|Sanjak of Preveza|
Ottoman Turkish: Liva-i Preveze
|Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire|
1907 Ottoman map of the Vilayet of Ioannina, with the Sanjak of Preveza in the bottom
• Establishment of Preveza Prefecture
|Today part of||Greece|
The Sanjak of Preveza (Ottoman Turkish : Liva-i Preveze, Greek : Σαντζάκι Πρεβέζης) was a second-level Ottoman province ( sanjak or liva ) centred on the town of Preveze (Preveza) in southern Epirus, now part of Greece.
Preveza had been a Venetian possession until 1797, as part of the Venetian Ionian Islands, when it was occupied by the French. Ali Pasha of Ioannina conquered the town in 1798, and made it part of his semi-autonomous domain until his fall in 1820.
Preveza remained part of the sanjak of Ioannina thereafter. It appears for the first time in the salname (provincial year-book) of 1863 as a separate sanjak of the Ioannina Eyalet, although in the next year it is recorded as a province of Tirhala. By 1867, joined with the sanjak of Narda (Arta), the new Sanjak of Preveze became part of Ioannina Vilayet. The region of Arta was ceded to Greece in 1881, and the remaining province survived until conquered by the Greek Army during the First Balkan War of 1912–1913.
In 1912, it comprised two kazas (districts), those of Preveza itself and of Louros.The Greek army occupied the area during the First Balkan War, but the administration and local officials were kept in place for a time, until the creation of the Preveza Prefecture by Royal Decree of 3/16 March 1915. The kazas were termed "sub-governorates" (υποδιοικήσεις), under governmental commissioners (διοικητικοί επίτροποι) nominated by the Governor-General of Epirus in Ioannina. The kaza of Margariti was merged with the kaza of Preveza during that time.
Epirus is a geographical and historical region in southeastern Europe, now shared between Greece and Albania. It lies between the Pindus Mountains and the Ionian Sea, stretching from the Bay of Vlorë and the Acroceraunian Mountains in the north to the Ambracian Gulf and the ruined Roman city of Nicopolis in the south. It is currently divided between the region of Epirus in northwestern Greece and the counties of Gjirokastër, Vlorë, and Berat in southern Albania. The largest city in Epirus is Ioannina, seat of the region of Epirus, with Gjirokastër the largest city in the Albanian part of Epirus.
Preveza is a city in the region of Epirus, northwestern Greece, located on the northern peninsula at the mouth of the Ambracian Gulf. It is the capital of the regional unit of Preveza, which is part of the region of Epirus. The Aktio-Preveza Immersed Tunnel – the first and so far only undersea tunnel in Greece – was completed in 2002 and connects Preveza in the north to Aktio in western Acarnania in Aetolia-Acarnania south of the mouth of the Ambracian Gulf. The ruins of the ancient city of Nicopolis lie 7 kilometres north of the city.
Chameria is a term used today mostly by Albanians for parts of the coastal region of Epirus in southern Albania and the historical Greek region of Epirus, traditionally associated with an Albanian speaking population called Chams. For a brief period (1909-1912), three kazas were combined by the Ottomans into an administrative district called Çamlak sancak. Apart from geographical usages, in contemporary times within Albania the toponym has also acquired irredentist connotations. During the interwar period, the toponym was in common use and the official name of the area above the Acheron river in all Greek state documents. Today it is obsolete in Greek, surviving in some old folk songs. Most of what is called Chameria is divided between parts of the Greek regional units of Thesprotia, Preveza, and Ioannina ; and the municipality of Konispol at the southernmost extremity of Albania. As the wider Greek toponyms Epirus has existed since antiquity and the narrower Thesprotia also reflects an ancient name, and given the negative sentiments towards Albanian irredentism, the term is not used by the locals on the Greek side of the border.
The Vilayet of Manastir was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, created in 1874, dissolved in 1877 and re-established in 1879. The vilayet was occupied during the First Balkan War in 1912 and divided between the Kingdom of Greece and the Kingdom of Serbia, with some parts later becoming part of the newly established Principality of Albania.
Vardar Macedonia, the area that now makes up North Macedonia, was part of the Ottoman Empire for over five hundred years, from the mid-14th century to 1912. However, the Ottomans themselves did not keep any "Macedonia" as an administrative unit. Instead Vardar Macedonia was part of the Ottoman province or Eyalet of Rumelia. The name Rumelia means "Land of the Romans" in Turkish, referring to the lands conquered by the Ottoman Turks from the Byzantine Empire.
The Vilayet of Janina, Yanya or Ioannina was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, established in 1867. In the late 19th century, it reportedly had an area of 18,320 square kilometres (7,070 sq mi). It was created by merging the Pashalik of Yanina and the Pashalik of Berat with the sanjaks of Janina, Berat, Ergiri, Preveze, Tırhala and Kesriye. Kesriye was later demoted to kaza and bounded to Monastir Vilayet and Tırhala was given to Greece in 1881.
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