Sanjak of Salonica

Last updated
Sanjak of Selanik
Liva-i Selanik/Sancak-i Selanik(ota)
Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire
1430–1912
Salonica Vilayet -- Memalik-i Mahruse-i Shahane-ye Mahsus Mukemmel ve Mufassal Atlas (1907).jpg
1907 Ottoman map of the Salonica Vilayet, including the Sanjak of Salonica in the left
Capital Thessalonica (Selanik)
History 
1430
1912
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice.svg Republic of Venice
Thessaloniki Prefecture Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg
Vardar Macedonia State Flag of Serbia (1882-1918).svg
Today part ofFlag of Greece.svg  Greece
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia

The Sanjak of Salonica or Selanik (Ottoman Turkish: Sancak-i/Liva-i Selanik; Greek : λιβάς/σαντζάκι Θεσσαλονίκης) was a second-level Ottoman province ( sanjak or liva ) encompassing the environs of the city of Thessalonica (Salonica, Turkish Selanik) and the Chalcidice peninsula.

History

After its final conquest from the Republic of Venice, Thessalonica became a sanjak centre within the Rumeli Eyalet, encompassing central Macedonia between the Vardar and Aliakmon rivers, as well as the Chalcidice peninsula. [1]

By 1846, as part of the Tanzimat reforms, Thessalonica became the centre of a separate eyalet (Salonica Eyalet, after 1867 Salonica Vilayet), and hence the sanjak became the new province's pasha-sanjak. [1] [2]

In 1912, the sanjak comprised the following districts ( kazas ): Selanik proper, Kesendire (Kassandra Peninsula), Karaferye (Veroia), Yenice Vardar (Giannitsa), Vodina (Edessa), Langaza (Langadas), Gevgelü (Gevgelija), Avret Hişar (Neo Gynaikokastro), Toyran (Star Dojran), Ustrumca (Strumica), Tikoş/Kavadar (Kavadarci), Katerin (Katerini), Aynaroz (Mount Athos) and Karaağaabad. [2] Most of the sanjak was captured by Greece in October 1912, during the First Balkan War, while the northern portions fell to Serbia and are now part of North Macedonia.

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References

  1. 1 2 Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches[The Provinces of the Ottoman Empire]. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, 13 (in German). Reichert. p. 58. ISBN   3-920153-56-1.
  2. 1 2 Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches[The Provinces of the Ottoman Empire]. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, 13 (in German). Reichert. p. 76. ISBN   3-920153-56-1.