Sanma Province

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Sanma in Vanuatu Sanma in Vanuatu.svg
Sanma in Vanuatu

Sanma is a province located in the Northern part of the nation of Vanuatu, occupying the nation's largest island, Espiritu Santo, which is located approximately 2,500 km northeast of Sydney, Australia.

Contents

The name Sanma is derived from the initial letters of the main islands of (Espiritu) SANto and MA lo.

Population

It has a population of 45,860 [1] and an area of 4,248 km². The provincial capital is Luganville. Other centers of population include Hog Harbour, Port Olry, Nakere, Ipaiato, Tasiriki, Tasmate and Malao.

Sanma Provincial Day falls on 23 September annually. All Sanma Citizens including friends celebrate this special occasion wherever they are domestically or internationally.

Overview

Sanma provincial council is responsible for running the daily affairs of the province. The council is elected every four years, the party which has the vast majority of seats sets up the provincial government. The head of the provincial government is the President of Sanma province. The headquarters of the province is located in the town centre of Luganville.

Critics had blamed the provincial government for ill management of the provincial affairs during the past few years. For example, over the last few years, poor management had culminated in a considerable amount of litigations. This has therefore cost the council a fortune as regards legal fees. One of the avowed aims of this recent council at Sanma province is to ensure transparency, and good governance.[ citation needed ]

Islands

Flag of Sanma Province Flag of Sanma Province.svg
Flag of Sanma Province
NamePopulationArea in km2
Aese 08.29
Aore 55658
Araki 1402.5
Bokissa 56
Espiritu Santo 39,6064,010
Malo 4,273180
Malokilikili 19
Mavea 2075.17
Tangoa 394
Tutuba 60913.82
Sakao 04.48
Urelapa 0

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Espiritu Santo

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Luganville Town in Sanma Province, Vanuatu

Luganville is the second largest city in Vanuatu. Its population is 16,312.

Torres Islands

The Torres Islands are in the Torba Province of the country of Vanuatu, and is that country’s the northernmost island group. The chain of islands that make up this micro-archipelago straddles the broader cultural boundary between Island Melanesia and several Polynesian outliers located in the neighbouring Solomon Islands. To the island chain’s north is Temotu Province of the Solomon Islands, to its south is Espiritu Santo, and to its southeast are the Banks Islands. To the west, beneath the ocean surface, is the deep Torres Trench, which is the subduction zone between the Australian and Pacific plates.

Port Olry Village in Sanma Province, Vanuatu

Port Olry is a small Francophone village on the island of Espiritu Santo in the Sanma Province of Vanuatu, with a population of 1,300, as estimated in 2009.

Aore Island Island in Sanma Province, Vanuatu

Aore Island is an island in Sanma Province, Vanuatu. It is located opposite Luganville on Espiritu Santo and has an area of 58 km2. The estimated terrain elevation above sea level is some 89 meters.

Araki Island Island in Sanma Province, Vanuatu

Araki Island is a small rocky island with an area of 2.5 km², located 3 miles off the southern shores of Espiritu Santo, which is the largest island in the nation of Vanuatu.

Outline of Vanuatu Overview of and topical guide to Vanuatu

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Vanuatu:

Vanuatu, officially known as the Republic of Vanuatu, is an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago, which is of volcanic origin, is some 1,750 kilometres (1,090 mi) east of northern Australia, 500 kilometres (310 mi) north-east of New Caledonia, west of Fiji, and southeast of the Solomon Islands, near New Guinea. The nation's largest town and the capital Port Vila is situated on Efate Island.

Tutuba Island Island in Sanma Province, Vanuatu

Tutuba is an island in Vanuatu, located off the coast of Vanuatu's largest island Espiritu Santo in Sanma Province.

Sakao Island (Sanma, Vanuatu) Island in Sanma Province, Vanuatu

Sakao Island, locally known as Lathi or Laðhi, is an uninhabited island in Vanuatu. It is located off the northeastern shore of Vanuatu's largest island Espiritu Santo in Sanma Province. It has given its name to the Sakao language, spoken in the nearby area of Port-Olry.

Aese

Aese Island is a private uninhabited island in Sanma Province of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean.

Malokilikili Island is an inhabited island in Sanma Province of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean. Malokilikili lies off the eastern coast of Malo Island.

Mavea Island

Mavea Island is an inhabited island in Sanma Province of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean. The island lies off the eastern coast of Espiritu Santo. The estimated terrain elevation above the sea level is some 63 metres.

Elephant Island is an uninhabited island in Sanma Province of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean.

Lataro is an uninhabited island in Sanma Province of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean.

Lataroa is an uninhabited island in Sanma Province of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean.

Thion is a small uninhabited island in Sanma Province of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean.

Malparavu is a small uninhabited island in Sanma Province of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean.

Cyclone Harold Category 5 South Pacific cyclone in 2020

Severe Tropical Cyclone Harold was a very powerful tropical cyclone which caused widespread destruction in the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, and Tonga during April 2020. It was the first Category 5 tropical cyclone in 2020. The seventh named storm of the 2019–20 Australian region cyclone season, eighth tropical cyclone, and fourth severe tropical cyclone of the 2019–20 South Pacific cyclone season, Harold was first noted as a developing tropical low within a trough of low pressure during April 1, while it was located to the east of Papua New Guinea. Over the next day, the system moved south-eastwards over the Solomon Sea, before it was classified as a tropical cyclone and named Harold by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. The system moved into the Fiji Meteorological Service's area of responsibility on April 2 and began to explosively intensify by April 3, reaching Category 4 status by April 4 on both the Australian scale and Saffir–Simpson scale. The next day, it further strengthened into a Category 5 severe tropical cyclone, the highest rating on the Australian scale. It made landfall on Espiritu Santo on April 6, near peak strength. Shortly afterward, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) upgraded it to a Category 5-equivalent cyclone on the Saffir–Simpson scale. It maintained this status for only six hours before being downgraded back to Category 4 on the Australian scale. However, on approach to Fiji, Harold began to briefly re-intensify and re-gained Category 5 status while passing almost directly over Kadavu Island. Weakening resumed shortly afterward and it became an extratropical cyclone later on April 10.

References

  1. 2009 Census Summary release final - Government of Vanuatu

Coordinates: 15°20′S166°45′E / 15.333°S 166.750°E / -15.333; 166.750