Sanikiluaq

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Sanikiluaq
ᓴᓂᑭᓗᐊᖅ
Sanikiluaq.jpg
Sanikiluaq in December
Canada Nunavut location map-lambert proj3.svg
Red pog.svg
Sanikiluaq
Canada location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Sanikiluaq
Coordinates: 56°32′34″N079°13′30″W / 56.54278°N 79.22500°W / 56.54278; -79.22500 Coordinates: 56°32′34″N079°13′30″W / 56.54278°N 79.22500°W / 56.54278; -79.22500
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Region Qikiqtaaluk
Electoral district Hudson Bay
Government
  TypeHamlet Council
  MayorJohnnie Cookie
   MLA Allan Rumbolt
Area
[3]
  Total114.94 km2 (44.38 sq mi)
Elevation
[4]
32 m (105 ft)
Population
 (2016) [3]
  Total882
  Density7.7/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−05:00 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Canadian Postal code
Area code(s) 867
Website www.sanikiluaq.ca

Sanikiluaq (Inuktitut : ᓴᓂᑭᓗᐊᖅ [sanikiluaq] ) is a municipality and Inuit community located on the north coast of Flaherty Island in Hudson Bay, on the Belcher Islands. Despite being geographically much closer to the shores of Ontario and Quebec, the community and the Belcher Islands lie within the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Contents

History

Landsat satellite photo of Belcher Islands Belcherislands.jpg
Landsat satellite photo of Belcher Islands

The community was developed in the early 1970s to replace "South Camp", located further south in the island group. To the north of the town is Kinngaaluk Territorial Park, a 3,300 acres (1,300 ha) space designed for camping, cultural expression, and seasonal hunting. The park contains archeological remains deposited by the Dorset and Thule cultures. The park is expected to be formally designated as such by the Nunavut legislature in 2019. [5]

Demographics

Federal census population history of Sanikiluaq
YearPop.±%
1971235    
1976300+27.7%
1981383+27.7%
1986422+10.2%
1991 526+24.6%
1996 631+20.0%
2001 684+8.4%
2006 744+8.8%
2011 812+9.1%
2016 882+8.6%
2021 1,010+14.5%
Source: Statistics Canada
[6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Sanikiluaq had a population of 1,010 living in 228 of its 252 total private dwellings, a change of

Economic development

Sanikiluaq had an eider down factory for 20 years. It closed down in 2005 due to government funding running out and the population of eider ducks decreasing at a rapid rate. [16] The factory reopened in June 2015. [17]

Transportation

It is the southernmost community in the territory, and is served by the Sanikiluaq Airport. Air service is provided by Air Inuit, Calm and Panorama Aviation.

Education

There are two schools in the community, Nuiyak School, with 11 teaching staff, teaches grades K-6, with 125 students enrolled. [18] Paatsaali School has 177 students and teaches grades 7-12. [19] In 2007, former Principal Lisi Kavik was named one of Canada's Outstanding Principals. [20]

Broadband communications

The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. The Qiniq network is designed and operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, and 2G-GSM for mobile voice.

Government

The community is in the Hudson Bay Electoral District and Allan Rumbolt is the member of the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut. He replaced Peter Kattuk in the 2008 general election.

In the territorial election held October 27, 2008, the candidates were Rumbolt, Bill Fraser and Johnny Manning. Rumbolt won by 31 votes over Fraser, with 45 per cent of the vote. In the 2013 general election Allan Rumbolt was reelected. [2]

The local municipality has a Hamlet Council of elected councillors. Former acting mayor Elijassie Sala became mayor after the December 12, 2011, election, earning 87 votes, five more than incumbent Joe Arragutainaq. [21] In the December 9, 2013, hamlet elections, Joe Arragutainaq was once again elected mayor. [1]

Film

Written and directed by Joel Heath, with support from the community of Sanikiluaq, People of a Feather is a documentary film about the relationship between climate change, hydroelectric dams, eider ducks and the people of the Belcher Islands. [22]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Nunavummiut elect new municipal leaders
  2. 1 2 Results for the constituency of Hudson Bay Archived November 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine at Elections Nunavut
  3. 1 2 "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  4. Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  5. Barth, Brian "In the Hunt: A New Park in Nunavut, Canada is Made to Protect Indigenous Hunting Grounds" Landscape Architecture Magazine. Pages 62-83 January 2019.
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  7. "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  8. "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
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  10. "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
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  12. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. August 20, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  13. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. July 25, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  14. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  15. 1 2 "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  16. "Sanikiluaq eiderdown factory could be running by March". CBC News. November 18, 2014.
  17. Weber, Bob (June 21, 2015). "Sanikiluaq, Nunavut, opens eiderdown factory to feather its nest". CBC News . Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  18. Nuiyak Elementary School
  19. Paatsaali High School
  20. "Canada's Outstanding Principals". The Learning Partnership. Archived from the original on November 13, 2007. Retrieved November 23, 2007.
  21. Mayors-elect react to their win Archived November 14, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  22. "Documentary about ducks in Hudson Bay investigates our role in the cycle of life". Prince George Citizen , March 2, 2012.

Further reading