|Full name||Sanfrecce Hiroshima FC|
|Nickname(s)||Sanfrecce, Sanfre, Viola|
|Founded||1938 (as Toyo Industries SC)|
|Ground|| Edion Stadium Hiroshima |
|2020||J1 League, 8th of 18|
Sanfrecce Hiroshima (Japanese : サンフレッチェ広島, romanized: Sanfuretche Hiroshima) is a Japanese professional football club based in Asaminami-ku, Hiroshima. The club plays in the J1 League, which is the top tier of football in the country.
The club name is a portmanteau of the Japanese numeral for three, San and the Italian word frecce, which means 'arrows'. This is based on the story of the feudal lord Mōri Motonari who told his three sons that while a single arrow might be easily snapped, three arrows held together would not be broken and urged them to work for the good of the clan and its retainers.
A similar event occurred in The Secret History of the Mongols; "One day in spring, while she was cooking some dried lamb, she had her five sons Belgünütei, Bügünütei, Buqu Qatagi, Buqatu Salji and Bodončar Mungqaq sit in a row. She gave an arrow-shaft to each of them and said, ‘Break it!’ One by one they immediately broke the single arrowshafts and threw them away. Then she tied five arrowshafts into a bundle and gave it to them saying, ‘Break it!’ The five sons each took the five bound arrow-shafts in turn, but they were unable to break them.
The club's home town is Hiroshima and the side plays at Hiroshima Big Arch and Hiroshima Prefectural Stadium. It holds training sessions at Yoshida Soccer Park in Akitakata, Hiroshima and Hiroshima 1st Ball Park.
|1965 Inaugural League Champion. Hiroyuki Kuwahara and Yasuyuki Kuwahara are brothers.|
The club was a former company team of Toyo Kogyo Soccer Club (東洋工業サッカー部) in 1938 and played in the semi-professional Japan Soccer League.
The club was an original founder ("Original Eight" – a feat that was later equaled by Yomiuri SC/Verdy Kawasaki. The name change was made at Mazda SC (マツダSC) in 1981. When JSL disbanded and became the J.League in 1992, it dropped the company name and became "Sanfrecce Hiroshima". Alongside JEF United Ichihara Chiba and Urawa Red Diamonds they co-founded both leagues ("Original Ten" ).) of the now-disbanded Japan Soccer League (JSL) in 1965. They dominated the JSL's early years, winning the title 4 times in a row
During the 1969 season they participated in the Asian Club Cup, forerunner to today's AFC Champions League; at the time, the tournament was done in a single locale (in that year it was Bangkok, Thailand), and they ended up in third place, the first participation of a Japanese club in the continental tournament. This also cost them the league title to Mitsubishi/Urawa, and although they won another title in 1970, since then the club has been out of the running for the title, with exceptional seasons such as 1994 when they won runner-up.
The Toyo Industries that became the first JSL champions also completed the first double by taking the Emperor's Cup. They were also the first of three "Invincibles", undefeated champion clubs in Japan (the others were Mitsubishi in 1969 and Yamaha in 1987–88), although only Toyo completed a double.
Matsumoto, Ogi, and Yasuyuki Kuwahara went on to win the 1968 Olympic bronze medal for the national team.
In 2002, Sanfrecce became the first former stage winner (first stage, 1994) to be relegated to the lower division, J2. But it only spent a year there, finishing second the very next season to regain promotion back to J1. The club finished 16th in the 2007 season and were relegated to J.League Division 2 after they were beaten by Kyoto Sanga in the promotion/relegation play-off. In 2008 they nevertheless won the J2 title at the first attempt, having 84 points (a difference of 25 points with the runner-up clubs) with six matches left.
By virtue of earning fourth place in the 2009 season and Gamba Osaka retaining the Emperor's Cup, Sanfrecce qualified for the Asian Champions League, where they were knocked out in the group phase.
On 24 November 2012, Sanfrecce defeated Cerezo Osaka 4–1 to seal their first ever J.League Division 1 title.
On 7 December 2013, Sanfrecce defeated Kashima Antlers 2–0, securing their second J.League Division 1 title following a thrilling finish to the season which saw first-place Yokohama F. Marinos losing their final league game, handing Sanfrecce the title. With their second consecutive title win, Sanfrecce became the second club to successfully defend their crown since Kashima Antlers in 2009.
The main colour of Sanfrecce Hiroshima is purple.
1992 - 1995
1996 - 1999
2000 - 2002
2003 - 2004
2005 - 2006
2007 - 2009
1992 - 1995
1996 - 1999
2000 - 2002
2003 - 2004
2005 - 2006
2007 - 2009
|Season||Div.||Tms.||Pos.||Attendance/G||J.League Cup||Emperor's Cup||AFC CL||FIFA CWC|
|1992||–||–||–||–||Group stage||2nd round||–||–|
|1997||17||12th||6,533||Group stage||4th round|
|2000||16||11th||8,865||2nd round||4th round|
|2004||J1||16||12th||14,800||Group stage||4th round|
|2005||18||7th||12,527||Group stage||5th round|
|2006||18||10th||11,180||Group stage||5th round|
|2009||J1||18||4th||15,723||Group stage||3rd round|
|2010||18||7th||14,562||Final||3rd round||Group stage|
|2011||18||7th||13,203||1st round||3rd round||–||–|
|2012||18||1st||17,721||Group stage||2nd round||5th place|
|2014||18||8th||14,997||Final||Round of 16||Round of 16|
|2015||18||1st||16,382||Group stage||Quarter-finals||–||3rd Place|
|2017||18||15th||14,042||Play-off stage||Round of 16||–|
|2018||18||2nd||14,346||Group stage||Round of 16|
|2019||18||6th||13,886||Quarter-finals||4th round||Round of 16|
Total (as of 2016): 45 seasons in the top tier and 7 seasons in the second tier.
Sanfrecce Hiroshima (Professional era)
Toyo Kogyo SC & Mazda SC (Amateur era)
Sanfrecce Hiroshima (professional era)
Toyo Kogyo SC (amateur era)
|2010||AFC Champions League||Group H||Shandong Luneng||0–1||3–2||3rd|
|2013||AFC Champions League||Group G||Bunyodkor||0–2||0–0||4th|
|2014||AFC Champions League||Group F||Beijing Guoan||1–1||2–2||2nd|
|Central Coast Mariners||1–0||1–2|
|Round of 16||Western Sydney Wanderes||3–1||0–2||3–3 (a)|
|2016||AFC Champions League||Group F||Shandong Luneng||1–2||0–1||3rd|
|2019||AFC Champions League||Play-off round||Chiangrai United||0–0 ( a.e.t. )|
|Group F||Guangzhou Evergrande||1–0||0–2|
|Round of 16||Kashima Antlers||3–2||0–1||3–3 (a)|
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Yoshiki Yamazaki||Japan||1938–42, 1947–50||Toyo Kogyo||N/A|
|Teruo Nimura||Japan||1981–83||MAZDA Sports||Eckhard Krautzun (August – September 1983)|
|Kazuo Imanishi||Japan||1984–87|| Hans Ooft (1984–87)|
Dido Havenaar (1986–87)
|Hans Ooft||Netherlands||1987–88||Dido Havenaar (1987–88)|
|Kazuo Imanishi||Japan||1988–92||Bill Foulkes (1988–91)|
|Stuart Baxter||Scotland||July 1992 – December 1994||Sanfrecce Hiroshima||Jan Jönsson (1993–94)|
|Wim Jansen||Netherlands||January 1995 – Dececember 1996||N/A|
|Eddie Thomson||Scotland||January 1997 – December 2000||Tom Sermanni (1997–98)|
|Valeri Nepomniachi||Russia||1 January 2001 – 31 December 2001||N/A|
|Gadzhi Gadzhiev||Russia||1 January 2002 – June 2002|
|Takahiro Kimura||Japan||June 2002 – December 2002|
|Takeshi Ono||Japan||1 December 2002 – 1 April 2006|
|Kazuyori Mochizuki (interim)||Japan||2 April 2006 – 9 June 2006|
|Mihailo Petrović||Serbia||10 June 2006 – 31 December 2011||Ranko Popović (2006–07)|
|Hajime Moriyasu||Japan||1 January 2012 – 4 July 2017||N/A|
|Jan Jönsson||Sweden||10 July 2017 – 7 December 2017|
|Hiroshi Jofuku||Japan||7 December 2017 – present|
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