|Sanjak of Sofia|
|sanjak of the Ottoman Empire|
• Treaty of Berlin (1878)
|13 July 1878|
|Today part of||Bulgaria|
The Sanjak of Sofia (Turkish : Sofia Sancağı, Bulgarian : Софийски санджак) was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire which county town was Sofia. It was founded in 1393 and disestablished after the creation of the Principality of Bulgaria in 1878.
The Sanjak of Sofia was established around 1393.Initially it had two nahiyahs: Znepolje and Visok. Its first sanjakbey was Ince Balaban, also referred to as 'the conqueror of Sofia'. One of its sanjakbeys was Malkoçoğlu Ali Bey, a member of the Malkoçoğlu family, who died in 1514.
Soon after the establishment of the sanjak, Sofia became the seat of the Rumelia Eyalet. : Paşa Sancağı), or the main sanjak of the Elayet.Although the beglerbegs of Rumelia in early periods sometimes stayed in Bitola, Sofia remained the seat and center of the Rumelia Eyalet. Since it was a seat of the Rumelian beglerbey, the Sanjak of Sofia had a status of Pasha Sanjak (Turkish
The Sanjak of Sofia and its 50 timars were registered for tax purposes in 1446 and 1455, and also in 1488/1489 and 1491.In the 1520s around 6.1% of the total population (25,910) of the Sanjak of Sofia were Muslims. At the end of the 16th and beginning of the 17th century Niš belonged to the Sanjak of Sofia.
At the end of the 18th century it was under frequent attacks by Osman Pazvantoglu.In the period 1846-1864 the Sanjak of Sofia belonged to the Niš Eyalet while from 1864 to 1878 it belonged to the Danube Vilayet. At that time it had the following kazas: Sofia, Kyustendil, Samokov, Dupnica, Radomir, Zlatica, Orhanie and Džumaja.
After the decisions of the Berlin Congress were signed on 13 July 1878, the Sanjak of Sofia was merged with Northern Bulgaria into the Principality of Bulgaria, a de facto independent vassal of the Ottoman Empire, except for the kaza of Džumaja (also called Cuma-i Bala), which was passed to the newly founded Sanjak of Gümülcine.
Ferhad Pasha Sokolović was an Ottoman general and statesman from Bosnia. He was the last sanjak-bey of Bosnia and first beylerbey of Bosnia.
The Sanjak of Novi Pazar was an Ottoman sanjak that was created in 1865. It was reorganized in 1880 and 1902. The Ottoman rule in the region lasted until the First Balkan War (1912). The Sanjak of Novi Pazar included territories of present-day northeastern Montenegro and southwestern Serbia, also including some northern parts of Kosovo. The region is known as Raška, and also called Sandžak.
The Sanjak of Herzegovina was an Ottoman administrative unit established in 1470. The seat was in Foča until 1572 when it was moved to Taşlıca (Pljevlja). The sanjak was initially part of the Eyalet of Rumelia but was administrated into the Eyalet of Bosnia following its establishment in 1580.
Sinan-paša Sijerčić was an Ottoman Pasha (general) from the Bosnia Eyalet, who governed the area of Goražde and its surroundings, and also Pljevlja as mütesellim. He died while commanding the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Mišar against Serbian revolutionaries in mid-August 1806, being slain by Luka Lazarević. He descended from a Bosnian Christian family, the Šijernić. He helped reconstruct the Serbian Orthodox Herzog's Church in Goražde, where his grandfather Radoslav had been buried.
The Ottoman conquest of Bosnia and Herzegovina was a process that started roughly in 1386, when the first Ottoman attacks on the Kingdom of Bosnia took place. In 1451, more than 65 years after its initial attacks, the Ottoman Empire officially established the Bosansko Krajište, an interim borderland military administrative unit, an Ottoman frontier, in parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 1463, the Kingdom fell to the Ottomans, and this territory came under its firm control. Herzegovina gradually fell to the Ottomans by 1482. It took another century for the western parts of today's Bosnia to succumb to Ottoman attacks, ending with the capture of Bihać in 1592.
The Eyalet of Bosnia, was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire, mostly based on the territory of the present-day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Prior to the Great Turkish War, it had also included most of Slavonia, Lika, and Dalmatia in present-day Croatia. Its reported area in 1853 was 52,530 square kilometres (20,281 sq mi).
Sanjak of Bosnia was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire established in 1463 when the lands conquered from the Bosnian Kingdom were transformed into a sanjak and Isa-Beg Isaković was appointed its first sanjakbey. In the period between 1463 and 1580 it was part of the Rumelia Eyalet. After the Bosnia Eyalet was established in 1580 the Bosnian Sanjak became its central province. Between 1864 and the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia in 1878 it was part of the Bosnia Vilayet that succeeded the Eyalet of Bosnia following administrative reforms in 1864 known as the "Vilayet Law". Although Bosnia Vilayet was officially still part of the Ottoman Empire until 1908 the Bosnian Sanjak ceased to exist in 1878.
The Eyalet of Rumeli or Rumelia, also known as the Beylerbeylik of Rumeli, was a first-level province of the Ottoman Empire encompassing most of the Balkans ("Rumelia"). For most of its history it was the largest and most important province of the Empire, containing key cities such as Edirne, Yanina (Ioannina), Sofia, Manastır/Monastir (Bitola), Üsküp (Skopje), and the major seaport of Selanik/Salonica (Thessaloniki).
The Sanjak of Üsküp was one of the sanjaks in the Ottoman Empire, with Üsküb as its administrative centre.
The Sanjak of İpek or Sanjak of Dukakin was a sanjak with its capital in İpek (Peja), now in Kosovo.
The Sanjak of Delvina was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire which county town was Delvinë but during the 18th century became Gjirokastër, Albania. It was created in the middle of 16th century and disestablished after the Balkan Wars in 1913. Its territory was divided among newly established short lived states: the Principality of Albania and Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus.
The Sanjak of Pojega was an administrative territorial entity of the Ottoman Empire formed around 1538. It existed until the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699), when the region was transferred to the Habsburg Monarchy. It was located in present-day eastern Croatia, in the Slavonia region. The capital of the sanjak was Pojega.
The Sanjak of Ohri was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire established in 1395. Part of it was located on the territory of the Lordship of Prilep, a realm in Macedonia ruled by the Ottoman vassal Prince Marko until his death in the Battle of Rovine.
The Sanjak of Vučitrn, also known as the Pristina Pashaluk, was a sanjak of the Ottoman Empire in Rumelia, in present-day Kosovo. It was named after its administrative center Vučitrn.
The Sanjak of Kruševac or the Sanjak of Alaca Hisar was one of the sanjaks in the Ottoman Empire with Alaca Hisar as its administrative centre. Its Turkish name Alaca Hisar means a colorful town.
The Sanjak of Vidin or the Vidin Sanjak was a sanjak in the Ottoman Empire, with Vidin as its administrative centre. It was established after the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396 out of the territories of the Tsardom of Vidin and in mid 15th century annexed some territories that belonged to the Serbian Despotate before Ottomans captured it.
Hadım Şehabeddin Paşa, also called Kula Şahin Paşa, was an Ottoman general and governor that served Sultan Mehmed II. Brought to the Ottoman court at a young age, Şehabeddin started as a court eunuch (hadım), then advanced to become Kapi Agha, a close advisor to the Sultan, before being appointed governor (sanjakbey) in Albania, and then at the height of his career, provincial governor (beylerbey) of Rumelia (1439–42). Şehabeddin was known as ardent supporter of the expansionist policy of Ottoman Empire. He commanded the Ottoman forces that captured Novo Brdo in 1441. After his forces were heavily defeated in a battle with forces of Janos Hunyadi in September 1442, he was dismissed from the position of beylerbey. After 1444 he was again briefly appointed to the position of beylerbey of Rumelia. Şehabeddin died in 1453 in Bursa.
The Sanjak of Klis was a sanjak of the Ottoman Empire which seat was in the Fortress of Klis in Klis till capture by Republic of Venice in 1648, latterly in Livno between 1648-1699.
Sanjak of Krka was a frontier sanjak (serhad) of the Ottoman Empire.
The Sanjak of Pakrac or Sanjak of Čazma or Sanjak of Cernica was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire whose capital was first Zaçasna and then Pakrac and Cernik in Ottoman Slavonia. It was established after the Ottomans captured Slavonia in the mid 16th century.
Санџак Софија Овај је санџак основан око г. 1393.
Ту је врло рано пренесено сједиште румелиског ејалета
u Paša-sandžaku (Sofijski sandžak)
Točno je međutim, da je Paša sandžak Sofijski Sandžak. Sofija je bila sjedište rumelijskoga beglerbega kome su kao paši bila direktno podvrgnuta 52 kadiluka sofijskoga i raznih drugih susjednih sandžaka i sačinjavali tzv. Pašovski sandžak.
For instance, in the sancak of Sofia, out of 25,910 hearths, 24,341 belonged to the Christians, i.e. 94% and 1,569 or 6% to the Muslims.
Крајем XVI и у првој половини XVII века, кадилук Ниш припадао је Софијском санцаку
By the end of the eighteenth century the over-mighty vassal Ali Pasha had extended his power over Albania and parts of Macedonia and Greece, while another pasha, Pasvanoglou, held sway in and around the sanjak of Sofia
Sanjak Sofia (the town of Sofia and kaazi: Kjustendil, Samokov, Dupnica, Radomir, Zlatica, Orhanie and Dzumaja)
In accordance with the decision of the Berlin Congress adopted on July 1, 1878 the Bulgarian Principality, comprising the territories of northern Bulgaria and the sanjak of Sofia, was to be a dependency of the Ottoman Empire.