Sanjak of Ohrid

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Sanjak of Ohri
Sanxhaku i Ohrit
Ohri Sancağı
Охридски санџак
Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire
1395–1864
Capital Manastir, Ohri
History 
 Established
1395
 Establishment of the Monastir Vilayet
1864
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Coat of arms of Mrnjavcevic family (small).svg Lordship of Prilep
Sanjak of Monastir Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1453-1844).svg
Today part ofFlag of Albania.svg  Albania
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia

The Sanjak of Ohri (Turkish : Ohri Sancağı, Albanian : Sanxhaku i Ohrit, Bulgarian : Охридски санджак, Macedonian : Охридски санџак) was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire established in 1395. Part of it was located on the territory of the Lordship of Prilep, a realm in Macedonia ruled by the Ottoman vassal Prince Marko until his death in the Battle of Rovine.

Contents

Administrative division

When the Sanjak of Ohrid was established in 1395 it was a part of the Rumelia Eyalet and one of its earliest established sanjaks. [1] Before it became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1395 its initial territory belonged to the realm of Prince Marko. [2] [3] At the beginning its county town was Bitola and later it was Ohrid, thus, it has also been referred to in sources as Sanjak of Monastir (or Bitola). [4] This should not be confused with the later Sanjak of Monastir, established in 1826 from the eastern part of the Sanjak of Ohrid, and which later replaced the latter entirely in 1864.

The territory of the Sanjak of Ohrid changed over time.

In 1406 the sanjakbey of Ohrid was Junayd of Aydın. [5] In 1464 and 1465 the sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Ohrid was Ballaban Badera, famous for his battles against Skanderbeg, [6] [7] replacing Şeremet bey on that position. Although Halil Inalcik explains that the Sanjak of Elbasan was established as soon as the fortress of Elbasan has been constructed in 1466, based on Tursun Beg's records there is a possibility that Elbasan initially was part of the Sanjak of Ohrid. [8]

The official Ottoman censuses (Turkish : Tapu tahrir defterleri) were organized in 1467, 1519 (collective census) and 1583 on the territory of the Sanjak of Ohrid. [9] [10]

The census from the beginning of the 16th century registered that the Sanjak of Ohrid had the kazas (districts) of Ohrid, Debar, Akçahisar (Krujë) and Mat, and had 4 towns, 6 fortresses, 849 villages, 32,648 Christian families and 623 Muslim families. [11]

According to the census of 1583 Sanjak of Ohrid had three kazas with 13 nahiye. [12] After later expansion the Sanjak of Ohrid had 22 nahiyahs, 6 in the region of Macedonia and 16 in Albania. [13] There was substantial presence of ethnic Albanians in this sanjak. [14]

In autumn 1794 Kara Mahmud Bushati, who was Pasha of Scutari, gained control over the Sanjak of Ohrid. [15] During 1796-7 it was ruled by Muhtar Pasha, son of Ali Pasha. [16] From 1820 to 1831 the Sanjak of Ohrid was put under control of another pasha of the Pashalik of Scutari, Mustafa Reshit Pasha Bushati. [17]

The administrative division of the Rumelia Eyalet was reformed, based on the sultan's hatisherif of 21 June 1836, and the territories of its sanjaks were substantially changed while Sanjak of Ohrid became an arpalik of Valide Sultan. [18] Until 1864 it was part of the Monastir Eyalet, while the kaza of Krujë among others had been incorporated in the sanjak of Scutari during the. [19] [20] After the establishment of the Monastir Vilayet in 1864 the Sanjak of Ohrid ceased to exist and its territory was incorporated the Sanjak of Monastir (first established as sanjak, separate from the Sanjak of Ohrid, in 1826). [21] [22]

History

Dorotheos, the Archbishop of Ohrid and his clerks and boyars were expatriated to Istanbul in 1466 probably because of their anti-Ottoman activities during Skanderbeg's rebellion. [23] In 1467 many Christians from Skopje, Ohrid, Serres and Kastoria were forcibly deported to Elbasan, a new Ottoman fortress in Albania. [24]

Peasants of the Sanjak of Ohrid participated for ten years in the anti-Ottoman 1564 rebellion of the peasants from Mariovo and Prilep. [25] On 25 July 1571 it was proposed to divide Sanjak of Ohrid on two part, in order to increase public security in situation of constant rebellions in this sanjak. [26]

In 1613 Ottoman authorities ordered the destruction of all newly built Christian churches in the villages of the Sanjak of Ohrid. [27]

Evliya Çelebi (1611–1682) dedicated a whole chapter of his work Seyahatname to the Sanjak of Ohrid. [28]

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References

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