|Sanjak of Ohri|
Sanxhaku i Ohrit
|Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire|
• Establishment of the Monastir Vilayet
|Today part of|| Albania |
The Sanjak of Ohri (Turkish : Ohri Sancağı, Albanian : Sanxhaku i Ohrit, Bulgarian : Охридски санджак, Macedonian : Охридски санџак) was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire established in 1395. Part of it was located on the territory of the Lordship of Prilep, a realm in Macedonia ruled by the Ottoman vassal Prince Marko until his death in the Battle of Rovine.
When the Sanjak of Ohrid was established in 1395 it was a part of the Rumelia Eyalet and one of its earliest established sanjaks.Before it became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1395 its initial territory belonged to the realm of Prince Marko. At the beginning its county town was Bitola and later it was Ohrid, thus, it has also been referred to in sources as Sanjak of Monastir (or Bitola). This should not be confused with the later Sanjak of Monastir, established in 1826 from the eastern part of the Sanjak of Ohrid, and which later replaced the latter entirely in 1864.
The territory of the Sanjak of Ohrid changed over time.
In 1406 the sanjakbey of Ohrid was Junayd of Aydın.In 1464 and 1465 the sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Ohrid was Ballaban Badera, famous for his battles against Skanderbeg, replacing Şeremet bey on that position. Although Halil Inalcik explains that the Sanjak of Elbasan was established as soon as the fortress of Elbasan has been constructed in 1466, based on Tursun Beg's records there is a possibility that Elbasan initially was part of the Sanjak of Ohrid.
The official Ottoman censuses (Turkish : Tapu tahrir defterleri) were organized in 1467, 1519 (collective census) and 1583 on the territory of the Sanjak of Ohrid.
The census from the beginning of the 16th century registered that the Sanjak of Ohrid had the kazas (districts) of Ohrid, Debar, Akçahisar (Krujë) and Mat, and had 4 towns, 6 fortresses, 849 villages, 32,648 Christian families and 623 Muslim families.
According to the census of 1583 Sanjak of Ohrid had three kazas with 13 nahiye.After later expansion the Sanjak of Ohrid had 22 nahiyahs, 6 in the region of Macedonia and 16 in Albania. There was substantial presence of ethnic Albanians in this sanjak.
In autumn 1794 Kara Mahmud Bushati, who was Pasha of Scutari, gained control over the Sanjak of Ohrid.During 1796-7 it was ruled by Muhtar Pasha, son of Ali Pasha. From 1820 to 1831 the Sanjak of Ohrid was put under control of another pasha of the Pashalik of Scutari, Mustafa Reshit Pasha Bushati.
The administrative division of the Rumelia Eyalet was reformed, based on the sultan's hatisherif of 21 June 1836, and the territories of its sanjaks were substantially changed while Sanjak of Ohrid became an arpalik of Valide Sultan.Until 1864 it was part of the Monastir Eyalet, while the kaza of Krujë among others had been incorporated in the sanjak of Scutari during the. After the establishment of the Monastir Vilayet in 1864 the Sanjak of Ohrid ceased to exist and its territory was incorporated the Sanjak of Monastir (first established as sanjak, separate from the Sanjak of Ohrid, in 1826).
Dorotheos, the Archbishop of Ohrid and his clerks and boyars were expatriated to Istanbul in 1466 probably because of their anti-Ottoman activities during Skanderbeg's rebellion.In 1467 many Christians from Skopje, Ohrid, Serres and Kastoria were forcibly deported to Elbasan, a new Ottoman fortress in Albania.
Peasants of the Sanjak of Ohrid participated for ten years in the anti-Ottoman 1564 rebellion of the peasants from Mariovo and Prilep.On 25 July 1571 it was proposed to divide Sanjak of Ohrid on two part, in order to increase public security in situation of constant rebellions in this sanjak.
In 1613 Ottoman authorities ordered the destruction of all newly built Christian churches in the villages of the Sanjak of Ohrid.
Evliya Çelebi (1611–1682) dedicated a whole chapter of his work Seyahatname to the Sanjak of Ohrid.
Bitola is a city in the southwestern part of North Macedonia. It is located in the southern part of the Pelagonia valley, surrounded by the Baba, Nidže and Kajmakčalan mountain ranges, 14 kilometres north of the Medžitlija-Níki border crossing with Greece. The city stands at an important junction connecting the south of the Adriatic Sea region with the Aegean Sea and Central Europe, and is an administrative, cultural, industrial, commercial, and educational centre. It has been known since the Ottoman period as "The City of The Consuls", since many European countries had consulates in Bitola.
Elbasan is a city and a municipality in Elbasan County, central Albania. The fourth largest city in Albania, it is located on the Shkumbin River in the County of Elbasan.
Ohrid is a city in North Macedonia and is the seat of the Ohrid Municipality. It is the largest city on Lake Ohrid and the eighth-largest city in the country, with the municipality recording a population of over 42,000 inhabitants as of 2002. Ohrid is known for once having 365 churches, one for each day of the year, and has been referred to as a "Jerusalem of the Balkans". The city is rich in picturesque houses and monuments, and tourism is predominant. It is located southwest of Skopje, west of Resen and Bitola. In 1979 and in 1980 respectively, Ohrid and Lake Ohrid were accepted as Cultural and Natural World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Ohrid is one of only 28 sites that are part of UNESCO's World Heritage that are Cultural as well as Natural sites.
Mijaks are an ethnographic group of Macedonians who live in the Lower Reka region which is also known as Mijačija, along the Radika river, in western North Macedonia, numbering 30,000-60,000 people. The Mijaks practise predominantly animal husbandry, and are known for their ecclesiastical architecture, woodworking, iconography, and other rich traditions, as well as their characteristic Galičnik dialect of Macedonian.
Vardar Macedonia, the area that now makes up North Macedonia, was part of the Ottoman Empire for over five hundred years, from the mid-14th century to 1912. However, the Ottomans themselves did not keep any "Macedonia" as an administrative unit. Instead Vardar Macedonia was part of the Ottoman province or Eyalet of Rumelia. The name Rumelia means "Land of the Romans" in Turkish, referring to the lands conquered by the Ottoman Turks from the Byzantine Empire.
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The Sanjak of Dibra, or the Sanjak of Debar, was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire. Its capital was Debar, Macedonia. Today, the western part of its territory belongs to Albania and the eastern part to North Macedonia.
The Sanjak of Elbasan was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire. Its county town was Elbasan in Albania.
The Sanjak of Avlona was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire which county town was Berat in Albania. It was established in 1466, after the construction of the Elbasan Castle of the territory that belonged to the preceding Ottoman sanjak, Sanjak of Albania.
This timeline lists important events relevant to the life of George Kastrioti Skanderbeg, widely known as Skanderbeg.
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Kuzman Kapidan or Kuzman Karamak or Kuzman voivode or Kuzman Kareman is a popular legendary hero of Bulgarian, and later of Macedonian epic poetry. His figure is based on the historical person who initially was a hajduk, then - serdar in service of Dželadin-bey, a governor of Ohrid kaza at the beginning of 19th century. He defeated the bands of the robbers Osman Mura and Dervish Mucha. According to some legends, he was poisoned by his enemies, and according to others he was killed in battle. His struggle against bandits was still alive among Macedonians in the 20th century, especially in Debar region, from where he operated and from where he allegedly descended. He is commemorated in numerous epic songs, including O Armatolos, an award-winning poem written by the 19th-century Bulgarian poet Grigor Parlichev.
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Skanderbeg's rebellion was an almost 25-year long anti-Ottoman rebellion led by the renegade Ottoman sanjakbey Skanderbeg in the territory which belonged to the Ottoman sanjaks of Albania, Dibra and Ohrid. The rebellion was the result of initial Christian victories in the Crusade of Varna in 1443. After Ottoman defeat in the Battle of Niš, Skanderbeg, then sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Debar, mistakenly believed that Christians would succeed in pushing the Ottomans out of Europe. Like many other regional Ottoman officials, he deserted the Ottoman army to raise rebellion in his sanjak of Dibra and the surrounding region. Initially, his plan was successful and soon large parts of the Sanjak of Dibra and north-east parts of the Sanjak of Albania were captured by the rebels who also fought against regular Ottoman forces in the Sanjak of Ohrid.
Gorno Orizari is a village in the municipality of Veles, North Macedonia.
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Crno Boci is a village in the municipality of Centar Župa, North Macedonia. Crno Boci, a former neighbourhood of the village of Balanci was elevated in the 1960s to the status of an independent village. The population density of the village is 6.4 km2.
Овој санџак исто така е еден од најстарите санџаци во Румелискиот беглербеглак
ОХРИДСКИ САНЏАК (Liva i Ohri): Овој санџак исто така е еден од најстарите санџаци во Румелискиот беглербеглак. Се смета дека бил создаден по загинувањето на крал Марко (1395),..
Poslije pogibije kralja Marka i Konstantina Dejanovića na Rovinama (1394) pretvorene su njihove oblasti u turske sandžake, Ćustelndilski i Ohridski.
На основу тога мислим да је у почетку постојао само један санџак, коме је прво средиште било у Битољу...
...Aydin beyi Cüneyd Bey H. 809 (= 1406) da Ohri'ye sancak beyi...
Balaban Aga, qui a accordé des timar à ses propres soldats dans la Basse- Dibra et dans la Çermeniça, ainsi qu'à son neveu à Mati, doit être ce même Balaban Aga, sancakbeyi d'Ohrid, connu pour ses batailles sanglantes contre Skanderbeg.
Tursun p. 125, cf Critoboulos, 147) emphasize Iskender's "breaking of faith" as the reason for the Ottoman operations against him from 868/1464 onwards. By permitting Venetian troops to garrison Kruje he created a real treat to the Ottoman forces in Albania. In 1464 and 1465 the neighbouring sanjak begis and especially the governor of Ohri, Balaban, launched the swift attacks
...states that Elbasan became a sandjak capital right after 1466 but the usually well informed Tursun Beg noted for 1466: "The sultan attached this fortress of Elbasan to the Sancak of Ohrid and returned to Edirne..."
...пописа (Tapu tahrir defterleri), извршени од страна на официјалните турски власти, првиот во 1467, а вториот во 1583 година. Пописите се вршени на територијата на целиот Охридски санџак,
едниот е од 1519 година ... Овај пописни дефтер је сумарен (icmal)
Ohrid: obuhvata kadiluke Ohrida, Dibra (Debar), Akčahisara, Mat
Ова е вториот, завршниот дел од Опширниот попис на Охридскиот санџак, извршен од официјалните турски власти во 1583 година. Во него се опфатени 13 нахии (околии) од три кази (окрузи)
во целиот Охридски санџак имало вкупно 22 нахии од кои 6 се во Македонија, а останатите 16 се во Албанија
Арбанаса, у македонским крајевима, изван арбанашког етничког масива са центрима у средњој Албанији, било је у нешто изразитијем броју у Охридском санџаку, и у Битољу као главном граду Румелијског вилајета.
У јесен 1794 године Махмуд-паша је потчинио елбасански и охридски санџак
Sultanovim hatt-i-serifom od 21.6.1836 ... Namjesništvo Rumelije ponovo je omeđeno ... apanaža sultanove majke (Valide) ili područje Ohrida.
deportation of the Archbishop of Ohrid, Dorotei, to Istanbul in 1466, to-gether with other clerks and bolyars who probably were expatriated be-cause of their anti Ottoman acts during the Skender-Bey’s rebellion.
At the same time or nearly in 1467 the citizens from Skopje, ...were expa-triated to the Albanian city of Konjuh (Elbasan), which was constructedas a fortress to help the fighting against Skender-Bey. ... these Christians from Skopje as Elbasan’s citizens appeared other families from Ohrid, Kastoria and Serres that were compulsorily moved into this city..
За да се зголеми безбедноста во постојано побунетиот Охридски санџак, на 25 јули 1571 година била покрената акција овој санџак да се подели на два.
1613. године наређено рушење новоизграђених цркава по селима у охридском санџаку