Sanirajak

Last updated

Sanirajak
ᓴᓂᕋᔭᒃ
Hall Beach, Nunavut (13431611974).jpg
North Warning site 1997
Canada Nunavut location map-lambert proj3.svg
Red pog.svg
Sanirajak
Canada location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Sanirajak
Coordinates: 68°47′25″N081°14′15″W / 68.79028°N 81.23750°W / 68.79028; -81.23750 [1]
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Region Qikiqtaaluk
Electoral district Amittuq
Settled1953
Government
  MayorPhilip Anguratsiaq
   MLA Amittuq Joelie Kaernerk
Area
 (2021) [5]
  Total16.36 km2 (6.32 sq mi)
Elevation
[6]
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2021) [5]
  Total891
  Density54.5/km2 (141/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−05:00 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Canadian Postal code
Area code 867

Sanirajak (Inuktitut meaning the shoreline [7] ), Syllabics: ᓴᓂᕋᔭᒃ), formerly known as Hall Beach until 27 February 2020, [8] is an Inuit settlement within the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada, approximately 69 km (43 mi) south of Igloolik.

Contents

History

It was established in 1957 during the construction of a Distant Early Warning (DEW) site. Currently the settlement is home to a North Warning System ( 68°45′44″N081°13′44″W / 68.76222°N 81.22889°W / 68.76222; -81.22889 (Hall Beach North Warning System (FOX MAIN)) ) radar facility and the Hall Beach Airport.

In 1971, seven sounding rockets of the Tomahawk Sandia type were launched from Sanirajak, some reaching altitudes of 270 km (170 mi). [9]

Demographics

Federal census population history of Sanirajak
YearPop.±%
1976287    
1981349+21.6%
1986451+29.2%
1991 526+16.6%
1996 543+3.2%
2001 609+12.2%
2006 654+7.4%
2011 736+12.5%
2016 848+15.2%
2021 891+5.1%
Source: Statistics Canada
[5] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18]

In the 2021 Canadian census conducted by Statistics Canada, Sanirajak (Hall Beach) had a population of 891 living in 197 of its 205 total private dwellings, a change of

Geography

Sanirajak in 1997 Hall Beach.jpg
Sanirajak in 1997

Climate

Sanirajak has a tundra climate (Köppen: ETf), a polar climate sub-type under the Köppen climate classification, without the presence of trees, and iced over for most of the year. [19] Summers are very short and cool, with chilly nights. Winters are long and extremely cold, lasting most of the year with little chance of a thaw.

Climate data for Sanirajak (Hall Beach Airport)
WMO ID: 71081; coordinates 68°46′33″N81°14′33″W / 68.77583°N 81.24250°W / 68.77583; -81.24250 (Hall Beach Airport) ; elevation: 9.1 m (30 ft); 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1957−present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex 0.00.4−0.62.24.021.127.928.014.04.30.3−0.928.0
Record high °C (°F)1.3
(34.3)
0.4
(32.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.3
(37.9)
4.4
(39.9)
21.1
(70.0)
23.3
(73.9)
24.8
(76.6)
14.6
(58.3)
4.2
(39.6)
0.6
(33.1)
0.4
(32.7)
24.8
(76.6)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F)−26.7
(−16.1)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−14.2
(6.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
3.3
(37.9)
10.2
(50.4)
8.2
(46.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
−14.2
(6.4)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−9.4
(15.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−30.7
(−23.3)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−8.1
(17.4)
1.2
(34.2)
6.9
(44.4)
5.6
(42.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−7.1
(19.2)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−12.8
(9.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F)−34.6
(−30.3)
−35.7
(−32.3)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−11.6
(11.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.5
(38.3)
2.8
(37.0)
−1.2
(29.8)
−9.8
(14.4)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−29.1
(−20.4)
−16.3
(2.7)
Record low °C (°F)−50.0
(−58.0)
−54.1
(−65.4)
−52.5
(−62.5)
−44.1
(−47.4)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
−5.1
(22.8)
−16.7
(1.9)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−42.2
(−44.0)
−53.9
(−65.0)
−54.1
(−65.4)
Record low wind chill −72.8−71.7−66.6−58.0−44.7−32.7−7.8−11.7−25.1−49.6−61.4−64.6−72.8
Average precipitation mm (inches)6.1
(0.24)
5.9
(0.23)
8.2
(0.32)
11.6
(0.46)
15.6
(0.61)
18.2
(0.72)
21.7
(0.85)
38.4
(1.51)
30.9
(1.22)
27.1
(1.07)
16.1
(0.63)
9.6
(0.38)
209.3
(8.24)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.6
(0.10)
14.5
(0.57)
22.2
(0.87)
40.5
(1.59)
17.9
(0.70)
2.3
(0.09)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.00)
100.2
(3.94)
Average snowfall cm (inches)10.4
(4.1)
8.9
(3.5)
12.2
(4.8)
18.2
(7.2)
16.5
(6.5)
10.0
(3.9)
0.0
(0.0)
1.9
(0.7)
12.4
(4.9)
33.3
(13.1)
25.4
(10.0)
14.3
(5.6)
163.3
(64.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)8.46.98.510.610.59.310.912.312.015.812.410.0127.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.050.00.00.141.17.310.612.86.81.40.170.3540.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)9.77.28.510.79.65.20.050.956.615.213.711.098.3
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) (at 3pm)68.768.370.676.484.187.780.081.984.587.880.073.378.6
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada [20]

See also

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References

  1. "Sanirajak". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  2. "Sanirajak". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  3. "Municipal Election Results 2019-2020" (PDF). Elections Nunavut . Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  4. "2021 General Election" (PDF). Elections Nunavut . Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  5. 1 2 3 4 "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  6. Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  7. "Sanirajak (Hall Beach)" . Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  8. Tranter, Emma (28 February 2020). "Nunavut minister signs off on name changes for two communities". Nunatsiaq News. Nortext Publishing Corporation. Nunatsiaq News. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  9. "Hall Beach". Archived from the original on 2 December 2008.
  10. "1976 Census of Canada: Population - Geographic Distributions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. June 1977. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  11. "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  12. "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  13. "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  14. "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  15. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  16. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 20 August 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  17. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 25 July 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  18. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  19. "Hall Beach, Nunavut Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  20. "Sanirajak / Hall Beach". Canadian Climate Normals 1991–2020. Environment and Climate Change Canada. Climate ID: 2402350. Archived from the original on 13 April 2024. Retrieved 13 April 2024.

Further reading