San Miguel, El Salvador

Last updated
San Miguel
City
San Miguel ES Photomontage.jpg
From top, left to right: Municipal Hall of San Miguel, Cathedral Basilica of Queen of Peace, National Theater Francisco Gavidia
Flag of San Miguel Department.png
Flag
Escudo de la ciudad de San miguel.gif
Seal
El Salvador location map.svg
Red pog.svg
San Miguel
Location in El Salvador
Coordinates: 13°28′53″N88°10′39″W / 13.48139°N 88.17750°W / 13.48139; -88.17750
Country Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
Department San Miguel Department
Founded1530
Government
  MayorMiguel Pereira
Area
  Total593.98 km2 (229.34 sq mi)
Elevation
129 m (423 ft)
Population
 (2017)
  Total581,410
  Density980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
SV-SM
CP 3301
Website Official website (in Spanish)

San Miguel is a city in eastern El Salvador. It is the country's third most populous city. It is located 138 km east of the capital, San Salvador. It is also the capital of the department of San Miguel and a municipality. The population of the city in 2017 was 518,410.

Contents

History

Luis de Moscoso Alvarado established the village of San Miguel de la Frontera (Saint Michael of the Frontier) on May 8, 1530, as a bastion for the conquest of the Lenca kingdom of Chaparrastique (Place of Beautiful Orchids). [1] By 1586 the village had obtained the title of city.

In 1655, a volcanic eruption almost destroyed the entire city. According to legend, the devastation was so severe that only an image of Satan in the parish church was spared. [1]

Economy

The city has been an important center of the agriculture, textile and chemical industries of El Salvador. Since the early 21st century, the services sector, especially health care and commerce, have increased considerably, resulting in significant private investments in hospitals and shopping malls within the city. This has usually been attributed partly to the high inflow of remittances (at least 35% of the total, which represents around 18% of the national GDP [2] ) that Salvadorans living abroad send to families in the eastern zone of the country.

The incomes and wealth of the eastern half of the country are expected to increase following new jobs and businesses associated with the development of the Puerto La Unión; it started operations in 2012.

Education

There are many educational institutions within the city, private and public, including some of the oldest schools in the country. The main universities are the public University of El Salvador ( with its Facultad Multidiciplinaria de Oriente) and the private Universidad de Oriente (UNIVO).The University Gerardo Barrios, the University Modular Abierta.

Sports

The sports infrastructure of San Miguel has had significant development and modernization since the beginning of the past decade. The main sports centers are the national football stadium of "Juan Francisco Barraza", the "Polideportivo Don Bosco" and the Charlaix Stadium.

Culture

San Miguel at night Fdpt18102006bmcha43c.jpg
San Miguel at night

In November, San Miguel celebrates its municipal festivities in honor of "Nuestra Señora De La Paz" (Our Lady of Peace), the San Miguel Carnival being the final and main event that takes place on the last Saturday of the month. With an estimate of 1,000,000 people attending it for its 50th anniversary (as reported by the local media), it is considered the biggest entertainment, music and food festival in El Salvador and one of the largest in Central America. The beginnings of the Carnival itself date from 1959. Currently, this tradition continues to reflect the growth of the city and one of the motors for its economy.

Roosevelt Avenue at night San Miguel Roosevelt 2011.jpg
Roosevelt Avenue at night

San Miguel is famous for its night life along Roosevelt Avenue, the main thoroughfare that slices the city in half. One of those halves includes places of historical interest such as the Cathedral of "Nuestra Señora de la Paz" (1862), Guzman Park, Francisco Gavidia Theater (1909) and the Palacio Municipal (1935). The other half, modern San Miguel, includes new neighborhoods called "colonias."

Famous people born in San Miguel include Captain General Gerado Barrios, writer Francisco Gavidia, poet Juan J. Cañas, and David Joaquín Guzmán. The city is flanked by the Volcan Chaparrastique (2,129 meters), perhaps the most iconic image of San Miguel.

San Miguel is a sister city of Arlington, Virginia.


Climate

Climate data for San Miguel, El Salvador (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)36.9
(98.4)
38.0
(100.4)
38.4
(101.1)
38.6
(101.5)
36.2
(97.2)
34.4
(93.9)
34.9
(94.8)
34.9
(94.8)
33.9
(93.0)
33.2
(91.8)
34.2
(93.6)
35.6
(96.1)
35.7
(96.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)27.6
(81.7)
28.4
(83.1)
29.5
(85.1)
30.6
(87.1)
29.8
(85.6)
28.6
(83.5)
28.5
(83.3)
28.5
(83.3)
27.9
(82.2)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
27.3
(81.1)
28.5
(83.3)
Average low °C (°F)18.3
(64.9)
18.9
(66.0)
20.5
(68.9)
22.7
(72.9)
23.3
(73.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.3
(72.1)
22.0
(71.6)
20.6
(69.1)
19.0
(66.2)
21.2
(70.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
6
(0.2)
24
(0.9)
207
(8.1)
239
(9.4)
212
(8.3)
255
(10.0)
321
(12.6)
210
(8.3)
59
(2.3)
7
(0.3)
1,544
(60.8)
Average relative humidity (%)59575762717775768181736470
Source: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales [3]


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References

  1. 1 2 Boland, Roy (2001). Culture and Customs of El Salvador . London: Greenwood Press. pp.  4, 13, 14. ISBN   0-313-30620-6.
  2. "CARACTERÍSTICAS DE LOS REMITENTES DE REMESAS FAMILIARES DESDE ESTADOS UNIDOS"
  3. "Normales Climatológicas 1981-2010" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales. Archived from the original on September 14, 2019. Retrieved September 15, 2019.

Coordinates: 13°28′53″N88°10′39″W / 13.48139°N 88.17750°W / 13.48139; -88.17750