Harihar Jethalal Jariwala
9 July 1938
|Died||6 November 1985 47) (aged|
Sanjeev Kumar (born Harihar Jethalal Jariwala;9 July 1938 – 6 November 1985 ) was an Indian film actor. He won several major awards including two National Film Awards for Best Actor for his performances in the movies Dastak (1970) and Koshish (1972). He acted in genres ranging from romantic dramas to thrillers. Kumar did not mind playing roles that were non-glamorous, such as characters well beyond his age. Movies such as Arjun Pandit , Sholay and Trishul , along with the remakes of Tamil films into Hindi such as Khilona , Yehi Hai Zindagi , Naya Din Nai Raat , Devata , Itni Si Baat and Ram Tere Kitne Naam exemplify his talents. He also did suspense-thriller films such as Qatl , Shikar , Uljhan and Trishna . Kumar also proved his ability to do comedy in films such as Manchali , Pati Patni Aur Woh , Angoor , Biwi-O-Biwi and Hero . He is well remembered for his versatility and genuine portrayal of his characters. His double role in the film Angoor was listed among the 25 best acting performances of Indian cinema by Forbes India on the occasion of celebrating 100 years of Indian Cinema.
Sanjeev Kumar was born as Harihar Jethalal Jariwala (also referred to as Haribhai)on 9 July 1938 in Surat to a Gujarati family and came to Mumbai when he was very young. A stunt in a film school led him to Bollywood, where he eventually became an accomplished actor. He is widely acclaimed by the critics and general public alike to be one of the all time greatest actors that Indian Cinema has ever produced. Kumar had two younger brothers and one sister.
Kumar started his acting career as a stage actor, starting with IPTA in Bombay and later joining the Indian National Theatre.Even as a stage actor, he had a penchant for playing older roles; at age 22, he played an old man in an adaptation of Arthur Miller's All My Sons . In the following year, in the play Damru directed by AK Hangal, he again played the role of a 60-year-old with six children.
He made his film debut with a small role in Hum Hindustani in 1960. His first film as a protagonist was in Nishan (1965). In 1968, he acted alongside the famous actor of that time, Dilip Kumar, in Sangharsh. He also starred opposite Shammi Kapoor and Sadhana in the superhit film Sachaai (1969).
He starred in the 1966 Gujarati film Kalapi , which was based on the poet Kalapi's life, with him playing the titular role, Padmarani playing the role of his wife, Rama, and Aruna Irani as the love interest. The film was directed by Manhar Raskapur.Later Aruna Irani was paired opposite Sanjeev in another Gujarati film, Mare Javun Pele Par (1968).
In 1970, the movie Khilona , which was the remake of gujarati film mare javu pele paar 1968, brought Kumar national recognition. In 1972, he played in an Indo-Iranian film, Subah aur Shaam . This was when the director Gulzar first spotted him. Later he cast Kumar in the roles of older men in 4 films Parichay , Koshish (1973), Aandhi (1975) and Mausam (1975). Gulzar cast Kumar in role of young man in the films Angoor (1981) and Namkeen (1982). Kumar won the BFJA Awards for Best Actor (Hindi) for his exemplary portrayal of a deaf and mute person in Koshish , in which the female lead was played by Jaya Bhaduri, who acted as his deaf and mute wife and was herself nominated for Best Actor award by Filmfare for the same role. He went on to star in the box office hits Seeta Aur Geeta (1972), Manchali (1973) and Aap Ki Kasam (1974). In 1973, he made a guest appearance during a song in a Tamil movie, Bharatha Vilas (1973). He performed in nine movies directed by Gulzar. Hrishikesh Mukherjee directed him in Arjun Pandit , for which he won the Filmfare Best Actor Award.
He did three films opposite famous Tamil actress L. Vijayalakshmi, including Husn Aur Ishq and Badal which became hits. Their first film was Alibaba Aur 40 Chor which was unsuccessful. His Raja Aur Runk , released in 1968, was a great success. He did Kangan , Rivaaz , Zindagi , Beraham , Archana and Do Ladkiyan opposite Mala Sinha. He did Priya , Anubhav , Gustaaki Maaf , Bachpan and Khud-Daar with Tanuja. He was paired with Rakhee in Angaare , Paras , Trishna , Shriman Shrimati and Hamare Tumhare . His hits with Leena Chandavarkar included Apne Rang Hazar , Manchali and Anhonee . He was paired regularly with Sulakshana Pandit in films such as Uljhan and Waqt Ki Deewar and with Moushmi Chatterjee in Itni Si Baat and Daasi .
The producers and directors of the South wanted to remake their Tamil and Telugu films in Hindi with either Kumar or Rajesh Khanna in lead. It was these Hindi film remakes which elevated him to a great actor. The film Khilona and its Tamil version Engirundho Vandhaal were made simultaneously. Navarathri was remade as Naya Din Nai Raat . Kumar reprised the role played by Thengai Srinivasan in Yehi Hai Zindagi which was a remake of Kaliyuga Kannan . He starred as the lead in the film Shaandaar in 1974 which was a remake of Kasturi Nivasa which had Kannada actor Dr. Rajkumar in the lead. He enacted the role played by AVM Rajan in Anadhai Aanandhan , in its Hindi version Chanda Aur Bijli in 1970. Gnana Oli was remade as Devata in 1976 with he reprising the role originally paid by Sivaji Ganesan. He also acted in the Telugu remake of Swargam Narakam , as Swarg Narak (1978). Though the film Suraag was a hit, during the mid-1980s, Northern Indian producers and directors cast Sanjeev Kumar primarily in supporting roles in films like Khudaar, Sawaal, Zabardast, Hero, and Silsila. However southern Indian directors cast him in lead roles even in the period 1980 to 1985. He played the role which N.T. Rama Rao did originally in Devina Chesina Manushulu , in its Hindi version Takkar in 1980. Tayaramma Bangarayya was remade as Shriman Shrimati in 1982, Raman Ethanai Ramanadi was remade as Raam Kitne Tere Naam in 1985. Kumar reprised the role played by R.Muthuraman in Alukuoru Aasai in its Hindi remake Itni Si Baat in 1981. Sivaji Ganesan gave Kumar a role in his own home production Gauri (1968), which was a remake of Shanti (1965). The role played by S.S. Rajendran in Shanti was re-enacted by Kumar in Gauri.
Sanjeev Kumar's excellent comic timing entertained audiences in films such as Seeta Aur Geeta , Biwi O Biwi (1981),Pati, Patni Aur Woh , Angoor (1982) and Hero (1983).
His performances in films such as Charitraheen, Angaare, Grihapravesh, Chehre Pe Chehra, Sawaal and Yaadgaar, though they became-box office flops, were appreciated by critics and during their subsequent screening on television. Kumar always demonstrated a willingness to take on unconventional roles that challenged him as an actor. His role as Mirza Sajjad Ali,a chess-obsessed Lucknowi (citizen of Lucknow), in Satyajit Ray's classic Shatranj Ke Khilari (1977) exemplified that aspect. Perhaps his best-remembered roles were in the blockbuster films Sholay (1975) and Trishul (1978). His portrayal of the character Thakur, from Sholay , released in August 1975, was one of his stellar performances. In Naya Din Nayi Raat (1974), Sanjeev Kumar reprised the nine-role epic performance by Sivaji Ganesan in Navarathri (Tamil; 1964), which was also previously reprised by Akkineni Nageswara Rao in Navarathri (Telugu; 1966). This film enhanced his status and reputation as a serious player in Bollywood. He stood his ground against leading superstars such as Rajesh Khanna in Bandhan and Aap Ki Kasam; Amitabh Bachchan and Shashi Kapoor in the Yash Chopra multi-star cast film Trishul (1978) and Dilip kumar in the film 'Sangharsh' and Vidhaata (1982).
He has done many regional films in different languages including Marathi, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Sindhi and his mother tongue Gujarati. In 1980, he starred in the Punjabi movie Fauji Chacha.He made guest appearances in two Tamil films, Bharata Vilas and Uyarndhavargal (a remake of Koshish).
Kumar remained single all his life. He had proposed to Hema Malini in 1973 and they remained in touch even after he suffered his first heart attack in 1976. Later an actress Sulakshana Pandit started liking him and proposed for marriage, but both of them remained unmarried.Kumar refused to marry her, as a result of which Sulakshana vowed to never marry anyone.
His closest friends from the film industry were Rajesh Khanna, Hema Malini, Shashi Kapoor, Sharmila Tagore, Tanuja, Deven Varma, Sivaji Ganesan and B. Nagi Reddy. Among his juniors he was a very good friend of actor, producer, and director Sachin Pilgaonkar and actor Sarika.
After his first heart attack, he underwent a bypass in the US. However, on 6 November 1985, at the age of 47, he suffered a massive heart attack, which resulted in his death. His younger brother Nikul died before him, while his other brother Kishore died six months later.Although he was an actor who had played many elderly roles, he died before he reached 50 years of age.
More than ten movies starring Sanjeev Kumar were released after his death, with the last one, Professor Ki Padosan , released in 1993. At the time of his death, only about three-fourths of this movie was complete, and it was eventually decided to alter the story line in the second half to explain the absence of Kumar's character.
Sanjeev Kumar was nominated for 14 Filmfare Awards,thrice as Best Supporting Actor and the remaining as Best Actor. He won the awards twice as Best Actor and once as Best Supporting Actor, as shown below.
A road has been named after him in Surat, Gujarat as Sanjeev Kumar Marg, which was inaugurated by Sunil Dutt.
A school has been named after him in his home town Surat, Gujarat, and was inaugurated by the then Mayor Kadir K Pirzada.
A postage stamp bearing his likeness was released by India Post to honour him on 3 May 2013.
An auditorium was opened in his home town Surat by the Gujarat State at the cost of 108cr, named Sanjeev Kumar Auditorium, which was inaugurated on 14 February 2014 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi who was then the CM of Gujarat.
The Sanjeev Kumar Foundationis a national level development organisation (NGO) directly benefiting children and their families every year, mainly focusing on education, healthcare, environment, culture and nutrition. From 2015 onwards the foundation has also been the sponsor of the annual Sanjeev Kumar Drama Competition held by the Surat Municipal Corporation. The awards and cash prizes are given in memory of Sanjeev Kumar to the best actor, actress, director and backstage technician every year.
Sanjeev Kumar Academy of Arts & Performance (SKAAP) has tied up with Surat Municipal Corporation Gujarat. They have started the academy for visual arts and performance in an area of approximately 70,000 square feet, giving a chance for students to learn and develop their skills, the deserving students will be given scholarship. In the near future they will be tying up with international academy's for student exchange program.
The Filmfare Best Comedian Award was given by Filmfare as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films, to recognise an actor who had delivered an outstanding performance in a comic role.
Mumtaz Askari Madhvani is a retired Indian actress. Primarily known for her work in Hindi films, she is the recipient of a Filmfare Award, and the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award, for her contributions to Hindi cinema.
Angoor (transl. Grape) is a 1982 Indian Hindi-language comedy film starring Sanjeev Kumar and Deven Verma in dual roles, and directed by Gulzar. It is a remake of the Indian film Do Dooni Char which was a remake of 1963 Bengali language comedy film Bhrantibilas, that is based on Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar's Bengali novel by the same name, which itself is based on Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors and is again getting adapted by Rohit Shetty as Cirkus. All characters are innocent and destiny plays the main role in bringing all characters to one place. Most of the other films are generally based on false characters and deliberately make false statements to fool others.
Manoj Kumar, also known as Bharat Kumar, is an Indian actor and film director in Bollywood. He is remembered for his versatile performances in films like Hariyali Aur Raasta, Woh Kaun Thi?, Himalay Ki God Mein, Do Badan, Upkar, Patthar Ke Sanam, Neel Kamal, Purab Aur Paschim, Beimaan, Roti Kapda Aur Makaan, Dus Numbri, Shor, Sanyasi, and Kranti. He is known for acting in and directing films with patriotic themes.
Bindu Nanubhai Desai, better known mononymously as Bindu, is an Indian actress who was popular in the 1970s. She has acted in over 160 movies in a career that spanned four decades, receiving seven Filmfare award nominations. She is most remembered for her role in as Shabnam in Kati Patang (1970) and for her films opposite Prem Chopra.
Aruna Irani is an Indian actress, who has acted in over 500 films throughout Hindi, Kannada, Marathi and Gujarati cinema, playing mostly supporting and character roles. She has won two Filmfare Awards for Best Supporting Actress, for Pet Pyaar Aur Paap (1985) and Beta (1993), and has been nominated for a total of ten awards, holding a record for the most nominations in the category. In January 2012, Irani was honoured with the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award at the 57th Filmfare Awards.
Govardhan Asrani popularly known simply as Asrani, is an Indian actor and director whose Bollywood career has spanned five decades. He has acted in over 350 Hindi films. Asrani has played the lead hero, character roles, comedic roles and supporting roles. He is best known for his role in Sholay as a jailer.
Randhir Raj Kapoor is an Indian actor, film producer and film director who worked in Hindi cinema. He was an established actor of the 1970s and received two Filmfare Award nominations. However, his career declined in the early 1980s, following which he rarely appeared in films.
Seeta aur Geeta is a 1972 Indian Hindi-language comedy-drama film, written by Salim–Javed and directed by Ramesh Sippy. It stars Hema Malini, Dharmendra and Sanjeev Kumar in leading roles, and features music composed by R.D. Burman.
Moushumi Chatterjee is an Indian actress who is recognised for her work in Hindi as well as Bengali cinema. She was the sixth highest paid actress in Hindi films during the 1970s. She joined the Bharatiya Janata Party on 2 January 2019.
Mausam (transl. Season) is a 1975 Indian Hindi-language musical romance film starring Sanjeev Kumar and Sharmila Tagore, and directed by Gulzar. It is loosely based on the 1961 novel, The Judas Tree, by A.J. Cronin. Sharmila Tagore for her acting received The Silver Lotus Award at the 23rd National Film Festival and the movie was honoured by presenting an award for 2nd Best Feature Film. The movie received two of eight nominations at the 24th Filmfare Awards. The film also won many other accolades as well.
Khilona (transl. Toy) is a 1970 Indian Hindi-language drama film, produced by L.V. Prasad under the Prasad Productions Pvt. Ltd. banner and directed by Chander Vohra. It stars Sanjeev Kumar, Mumtaz, Jeetendra in lead roles and music composed by Laxmikant–Pyarelal. The film is recorded as a "Super Hit" at Box Office India. The film was a remake of the Telugu film Punarjanma (1963) and it was simultaneously made in Tamil movie Engirundho Vandhaal, and later on in Malayalam as Amrithavaahini.
Kiran Kumar is an Indian screen and theatre actor. He has worked in numerous Hindi, Bhojpuri and Gujarati television and film productions. His latest work in drama is Charlie 2.
Sulakshna pandit is an Indian playback singer and former Bollywood leading lady.
Mulraj Rajda, was an Indian writer, actor and director who predominantly worked in Hindi and Gujarati films, television shows and theatre. He is regarded as one of the most finest artist in the Gujarati cinema. He has appeared in over 50 films, television serials in Gujarati cinema and in Hindi Cinema as an actor, writer, and director, in a career that has spanned over five decades.
Sharda Rajan Iyengar, or Sharda, is an Indian playback singer in the 1960s and 1970s. She won the Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for the cabaret "Baat Zara Hai Aapas Ki" in Jahan Pyar Miley (1970), though she is most remembered for her song "Titli Udi" in Suraj (1966). In 2007, she released the album Andaaz-e-Bayan Aur, featuring her own compositions based on Mirza Ghalib's ghazals.
Apnapan is a 1977 Indian Hindi-language drama film, produced and directed by J. Om Prakash under the FILMYUG Pvt. Ltd. banner. It stars Sanjeev Kumar, Jeetendra, Reena Roy and Sulakshana Pandit, and has music composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal. The film is recorded as a Super Hit at the box office. This film was remade in Telugu as Illalu (1981).
Sampooran Singh Kalra, known professionally as Gulzar or Gulzar Saheb , is an Indian lyricist, poet, author, screenwriter, and film director. He started his career with music director S.D. Burman as a lyricist in the 1963 film Bandini and worked with many music directors including R. D. Burman, Salil Chowdhury, Vishal Bhardwaj and A. R. Rahman. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2004, the third-highest civilian award in India, the Sahitya Academy Award, and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award — the highest award in Indian cinema. He has won 5 several Indian National Film Awards, 22 Filmfare Awards, one Academy Award and one Grammy Award.
Chandrashekhar Dubey commonly referred as C. S. Dubey was an Indian actor and radio personality. He appeared in over 150 Hindi film as a character actor starting in 1950s, with Patita (1953) and Mr. & Mrs. '55 (1955). He became famous for his one-liner "Dhakkan khol ke" in the film, Zinda Dil (1975), which he later used in his radio programs, as a suffix with almost every sentence.
Naya Din Nai Raat is a 1974 Indian Hindi-language drama film directed by A. Bhimsingh. The film is a remake of 1964 Tamil movie Navarathri starring Sivaji Ganesan which was also previously in Telugu in 1966 as Navaratri starring Akkineni Nageswara Rao. This film had enhanced Sanjeev Kumar's status and reputation as an actor in Hindi cinema. The nine roles played by Sanjeev Kumar correspond to nine Rasa.