San Luis Río Colorado

Last updated
San Luis Río Colorado
File-parroquiasn.jpg
Escudo sanluisrcs.jpg
Seal
Mexico Sonora location map.svg
Red pog.svg
San Luis Río Colorado
Mexico States blank map.svg
Red pog.svg
San Luis Río Colorado
Coordinates: 32°28′36″N114°45′45″W / 32.47667°N 114.76250°W / 32.47667; -114.76250 Coordinates: 32°28′36″N114°45′45″W / 32.47667°N 114.76250°W / 32.47667; -114.76250
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Sonora
Foundation1907
Government
  Type Ayuntamiento
   Mayor Santos González Yescas
Elevation
51 m (167 ft)
Population
 (2015) [1]
  Total192,739
   Demonym
San Luisino
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (No DST observed)
Area code(s) 653
Website http://www.sanluis.sonora.gob.mx

San Luis Río Colorado is a city and also the name of its surrounding municipality. In the 2015 census, the city had a population of 192,739. [1] The city is the fourth-largest community in the state, and the municipality is also the fourth-largest in terms of population. Lying in the northwestern corner of the state of Sonora, the city marks the state border with Baja California. It also stands on the international border with the United States, adjacent to San Luis, Arizona. It is located about 75 km from Mexicali. The municipality covers an area of 8,412.75 km² (3,248.2 sq mi) in the Sonoran Desert.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border primarily with the state of Arizona with a small length with New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

Baja California Federal entity in Mexico

Baja California, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Baja California, is a state in Mexico. It is the northernmost and westernmost of the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Before becoming a state in 1952, the area was known as the North Territory of Baja California. It has an area of 70,113 km2 (27,071 sq mi), or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico and comprises the northern half of the Baja California Peninsula, north of the 28th parallel, plus oceanic Guadalupe Island. The mainland portion of the state is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Sonora, the U.S. state of Arizona, and the Gulf of California, and on the south by Baja California Sur. Its northern limit is the U.S. state of California.

San Luis, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

San Luis is a city in Yuma County, Arizona, United States. The population was 25,505 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Yuma Metropolitan Statistical Area. San Luis, located in the southwest corner of the state directly adjacent to Mexico's Federal Highway 2 at San Luis Rio Colorado, was the second fastest-growing city or town in Arizona from 1990 to 2000. According to 2014 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 31,091.

Contents

History

Awarded city status in July 1958, San Luis Rio Colorado serves as the administrative center for the surrounding municipality of the same name. The city is located on a mesa, characterized by a flat and sandy terrain. On Easter Sunday 2010, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the region. The Sears department store and 5 schools were destroyed, affecting approximately 30,000 people in the region. San Luis Rio Colorado was once an important inland port for steamers traveling the Colorado from the Gulf of California. Since the early 1900s the Colorado has been completely or nearly completely drained for irrigation. The once-formidable Colorado is usually dry or a small stream.

2010 Baja California earthquake earthquake

The 2010 Baja California earthquake occurred on April 4 with a moment magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII. The shock originated at 15:40:41 local time south of Guadalupe Victoria, Baja California, Mexico.

Sears (Mexico) Mexico company

Sears Operadora México, S.A. de C.V. is a department store chain located in Mexico, operating more than 95 stores all over Mexico. Sears México is operated by Grupo Carso.

San Luis Rio Colorado is home to four regional medium-wave radio broadcast stations, among them 1350 XELBL-AM, all of which are popular long-distance reception targets for medium wave DX radio enthusiasts.

Josse, a Mexican Latin beat singer recorded a song call "San Luis Rio Colorado" at memorial for the river.

Festivities

Fiestas del Desierto celebrates the culture, biodiversity, cuisine and sports of the Sonoran Desert Region. Dates for 2012 are 9–11 November. San Luis Rio Colorado has an intra-city economic exchange booth in the Annual Riverside County Fair and National Date Festival in Indio, California, USA. [ citation needed ]

Indio, California City in California, United States

Indio is a city in Riverside County, California, United States, located in the Coachella Valley of Southern California's Colorado Desert region. It lies 23 miles (37 km) east of Palm Springs, 75 miles (121 km) east of Riverside, 127 miles (204 km) east of Los Angeles, and 148 miles northeast of San Diego. The word Indio is Spanish for Indian.

Climate

San Luis Río Colorado has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with extremely hot summers and mild winters; it is one of the hottest and driest cities in Mexico. The record high temperature is 52.0 °C (125.6 °F), recorded on 25 June 1951. [2] The record low temperature is −6.5 °C (20.3 °F), recorded on 2 January 1950. [3]

Desert climate deserts climate

The desert climate, is a climate in which there is an excess of evaporation over precipitation. The typically bald, rocky, or sandy surfaces in desert climates hold little moisture and evaporate the little rainfall they receive. Covering 14.2% of earth's land area, hot deserts may be the most common type of climate on earth.

Köppen climate classification climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Climate data for San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora (1951–2010, extremes (1950–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)38.0
(100.4)
35.0
(95.0)
39.0
(102.2)
42.0
(107.6)
48.0
(118.4)
52.0
(125.6)
51.0
(123.8)
49.5
(121.1)
48.5
(119.3)
48.8
(119.8)
39.6
(103.3)
30.0
(86.0)
52.0
(125.6)
Average high °C (°F)20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
26.2
(79.2)
30.4
(86.7)
35.3
(95.5)
40.1
(104.2)
42.3
(108.1)
41.3
(106.3)
39.0
(102.2)
32.7
(90.9)
25.4
(77.7)
20.3
(68.5)
31.4
(88.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)13.2
(55.8)
15.2
(59.4)
17.8
(64.0)
21.2
(70.2)
25.6
(78.1)
30.3
(86.5)
33.9
(93.0)
33.4
(92.1)
30.6
(87.1)
23.9
(75.0)
17.2
(63.0)
13.1
(55.6)
23.0
(73.4)
Average low °C (°F)5.9
(42.6)
7.0
(44.6)
9.3
(48.7)
12.1
(53.8)
16.0
(60.8)
20.5
(68.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.5
(77.9)
22.2
(72.0)
15.1
(59.2)
9.0
(48.2)
5.8
(42.4)
14.5
(58.1)
Record low °C (°F)−6.5
(20.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.0
(32.0)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41.0)
7.5
(45.5)
14.0
(57.2)
13.5
(56.3)
11.0
(51.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−6.5
(20.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)8.4
(0.33)
4.4
(0.17)
2.7
(0.11)
1.3
(0.05)
0.2
(0.01)
0.3
(0.01)
4.1
(0.16)
7.3
(0.29)
6.8
(0.27)
3.1
(0.12)
2.8
(0.11)
7.0
(0.28)
48.4
(1.91)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)1.10.70.60.30.10.10.50.90.30.50.40.96.4
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Mexico's Meteorogical Service) [2]

Economy

Maquila factories in San Luis Río Colorado include TSE Brakes, Daewoo Electronics, Bose, SANA International, OPTECH, and Gaming Partners International. [4]

Marmon Group

Marmon Group is an industrial United States holding company headquartered in Chicago, Illinois; founded by Jay Pritzker and Robert Pritzker in 1953, it has been held by the Berkshire Hathaway group since 2013. It owns companies that produce transportation equipment, electrical components, and other industrial components, and companies that provide services in the construction and retail sectors. Tank car manufacturing is a significant part of its business, products which are sold through its subsidiaries Union Tank Car Company in the United States and Procor in Canada. Berkshire Hathaway, which owns the largest freight railroad carrier in North America, BNSF Railway, acquired controlling interest in Marmon in 2007 and became sole owner six years later.

Daewoo Electronics is a home electronics company and a member of South Korean Dayou Group. Established in 1971, it has since grown into a global business with more than 64 production sites, research and development and sales centres in more than 40 countries worldwide. Daewoo Electronics Sales UK (DESUK) was established in November 1993. It is the third largest electronics firm of South Korea after Samsung and LG. The company manufactures a range of high value electronics and home appliances. The company went through a bankruptcy in 1999 after Asian financial crisis and is currently owned completely by a group of creditors. Beside its business of manufacturing consumer goods, it has been contracted by different parties to set up local manufacturing units producing air-conditioners, refrigerators and washing machines. In October 2010, it was announced that the creditor group owning the company is to sell it to an Iran-based electronic company. Entekhab Industrial Group of Iran offered to buy the firm for 529 million dollars in November 2010 from its creditors.

Bose Corporation is a privately held American corporation, based in Framingham, Massachusetts, that designs, develops and sells audio equipment. Founded in 1964 by Amar Bose, the company sells its products throughout the world. According to the company annual report in the 2017 financial year, Bose received revenue of US$3.8 billion and employed more than 8,000 people. Bose is best known for its home audio systems and speakers, noise cancelling headphones, professional audio systems and automobile sound systems. The company has also conducted research into suspension technologies for cars and heavy-duty trucks and into the subject of cold fusion. Bose has a reputation for being particularly protective of its patents, trademarks, and brands.

Transportation

San Luis Río Colorado Airport is the general aviation airport serving this city. The nearest International airport to San Luis Rio Colorado is General Rodolfo Sánchez Taboada International Airport near Mexicali. San Luis Rio Colorado has highway connections to other parts of Mexico and the United States. Several intercity bus companies (including TUFESA) stop at the San Luis Río Colorado bus station.

San Luis Río Colorado Airport airport in Mexico

San Luis Río Colorado Airport is an airport located at San Luis Río Colorado, a city in the state of Sonora in Mexico. The city is near the U.S.-Mexico border, on the opposite side of San Luis, Arizona. The airport is used solely for general aviation purposes.

General aviation civil use of aircraft excluding commercial transportation

General Aviation (GA) represents the 'private transport' and recreational flying component of aviation.

Mexicali Place in Baja California, Mexico

Mexicali is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California and seat of the Municipality of Mexicali. The City of Mexicali has a population of 689,775, according to the 2010 census, while the population of the entire metropolitan area reaches 996,826; making the city and metropolitan area the second most populous in Baja California.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Sonoran Desert North American desert

The Sonoran Desert is a North American desert which covers large parts of the Southwestern United States in Arizona and California and of Northwestern Mexico in Sonora, Baja California, and Baja California Sur. It is the hottest desert in Mexico. It has an area of 260,000 square kilometers (100,000 sq mi). The western portion of the United States–Mexico border passes through the Sonoran Desert.

Huatabampo Place in Sonora, Mexico

Huatabampo is a city in Huatabampo Municipality in the state of Sonora, in northwestern Mexico. It is situated on the Gulf of California, near the mouth of the Mayo River. It is located at latitude 26°49′N109°40′W. Huatabampo is 34 km southwest of Navojoa via Sonora State Highway 56 and Sonora State Highway 149. Mexican Federal Highway 15 can be accessed via Sonora State Highway 176. It is notable as the home of revolutionary general Álvaro Obregón, a successful chickpea farmer before the Mexican Revolution, and now his burial site.

Puerto Peñasco Town in Sonora, Mexico

Puerto Peñasco is a resort town located in Puerto Peñasco Municipality in the northwest of the Mexican state of Sonora, 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the border with the U.S. state of Arizona. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 62,177 inhabitants. It is located on the northern shores of the Sea of Cortez on the small strip of land that joins the Baja California Peninsula with the rest of Mexico. The area is part of the Altar Desert, one of the driest and hottest areas of the larger Sonoran Desert.

Navojoa City in Sonora, Mexico

Navojoa is the fifth-largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and is situated in the southern part of the state. The city is the administrative seat of Navojoa Municipality, located in the Mayo River Valley.

Sonoyta Town in Sonora, Mexico

Sonoyta, Sonora is a town in the northern Mexican state of Sonora. It stands on the U.S.-Mexico border, facing Lukeville, Arizona, in the United States. It is the municipal seat of the municipality of Plutarco Elías Calles.

Mexicali Municipality Municipality in Baja California, Mexico

Mexicali Municipality is a municipality in the Mexican state of Baja California. Its municipal seat is located in the city of Mexicali. As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 936,826, and according to the 2000 census, it had 764,602 inhabitants. The municipality has an area of 13,700 km² This includes many smaller outlying communities as well as the city of Mexicali. Also, the islands of Baja California located in the Gulf of California are part of the municipality, among them the mudflat islands at the mouth of the Colorado River, Isla Ángel de la Guarda and the islands of the San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park. Mexicali is the northernmost municipality of Latin America.

Rioverde, San Luis Potosí City & Municipality in San Luis Potosí, Mexico

Rioverde is a city and its surrounding municipality located in the south-central part of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico. It is the fifth-most populated city in the state, behind San Luis Potosí, Soledad de Graciano Sánchez, Ciudad Valles, and Matehuala. It is the agricultural, economic, turistic and demographic most important core in the Zona Media, one of the four geographical divisions of the state. The city had a 2005 census population of 49,183, while the municipality, of which it serves as municipal seat, had a population of 85,945 and an area extent of 3,109.71 km². The population of its metropolitan area, which includes the largest municipality of Ciudad Fernández, was 126,997.

Metropolitan areas of Mexico human settlement in Mexico

The metropolitan areas of Mexico have been traditionally defined as the group of municipalities that heavily interact with each other, usually around a core city.

Altar, Sonora Place in Sonora, Mexico

Altar is small city and municipal seat of Altar Municipality in the Mexican state of Sonora. It is located in the northwest region of the state at 30°42′49″N111°50′07″W.

Fronteras municipality in Sonora, Mexico

Fronteras is the seat of Fronteras Municipality in the northeastern part of the Mexican state of Sonora. Frontera translates as Border. The elevation is 1,120 meters and neighboring municipalities are Agua Prieta, Nacozari and Bacoachi. The area is 2839.62 km², which represents 1.53% of the state total.

Lower Colorado River Valley

The Lower Colorado River Valley ("LCRV") is the river region of the lower Colorado River of the southwestern United States in North America that rises in the Rocky Mountains and has its outlet at the Colorado River Delta in the northern Gulf of California in northwestern Mexico, between the states of Baja California and Sonora. This north–south stretch of the Colorado River forms the border between the U.S. states of California/Arizona and Nevada/Arizona, and between the Mexican states of Baja California/Sonora.

Hermosillo Municipality Municipality in Sonora, Mexico

Hermosillo is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico. The municipal seat is the city of Hermosillo.

Navojoa Municipality is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico. As of 2015, the municipality had a total population of 163,650.

Puerto Peñasco Municipality is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico. As of 2015, the municipality had a total population of 62,177 inhabitants. The only locality with a significant population is the municipal seat, also named Puerto Peñasco, which contains almost 99% of the municipality's population.

Quiriego Municipality Municipality in Sonora, Mexico

Quiriego Municipality is a municipality of southern Sonora state, in northwestern Mexico.

San Luis Río Colorado is a municipality in Sonora state, in northwestern Mexico.

Azriel Páez is a Mexican professional boxer in the Welterweight division. His father is the former WBO, IBF Champion Jorge Páez and his brother Jorge Páez, Jr. is the current WBC Youth Intercontinental Welterweight Champion.

Alto Golfo de California Biosphere Reserve Biosphere reserve in Mexico | designated in 1993. Extended in 1995

Alto Golfo de California Biosphere Reserve is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve located in the state of Sonora in extreme northwestern Mexico. The 1,652,110 hectares (6,378.8 sq mi) reserve comprises the El Pinacate y Gran Desierto reserve and the Bahia Adair on the Gulf of California border. Geological volcanic formations with craters, dunes, oasis and beaches, and the diversity of plant associations determine its special landscape. The reserve was established in 1993 by the President of Mexico as Reserva de la Biosfera del Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Río Colorado and extended in 1995.

References

  1. 1 2 http://cuentame.inegi.org.mx/monografias/informacion/son/territorio/div_municipal.aspx?tema=me&e=26
  2. 1 2 "Servicio Meteorológico Nacional: Valores normales de 1971–2000 para San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  3. "DATOS CONTENIDOS EN LA BASE DE DATOS CLIMATOLOGICA". Servicio Meteológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  4. "Greater Yuma - Maquila Companies". www.greateryuma.org. Archived from the original on 2 February 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  5. Presentan a la 'Dinastía' Paez | dinastía, paez, presentan – Deportes – bajoelsol.com Archived 23 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Bajo la dirección de Ernesto Prieto, Azriel Paez toma a San Luis | san, luis, toma – Deportes – bajoelsol.com Archived 7 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  7. "Jesús Sánchez Player Profile - ESPN FC". soccernet.espn.go.com. Retrieved 24 April 2018.