Sankuru

Last updated
Sankuru
Province du Sankuru
Democratic Republic of the Congo (26 provinces) - Sankuru.svg
Coordinates: 3°31′S23°36′E / 3.517°S 23.600°E / -3.517; 23.600 Coordinates: 3°31′S23°36′E / 3.517°S 23.600°E / -3.517; 23.600
CountryFlag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Created2015
Named for Sankuru River
Capital Lusambo
Government
[1]
  GovernorJoseph-Stéphane Mukumadi
  Vice-governorPaul Tchyabilo
Area
  Total105,000 km2 (41,000 sq mi)
Population
 (2005 est.)
  Total1,374,239
  Density13/km2 (34/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (Central Africa Time)
Official language French
National language Lingala
Otetela

Sankuru is one of the 21 new provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo created in the 2015 repartitioning. Sankuru, Kasaï-Oriental, and Lomami provinces are the result of the dismemberment of the former Kasaï-Oriental province. [2] Sankuru was formed from the Sankuru District whose town of Lusambo was elevated to capital city of the new province.

Contents

Administration

The capital of the province is Lusambo. [3]

While Sankuru's territories are governed by Territorial Administrators and his Deputy, including various Counselors, cities in Sankuru are governed by Mayors. Townships or collectivities have always Mayors with Council and villages are mainly governed by traditional Kingdoms according to succession legacy. Administered from 1966-2009 as the District of Sankuru, the province is now divided into 6 territories:

History

Sankuru was administered as a province from 1962 to 1966. However, from 1966 to 2015, Sankuru was administered as a district as part of the Kasaï-Oriental province.

Land

The major geographical features are Sankuru River, Lomami River, Lubefu River and Lukenie River. There are typically three natural environments in the province: forest, savanna and bush. There are numerous mountains, valleys, and striking natural obstacles. This province has some of the richest Congolese fauna with its various species of animal including from lions, zebras, antelope, kudu, hippopotami, various species of tropical snakes, crocodiles, turtles, various species of monkeys, an array of fish species, various birds, and chimpanzees. Sankuru has very rich biodiversity.

Economy

Sankuru is mainly an agricultural region. Staple crops are rice, banana, pineapple, potatoes, sugar cane, sorghum and various local agricultural produce. Sankuru's industry is poor and limited to traditional wood production, fishing and construction brick for local consumption. The lack of developed roads, electricity and other transportation infrastructure are a challenge to development.

Sankuru has diamond and cassiterite as well as various other mineral resources. To an important extent, the province depends on imports of primary supplies from large Congolese cities such as Kinshasa, Mbuji Mayi, Lubumbashi and Kindu.

People

Former prime Minister Patrice Emery Lumumba and musicians such as Papa Wemba (Shungu Wembadio Pene Kekumba), Koffi Olomide,and Franco Luambo Makiadi (Lokanga La Ndju Pene) are from Sankuru Province. The first Congolese Army General, Victor Lundula, General Otshudi and General Francois Olenga are also all from Sankuru.

Education

Sankuru's primary and secondary schools are mainly organised by the Catholic and Protestant or Methodist Churches. However, The Congolese Government also organises schools via its Education Department. Sankuru have several universities: Patrice Lumbumba University with a campus in Lodja and Tshume-Ste-Marie, Saint Anne University with a campus in Tshumbe-Ste-Marie and Lusambo.

See also

Kasai region

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References

  1. "Le Président Félix Tshisekedi investit par ordonnance les gouverneurs du Sankuru et Sud-Ubangi". ACP Média Public (in French). 7 August 2019. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  2. "RDC : le Kasaï-Oriental éclate en trois nouvelles provinces". Radio Okapi (in French). 16 July 2015. Archived from the original on 18 July 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  3. "Provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo". Statiods.com.