Sancton Wood

Last updated

Sancton Wood
Born(1814-04-27)27 April 1814
Hackney, London
Died18 April 1886(1886-04-18) (aged 71)
NationalityBritish
OccupationArchitect
Buildings Heuston railway station

Sancton Wood (27 April 1814 – 18 April 1886) was an English architect and surveyor, known for his work on railway buildings.

Contents

Life and family

Sancton Wood was born on 27 April 1814 in Nursery Place, Hackney Terrace, Hackney, London. He was the son of John Wood and Harriet Russell. He had 5 sisters. Wood's birth was registered in the Protestant dissenters’ birth registry. [1] His mother was a niece of the painter, Richard Smirke. [2] His paternal family were cotton merchants originally from Cumberland. He was named Sancton after his paternal uncle by marriage, Philip Sancton, a London merchant. He attended a private school in Devon, and later a school run by T. W. Hill at Hazelwood, Birmingham. [1]

On 11 March 1839, Wood married Elizabeth Sarah Simson (1810–1878), at Dedham, Essex. The couple had two sons, Herbert Sancton Wood (1844–1883) and William Winder Wood (1846–1876). The family moved to 11 Putney Hill, London in 1850, a house which Wood designed. He died there on 18 April 1886, and was buried with his wife and sons at Putney Lower Common cemetery. [1]

Career

Dublin's Heuston Station (originally named Kingsbridge Station), designed by Wood, opening in 1846. Hueston Station.jpg
Dublin's Heuston Station (originally named Kingsbridge Station), designed by Wood, opening in 1846.

Wood obtained work in the office of his cousin, the architect Robert Smirke, as a pupil. He later worked for Robert's brother, Sydney Smirke. In these positions he was trained in classical architecture, which led to his early recognition. [1] He set up his own practice in England and obtained work designing stations for the growing railway networks in Great Britain and Ireland. [3] He also designed houses in London, including some at Lancaster Gate. [4] [5] He designed one of London's first train terminals in 1837, for Eastern Counties Railway at Shoreditch. His designs were constrained by budgets, but he was successful in a number of competitions, winning a prize of £100 for Ipswich station. [1]

In 1845 he won the competition to design the Kingsbridge terminus and company offices, Dublin (now known as Heuston Station), winning against 65 other designs. His design for Blackburn station won Wood a £100 prize in 1846. Wood continued to work in Ireland for a number of years, designing stations between Dublin and Cork for Great Southern and Western, and on the Limerick Junction. He was also engaged to design a stand at the Curragh racecourse. Among the other stations Wood designed are those on Rugby and Stamford line (1846), and Syston and Peterborough route (1847). [1]

In 1841, he was elected an associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and in 1848 he was elected an associate of the Institution of Civil Engineers and an associate of the Institution of Surveyors. He is credited with a number of churches, commercial buildings, estates, and schools in the London area, including Queen's Assurance Company office (1852), Hackney town hall (1864) and a terrace houses, Lancaster Gate (1857). He served as district surveyor for Putney and Roehampton, and from 1866 district surveyor for St Luke's, Chelsea, and was a member of the district surveyors examining board. [1]

Selected works

Plaque to Wood at Heuston Station Plaque to Sancton Wood.jpg
Plaque to Wood at Heuston Station

Related Research Articles

Joseph Bazalgette 19th-century English civil engineer

Sir Joseph William Bazalgette CB was a 19th-century English civil engineer. As chief engineer of London's Metropolitan Board of Works, his major achievement was the creation of a sewerage system for central London which was instrumental in relieving the city from cholera epidemics, while beginning to clean the River Thames. He was also the designer of Hammersmith Bridge.

Philip Hardwick English architect

Philip Hardwick was an English architect, particularly associated with railway stations and warehouses in London and elsewhere. Hardwick is probably best known for London's demolished Euston Arch and its twin station, the original Birmingham Curzon Street, which stands today as the oldest railway terminus building in the world.

The year 1847 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

The year 1846 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

William Tite

Sir William Tite was an English architect who twice served as President of the Royal Institute of British Architects. He was particularly associated with various London buildings, with railway stations and cemetery projects. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bath from 1855 until his death.

Lancaster Gate Human settlement

Lancaster Gate is a mid-19th century development in the Bayswater district of central London, immediately to the north of Kensington Gardens. It consists of two long terraces of houses overlooking the park, with a wide gap between them opening onto a square containing a church. Further terraces back onto the pair overlooking the park and loop around the square. Until 1865 the terraces were known as Upper Hyde Park Gardens, with the name Lancaster Gate limited to the square surrounding the church. The development takes its name from Lancaster Gate, a nearby entrance to Kensington Gardens, itself named in honour of Queen Victoria as Duke of Lancaster.

Robert Smirke (architect) English architect

Sir Robert Smirke was an English architect, one of the leaders of Greek Revival architecture, though he also used other architectural styles. As architect to the Board of Works, he designed several major public buildings, including the main block and façade of the British Museum. He was a pioneer of the use of concrete foundations.

William Hosking British architect

William Hosking was an English writer, lecturer, and architect who had an important influence on the growth and development of London in Victorian times. He became the first Professor of Architecture at King's College London, and associated this discipline in a scholarly fashion with interests in town planning, civil engineering, history and antiquities.

Francis Thompson was an English architect particularly well known for his railway work.

Benjamin Dean Wyatt English architect

Benjamin Dean Wyatt (1775–1852) was an English architect, part of the Wyatt family.

Harry Bell Measures

Harry Bell Measures (1862–1940) was an English architect.

Edward Graham Paley English architect

Edward Graham Paley, usually known as E. G. Paley, was an English architect who practised in Lancaster, Lancashire, in the second half of the 19th century. After leaving school in 1838, he went to Lancaster to become a pupil of Edmund Sharpe, and in 1845 he joined Sharpe as a partner. Sharpe retired from the practice in 1851, leaving Paley as the sole principal. In 1868 Hubert Austin joined him as a partner, and in 1886 Paley's son Henry also became a partner. This partnership continued until Edward Paley's death in 1895.

Patrick Byrne (architect)

Patrick Byrne was an Irish architect who built many Catholic churches in Dublin. He also served as a vice president of the Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland.

John Benson (architect) Irish architect (1812 – 1874)

Sir John Benson ICE was an Irish architect, born in Collooney, County Sligo. Although most of his work was in Cork, he was knighted for his design for the Dublin Great Industrial Exhibition.

Putney Library

Putney Library is a Grade II listed public library in the London Borough of Wandsworth.

Thomas Simpson (1825–1908) was a British architect associated with the seaside town of Brighton. As architect to the Brighton and Preston School Board and the equivalent institution in neighbouring Hove, he designed "a distinguished group of board schools" during the late 19th century, when the provision of mass education was greatly extended. Many of these schools survive and some have listed status. He also worked on five Nonconformist chapels for various Christian denominations, using a wide variety of materials and architectural styles. He was the father of Sir John William Simpson and Gilbert Murray Simpson, who both became architects.

Arthur Cates was an English architect.

Joseph Kay (1775—1847) was an English architect, particularly active in the early years of the 19th century, and associated with the layout of central Greenwich and with Hastings. He was one of the original members of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and was elected a fellow in 1834.

Thomas Fulljames

Thomas Fulljames FRIBA was an architect active in Gloucestershire, England, in the first half of the nineteenth century. As diocesan surveyor from 1832 until 1870, latterly in partnership with Frederick Sandham Waller, he designed, reconstructed or extended a number of churches in Gloucestershire.

Frederick Barnes (1814–1898) was a British architect who is best remembered for his work on railway stations in East Anglia.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Wood, Sancton (1814–1886), architect and surveyor". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/60162 . Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  2. "Sancton Wood". gracesguide.co.uk. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  3. "Sancton Wood Archives - Archiseek.com". archiseek.com. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  4. "Terraces at Lancaster Gate, Bayswater, by John Johnson (1807-1878)". victorianweb.org. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  5. "London Gardens Online". londongardensonline.org.uk. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  6. "Wood, Sancton: Works". Dictionary of Irish Architects. Retrieved 21 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)