Sangi Railway Hokusei Line

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Hokusei Line

SangiRailwayCompanyHokuseiLine.jpg

A train bound for Ageki
Overview
Type Commuter rail
Locale Mie Prefecture
Termini Nishi-Kuwana
Ageki
Stations 13
Operation
Opened 5 April 1914
Operator(s) Sangi Railway
Technical
Line length 20.4 km (12.7 mi)
Number of tracks 1
Track gauge 762 mm (2 ft 6 in)
Electrification Overhead, 750 V DC
Operating speed 45 km/h (28 mph)

The Hokusei Line(北勢線,Hokusei sen), commonly known as the Sangi Hokusei Line, is a 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge railway line owned and operated by the Sangi Railway (三岐鉄道,Sangi tetsudō), a Japanese private railway company. The line connects Nishi-Kuwana Station in Kuwana, Mie with Ageki Station in Inabe, Mie, in Japan. For many years the line was owned by major railway operator Kintetsu but control was transferred to Sangi in April 2003.

2 ft 6 in gauge railways rail track gauge of 30″ / 2′ 6″

2 ft 6 in gauge railways are narrow gauge railways with track gauge of 2 ft 6 in. This type of rail was promoted especially in the colonies of the British Empire during the second half of the nineteenth century by Thomas Hall and Everard Calthrop.

Sangi Railway

Sangi Railway Co., Ltd. is a private railway company in Mie Prefecture, Japan, which also operates bus lines. The company was founded in 1928 and its initial line, the Sangi Line, originally functioned as a freight line transporting cement, but in recent years it became important as a commuter railway line for Yokkaichi. The Hokusei Line was transferred from Kintetsu ownership in 2003, when Kintetsu abandoned the line. Whereas the Sangi Line has a track gauge of 1,067 mm, the Hokusei Line is one of only a few 762 mm narrow gauge lines remaining in the country.

Nishi-Kuwana Station railway station in Kuwana, Mie prefecture, Japan

Nishi-Kuwana Station is a terminal railway station in Kuwana, Mie Prefecture, Japan. It is located 20.4 rail kilometres from the opposing terminus of the Hokusei Line at Ageki Station. The station is immediately adjacent to Kuwana Station, which services the Kansai Main Line, Kintetsu Nagoya Line and the Yōrō Line

Contents

The name Hokusei (北勢) means "northern Mie". It is a kanji abbreviation of "north" (北) and "Ise" (伊勢). Ise (as opposed to "Mie") is used in the name because the northern and central parts of present-day Mie Prefecture were called Ise Province during the Edo era before the modern prefecture system was established.

<i>Kanji</i> adopted logographic Chinese characters used in the modern Japanese writing system

Kanji are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system. They are used alongside the Japanese syllabic scripts hiragana and katakana. The Japanese term kanji for the Chinese characters literally means "Han characters". It is written with the same characters in the Chinese language to refer to the character writing system, hanzi (漢字).

Ise Province province of Japan including most of modern Mie Prefecture

Ise Province was a province of Japan in the area of Japan that is today includes most of modern Mie Prefecture. Ise bordered on Iga, Kii, Mino, Ōmi, Owari, Shima, and Yamato Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Seishū (勢州).

Prefectures of Japan countrys 47 first-order subnational jurisdictions

Japan is divided into 47 prefectures, forming the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division. They consist of 43 prefectures proper, two urban prefectures, one "circuit" or "territory" and one "metropolis". The Meiji Fuhanken sanchisei administration created the first prefectures from 1868 to replace the urban and rural administrators in the parts of the country previously controlled directly by the shogunate and a few territories of rebels/shogunate loyalists who had not submitted to the new government such as Aizu/Wakamatsu. In 1871, all remaining feudal domains (han) were also transformed into prefectures, so that prefectures subdivided the whole country. In several waves of territorial consolidation, today's 47 prefectures were formed by the turn of the century. In many instances, these are contiguous with the ancient ritsuryō provinces of Japan.

Services

All services are classified "Local"(普通,futsū), stopping at every station, and are wanman driver-only operation. Two services per hour operate during the day, increased to three per hour in the morning and evening peaks.

Stations

Station Distance (km) Transfers Location
Nishi-Kuwana 西桑名 0.0 Kansai Main Line (Kuwana)
Kintetsu Nagoya Line (Kuwana)
Yōrō Railway Yōrō Line (Kuwana)
Kuwana Mie Prefecture
Umamichi 馬道 1.1
Nishibessho 西別所 2.0
Rengeji 蓮花寺 3.3
Ariyoshi 在良 4.1
Hoshikawa 星川 5.5
Nanawa 七和 6.9
Anoh 穴太 8.0 Tōin
Tōin 東員 9.7
Ōizumi 大泉 12.4 Inabe
Sohara 楚原 14.4
Ohda 麻生田 18.1
Ageki 阿下喜 20.4

At Kuwana Station, a short walk from Nishi-Kuwana Station, passengers can transfer to the Kansai Main Line, the Nagoya Line, and the Yōrō Line.

Kuwana Station union railway station in Kuwana, Mie Prefecture, Japan

Kuwana Station is a union railway station in Kuwana, Mie Prefecture, Japan. It serves JR Central’s Kansai Main Line and is 23.8 rail kilometers from the terminus of that line at Nagoya Station. It also serves the private railway operator Kintetsu Railway and is 23.7 rail kilometers from the terminus of the Kintetsu Nagoya Line at Kintetsu Nagoya Station. It is also a terminal station for the Yōrō Railway Yōrō Line. The Sangi Railway's Nishi-Kuwana Station is physically adjacent to the station

Kansai Main Line railway line in Japan

The Kansai Main Line is a railway line in Japan, which connects Nagoya Station with JR Namba Station in Osaka. It is jointly run by the Central Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company, with the boundary between both companies being located at Kameyama Station in Kameyama, Mie.

Nagoya Line (Kintetsu) rail line owned by Kintetsu in Japans Kinki region

The Nagoya Line is a railway line owned and operated by the Kintetsu Railway, a Japanese private railway company, connecting Nagoya and Ise Nakagawa Station in Matsusaka, Mie Prefecture via Kuwana, Yokkaichi, Suzuka, Tsu municipalities along the Ise Bay. The official starting-point of the line is Ise-Nakagawa and the terminus is Nagoya; however, operationally trains run "down" from and "up" towards Nagoya.

History

The section of the line between Ōyamada Station(大山田駅) (present-day Nishi-Kuwana Station) and Sohara was opened on 5 April 1914 by the Hokusei Railway, with services operated using steam haulage. [1] The line was extended to Ageki on 8 July 1931 and electrified at 600 V DC. [1] On 11 February 1944, the line became part of Mie Kotsu(三重交通), [1] and in 1954, the line voltage was increased to 750 V DC.[ citation needed ]

Sohara Station (Mie) railway station in Inabe, Mie Prefecture, Japan

Sohara Station is a railway station in Inabe, Mie Prefecture, Japan. It is located 14.4 rail kilometres from the terminus of the Hokusei Line at Nishi-Kuwana Station.

Ageki Station railway station in Tōin, Mie, Mie prefecture, Japan

Ageki Station is a terminal railway station in Inabe, Mie Prefecture, Japan. It is located 20.4 rail kilometres from the opposing terminus of the Hokusei Line at Nishi-Kuwana Station.

Kintetsu acquired the line on 1 April 1965, and from 1 April 2003, it was operated by the Sangi Railway. [1]

Narrow gauge

The track gauge is especially narrow. In the early 20th century many of Japan's local railway lines were built using this gauge, however the vast majority of them were widened in the mid 20th century. Today, there are only four 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge train lines in operation in Japan, of which the Hokusei Line is the longest. This rarity makes the Hokusei Line (as well as the other 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge lines) popular with Japanese and other railway enthusiasts.

762 mm gauge railways of Japan

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Yokkaichi Special city in Japan

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Kintetsu Railway Japanese railway company

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References

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.

  1. 1 2 3 4 Terada, Hirokazu (19 January 2013). データブック日本の私鉄[Databook: Japan's Private Railways]. Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 118. ISBN   978-4-7770-1336-4.