943 and 1989.
The Sanyo Railway Co. was commissioned by the Japanese Army to build a 6km line to Ujina Port following the outbreak of the First Sino-Japanese War in 1894. In 1897 the company leased the line from the Army and commenced a passenger service, and when the company was nationalised in 1906, ownership of the line transferred from the Army to JGR. The Army leased the line in 1915 for use during WW1 and subsequent hostilities in China, and passenger services were suspended between 1919 and 1930. The line was not damaged by the atomic bomb attack, but was damaged by Typhoon Marurazaki which hit the area 6 weeks later. Passenger service ceased in 1972, and the line closed in 1986.
The Kirin Brewery operated a 2km line to its complex between 1937 and 1986.
The Tōkaidō Main Line is a major Japanese railway line of the Japan Railways Group network, connecting Tokyo and Kōbe stations. It is 515.4 km (320.3 mi) long, not counting its many freight feeder lines around the major cities. The high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen largely parallels the line.
Akashi is a city located in southern Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, on the Seto Inland Sea west of Kobe. As of April 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 294,312 and a population density of 6,000 persons per km2. The total area is 49.22 square kilometres (19 sq mi).
The Hokuriku Main Line(Japanese: 北陸本線, Japanese pronunciation: [Hokuriku-honsen]) is a 176.6 kilometer railway line owned by the West Japan Railway Company connecting the Maibara Station in Maibara, Shiga, with the Kanazawa Station in Kanazawa, Ishikawa. It serves the Hokuriku region on the northern central coast of Honshu, the largest island of Japan, as well as offering connections to the regions of Kansai, Tōkai, Kantō, and Tōhoku.
The Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Project is a system of bridges connecting the islands of Honshu and Shikoku across the Inland Sea of Japan, which were previously only connected by ferry. It consists of three major connections. All bridges are now controlled by the Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company and the Japan Expressway Holding and Debt Repayment Agency (日本高速道路保有・債務返済機構). The system consists of three expressways and their respective bridge systems.
The Tōhoku Main Line is a 575.7 km long railway line in Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company. The line starts from Tokyo Station in Chiyoda, Tokyo and passes through such cities as Saitama, Utsunomiya, Fukushima, and Sendai, before reaching the end of the line in Morioka. The line originally extended to Aomori, but was truncated upon the extension of the Tōhoku Shinkansen beyond Morioka, which mostly parallels the Tōhoku Main Line. A portion of the Tōhoku Main Line is also shared with the Keihin–Tōhoku Line and the Saikyō Line.
The Hanshin Main Line is a railway line operated by the private railway company Hanshin Electric Railway in Japan. It connects the two cities of Osaka and Kobe, between Umeda and Kobe-Sannomiya stations respectively.
The Sanyo Electric Railway Company, Ltd. is a Japanese private railway operating company based in western Hyōgo Prefecture. It runs local and express rail service between Himeji and Kobe, and also connects directly with Hanshin Main Line to Osaka.
Himeji Station is a railway station in Himeji, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company. Himeji is a major stop on the San'yō Main Line, and the western end of the JR Kobe Line. The station serves as a connection point between the main line and the Sanyō Shinkansen, the Kishin Line and the Bantan Line.
The Bantan Line is a railway line that connects Himeji and Wadayama station in Asago City, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The line is operated by the West Japan Railway Company and serves as a connector between the Sanyo Main Line and the Sanin Main Line. The name refers to the ancient provinces of Harima (播磨) and Tajima (但馬), which the line connects.
National Route 2 is a major highway on the islands of Honshū and Kyūshū in Japan. It follows the old Sanyōdo westward from the city of Osaka, Osaka Prefecture in the Kansai region to the city of Kitakyūshū in Fukuoka Prefecture, passing through the San'yō region en route. Between Hyōgo Prefecture and Yamaguchi Prefecture it parallels the Sanyō Expressway; it crosses the Kanmon Straits through the Kanmon Roadway Tunnel. Its total length is 533.2 km. At its Osaka terminus, it meets Route 1; at its western terminus, it links with Routes 3 and 10.
The JR Kobe Line is the nickname of portions of the Tokaido Main Line and the Sanyo Main Line, between Osaka Station in Osaka, Osaka Prefecture and Himeji Station in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture. The line, along with the JR Kyoto Line and the Biwako Line, forms a contiguous service that is the main trunk of West Japan Railway Company's Urban Network commuter rail network in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area. The line also offers continuous service to the Gakkentoshi Line via the JR Tōzai Line.
Akō Line is a railway line owned by West Japan Railway Company between Aioi, Hyōgo to Okayama, Okayama in Japan. A loop line off the Sanyō Main Line, the Akō Line commences at Aioi, is situated south of the main line approximately paralleling the Seto Inland Sea, and rejoins the main line at Higashi-Okayama.
The Wadamisaki Line is an unofficial name for the spur line of the Sanyō Main Line, operated by West Japan Railway Company and connecting Hyogo on the main line and Wadamisaki.
The Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Sanyo Electric Railway. It stretches from Kobe west to Himeji via Akashi, Kakogawa and other municipalities in Hyōgo Prefecture. The line runs parallel to West Japan Railway Company JR Kobe Line, with closest sections between Sanyo Suma and Sanyo Akashi stations, and competes with the JR line for its entire stretch.
The Sanyō Railway was established in 1887 and served as a major railroad company during the Meiji period in Japan. The railroad was headquartered in Kobe, and Nakamigawa Hikojirō served as head of the railroad.
Sanyo Suma Station is a train station in Suma-ku, Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.
The Sanyo Electric Railway Aboshi Line is an 8.5 km single-track railway line in Himeji, Hyōgo, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Sanyo Electric Railway. The line connects with the Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line at Shikama Station.
Kishin Line is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company between Himeji, Hyōgo and Niimi, Okayama, Japan. The name of the line comes from the first kanji of Himeji (姫路) and Niimi (新見) which the line connects.
The Sakura is a high-speed shinkansen service operated between Shin-Osaka and Kagoshima-Chūō in Japan since 12 March 2011.
The San'yō Shinkansen (山陽新幹線) is a line of the Japanese Shinkansen high-speed rail network, connecting Shin-Osaka in Osaka with Hakata Station in Fukuoka, the two largest cities in western Japan. Operated by the West Japan Railway Company, it is a westward continuation of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and also serves other major cities in between on Honshu and Kyushu islands such as Kobe, Himeji, Okayama, Hiroshima, and Kitakyushu. The Kyushu Shinkansen continues south of Hakata to Kagoshima. The San'yō Shinkansen connects Hakata with Osaka in two and a half hours, with trains operating at a maximum operating speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) for most of the journey Some Nozomi trains operate continuously on San'yō and Tōkaidō Shinkansen lines, connecting Tokyo and Hakata in five hours.
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