Sanjak of Vize

Last updated
Sanjak of Vize
Ottoman Turkish: Liva-i Vize
Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire
ca. 1470–ca. 1920
Osmanli-nisani.svg
Coat of arms
Capital Vize (until 1849); Tekfürtaği
History 
 Ottoman conquest
ca. 1470
 Disestablished
ca. 1920
Today part ofFlag of Turkey.svg  Turkey

The Sanjak of Vize (Ottoman Turkish: Sancak-i/Liva-i Vize) was a second-level Ottoman province ( sanjak or liva ) encompassing the region of Vize in Eastern Thrace. After 1849 its seat was moved to Tekfürtaği, and until its end ca. 1920 the province was known as the Sanjak of Tekfürtaği.

Contents

History

The town of Vize (Greek Bizye) was part of the remnants of the Byzantine Empire, which fell with the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453.

The town became the seat of a sanjak as part of the Rumelia Eyalet in the last third of the 15th century. [1] By the mid-17th century, it had come under the Özü Eyalet, after 1812 to the Silistra Eyalet, [2] and by 1846 to the Edirne Eyalet. [3] It was renamed into Sanjak of Tekfürtaği in 1849, after the new capital, Tekfürtaği (mod. Tekirdağ). Vize itself was detached in 1879 and came under the Sanjak of Kırk Kilise. [4] In 1912, the sanjak of Tekfürtaği encompassed the kazas (districts) of Tekfürtaği proper, Malkara, Çorlu, and Hayrabolu. [4] In 1920, the area, along with the entirety of Eastern Thrace, was occupied by the Greek Army, who held it until they withdrew in October 1922 following the Armistice of Mudanya. After 1923 the town of Tekirdağ became the capital of the Tekirdağ Province in the Republic of Turkey.

Related Research Articles

Eyalet of Adrianople Ottoman province

The Eyalet of Adrianople or Edirne or Çirmen was constituted from parts of the eyalets of Silistra and Rumelia in 1826.

Rumelia Eyalet Ottoman province

The Eyalet of Rumeli or Rumelia, also known as the Beylerbeylik of Rumeli, was a first-level province of the Ottoman Empire encompassing most of the Balkans ("Rumelia"). For most of its history it was the largest and most important province of the Empire, containing key cities such as Edirne, Yanina (Ioannina), Sofia, Manastır/Monastir (Bitola), Üsküp (Skopje), and the major seaport of Selanik/Salonica (Thessaloniki).

Morea Eyalet Ottoman province

The Eyalet of the Morea was a first-level province (eyalet) of the Ottoman Empire, centred on the Peloponnese peninsula in southern Greece.

Sanjak of Dedeağaç

The Sanjak of Dedeağaç, originally in 1878–1884 the Sanjak of Dimetoka, was a second-level province (sanjak) of the Ottoman Empire in Thrace, forming part of the Adrianople Vilayet. Its capital was Dedeağaç, modern Alexandroupoli in Greece.

Sanjak of Inebahti

The Sanjak of Inebahti or Aynabahti was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the central parts of Continental Greece. Its name derives from its capital, Inebahti/Aynabahti, the Turkish name for Naupaktos, better known in English with its Italian name, Lepanto.

Sanjak of Tirhala

The Sanjak of Tirhala or Trikala was second-level Ottoman province encompassing the region of Thessaly. Its name derives from the Turkish version of the name of the town of Trikala. It was established after the conquest of Thessaly by the Ottomans led by Turahan Bey, a process which began at the end of the 14th century and ended in the mid-15th century.

The Sanjak of Sakız or Chios was a second-level Ottoman province centred on the eastern Aegean island of Chios. Its Turkish name, Sakız, derived from the island's most distinctive product, gum mastic.

Sanjak of Preveza

The Sanjak of Preveza was a second-level Ottoman province centred on the town of Preveze (Preveza) in southern Epirus, now part of Greece.

The Sanjak of Rodos or Rhodes was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the Dodecanese or Southern Sporades islands, with Rhodes as its centre.

Sanjak of Gelibolu Second-level Ottoman province

The Sanjak of Gelibolu or Gallipoli was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the Gallipoli Peninsula and a portion of southern Thrace. Gelibolu was the first Ottoman province in Europe, and for over a century the main base of the Ottoman Navy. Thereafter, and until the 18th century, it served as the seat of the Kapudan Pasha and capital of the Eyalet of the Archipelago.

The Sanjak of Çirmen or Chirmen was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the region of Çirmen (mod. Ormenio in Thrace. It was succeeded in 1829 by the Sanjak of Edirne.

Sanjak of Salonica

The Sanjak of Salonica or Selanik was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the environs of the city of Thessalonica and the Chalcidice peninsula.

The Sanjak of Nakşa Berre or Naxos was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the central and southern Cyclades islands, and named after the two largest islands of Naxos and Paros. The sanjak encompassed the territory of the former Duchy of Naxos, which had been tributary to the Ottomans since 1537, but was not formally incorporated into the Empire until after 1579, when the last Duke, Joseph Nasi, died. The sanjak formed part of the Eyalet of the Archipelago at least by 1600, but is no longer attested after the late 18th century. Aside from the sanjakbey at Naxos, two other beys, at Milos and Santorini, are recorded in 1629. With the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence in 1821, the islands came under Greek control.

The Sanjak of Kavala was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the region around the port town of Kavala in eastern Macedonia.

Sanjak of Drama

The Sanjak of Drama was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the region around the town of Drama in eastern Macedonia.

Sanjak of Siroz Administrative division of the Ottoman Empire

The Sanjak of Siroz or Serres was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the region around the town of Serres in central Macedonia.

The Sanjak of Ankara was a second-level province (sanjak) of the Ottoman Empire.

Sanjak of Biga

The Sanjak of Biga was a second-level Ottoman province, roughly corresponding to the modern Çanakkale Province of Turkey.

Sanjak of Kocaeli

The Sanjak of Kocaeli was a second-level Ottoman province with capital at Iznikmid/Izmid.

The Sanjak of Suğla was a second-level Ottoman province encompassing the region around Smyrna and to its south, around Söke.

References

  1. Birken (1976), p. 59
  2. Birken (1976), pp. 59, 85, 88
  3. Birken (1976), p. 85
  4. 1 2 Birken (1976), p. 100

Sources