Santa Clara County, California

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Santa Clara County
County of Santa Clara
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Flag of Santa Clara County, California.svg
Seal of Santa Clara County, California.svg
Santa Clara County, California
Interactive map of Santa Clara County
Map of California highlighting Santa Clara County.svg
Location in the state of California
Coordinates: 37°14′N121°43′W / 37.233°N 121.717°W / 37.233; -121.717 Coordinates: 37°14′N121°43′W / 37.233°N 121.717°W / 37.233; -121.717
Country United States
State California
Region San Francisco Bay Area
Incorporated February 18, 1850 [1]
Named for Mission Santa Clara de Asís, St. Clare of Assisi
County seat San Jose
Largest city San Jose
Area
  Total1,304 sq mi (3,380 km2)
  Land1,290 sq mi (3,300 km2)
  Water14 sq mi (40 km2)
Highest elevation
[2]
4,216 ft (1,285 m)
Population
 (2020) [3]
  Total1,936,259
  Estimate 
(2020) [3]
1,936,259
  Density1,500/sq mi (570/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area codes 408/669, 650
FIPS code06-085
GNIS feature ID 277307
Website www.sccgov.org

Santa Clara County, officially the County of Santa Clara, is California's 6th most populous county, with a population of 1,936,259, as of the 2020 census. [3] Santa Clara County and neighboring San Benito County together form the U.S. Census Bureau's San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area. Santa Clara is the most populous county in the San Francisco Bay Area and in Northern California.

Contents

The county seat and largest city is San Jose, the 10th most populous city in the United States, California's 3rd most populous city and the most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Home to Silicon Valley, Santa Clara County is an economic center for high technology and has the third highest GDP per capita in the world (after Zurich, Switzerland and Oslo, Norway), according to the Brookings Institution. [4] The county's concentration of wealth, primarily due to the tech industry, has made it the most affluent county on the West Coast of the United States and the most affluent outside the Washington metropolitan area [5] and one of the most affluent places in the United States. [6] [7]

Located on the southern coast of San Francisco Bay, the urbanized Santa Clara Valley within Santa Clara County contains most of its population.

Etymology

Santa Clara County Government Center in Central San Jose. USA-San Jose-70 West Hedding Street-East Wing-2.jpg
Santa Clara County Government Center in Central San Jose.

Santa Clara County is named for Mission Santa Clara, which was established in 1777 and was in turn named for Saint Clare of Assisi. [8]

History

Mission Santa Clara de Asis in 1849 1849 Oil Painting of Mission Santa Clara de Asis.png
Mission Santa Clara de Asís in 1849

Santa Clara County was one of the original counties of California, formed in 1850 at the time of statehood. The original inhabitants included the Ohlone, residing on Coyote Creek and Calaveras Creek. Part of the county's territory was given to Alameda County in 1853.

In 1882, Santa Clara County tried to levy taxes upon property of the Southern Pacific Railroad within county boundaries. The result was the U.S. Supreme Court case of Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad , 118 U.S. 394 (1886), in which the Court extended due-process rights to artificial legal entities.

In the early 20th century, the area was promoted as the "Valley of the Heart's Delight" due to its natural beauty, including a significant number of orchards. [9]

The first major technology company to be based in the area was Hewlett-Packard, founded in a garage in Palo Alto in 1939. IBM selected San Jose as its West Coast headquarters in 1943. Varian Associates, Fairchild Semiconductor, and other early innovators were in the county by the late 1940s and 1950s. The U.S. Navy had a large presence in the area and began giving large contracts to Silicon Valley electronics companies. The term "Silicon Valley" was coined in 1971. The trend accelerated in the 1980s and 1990s, and agriculture has since been nearly eliminated from the northern part of the county.

Today, Santa Clara County is the headquarters for approximately 6500 high technology companies, including many of the largest tech companies in the world, among them hardware manufacturers AMD, Nvidia, Cisco Systems and Intel, computer and consumer electronics companies Apple Inc. and Hewlett-Packard, and internet companies eBay, Google, and Yahoo!. Most of what is considered to be Silicon Valley is within the county, although some adjoining tech regions in San Mateo (e.g., Facebook), Alameda, and Santa Cruz counties are also considered part of Silicon Valley.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,304 square miles (3,380 km2), of which 1,290 square miles (3,300 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (1.1%) is water. [10]

Counties which border with Santa Clara County are, clockwise, Alameda County, San Joaquin (within a few hundred feet at Mount Boardman), Stanislaus, Merced, San Benito, Santa Cruz, and San Mateo County. Santa Clara County formerly shared borders with Contra Costa, San Francisco, Mariposa, Monterey, and Tuolumne counties until 1853, 1856, 1874, and 1854 respectively (Monterey County currently comes within a few miles of Santa Clara).

The San Andreas Fault runs along the Santa Cruz Mountains in the south and west of the county.

National protected area

Fauna

Tule elk roam the Diablo Range and are often seen on Coyote Ridge from U.S. Highway 101 - courtesy Bill Leikam Tule Elk - Merced National Wildlife Refuge Bill Leikam 12-03-2010.jpg
Tule elk roam the Diablo Range and are often seen on Coyote Ridge from U.S. Highway 101 - courtesy Bill Leikam
Three tule elk just north of U. S. Highway 101 in Basking Ridge Park. The freeway is a barrier to elk migration to the Coast Range. Courtesy Craige Edgerton Tule Elk Basking Ridge Park, Santa Clara County Edgerton 2009-12-24.png
Three tule elk just north of U. S. Highway 101 in Basking Ridge Park. The freeway is a barrier to elk migration to the Coast Range. Courtesy Craige Edgerton

Both tule elk (Cervus canadensis nannodes) and pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) were historically native to Santa Clara County. In June 1776, Lieutenant Commander Don José Joaquín Moraga led a group of soldiers and colonists from the Presidio of Monterey to establish Mission San Francisco de Asis and encountered both tule elk and pronghorn, and clearly distinguished these two species from deer. [11] The deer in California being California mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus).

Regarding elk, Moraga wrote: “In the great plain called San Bernardino (the Santa Clara Valley which stretches from south San Jose to Gilroy), while the expedition was strung out at length, we descried in the distance a herd of large animals that looked like cattle, but we could not imagine where they belonged or from whence they had come...with horns similar in shape to those of the deer, but so large that they measured sixteen palms from tip to tip.” Upon measurement, Morago reported the elk horns as four varas [11 feet] across… “These animals [elk] are called ciervos in order to differentiate them from the ordinary Spanish variety of deer, here called venados, which also exist in abundance and of large size in the vicinity.” [11]

Regarding pronghorn, Moraga reported: “In the said plains of San Bernardino (Santa Clara Valley)…there is another species of deer about the size of three-year-old sheep. They are similar in appearance to the deer, except they have short horns and also short legs like the sheep. They live in the plains where they go in herds of 100, 200, or more. They run all together over the plains so fast that they seem to fly…These animals are called berrendos and there are many of them also in the southern Missions wherever the country is level.” [11]

Herbert Eugene Bolton also wrote of elk reports from another Spanish expedition, from the De Anza Expedition on March 23, 1776: " In Gilroy Valley (Santa Clara Valley) Moraga 's larder was replenished by three elks which the men killed without leaving the road." [12]

In 1978, California Department of Fish and Game warden Henry Coletto urged the department to choose the Mount Hamilton area as one of California's relocation sites under a new statewide effort to restore tule elk. While other ranchers refused, tech pioneers Bill Hewlett and David Packard allowed Coletto and state biologists to translocate the initial 32 tule elk from the Owens Valley in the eastern Sierra onto the 28,000-acre (11,000 ha) San Felipe Ranch, which the families jointly own, in the hills east of Morgan Hill. [13] From the three original 1978–1981 translocations (totaling 65 animals) to the Mount Hamilton region of the Diablo Range, there are multiple herds in different locations including the Isabel Valley, San Antonio Valley, Livermore area, San Felipe Ranch, Metcalf Canyon, Coyote Ridge, Anderson Lake, and surrounding areas such as the Sunol and Cottonwood Creek (near San Luis Reservoir in western Merced County, California) herds. [14] As of 2012, an estimated 400 tule elk roam 1,875 square kilometres (724 sq mi) in northeastern Santa Clara County and southeastern Alameda County. [15] In March 2014 CDFW translocated nine bull elk from the San Luis National Wildlife Refuge to add genetic diversity to the San Antonio Valley Ecological Reserve herd in San Antonio Valley in extreme eastern Santa Clara County. [16] As of 2017 there were four herds in the Coyote Ridge area, often visible from U. S. Highway 101, according to Craige Edgerton, recently retired executive director of the Silicon Valley Land Conservancy and local naturalist Michael Hundt. [17] In 2019, a fifth herd of tule elk was documented by local naturalist Roger Castillo, likely having split from the Coyote Ridge herd and established itself in Silver Creek Valley around the closed Ranch Golf Club. [18] The elk herds in eastern Santa Clara County are blocked from dispersal to the west by U.S. Highway 101, with environmentalists advocating re-purposing the Metcalf Road bridge at the Coyote Gap into a wildlife overcrossing. [14] This would enable elk to recolonize rural southwestern Santa Clara County, as well as Santa Cruz and San Mateo Counties.

In 1990, the California Department of Fish and Game's Henry Coletto translocated excess pronghorn from Modoc County to six locations in California, including 51 animals to the San Felipe Ranch in Santa Clara County, where the swift-footed ungulates had not lived for generations. [19] The animals left the San Felipe Ranch for the Isabel and San Antonio Valleys, as well as an area near Lake Del Valle in Alameda County may now be extirpated by poaching, highway vehicle collisions, and insufficient numbers to defend pronghorn fawns against coyote predation. [20] As of 2012, the Isabel Valley Ranch herd had dwindled to 3 animals, and the Lake del Valle herd to 13. [21] Currently, iNaturalist.org has zero observer records of pronghorn in Santa Clara County. [22]

The Nature Conservancy "Mount Hamilton Project" has acquired or put under conservation easement 100,000 acres (40,000 ha) of land towards its 500,000 acres (200,000 ha) goal for habitat conservation within a 1,200,000 acres (490,000 ha) area encompassing much of eastern Santa Clara County as well as portions of southern Alameda County, western Merced and Stanislaus Counties, and northern San Benito County. Acquisitions to date include the 1,756-acre (711 ha) Rancho Cañada de Pala, straddling the Alameda Creek and Coyote Creek watersheds for California tiger salamander habitat; a conservation easement on the 3,259-acre Blue Oak Ranch Reserve, which abuts the north side of Joseph D. Grant County Park; a conservation easement on the 28,359-acre San Felipe Ranch, connecting Joseph D. Grant County Park with Henry W. Coe State Park; the 2,899-acre South Valley Ranch which protects a tule elk herd in the San Antonio Valley, and other properties. [23] [24]

As of 1980, Santa Clara County has the highest number of Superfund Sites of any county in the United States, accounting for 25 polluted locations requiring a long-term response to clean up hazardous material contaminations.[ needs update ] [25] [26] The vast majority of these Superfund sites were caused by firms associated with the high tech sector in Silicon Valley. [27]

Demographics

2018

Census demographics data released in 2019 shows Asian Americans have had the plurality of Santa Clara's population since 2014. [28]

2011-2014

Thematic map showing median household income across central Santa Clara County Silicon Valley Income Map 20160315.png
Thematic map showing median household income across central Santa Clara County

As of 2013, Santa Clara County has the highest median household income of any county in California at $84,741. [29]

Places by population, race, and income

2010

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 11,912
1870 26,246120.3%
1880 35,03933.5%
1890 48,00537.0%
1900 60,21625.4%
1910 83,53938.7%
1920 100,67620.5%
1930 145,11844.1%
1940 174,94920.6%
1950 290,54766.1%
1960 642,315121.1%
1970 1,064,71465.8%
1980 1,295,07121.6%
1990 1,497,57715.6%
2000 1,682,58512.4%
2010 1,781,6425.9%
2020 1,936,2598.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [37]
1790–1960 [38] 1900–1990 [39]
1990–2000 [40] 2010–2019 [3] 2020 census [41]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Santa Clara County had a population of 1,781,642. The ethnic makeup of Santa Clara County was 836,616 (47.0%) White, 46,428 (2.6%) African American, 12,960 (0.7%) Native American, 7,060 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 570,524 (32.0%) Asian, 220,806 (12.4%) from other races, and 87,248 (4.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 479,210 persons (26.9%) of the population. [42]

2010
Total Population1,781,642 - 100.0%
One Race1,694,394 - 95.1%
Not Hispanic or Latino1,302,432 - 73.1%
White alone626,909 - 35.2%
Black or African American alone42,331 - 2.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone4,042 - 0.2%
Asian alone565,466 - 31.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone6,252 - 0.4%
Some other race alone3,877 - 0.2%
Two or more races alone53,555 - 3.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)479,210 - 26.9%

Demographic profile [43]

The largest ancestry groups were:

2000

As of the census [44] of 2000, there were 1,682,585 people, 565,863 households, and 395,538 families residing in the county. The population density was 503/km2 (1,304/mi2). There were 579,329 housing units at an average density of 173/km2 (449/mi2). The ethnic makeup of the county was 53.8% White, 2.8% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 25.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 12.1% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. 24.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 565,863 households, out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 102.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $74,335, and the median income for a family was $81,717. Males had a median income of $56,240 versus $40,574 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,795. About 4.9% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

2020 religion census

Santa Clara County is among the most religiously diverse counties in the US. A 2020 census by the Public Religion Research Institute (unconnected to the official US census) calculates a religious diversity score of 0.876 for Santa Clara County, where 1 represents complete diversity (each religious group of equal size) and 0 a total lack of diversity. Only four counties in the US have higher diversity scores than Santa Clara County. [45]

Government

Santa Clara County has five elected supervisors, elected within their districts.

The county is one among three counties in California (with Napa and Madera) to establish a separate department, the Santa Clara County Department of Corrections, to deal with corrections pursuant to California Government Code §23013.

The county operates the Santa Clara County Health System of medical centers and clinics.

The county also pays the $340,000 salary and benefits of the California state Department of Social Services director, which is reimbursed by the state, skirting the $165,000 state law cap for the position. [46]

In the United States House of Representatives, Santa Clara County is split between 4 congressional districts: [47]

In the California State Senate, the county is split between 4 legislative districts: [49]

In the California State Assembly, the county is split between 6 legislative districts: [50]

Voters in the county also elect a number of other officials to county-wide positions, including the Santa Clara County District Attorney, the Santa Clara County Sheriff, and a large number of criminal and civil judges that serve in courts throughout the county.

Politics

Historically, Santa Clara County was a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. From 1872 through 1984, the only Democrats to carry Santa Clara County were Franklin Roosevelt, Lyndon Johnson, and Hubert Humphrey. Since 1988, Santa Clara County has been a Democratic stronghold in presidential and congressional elections. The last Republican to win a majority in the county was Ronald Reagan in 1984. While Republicans remained competitive at the state and local level throughout the 1990s, there are currently no elected Republicans representing the county above the local level.

United States presidential election results for Santa Clara County, California [51]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 214,61225.23%617,96772.64%18,1622.13%
2016 144,82620.58%511,68472.71%47,1996.71%
2012 174,84327.14%450,81869.97%18,6162.89%
2008 190,03928.55%462,24169.45%13,3092.00%
2004 209,09434.63%386,10063.94%8,6221.43%
2000 188,75034.44%332,49060.66%26,8894.91%
1996 168,29132.16%297,63956.88%57,36110.96%
1992 170,87028.38%296,26549.21%134,92022.41%
1988 254,44246.99%277,81051.30%9,2761.71%
1984 288,63854.81%229,86543.65%8,1361.54%
1980 229,04848.02%166,99535.01%80,96016.97%
1976 219,18849.46%208,02346.94%15,9273.59%
1972 237,33451.90%208,50645.60%11,4532.50%
1968 163,44645.61%173,51148.42%21,4105.97%
1964 117,42036.63%202,24963.10%8580.27%
1960 131,73552.67%117,66747.05%6900.28%
1956 105,65759.09%72,52840.56%6330.35%
1952 91,94059.74%61,03539.66%9320.61%
1948 52,98253.25%41,90542.11%4,6154.64%
1944 39,40947.04%43,86952.36%4990.60%
1940 40,10049.20%40,44949.63%9471.16%
1936 26,49840.41%38,34658.48%7321.12%
1932 27,35347.54%28,27249.14%1,9063.31%
1928 31,71063.81%17,58935.39%3950.79%
1924 20,05658.02%2,5607.41%11,95234.58%
1920 19,56568.09%6,48522.57%2,6829.33%
1916 16,59250.77%14,18543.40%1,9045.83%
1912 1730.75%9,17339.64%13,79359.61%
1908 7,95058.88%3,83628.41%1,71612.71%
1904 8,27466.10%3,10024.77%1,1439.13%
1900 7,10758.25%4,60737.76%4863.98%
1896 6,31553.51%5,19143.99%2952.50%
1892 4,62044.48%4,16740.12%1,60015.40%
1888 4,45749.94%3,97244.51%4955.55%
1884 3,84052.91%3,17243.70%2463.39%
1880 3,11351.50%2,82146.67%1111.84%


Gubernatorial election results
Santa Clara County vote
by party in gubernatorial elections
Year GOP DEM
2018 28.6% 175,79171.4%438,758
2014 27.1% 107,11372.9%288,732
2010 34.9% 178,69561.3%314,022
2006 52.2%225,13242.9% 185,037
2003 39.2% 160,80739.9%163,768
2002 32.4% 116,86255.3%199,399
1998 31.7% 133,01564.3%270,105
1994 47.5%212,07547.5% 211,904
1990 42.6% 178,31052.2%218,843
1986 59.9%227,28537.6% 142,907
1982 44.0% 180,23252.9%216,781
1978 29.8% 110,44461.4%227,493
1974 46.7% 153,76150.6%166,760
1970 51.5%172,56246.1% 154,570
1966 55.4%164,97044.6% 132,793
1962 47.6% 112,70051.2%121,149

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Santa Clara County has 895,965 registered voters. Of those, 405,470 (45.3%) are registered Democrats, 151,213 (16.9%) are registered Republicans, and 308,769 (35.4%) have declined to state a political party. [52]

As of November 2012, all of the cities, towns, and the unincorporated areas of Santa Clara County have more registered Democrats than Republicans. [53] In the 2008 US Presidential Election, Democratic nominee Barack Obama carried every city and town in the county, as well as the unincorporated areas. [54]

Following the passage of Proposition 8, Santa Clara County joined San Francisco and Los Angeles in a lawsuit, becoming, along with San Francisco and Los Angeles, the first governmental entities in the world to sue for same-sex marriage. [55]

Voter registration

Cities by population and voter registration

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported in 2009 and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense. Law Enforcement in Santa Clara County is handled by the Santa Clara County Sheriff's Office and the local police department.

Cities by population and crime rates

Economy

The county's economy is heavily services-based. Technology, both hardware and software, dominates the service sector by value, but like any other county, Santa Clara has its share of retail and office support workers.

The San Jose/Sunnyvale/Santa Clara metropolitan region, comprising Santa Clara County and San Benito County, was ranked as the highest performing metropolitan area in the US in 2012, ahead of Austin, Texas and Raleigh, North Carolina, according to the Milken Institute. [59] The GDP of the metro area reached $176.7 billion in 2011, or $94,587 per capita, [60] roughly on par with Qatar in both total GDP and per capita (nominal). [61] GDP grew a strong 7.7% in 2011, and in contrast with most of California, GDP and per capita GDP (nominal) is well above 2007 (financial crisis) levels. Despite relative wealth vis a vis other regions nationally, a large underclass exists whose income is roughly equivalent to that elsewhere in the country, despite extreme land prices. The surge in metro GDP is highly correlated with home prices, which for average single-family homes passed $1 million ($1,017,528) in August 2013. [62]

Libraries

Santa Clara County Library is a public library system serving the communities and cities of Campbell, Cupertino, Gilroy, Los Altos, Los Altos Hills, Milpitas, Monte Sereno, Morgan Hill, Saratoga, and all unincorporated areas of the county. [63] Other cities run their own library systems.

Transportation

Air

San Jose International Airport is ranked as the best-run airport in the United States, by the ACBJ. Airbus A-300 UPS takes off (5863558111) (2).jpg
San Jose International Airport is ranked as the best-run airport in the United States, by the ACBJ.

The county's main airport is Norman Y. Mineta San José International Airport (SJC). It is a U.S. Customs and Border Protection port of entry [65] and as of 2019 has five international routes (two to Canada, one to England, one to Japan, seven to Mexico, and one to China) but the airport's busiest routes are all to cities in the western United States. San Francisco International Airport (SFO) is also often used for commercial services by residents of Santa Clara County.

Moffett Federal Airfield (NUQ), a former U.S. Naval Air Station, is used by the Air National Guard, NASA, Lockheed Martin, Google, and by the San Jose Police and Santa Clara County Sheriff's Department as an air operations base. [66] There are also smaller general aviation airports in Palo Alto (PAO), San Jose (Reid-Hillview) (RHV), and San Martin(E16)

Rail

VTA train at Baypointe station, March 2005.jpg
VTA LRT at Diridon Station (12541465765).jpg
The VTA light rail serves 11 million people annually in Silicon Valley

Santa Clara County is served by Caltrain commuter rail from Gilroy through San Jose and Silicon Valley north to San Francisco Airport and San Francisco. The Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority operates the VTA light rail system, which primarily serves San Jose, with one line continuing as far north as Mountain View. Santa Clara and San Jose are also served by the Altamont Corridor Express commuter rail line which provides services to Stockton, and Amtrak which provides service to Sacramento and Oakland. The Amtrak Coast Starlight train between Seattle and Los Angeles also stops in San Jose. BART currently services Milpitas and North San Jose, with plans to extend to downtown San Jose and Santa Clara.

Road

VTA bus arriving at Foothill College in Los Altos Hills Santa Clara VTA bus.jpg
VTA bus arriving at Foothill College in Los Altos Hills

Buses

Santa Clara County has consolidated its transportation services into the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, which operates a bus system.

Bicycle network

The Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority is establishing a bicycle network throughout the county. Santa Clara County Bicycle network is part of the San Francisco Bay Area Regional Bikeway Network.

Freeways and expressways

The county has an extensive freeway system and a separate expressway system (though it's not as extensive as those in Southern California). Expressways in California are distinct from freeways; although access to adjoining properties is eliminated, at-grade intersections are allowed. However, unlike expressways virtually everywhere else in California, the Santa Clara County expressways were built, signed, and maintained as county roads; they are not maintained by Caltrans, although they are patrolled by the California Highway Patrol.

There is also a large street network dominated by four- and six-lane arterials. Some of the newer boulevards (primarily in the West Valley) are divided with landscaped medians.

Major highways
County routes
Other roads

Sea

The county has no commercial seaports, although small boats can access San Francisco Bay from several points. Like many other Bay Area counties, it is dependent upon the Port of Oakland for transport of ocean cargo.

Jails

Santa Clara County Department of Correction is administered by the county's sheriff's office and supervises the following facilities:

Parks

Santa Clara County has an extensive park system, much of it founded in the major park expansion of the late 1970s. Parks within the county include:

Open space preserves include:

Santa Clara County also contains Ulistac Natural Area, a volunteer maintained natural open space. Foreign and invasive species are removed when possible as native plants are introduced. Migratory birds and butterflies often use this area.

Climate

Santa Clara County
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
30
 
 
13
4
 
 
51
 
 
15
4
 
 
46
 
 
20
6
 
 
28
 
 
24
7
 
 
1
 
 
31
12
 
 
2
 
 
37
14
 
 
1
 
 
38
15
 
 
1
 
 
37
17
 
 
4
 
 
34
14
 
 
9
 
 
28
10
 
 
63
 
 
18
7
 
 
106
 
 
13
4
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [70]

Sister counties

To promote friendship and understanding and to build bridges with countries of origin for various ethnic populations in the county, the County of Santa Clara has created a Sister County Commission to coordinate the program. As of 2009, there are three sister counties: [71]

Communities

Los Altos Main Street 2.jpg
Los Altos is the 3rd most expensive zip code in the United States. [72]
Ramona Street Architectural District, Palo Alto, CA 5-27-2012 2-48-37 PM.JPG
Palo Alto is the 5th most educated city [73] and the 5th most expensive zip code in the United States. [74]
Votaw Building (1).jpg
Morgan Hill is the 17th most expensive place to live in the United States. [75]
Main Street Los Gatos.jpg
Los Gatos is the 33rd wealthiest city in the United States. [76]
Memorial Arch Saratoga California.jpg
Saratoga is the 16th most educated and the 8th wealthiest city in the United States. [77] [78]

Cities

There are 15 incorporated places in Santa Clara County:

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Former townships

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Santa Clara County. [79]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)
1 San Jose City945,942
2 Sunnyvale City140,081
3 Santa Clara City116,468
4 Mountain View City74,066
5 Milpitas City66,790
6 Palo Alto City64,403
7 Cupertino City58,302
8 Gilroy City48,821
9 Campbell City39,349
10 Morgan Hill City37,882
11 Saratoga City29,926
12 Los Gatos Town29,413
13 Los Altos City28,976
14 Alum Rock CDP15,536
15 Stanford CDP13,809
16 East Foothills CDP8,269
17 Los Altos Hills Town7,922
18 San Martin CDP7,027
19 Burbank CDP4,926
20 Monte Sereno City3,341
21 Cambrian Park CDP3,282
22 Loyola CDP3,261
23 Lexington Hills CDP2,421
24 Fruitdale CDP935

See also

Notes

  1. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  4. Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.

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San Benito County, California County in California, United States

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Santa Cruz County, California County in California, United States

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Santa Clara, California City in California, United States

Santa Clara is a city in Santa Clara County, California. The city's population was 127,647 as of the 2020 United States Census, making it the eighth-most populous city in the Bay Area. Located in the southern Bay Area, the city was founded by the Spanish in 1777 with the establishment of Mission Santa Clara de Asís under the leadership of Saint Junípero Serra.

Northern California American geographic and cultural region

Northern California is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. Spanning the state's northernmost 48 counties, its main population centers include the San Francisco Bay Area, the Greater Sacramento area, the Redding, California area south of the Cascade Range, and the Metropolitan Fresno area. Northern California also contains redwood forests, along with most of the Sierra Nevada, including Yosemite Valley and part of Lake Tahoe, Mount Shasta, and most of the Central Valley, one of the world's most productive agricultural regions.

Santa Clara Valley Valley in Northern California, United States

The Santa Clara Valley is a geologic trough in Northern California that extends 90 miles (145 km) south–southeast from San Francisco to Hollister. The longitudinal valley is bordered on the west by the Santa Cruz Mountains and on the east by the Diablo Range; the two coastal ranges meet south of Hollister. The San Francisco Bay borders the valley to the north, and fills much of the northern third of the valley. The valley floor is an alluvial plain that formed in the graben between the San Andreas Fault to the west and the Hayward and Calaveras faults to the east. Within the valley and surrounding the bay on three sides are the urban communities of San Mateo County, Santa Clara County, and Alameda County, while the narrow southern reaches of the valley extend into rural San Benito County to Hollister. In practical terms, the central portion of the Santa Clara Valley is often considered by itself, contained entirely within Santa Clara County.

Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority Special district in Santa Clara County, California

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Coyote Valley, California

Coyote Valley is an area located in a narrowing of the southern Santa Clara Valley, in Northern California. Coyote Valley is approximately 7,400 acres (2,995 ha) in size and largely composed of farmland, orchards, open space preserves, and homes. Coyote Valley is generally divided into three sections: North Coyote Valley, the unincorporated village of Coyote, California, and South Coyote Valley.

Diablo Range

The Diablo Range is a mountain range in the California Coast Ranges subdivision of the Pacific Coast Ranges in northern California, United States. It stretches from the eastern San Francisco Bay area at its northern end to the Salinas Valley area at its southern end.

Tule elk Subspecies of mammal

The tule elk is a subspecies of elk found only in California, ranging from the grasslands and marshlands of the Central Valley to the grassy hills on the coast. The subspecies name derives from the tule, a species of sedge native to freshwater marshes on which the Tule elk feeds. When the Europeans first arrived, an estimated 500,000 tule elk roamed these regions, but by 1870 they were thought to be extirpated. However, in 1874–1875 a single breeding pair was discovered in the tule marshes of Buena Vista Lake in the southern San Joaquin Valley. Conservation measures were taken to protect the species in the 1970s. Today, the wild population exceeds 4,000. Tule elk can reliably be found in Carrizo Plain National Monument, Point Reyes National Seashore, portions of the Owens Valley from Lone Pine to Bishop, on Coyote Ridge in Santa Clara Valley, San Jose, California and in Pacheco State Park and areas surrounding San Luis Reservoir near Los Banos, California.

Santa Clara County, California, is one of California's original counties, with prior habitation dating from prehistory to the Alta California period.

There are 21 routes assigned to the "G" zone of the California Route Marker Program, which designates county routes in California. The "G" zone includes county highways in Monterey, San Benito, San Luis Obispo, Santa Clara, and Santa Cruz counties.

San Felipe Creek is a 14 miles (23 km) stream that originates in the western Diablo Range in Santa Clara County, California. It flows south by southeast through two historic ranchos, Rancho Los Huecos and Rancho Cañada de San Felipe y Las Animas before it joins Las Animas Creek just above Anderson Reservoir. One of the nine major tributaries of Coyote Creek, the creek’s waters pass through the Santa Clara Valley and San Jose on the way to San Francisco Bay.

Monterey Road

Monterey Road is a major Silicon Valley thoroughfare that runs from Gilroy north to San Jose, California, in Santa Clara County. It follows the historic route of El Camino Real and is an old alignment of U.S. Route 101.

Cañada de los Osos Stream in the United States

Cañada de los Osos is an 8 miles (13 km) stream that flows west and then north to join Coyote Creek in the Diablo Range south of Henry Coe State Park in southern Santa Clara County, California, United States. It is now protected within the 5,800 acre Cañada de los Osos Ecological Preserve, managed by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife about 10 miles (16 km) east of Gilroy, California.

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