Santa Venera

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Santa Venera

Saint Venera
Malta - Santa Venera - Triq il-Kbira San Guzepp + aqueduct + council 04 ies.jpg
Town hall and part of the Wignacourt Aqueduct at Santa Venera
Flag of Santa Venera.svg
Flag
St Venera coa.svg
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Virtus in infirmitatate per fictur
Santa Venera in Malta.svg
Coordinates: 35°53′23″N14°28′40″E / 35.88972°N 14.47778°E / 35.88972; 14.47778 Coordinates: 35°53′23″N14°28′40″E / 35.88972°N 14.47778°E / 35.88972; 14.47778
Country Flag of Malta.svg  Malta
Region Central Region
District Northern Harbour District
Borders Birkirkara, Ħamrun, Msida, Qormi
Government
   Mayor Stephen Sultana (PL)
Area
  Total0.9 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)
  Total7,590
  Density8,400/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Vendriż (m), Vendriża (f), Vendriżi (pl)
Vendrin (m), Vendrina (f), Vendrini (pl)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
SVR
Dialing code 356
ISO 3166 code MT-54
Patron saint St. Venera
Day of festa Last Sunday of July and 14 November
Website Official website

Santa Venera is a town in the Central Region of Malta, with a population of around 6,932 (March 2014). [1] It is located between the towns of Birkirkara and Ħamrun, and it also borders Qormi and Msida.

Contents

History

Casa Leoni Malta - Santa Venera - Triq il-Kbira San Guzepp + Casa Leoni 01 ies.jpg
Casa Leoni

The Old Church of Santa Venera was built in 1473, and it was enlarged in 1500, rebuilt between 1658 and 1688 and again in the 19th century. This church remained as the parish church until 1989. A new church was blessed in 2005. [2]

The reconstructed Wignacourt Arch Wignacourt Arch 2016-02-21.jpg
The reconstructed Wignacourt Arch

In 1610, Grandmaster Alof de Wignacourt financed the building of the Wignacourt Aqueduct to transport water from springs in Rabat and Dingli to the capital Valletta, passing through various towns along the way including Santa Venera. The Aqueduct was finished in 1615, and an ornamental gateway was built where it crossed the road between what is now Fleur-de-Lys and Santa Venera. The arches stopped at a tower known as it-Turretta (the Turret) also known as Tower Guard, also in Santa Venera. From this tower, water continued its journey to Ħamrun, Blata l-Bajda, Floriana and Valletta through underground pipes.

Casa Leoni, also known as Palazzo Manoel, was built around 1730 during the reign of António Manoel de Vilhena. Its design is attributed to Charles François de Mondion, the French military engineer who also designed Mdina Gate and parts of Fort Manoel. During the French blockade, Casa Leoni served as a Maltese insurgent command base, and it later served as a residence of Governors of Malta, a depository of the Museums Department and a government primary school. It now houses the Ministry for Sustainable Development, the Environment and Climate Change. The palace has a large garden behind it, part of which was opened to the public in 1977 as Romeo Romano Gardens. [3]

Former 7 Up factory, now multipurpose shops, restaurants and apartments Santa Venera feast 11.jpg
Former 7 Up factory, now multipurpose shops, restaurants and apartments

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the town of Santa Venera saw more development and various churches and institutes were built. [2] The town was considered as part of Birkirkara until 1912, and it became a separate parish six years later in 1918.

A 7 Up factory was located at Santa Venera until it was closed in 2002. The factory was demolished to make way for flats but the façades of the buildings were retained. [4]

In 1990, a large church began to be built in Santa Venera. Although it is still unfinished as the belfries have not yet been built, it was consecrated in 2005 as the new parish church. [5]

Symbols

The flag and coat of arms of Santa Venera are red with a white stripe in the middle and three red fleur-de-lys on the stripe, taken from the coat of arms of the Grandmaster Alof de Wignacourt who ruled the islands from 1601 to 1622. The flag was introduced when Malta's local councils were created in 1993.

Education

Vincenzo Bugeja Conservatory and Chapel of St Vincent Malta - Santa Venera - Triq il-Kbira San Guzepp - Vincenzo Bugeja Conservatory + San Vincenz Chapel 02 ies.jpg
Vincenzo Bugeja Conservatory and Chapel of St Vincent

Santa Venera has a number of educational institutions which include the following:

Organizations

Main roads

Zones in Santa Venera

Gieħ Santa Venera

This is an award given every year to personalities who have left a mark in the locality of Santa Venera. In 2016, the award was given to ALS Malta founder, Bjorn Formosa M.Q.R. Previous winners include Mario Coleiro and Mario Calleja.

Twin towns – sister cities

Santa Venera is twinned with: [6]

Related Research Articles

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António Manoel de Vilhena

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Alof de Wignacourt

Fra Alof de Wignacourt was a French nobleman who was the 54th Grand Master of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem from 10 February 1601 to his death in 1622. Unlike a number of the other Grand Masters, he was popular with the Maltese people. Wignacourt is mostly remembered for the construction of the Wignacourt Aqueduct as well as a series of coastal towers which also bear his name.

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This page list topics related to Malta.

Post codes in Malta are seven-character strings that form part of a postal address in Malta. Post codes were first introduced in 1991 by the mail operator MaltaPost. Like those in the United Kingdom and Canada, they are alphanumeric.

Roads in Malta

In Malta most of the main roads are in the outskirts of the localities to connect one urban area with another urban area. The most important roads are those that connect the south of the island with the northern part, like Tal-Barrani Road, Aldo Moro Street in Marsa and Birkirkara Bypass.

Fleur-de-Lys, Malta Administrative committee in Central Region, Malta

Fleur-de-Lys is a suburb that forms part of Birkirkara, and it is also considered a suburb of Santa Venera and Qormi. It lies approximately 5 kilometers away from Malta's capital, Valletta. The population of Fleur-de-Lys is about 2200 people and the area is very small.

Wignacourt Aqueduct 17th-century aqueduct in Malta

The Wignacourt Aqueduct is a 17th-century aqueduct in Malta, which was built by the Order of Saint John to carry water from springs in Dingli and Rabat to the newly built capital city Valletta. The aqueduct was carried through underground pipes and over arched viaducts across depressions in the ground.

Wignacourt Arch

The Wignacourt Arch known as the Fleur-De-Lys Gate is an ornamental arch located on the boundary between Fleur-de-Lys and Santa Venera, Malta. The arch was originally built in 1615 as part of the Wignacourt Aqueduct, but it was destroyed between 1943 and 1944. A replica of the arch was constructed in 2015 and inaugurated on 28 April 2016.

Casa Leoni

Casa Leoni or Casa Leone, also known as Palazzo Manoel or the Vilhena Palace, is a palace in Santa Venera, Malta, which was built as a summer residence for Grand Master António Manoel de Vilhena in 1730. It was subsequently used for a number of purposes, including as an insurgent command base, an official residence, a museum depository and a school. It currently houses the Ministry for Sustainable Development, the Environment and Climate Change.

Maltese Baroque architecture

Maltese Baroque architecture is the form of Baroque architecture that developed in Malta during the 17th and 18th centuries, when the islands were under the rule of the Order of St. John. The Baroque style was introduced in Malta in the early 17th century, possibly by the Bolognese engineer Bontadino de Bontadini during the construction of the Wignacourt Aqueduct. The style became popular in the mid to late 17th century, and it reached its peak during the 18th century, when monumental Baroque structures such as Auberge de Castille were constructed.

Parish Church of St. Mary, Birkirkara Church in Birkirkara, Malta

The Parish Church of Saint Mary, commonly known as il-Knisja l-Qadima is a Roman Catholic parish church in Birkirkara, Malta, dedicated to the Assumption of Mary. It was built in the 17th century, and it has a Renaissance design attributed to the architects Vittorio Cassar and Tommaso Dingli.

The Parish Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel is a Roman Catholic parish church in Fleur-de-Lys, a suburb of Birkirkara, Malta. It was built by the Carmelites between 1945 and 1946 and it became a parish church in 1975.

References

  1. "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
  2. 1 2 "Santa Venera". malta-canada.com. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  3. "Palazzo Manoel – Casa Leoni, Sta Venera". Times of Malta . 10 November 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  4. "Ex 7-Up factory to become flats". Times of Malta . 23 March 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  5. "Archbishop inaugurates new parish church". Times of Malta . 18 July 2005. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  6. "Twinning". localgovernment.gov.mt. Government of Malta. Retrieved 18 September 2019.