|Sanjak of Montenegro|
|Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire|
|Today part of||Montenegro|
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|History of Montenegro|
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The Sanjak of Montenegro (Montenegrin and Serbian Cyrillic : Санџак Црне Горе/Sandžak Crne Gore; Turkish : Karadağ Sancağı, literally Sanjak of the Black Mountain) was a province (sanjak) of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkan Peninsula roughly corresponding to modern Montenegro. It was created in 1514 from the borders of the former Zeta, ruled by the Crnojevići, which had earlier been organized into the Sanjak of Scutari in 1499.
The greater part of the Zetan principality lost its status as an independent state, becoming a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire, until it was added to the Ottoman administrative unit of Sanjak of Scutari in 1499. In 1514 this territory was separated from the Sanjak of Scutari and established as a separate Sanjak of Montenegro, under the rule of Skenderbeg Crnojević.
In 1523, the resm-i filori of Montenegro (Karadağ), which had the status of hass , was made up of 33 akçe in poll-tax, a 20 akçe İspençe and 2 akçe for the collector.When Skenderbeg Crnojević died in 1528, the Sanjak of Montenegro was joined to the Sanjak of Scutari, as a unique administrative unit with certain degree of autonomy.
The Sanjak was reorganized into a vilayet of the Sanjak of Scutari, the Montenegro Vilayet (vilayet-i Kara Dag).
Cetinje is a city in Montenegro. It is the former royal capital of Montenegro and is the location of several national institutions, including the official residence of the president of Montenegro. According to the 2011 census, the town had a population of 14,093 while the Cetinje Municipality had 16,657 residents as of 2011. Cetinje is the centre of Cetinje Municipality. The city rests on a small karst plain surrounded by limestone mountains, including Mount Lovćen, the legendary mountain in Montenegrin historiography. Cetinje was founded in the 15th century and became a cradle of the culture of Montenegro and a Serbian Orthodox religious center. Its status as the honorary capital of Montenegro is due to its heritage as a long-serving former capital of Montenegro.
The Sanjak of Novi Pazar was an Ottoman sanjak that was created in 1865. It was reorganized in 1880 and 1902. The Ottoman rule in the region lasted until the First Balkan War (1912). The Sanjak of Novi Pazar included territories of present-day northeastern Montenegro and southwestern Serbia, also including some northern parts of Kosovo. The region is known as Raška, and also called Sandžak.
The Vilayet of Scutari, Shkodër or Shkodra was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire that existed from 1867 to 1913, located in parts of what today is Montenegro and Albania. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 13,800 square kilometres.
Ivan Crnojević, also known as Ivan the Black, was the lord of Zeta and Serbian leader. from 1465 to 1490. Having formed an uneasy alliance with the Republic of Venice, he led the resistance against the expanding Ottoman Empire. He was successful at first but lost his realm in 1479. He resumed power in 1481 and soon founded Cetinje as the new capital of his state.
The Montenegrin Littoral, historically the Littoral or the Maritime, is the littoral or coastline region of Montenegro which borders the Adriatic Sea. Prior to the creation of Yugoslavia, the Montenegrin Littoral was not part of the Kingdom of Montenegro, but rather a bordering region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, latterly part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. Today, the Serbian people inhabit the Adriatic coast of the Republic of Montenegro, where they represent the majority share in the total population of the coast of Montenegro. The Serbian people are the founders of the history and state integrity of Montenegro. The population is Orthodox (Christian), and falls under the jurisdiction of the Serbian Orthodox Church (SOC).
Vavila was the Metropolitan of Zeta from c. 1494 to 1504.
The Serb-Montenegrin community in Albania are one of the recognized national minorities in Albania. In the latest census (2011), citizens had the option to declare as "Montenegrins". The population was concentrated in the region of Vraka, but largely emigrated in the 1990s. Then, estimations ranged between 2,000 according to independent monitoring and 30,000 according to the Serbian government. The community is bilingual and by majority adhere to Eastern Orthodoxy, while a minority professes Islam. The majority of the Serbo-Montenegrin community came to Albania from Montenegro during the interwar Zogist period following 1926 and later from 1938 until 1948.
Skanderbeg may refer to:
Lower Kolašin is a historical region in the present-day municipality of Bijelo Polje in northern Montenegro, towards Serbia. It is situated in the picturesque Vraneš valley formed around the river Ljuboviđa. The most important local populated centers are Tomaševo and Pavino Polje.
Staniša "Stanko" Crnojević was a member of the Crnojević noble family that held the Lordship of Zeta; Stanko was the heir to Ivan I Crnojević, who ruled from 1465 to 1490. In 1482 his father Ivan sent him and several of his close friends to the court of the Ottoman sultan Bayezid in order to guarantee his loyalty. Stanko converted to Islam and received the name Skender, hence he is also known as Skenderbeg Crnojević, and became the Ottoman sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Montenegro in 1514–1528. He is enumerated in Serbian and Montenegrin epic poetry, in which he is sometimes known as Maksim.
The Sanjak of Scutari or Sanjak of Shkodra was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire. It was established after Ottoman Empire acquired Shkodra after the siege of Shkodra in 1478-9. It was part of Rumelia Eyalet until 1867, when it became a part, together with Sanjak of Skopje, of newly established Scutari Vilayet. In 1912 and beginning of 1913 it was occupied by members of Balkan League during the First Balkan War. In 1914 the territory of Sanjak of Scutari became a part of Principality of Albania, established on the basis of peace contract signed during London Conference in 1913.
The Sanjak of İpek or Sanjak of Dukakin was a sanjak with its capital in İpek (Peja), now in Kosovo.
The Sanjak of Ohri was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire established in 1395. Part of it was located on the territory of the Lordship of Prilep, a realm in Macedonia ruled by the Ottoman vassal Prince Marko until his death in the Battle of Rovine.
The Crnojević noble family ruled the Zeta from 1451 until 1496. The state included parts of modern Montenegro and parts of modern Albania.
The Sanjak of Sofia was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire which county town was Sofia. It was founded in 1393 and disestablished after the creation of the Principality of Bulgaria in 1878.
Brda, is a historical and ethnographical region in Montenegro. The historical tribes of Brda: Vasojevići, Bjelopavlići, Piperi, Kuči, Bratonožići, Morača and Rovca constituted this region, known as the Highlander tribes, or simply Highlanders (Брђани/Brđani), before the late 19th- and early 20th century and full independence of Montenegro.
The Vilayet of the Black Mountain was an Ottoman administrative unit within the Sanjak of Scutari, consisting of parts of modern-day Montenegro. It was established in the 16th century and existed until 1696. Although claimed by the Ottomans, the area was de facto independent with the Montenegrin tribes, with the support of the Eparchy of Cetinje, constantly waging wars against Turks.
Derviš-beg Alić Sarvanović, known as Derviš Alić or Dervish Bey was the Ottoman governor of the sanjak of Montenegro from 1592 to at least 1597. He was from Peć.
The Sanjak of Klis was a sanjak of the Ottoman Empire which seat was in the Fortress of Klis in Klis till capture by Republic of Venice in 1648, latterly in Livno between 1648-1699.
Süleyman Pasha was the Albanian Ottoman sanjak-bey of Scutari and a Vizier.
Die Türken nennen Montenegro „Kara Dag", was auchso viel als „Schwarzberg" oder „Schwarzwald" heißt.
Год. 1499. припојена је била Црна Гора скадарском санџакату. Али, год. 1514. одвојио је султан поново и поставио јој за управника, као санџак-бега, потурченог Станишу, односно Скендер-бега Црнојевића.
1528... Црна Гора је потом поново припојена скадарском санџакату и остала је са извесним ... правима његов саставни део...