Sandnes

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Sandnes
City & Municipality
Aerial view of Sandnes, Norway in 2015.jpg
View of the city from the south
NO 1108 Sandnes.svg
Norway Rogaland adm location map.svg
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Sandnes
Relief Map of Norway.png
Red pog.svg
Sandnes
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Sandnes
Coordinates: 58°51′06″N05°44′10″E / 58.85167°N 5.73611°E / 58.85167; 5.73611 Coordinates: 58°51′06″N05°44′10″E / 58.85167°N 5.73611°E / 58.85167; 5.73611
Country Norway
Municipality Sandnes
County Rogaland
District Jæren
City6 April 1861
Government
  MayorStanley Wirak (Ap)
Area
  Municipality1,040.56 km2 (401.76 sq mi)
  Land943.56 km2 (364.31 sq mi)
Area rank109
Population
 (Q3 2020)
  Municipality80 704 Increase2.svg
   Urban
237,369
   Metro
319,822
  Municipality/ Urban rank
7th/3rd
  Metro rank
3rd
Demonym(s) Sandnesgauk
Sandnesbu
Language forms
  Official form Neutral
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Website www.sandnes.kommune.no

Sandnes ( [sɑnɛs] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city and a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It lies immediately south of Stavanger, the 4th largest city in Norway and together, the Stavanger/Sandnes area is the 3rd largest urban area in Norway. The urban city of Sandnes lies in the extreme western part of the vast municipality and it makes up about 5% of the total land area of the municipality.

Contents

Sandnes is part of the traditional district of Jæren. The western part of the municipality is very urbanized while the eastern part of the municipality is very rural. The municipality is divided into 13 boroughs and the administrative centre is located in the borough of Trones og Sentrum, a borough in the city. There are several villages in the rural parts of the municipality including Hommersåk, Høle, Foss-Eikeland, Stokka, Forsand, Lysebotn, and Vatne.

The 1,041-square-kilometre (402 sq mi) municipality is the 109th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Sandnes is the 7th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 80,704 in Q1 2021. [1] The municipality's population density is 84.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (218/sq mi) and its population has increased by 20.8% over the previous 10-year period. [2] [3]

History

Map of the Stavanger/Sandnes region Bilde 2.png
Map of the Stavanger/Sandnes region
View of the village of Hommersak Hommersak sentrum.JPG
View of the village of Hommersåk

The small port village of Sandnes was granted ladested (small seaport city) status in 1860. On 6 April 1861, the small city was separated from the municipality of Høyland to form a separate self-governing municipality of its own. Initially, the municipality had 440 residents. On 1 July 1957, a small part of Høyland municipality (population: 18) was transferred to the city of Sandnes.[ citation needed ]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the city of Sandnes (population: 3,961) was merged with the municipality of Høyland (population: 20,353) and parts of the municipalities of Høle (population: 926) and Hetland (population: 2,077). [4]

In 2014 the Storting decided that the number of municipalities in Norway has to be lowered. If the municipalities of Sandnes, Stavanger and Sola merge, a new municipality would be formed called Nord-Jæren, after the name of the geographical location the munincipalities are located on. After the city council said no to merging, proposals for Forsand merging with Sandnes were enacted instead.

On 1 January 2017, a small 350- decare (86- acre ) area on the southwestern edge of the village of Solakrossen was transferred from Sandnes municipality to the neighboring municipality of Sola. [5]

On 1 January 2020, most of the neighboring municipality of Forsand was merged with Sandnes to form one large municipality called Sandnes. [6]

Name

The municipality (and city) is named after an old "Sandnæs" farm, since the city was built on its grounds. The first element is sand which means "sand" or "sandy beach" and the last element is nes which means "headland". The farm was located at the end of the Gandsfjorden where the city centre is located today. [7]

Coat of arms

View of the city Sandnes edit.JPG
View of the city

The coat of arms was granted on 21 April 1972. The arms show a white piece of pottery on a green background. Pottery was chosen since it was one of the main industries in the late 18th century. The symbol is a leirgauk, which in English would be a ceramic cuckoo-bird (leir(e)= clay/ceramic and gauk/gjøk = cuckoo-bird). The ceramic Sandnes-cuckoo (Norwegian : sandnesgauk) is an ocarina or simple flute which was made by the potteries in Sandnes and used to advertise their products. Later it also became a nickname for people from Sandnes. [8]

Geography

The municipality lies in the Jæren region and stretches 90 kilometres (56 mi) nearly from the west coast of Norway to the rugged mountainous interior. The city of Sandnes is located at the base of the Stavanger Peninsula, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of the city of Stavanger, and these two cities have expanded so as to form a conurbation. The municipality of Sola is located to the west, Klepp and Time, Gjesdal to the south, Sirdal and Bykle to the east, Strand and Hjelmeland to the northeast, and Stavanger to the northwest. The fjord Gandsfjorden is situated north–south at the west end of the municipality and the Høgsfjorden and Lysefjorden dominate the eastern part of the municipality. The international airport for Sandnes/Stavanger is situated in Sola, just to the west of Sandnes.

Prior to 2020 (when the municipality was enlarged), the city-municipality of Sandnes was divided into 13 boroughs: Austrått, Figgjo, Ganddal, Hana, Høle, Lura, Malmheim og Soma, Riska, Sandved, Stangeland, Sviland, and Trones og Sentrum.

The landscape of western Sandnes is quite flat. On the long west coast there are several beaches and further inland the land is raised to form low plains with some small peaks rising up to 400 to 500 metres (1,300 to 1,600 ft) above sea level. From Stavanger and Sandnes it is approximately one hour by car to alpine and skiing resorts. In Sandnes there are some easily accessible small mountain peaks, such as Dalsnuten and Lifjell, with a view over the Sandnes/Stavanger area. The renowned Lysefjorden is also easily accessible by car or boat. The lake Frøylandsvatnet, the river Figgjoelva, and the mountain Hanafjellet are all located in Sandnes.

The Lysefjorden in the eastern part of the municipality is surrounded by very steep 1,000-metre (3,300 ft) tall cliffs such as Kjerag and Preikestolen, with the Lysefjord Bridge crossing the fjord near the western end. The famous Kjeragbolten boulder and Kjeragfossen waterfall are located along the inner part of the fjord. The village of Lysebotn lies at the eastern end of the fjord. The lake Nilsebuvatnet is located high up in the mountains, north of Lysebotn on the border of Strand and Forsand municipalities. It is regulated for hydroelectric power use at the Lysebotn Hydroelectric Power Station.

Lysebotn panorama.jpg
Panoramic view over the village Lysebotn located innermost in the Lysefjord (full image)

Location

Sandnes is located on the west coast of Norway. Here are some distances from the city of Sandnes to other major cities in Norway:

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Sandnes, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. [9] The municipality falls under the Jæren District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Sandnes is made up of 49 representatives that are elected to four-year terms. Elections are always held two years from the parliamentary elections.

Sandnes Kommunestyre 20202024 [10]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
  People's Action No to More Road Tolls
(Folkeaksjonen nei til mer bompenger)
5
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)9
  Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)3
  Conservative Party (Høyre)8
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
  Red Party (Rødt)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:49
Sandnes Kommunestyre 20152019 [11]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)12
  Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
  Conservative Party (Høyre)8
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:49
Sandnes Kommunestyre 20122015 [12]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)11
  Conservative Party (Høyre)15
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:49
Sandnes Kommunestyre 20082011 [11]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)13
  Conservative Party (Høyre)11
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:49
Sandnes Kommunestyre 20042007 [11]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)12
  Conservative Party (Høyre)11
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)5
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:49
Sandnes Kommunestyre 20002003 [11]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)13
  Conservative Party (Høyre)19
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)11
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)2
  Red Electoral Alliance (Rød Valgallianse)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:69
Sandnes Kommunestyre 19961999 [13]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)16
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)11
  Conservative Party (Høyre)17
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)9
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:69
Sandnes Kommunestyre 19921995 [14]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)16
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
  Conservative Party (Høyre)16
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)9
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)4
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)6
  Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:69
Sandnes Kommunestyre 19881991 [15]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)11
  Conservative Party (Høyre)18
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)9
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:69
Sandnes Kommunestyre 19841987 [16]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)21
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)7
  Conservative Party (Høyre)19
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)10
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:69
Sandnes Kommunestyre 19801983 [17]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)20
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
  Conservative Party (Høyre)22
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)12
  Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:69
Sandnes Kommunestyre 19761979 [18]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)24
  Conservative Party (Høyre)15
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)15
  New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)4
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:69
Sandnes Kommunestyre 19721975 [19]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)26
  Conservative Party (Høyre)11
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)12
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
  Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:69
Sandnes Kommunestyre 19681971 [20]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)28
  Conservative Party (Høyre)11
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)9
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
  Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)11
Total number of members:69
Sandnes Bystyre 19641967 [21]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
  Conservative Party (Høyre)7
  Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:29
Sandnes Bystyre 19601963 [22]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
  Conservative Party (Høyre)7
  Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:29
Sandnes Bystyre 19561959 [23]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:29
Sandnes Bystyre 19521955 [24]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
  Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:28
Sandnes Bystyre 19481951 [25]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:28
Sandnes Bystyre 19451947 [26]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:28
Sandnes Bystyre 19381941* [27]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)12
Total number of members:28
Sandnes Bystyre 19351937 [28]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:20

Economy

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19514,178    
19613,981−4.7%
197130,705+671.3%
198136,901+20.2%
199144,967+21.9%
200153,860+19.8%
201166,245+23.0%
201674,820+12.9%
Source: Statistics Norway

Sandnes hosts a large array of retail shops of most kinds and is used by the neighbouring municipalities appreciating the service and wide range of selections. Sandnes is known as Norway's bicycle city, mainly due to the fact that the bicycle manufacturer Øglænd DBS was situated here for decades. The city offers a variety of routes for everyday riders and tourists. Since 1996, a public bicycle rental program has been in operation in the city.

The city has a vibrant industrial base, mainly in the Ganddal area in the south and the Lura and Forus area in the north along the municipal boundary with Stavanger. There is significant activity related to oil exploration in the North Sea and also some IT related companies. In this suburban region between Sandnes and Stavanger, malls and department stores have also been established. Among these malls is one of Norway's biggest malls, Kvadrat meaning "square" (although it is not square shaped anymore as it has expanded several times since it opened in 1984).

Around 30% of the population is employed in Stavanger (Q4 2004). [29] Sandnes was formerly known as the pottery town of Norway – due to the important ceramics industry based on the extensive occurrence of clay in the surroundings. The Vatneleiren military base is also located in Sandnes, just outside Vatne.

Culture, sports, and education

Since 2016, the primary football team, Sandnes Ulf, has played in the second tier, 1. divisjon, of Norwegian professional football.

Sandnes is also known for its Rugby League team, Sandnes Raiders which has supplied the Norwegian national team with players.[ citation needed ]

The major tourist attraction in Sandnes is the Science Factory (Vitenfabrikken). It is a 4,000-square-metre (43,000 sq ft) science museum with science and art exhibitions, a planetarium, sun telescopes, and chemistry shows.

Sandnes is the only city in Norway which is a member of the World Health Organization's network of Healthy Cities. Sandnes and Stavanger were chosen along with Liverpool, United Kingdom, to be a European Capital of Culture for 2008.[ citation needed ]

Higher education facilities include Sandnes Upper Secondary School, [30] Gand Upper Secondary School, [31] Akademiet Upper Secondary School, [32] and Vågen Upper Secondary School. [33] In 2010 Forus Upper Secondary School and parts of Lundehaugen merged to become Vågen. [34] Lundehaugen still exists as a middle school.

The city is also home to the VID Specialized University Sandnes campus, a private christian college. [35]

Churches

Sandnes Church Sandnes Kirke(Jarvin).JPG
Sandnes Church
Hana Church Hana kirke.jpg
Hana Church

The Church of Norway has nine parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Sandnes. It is part of the Sandnes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Stavanger. The main church for the city is Sandnes Church, which is the seat of the deanery which covers the whole municipality.

Churches in Sandnes
Parish (sokn)Church nameLocation of the churchYear built
Bogafjell Bogafjell Church Bogafjell 2012
Forsand Forsand Church Forsand 1854
Lyse Chapel Lysebotn 1961
Gand Gand Church Sandved 1978
Julebygda Chapel Malmheim og Soma 1957
Hana Hana Church Hana 1997
Høle Høle Church Høle 1860
Høyland Høyland Church Austrått 1841
Sviland Chapel Sviland 1913
Lura Lura Church Lura 1987
Riska Riska Church Hommersåk 1999
Old Riska Church Hommersåk 1877
Sandnes Sandnes Church Sandnes sentrum 1882

Notable residents

Julie Ege, On her Majesty's Secret Service, 1968 Julie Ege (cropped).jpg
Julie Ege, On her Majesty's Secret Service, 1968
Ivar Braut, 2017 Ivar Braut (33259444622).jpg
Ivar Braut, 2017
Bjarne Berntsen, 2007 Bjarne Berntsen.jpg
Bjarne Berntsen, 2007
Stine Borgli, 2018 Stine Borgli - 2018 UEC European Road Cycling Championships (Women's road race).jpg
Stine Borgli, 2018

Sport

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References

  1. Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
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