San José del Cabo

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San José del Cabo

Añiñi
Downtown San Jose del Cabo, BCS, Mexico, Feb 2012.jpg
Downtown San José del Cabo (2012)
Mexico Baja California Sur location map.svg
Red pog.svg
San José del Cabo
Location in Baja California Sur
Coordinates: 23°03′41″N109°42′29″W / 23.06139°N 109.70806°W / 23.06139; -109.70806 Coordinates: 23°03′41″N109°42′29″W / 23.06139°N 109.70806°W / 23.06139; -109.70806
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Baja California Sur
Municipality Los Cabos
Elevation
45 m (148 ft)
Population
(2015 [1] ) [2]
  City93,069 [1]
   Metro
305,983
Time zone UTC−7 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)

San José del Cabo (Spanish pronunciation:  [san xo'se ðel 'kaβo], Saint Joseph of the Cape) is a city located in southern Baja California Sur state, Mexico. It is the seat of Los Cabos Municipality lying at a shallow bay 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Cabo San Lucas on the Gulf of California. The city has a population of 93,069 as of 2015. [1] San José del Cabo together with Cabo San Lucas are known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants. [1]

Saint Joseph Christian saint; husband of Mary and stepfather of Jesus

Joseph is a figure in the Gospels who was married to Mary, Jesus' mother, and was Jesus's legal father. Joseph is venerated as Saint Joseph in the Catholic Church, Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, Anglicanism, Lutheranism, and Methodism, and is also known as Joseph the carpenter. Some differing views are due to theological interpretations versus historical views.

Baja California Sur State of Mexico

Baja California Sur, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur, is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

Mexico country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Contents

The two cities are served by Los Cabos International Airport.

Los Cabos International Airport

Los Cabos International Airport is the sixth-busiest airport in Mexico, located at San José del Cabo in Los Cabos Municipality, Baja California Sur state, Mexico.

Population

In the 2015 census, it had a population of 93,069. [1] Together with neighboring Cabo San Lucas, it forms a major tourist destination for travelers, with over 900,000 hotel guests in 2011. [3]

Cabo San Lucas City in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Cabo San Lucas, or simply Cabo, is a resort city at the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula, in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. As of 2015, the population of the city was 81,111 inhabitants. Cabo San Lucas together with San José del Cabo is known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants.

The Mission San José del Cabo was founded in 1730 on the west bank of the nearby Río San José. The Río San José flows into an estuary, the largest body of fresh water in southern Baja California Sur, after flowing largely underground for 39.1 kilometres (24.3 mi) from its origin in the Sierra de la Laguna (Laguna Mountains). For more than 250 years it has furnished drinking and irrigation water for the town of San Jose del Cabo, beginning as a source of fresh water for Spanish galleons traveling back from the Philippines. [4] The river used to flow above ground until the beginning of the 20th century due to anthropogenic causes. [5] A one km long sand bar separates the estuary from what early Spanish explorers, including Sebastian Vizcaino, called the Bahía de San Bernabé or Bay of San Bernabé and now San José del Cabo Bay. [6]

Misión Estero de las Palmas de San José del Cabo Añuití

Mission San José del Cabo was the southernmost of the Jesuit missions on the Baja California peninsula, located near the modern city of San José del Cabo in Baja California Sur, Mexico.

Sierra de la Laguna mountain in Mexico

The Sierra de la Laguna is a mountain range at the southern end of the Baja California Peninsula in Mexico, and is the southernmost range of the Peninsular Ranges System.

Galleon ship type

Galleons were large, multi-decked sailing ships first used by the Spanish as armed cargo carriers and later adopted by other European states from the 16th to 18th centuries during the age of sail and were the principal fleet units drafted for use as warships until the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the mid-1600s. Galleons generally carried three or more masts with a lateen fore-and-aft rig on the rear masts, were carvel built with a prominent squared off raised stern, and used square-rigged sail plans on their fore-mast and main-masts.

San José del Cabo is one of two places where the rare and possibly extinct rice rat Oryzomys peninsulae has been found. [7]

Oryzomyini tribe of mammals

Oryzomyini, or rice rat, is a tribe of rodents in the subfamily Sigmodontinae of family Cricetidae. It includes about 120 species in about thirty genera, distributed from the eastern United States to the southernmost parts of South America, including many offshore islands. It is part of the clade Oryzomyalia, which includes most of the South American Sigmodontinae.

<i>Oryzomys peninsulae</i> A species of rodent from western Mexico

Oryzomys peninsulae, also known as the Lower California rice rat, is a species of rodent from western Mexico. Restricted to the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula, it is a member of the genus Oryzomys of family Cricetidae. Only about twenty individuals, collected around 1900, are known, and subsequent destruction of its riverine habitat may have driven the species to extinction.

Climate

San José del Cabo, like almost all of the Baja California peninsula, has an arid climate (Köppen BWh) although it does receive more rainfall than most areas further north due to tropical cyclones occasionally coming in from the south and bringing very heavy falls such as 340 millimetres (13.4 in) on the first of September 1998 and 316 millimetres (12.4 in) on 3 November 1993. Overall, however, rainfall is some of the most erratic anywhere in the world due to this influence, and many years pass by without significant falls at all.

Köppen climate classification widely used climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Tropical cyclone Rapidly rotating storm system

A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain. Depending on its location and strength, a tropical cyclone is referred to by different names, including hurricane, typhoon, tropical storm, cyclonic storm, tropical depression, and simply cyclone. A hurricane is a tropical cyclone that occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and northeastern Pacific Ocean, and a typhoon occurs in the northwestern Pacific Ocean; while in the south Pacific or Indian Ocean, comparable storms are referred to simply as "tropical cyclones" or "severe cyclonic storms".

The sea experiences lows of 72–73 °F (22–23 °C) in winter, and highs of 77–84 °F (25–29 °C) during the summer months. [8]

Average Sea Temperature
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
73 °F

23 °C

72 °F

22 °C

72 °F

22 °C

72 °F

22 °C

73 °F

23 °C

77 °F

25 °C

81 °F

27 °C

84 °F

29 °C

84 °F

29 °C

84 °F

29 °C

81 °F

27 °C

77 °F

25 °C

Climate data for San José del Cabo
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)37.0
(98.6)
38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
39.0
(102.2)
40.0
(104)
48.0
(118.4)
49.0
(120.2)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.0
(104)
39.0
(102.2)
49.0
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F)25.8
(78.4)
26.4
(79.5)
27.4
(81.3)
29.1
(84.4)
30.9
(87.6)
32.6
(90.7)
33.8
(92.8)
33.9
(93)
33.4
(92.1)
32.3
(90.1)
30.1
(86.2)
26.9
(80.4)
30.2
(86.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)18.9
(66)
19.2
(66.6)
20.1
(68.2)
21.9
(71.4)
24.0
(75.2)
26.5
(79.7)
28.5
(83.3)
28.9
(84)
28.2
(82.8)
26.2
(79.2)
23.2
(73.8)
20.2
(68.4)
23.8
(74.8)
Average low °C (°F)12.0
(53.6)
12.0
(53.6)
12.8
(55)
14.8
(58.6)
17.1
(62.8)
20.5
(68.9)
23.3
(73.9)
23.8
(74.8)
23.0
(73.4)
20.1
(68.2)
16.3
(61.3)
13.4
(56.1)
17.4
(63.3)
Record low °C (°F)1.5
(34.7)
5.0
(41)
5.0
(41)
6.0
(42.8)
10.0
(50)
11.0
(51.8)
11.5
(52.7)
11.0
(51.8)
11.0
(51.8)
11.0
(51.8)
9.5
(49.1)
6.0
(42.8)
1.5
(34.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches)13.1
(0.52)
5.3
(0.21)
1.3
(0.05)
1.0
(0.04)
0.3
(0.01)
0.9
(0.04)
20.5
(0.81)
53.6
(2.11)
112.5
(4.43)
42.9
(1.69)
25.2
(0.99)
11.4
(0.45)
288.0
(11.34)
Average rainy days1.40.60.20.10.00.11.43.03.92.00.81.114.6
Source: Servicio Meteorológico National [9]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1990 13,302    
1995 21,737+63.4%
2000     
2005     
2010 69,788    
2015 93,069+33.4%
[10]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Los Cabos Municipality Municipality in Baja California Sur, Mexico

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Hurricane Marty (2003) Category 2 Pacific hurricane in 2003

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Poblacion Por Municipio, Superficie, Densidad De Poblacion" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  2. "San Jose del Cabo". Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010 (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
  3. "Ranking of World Tourism" (PDF) (in Spanish). Consejo de Promoción Turística de México. 2011. p. 2. Retrieved 3 September 2012.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. Encyclopædia Britannica, Second edition, 1778, Edinburgh, page 1580. Scan of page can be found at http://www.hyzercreek.com/britannica.htm
  5. José Luis León de la Luz, Raymundo Domínguez Cadena, Miguel Domínguez León, and José Juan Pérez Navarro (September 1997). "Floristic Composition of the San José del Cabo Oasis, Baja California Sur, México". SIDA, Contributions to Botany. 17 (3): 599–614. JSTOR   41967252.
  6. Peter Masten Dunne. University of California Press. pp. 4–. GGKEY:FK94TH92Q55.
  7. Carleton, M.D. and Arroyo-Cabrales, J. 2009. Review of the Oryzomys couesi complex (Rodentia: Cricetidae: Sigmodontinae) in Western Mexico. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 331:94–127.
  8. "December Climate History for San Jose Del Cabo | Local | Mexico". Myweather2.com. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  9. "Normales climatológicas 1951-2010. Estado: Baja California Sur. Estacion: San Jose del Cabo" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 17, 2013.
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-15.