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City of Sapporo [1]
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Odori Park Sapporo.JPG
Left to right, top to bottom: The central business district and Mount Moiwa at dusk, Sapporo Clock Tower, Sapporo Beer Museum, Sapporo Station, Hokkaido University, Sapporo Dome, and Sapporo TV Tower seen from Odori Park
Flag of Sapporo, Hokkaido.svg
Symbol of Sapporo, Hokkaido.svg
Location of Sapporo in Hokkaido (Ishikari Subprefecture)
Location of Sapporo city Hokkaido Japan.svg
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Location in Japan
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Sapporo (Asia)
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Sapporo (Earth)
Coordinates: 43°4′N141°21′E / 43.067°N 141.350°E / 43.067; 141.350 Coordinates: 43°4′N141°21′E / 43.067°N 141.350°E / 43.067; 141.350
Region Hokkaido
Prefecture Hokkaido (Ishikari Subprefecture)
  Mayor Katsuhiro Akimoto
  Vice MayorKatsuhiro Akimoto
  Total1,121.26 km2 (432.92 sq mi)
 (Sep 1, 2020)
  Density1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address2-1-1 Kita-ichijō-nishi, Chūō-ku, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido
Bird Common cuckoo
Flower Lily of the valley
Tree Lilac
Sapporo (Chinese characters).svg
"Sapporo" in kanji
Japanese name
Kanji 札幌
Hiragana さっぽろ
Katakana サッポロ

Sapporo (札幌市, Sapporo-shi) is the largest city in Japan lying north of Tokyo, and the largest city on Hokkaido, the northernmost main island of the country. It is the capital city of Hokkaido Prefecture and Ishikari Subprefecture. Sapporo lies in the southwest of Hokkaido, within the alluvial fan of the Toyohira River, which is a tributary stream of the Ishikari. It is considered the cultural, economic, and political center of Hokkaido.


As with most of Hokkaido, the Sapporo area was settled by the indigenous Ainu people, beginning over 15,000 years ago. Starting in the late 19th century, Sapporo saw increasing settlement by Japanese migrants. Sapporo hosted the 1972 Winter Olympics, the first Winter Olympics ever held in Asia, and the second Olympic games held in Japan after the 1964 Summer Olympics. The Sapporo Dome hosted three games during the 2002 FIFA World Cup and two games during the 2019 Rugby World Cup. Additionally, Sapporo has hosted the Asian Winter Games three times, in 1986, 1990, and 2017.

The annual Sapporo Snow Festival draws more than 2 million tourists from abroad. [2] Other notable sites include the Sapporo Beer Museum, which is the only beer museum in Japan, [3] and the Sapporo TV Tower located in Odori Park. It is home to Hokkaido University, just north of Sapporo Station. The city is served by Okadama Airport and New Chitose Airport in nearby Chitose.


Sapporo's name was taken from Ainuic "sat poro pet" (サッ・ポロ・ペッ), which can be translated as the "dry, great river", a reference to the Toyohira River. [4]


Early history

Before its establishment, the area occupied by Sapporo (known as the Ishikari Plain) was home to a number of indigenous Ainu settlements. [5] In 1866, at the end of the Edo period, construction began on a canal through the area, encouraging a number of early settlers to establish Sapporo village. [6] In 1868, the officially recognized year celebrated as the "birth" of Sapporo, the new Meiji government concluded that the existing administrative center of Hokkaido, which at the time was the port of Hakodate, was in an unsuitable location for defense and further development of the island. As a result, it was determined that a new capital on the Ishikari Plain should be established. The plain itself provided an unusually large expanse of flat, well drained land which is relatively uncommon in the otherwise mountainous geography of Hokkaido.

During 1870–1871, Kuroda Kiyotaka, vice-chairman of the Hokkaido Development Commission (Kaitaku-shi), approached the American government for assistance in developing the land. As a result, Horace Capron, Secretary of Agriculture under President Ulysses S. Grant, became an oyatoi gaikokujin and was appointed as a special advisor to the commission. Construction began around Odori Park, which still remains as a green ribbon of recreational land bisecting the central area of the city. The city closely followed a grid plan with streets at right-angles to form city blocks. The continuing expansion of the Japanese into Hokkaido continued, mainly due to migration from the main island of Honshu immediately to the south, and the prosperity of Hokkaido and particularly its capital grew to the point that the Development Commission was deemed unnecessary and was abolished in 1882.

Edwin Dun came to Sapporo to establish sheep and cattle ranches in 1876. He also demonstrated pig raising and the making of butter, cheese, ham and sausage. He was married twice, to Japanese women. He once went back to the US in 1883 but returned to Japan as a secretary of government. William S. Clark, who was the president of the Massachusetts Agricultural College (now the University of Massachusetts Amherst), came to be the founding vice-president of the Sapporo Agricultural College (now Hokkaido University) for only eight months from 1876 to 1877. He taught academic subjects in science and lectured on the Bible as an "ethics" course, introducing Christian principles to the first entering class of the College.

In 1880, the entire area of Sapporo was renamed as "Sapporo-ku" (Sapporo Ward), [7] and a railroad between Sapporo and Temiya, Otaru was laid. That year the Hōheikan, a hotel and reception facility for visiting officials and dignitaries, was erected adjacent to the Odori Park. It was later moved to Nakajima Park where it remains today. Two years later, with the abolition of the Kaitaku-shi, Hokkaidō was divided into three prefectures: Hakodate, Sapporo, and Nemuro. The name of the urban district in Sapporo remained Sapporo-ku, while the rest of the area in Sapporo-ku was changed to Sapporo-gun. The office building of Sapporo-ku was also located in the urban district. [7]

Sapporo, Hakodate, and Nemuro Prefectures were abolished in 1886, and Hokkaidō government office building, an American-neo-baroque-style structure with red bricks, constructed in 1888. The last squad of the Tondenhei, the soldiers pioneering Hokkaido, settled in the place where the area of Tonden in Kita-ku, Sapporo is currently located. Sapporo-ku administered surrounding Sapporo-gun until 1899, when the new district system was announced. After that year, Sapporo-ku was away from the control of Sapporo-gun. [7] The "ku" (district) enforced from 1899 was an autonomy which was a little bigger than towns, and smaller than cities. In Hokkaido at that time, Hakodate-ku and Otaru-ku also existed. [8]

20th century

In 1907, the Tohoku Imperial University was established in Sendai Miyagi Prefecture, and Sapporo Agricultural College was controlled by the University. Parts of neighbouring villages including Sapporo Village, Naebo Village, Kami Shiroishi Village, and districts where the Tonden-hei had settled, were integrated into Sapporo-ku in 1910.

The Sapporo Streetcar was opened in 1918, and Hokkaido Imperial University was established in Sapporo-ku, as the fifth Imperial University in Japan. Another railroad operated in Sapporo, the Jōzankei Railroad, which was ultimately abolished in 1969.

In 1922, the new city system was announced by the Tokyo government, and Sapporo-ku was officially changed to Sapporo City. [6] The Sapporo Municipal Bus System was started in 1930. In 1937, Sapporo was chosen as the site of the 1940 Winter Olympics, but due to the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, this was cancelled the next year. Maruyama Town was integrated as a part of Chūō-ku in 1940, and the Okadama Airport was constructed in 1942.

The first Sapporo Snow Festival was held in 1950. In the same year, adjacent Shiroishi Village was integrated into Sapporo City, rendered as a part of Shiroishi-ku, and Atsubetsu-ku. [9] In 1955, Kotoni Town, the entire Sapporo Village, and Shinoro Village were merged into Sapporo, becoming a part of the current Chūō-ku, Kita-ku, Higashi-ku, Nishi-ku, and Teine-ku. [9] The expansion of Sapporo continued, with the merger of Toyohira Town in 1961, and Teine Town in 1967, each becoming a part of Toyohira-ku, Kiyota-ku, and Teine-ku. [9]

The ceremony commemorating the 100th anniversary of the foundation of Sapporo and Hokkaido was held in 1968. The Sapporo Municipal Subway system was inaugurated in 1971, which made Sapporo the fourth city in Japan to have a subway system. From February 3 to 13, 1972, the 1972 Winter Olympics were held, the first Winter Olympics held in Asia. [6] On April 1 of the same year, Sapporo was designated as one of the cities designated by government ordinance, and seven wards were established. [9] The last public performance by the opera singer, Maria Callas, was in Sapporo at the Hokkaido Koseinenkin Kaikan on 11 November 1974. [10] The Sapporo Municipal Subway was expanded when the Tōzai line started operation in 1976, and the Tōhō line was opened in 1988. In 1989, Atsubetsu-ku and Teine-ku were separated from Shiroishi-ku and Nishi-ku. Annual events in Sapporo were started, such as the Pacific Music Festival in 1990, and Yosakoi Sōran Festival in 1992. A professional football club, Consadole Sapporo, was established in 1996. In 1997, Kiyota-ku was separated from Toyohira-ku. In the same year, Hokkaidō Takushoku Bank, a Hokkaido-based bank with headquarters in Odori, went bankrupt. [11]

21st century

In 2001 the construction of the Sapporo Dome was completed, and in 2002 the Dome hosted three games during the 2002 FIFA World Cup; Germany vs Saudi Arabia, Argentina vs England and Italy vs Ecuador, all of which were in the first round. Fumio Ueda, was elected as Sapporo mayor for the first time in 2003. Sapporo became the home to a Nippon Professional Baseball team, Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters, in 2004, which won the 2006 Japan Series, and the victory parade was held on Ekimae-Dōri (a street in front of Sapporo Station) in February 2007.

The 34th G8 summit took place in Tōyako in 2008, and a number of people including anti-globalisation activists marched in the heart of the city to protest. Police officers were gathered in Sapporo from all over Japan, and the news reported that four people were arrested in the demonstrations. [12]

The Hokkaidō Shinkansen line, which currently connects Honshu to Hakodate through the Seikan Tunnel, is planned to link to Sapporo by 2030. [13]


Location of Ishikari Subprefecture in Hokkaido Indicator map for Ishikari and Sorachi Subprefecture in Hokkaido Japan.svg
Location of Ishikari Subprefecture in Hokkaido

Sapporo is a city located in the southwest part of Ishikari Plain and the alluvial fan of the Toyohira River, a tributary stream of the Ishikari River. [14] It is part of Ishikari Subprefecture. Roadways in the urban district are laid to make a grid plan. The western and southern parts of Sapporo are occupied by a number of mountains including Mount Teine, Maruyama, and Mount Moiwa, as well as many rivers including the Ishikari River, Toyohira River, and Sōsei River. Sapporo has an elevation of 29 m (95 ft 2 in) [15]

Sapporo has many parks, including Odori Park, which is located in the heart of the city and hosts a number of annual events and festivals throughout the year. Moerenuma Park is also one of the largest parks in Sapporo, and was constructed under the plan of Isamu Noguchi, a Japanese-American artist and landscape architect.

Neighbouring cities are Ishikari, Ebetsu, Kitahiroshima, Eniwa, Chitose, Otaru, Date, and adjoining towns are Tōbetsu, Kimobetsu, Kyōgoku.


Sapporo currently has ten wards (, ku).

Name Kanji PopulationLand area in km2Pop. density

per km2

Map of Sapporo
1 Atsubetsu-ku 厚別区127,29924.385,221
A map of Sapporo's Wards Wards of Sapporo.png
A map of Sapporo's Wards
2 Chūō-ku 中央区237,76146.425,122
3 Higashi-ku 東区261,90156.974,597
4 Kita-ku 北区286,02663.574,499
5 Kiyota-ku 清田区113,55659.871,897
6 Minami-ku 南区136,774657.48208
7 Nishi-ku 西区216,83575.102,887
8 Shiroishi-ku 白石区213,31034.476,188
9 Teine-ku 手稲区141,88656.772,499
10 Toyohira-ku 豊平区223,40846.234,833



Sapporo has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa), with a wide range of temperature between the summer and winter. Summers are generally warm and humid, but not oppressively hot, and winters are cold and very snowy, with an average snowfall of 5.96 m (19 ft 7 in) per year. [16] Sapporo is one of few metropolises in the world with such heavy snowfall, [17] enabling it to hold events and festivals with snow statues. The heavy snowfall is due to the Siberian High developing over the Eurasian land mass and the Aleutian Low developing over the northern Pacific Ocean, resulting in a flow of cold air southeastward across Tsushima Current and to western Hokkaido. The city's annual average precipitation is around 1,100 mm (43.3 in), and the mean annual temperature is 8.5 °C (47.3 °F). [14]

Climate data for Sapporo (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1877−present)
Record high °C (°F)11.2
Average high °C (°F)−0.4
Daily mean °C (°F)−3.2
Average low °C (°F)−6.4
Record low °C (°F)−27.0
Average precipitation mm (inches)108.4
Average snowfall cm (inches)137
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)69686561657275757167676869
Mean monthly sunshine hours 90.4103.5144.7175.8200.4180.0168.0168.1159.3145.999.182.71,718
Average ultraviolet index 1235678863214
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [18]


The first census of the population of Sapporo was taken in 1873, when 753 families with a total of 1,785 people were recorded in the town. [19] The city has an estimated population of 1,957,914 as of May 31, 2019 and a population density of 1,746 persons per km2 (4,500 persons per mi2). The total area is 1,121.26 km2 (432.92  sq mi ).

Census data
1873 1,785    
1920 105,182+5792.5%
1925 149,314+42.0%
1930 174,179+16.7%
1935 196,541+12.8%
1940 206,103+4.9%
1950 313,850+52.3%
1955 426,620+35.9%
1960 523,839+22.8%
1965 794,908+51.7%
1970 1,010,123+27.1%
1975 1,240,613+22.8%
1980 1,401,757+13.0%
1985 1,542,979+10.1%
1990 1,671,742+8.3%
1995 1,757,025+5.1%
2000 1,822,368+3.7%
2005 1,880,863+3.2%
2010 1,913,545+1.7%
2015 1,952,356+2.0%
2020 1,970,277+0.9%
Source: Statistics Bureau


Sapporo MEA Sapporo Metropolitan Employment Area 2015.png
Sapporo MEA

The tertiary sector dominates Sapporo's industry. Major industries include information technology, retail, and tourism, as Sapporo is a destination for winter sports and events and summer activities due to its comparatively cool climate. [20]

The city is also the manufacturing centre of Hokkaido, manufacturing various goods such as food and related products, fabricated metal products, steel, machinery, beverages, and pulp and paper. [21]

Hokkaido International Airlines (Air Do) is headquartered in Chūō-ku. [22] In April 2004, Air Nippon Network was headquartered in Higashi-ku. [23] Other companies headquartered in Sapporo include Crypton Future Media, DB-Soft, Hokkaido Air System, and Royce'.

Greater Sapporo, Sapporo Metropolitan Employment Area (2.3 million people), had a total GDP of US$84.7 billion in 2010. [24] [25]

In 2014, Sapporo's GDP per capita (PPP) was US$32,446. [26]

Culture and entertainment





Points of interest

Sapporo Beer Museum Sapporo Beer Museum.JPG
Sapporo Beer Museum
Susukino, the entertainment district of Sapporo Spectaculars of Susukino-Sapporo.jpg
Susukino, the entertainment district of Sapporo

Registered Tangible Cultural Properties in Sapporo

Sapporo JR Tower adjacent to Sapporo Station. [28]

Sapporo Ramen Yokocho and Norubesa (a building with a Ferris wheel) are in Susukino district. The district also has the Tanuki Kōji Shopping Arcade, the oldest shopping mall in the city.

The district of Jōzankei in Minami-ku has many resort hotels with steam baths and onsen.

The Peace Pagoda, one of many such monuments across the world built by the Buddhist order Nipponzan Myohoji to promote and inspire world peace, has a stupa that was built in 1959,[ citation needed ] halfway up Mount Moiwa, to commemorate peace after World War II. It contains some of the ashes of the Buddha that were presented to the Emperor of Japan by Prime Minister Nehru in 1954.[ citation needed ] Another portion was presented to Mikhail Gorbachev by the Nipponzan-Myohoji monk, Junsei Terasawa.[ citation needed ]



Dancers in the Yosakoi Soran Festival YOSAKOI Soran Festival.jpg
Dancers in the Yosakoi Sōran Festival
Sapporo Snow Festival US Navy 060209-N-7526R-205 Illuminated trees and ice sculptures line the streets leading up to Sapporo's TV Tower during the Sapporo Ice Festival.jpg
Sapporo Snow Festival

February: the Sapporo Snow Festival The main site is at Odori Park, and other sites include Susukino (known as the Susukino Ice Festival) and Sapporo Satoland. Many of the snow and ice statues are built by members of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force. [29]

May: the Sapporo Lilac Festival. Lilac was brought to Sapporo in 1889 by an American educator, Sarah Clara Smith. At the festival, people enjoy the flowers, wine and live music.

June: the Yosakoi Soran Festival. The sites of the festival are centered on Odori Park and the street leading to Susukino, and there are other festival sites. In the festival, many dance teams dance to music composed based on a Japanese traditional song, "Sōran Bushi". Members of the dancing teams wear special costumes and compete on the roads or stages constructed on the festival sites. In 2006, 350 teams were featured with around 45,000 dancers, and over 1,860,000 people visited the festival. [29]

The Sapporo Summer Festival. People enjoy drinking at the beer garden in Odori Park and on the streets of Susukino. This festival consists of a number of fairs such as Tanuki Festival and Susukino Festival. [29]

September: the Sapporo Autumn Festival

December: Christmas market in Odori Park, similar to German Christmas markets.

From November through January, many citizens enjoy the Sapporo White Illuminations.


Soup curry Soupcurry-hareruya.jpg
Soup curry

The city is known home to Sapporo Brewery, and the white chocolate biscuits 'shiroi koibito' (白い恋人), also as the birthplace of miso ramen. [30] The Kouraku Ramen Meitengai in Susukino district, an alley lined with many miso ramen restaurants since 1951. After its demolition due to plans for the Sapporo Olympics, the Ganso Sapporo Ramen Yokocho was established in the same place. It attracts many tourists throughout the year. [30] From the year 1966, a food company named Sanyo Foods began to sell instant ramen under the brand name "Sapporo Ichiban".

Haskap, a local variety of edible honeysuckle, similar to blueberries, is a specialty in Sapporo. Other specialty dishes of Sapporo are soup curry, a soupy curry made with vegetables and chicken or other meats, and jingisukan, a barbecued lamb dish, named for Genghis Khan. Sapporo Sweets is a confectionery using many ingredients from Hokkaido and the Sapporo Sweets Competition is held annually. [31] Sapporo is also well known for fresh seafood including salmon, sea urchin and crab. Crab in particular is famed. Many types of crab are harvested and served seasonally in Sapporo like the Horsehair crab, Snow crab, King crab, and Hanasaki crab with numerous dishes revolving around them. [32]


The Sapporo Dome in winter SapporoDome2004-2.jpg
The Sapporo Dome in winter

The Sapporo Dome was constructed in 2001 and currently is the host to the local professional teams, Hokkaido Consadole Sapporo (football), and Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters (baseball).

Sapporo was selected to be the host of the 5th Winter Olympics scheduled on February 3 to 12, 1940, but Japan had to give the Games back to the IOC, after the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1937.

In 1972, Sapporo hosted the 11th Winter Olympics. Some structures built for Olympic events remain in use today, including the ski jumps at Miyanomori and Okurayama. After considering a bid for the 2026 Winter Olympics, Olympic representatives in Sapporo have said that the city is considering a bid for the 2030 Winter Olympics. The city predicts it may cost as much as 456.5 billion yen ($4.3 billion) to host the games and is planning to have 90 percent of the facilities within half an hour of the Olympic village, according to a report published 12 May 2016. The Alpen course would be in Niseko, the world's second-snowiest resort, while the village would be next to the Sapporo Dome, the report said. [33] The plans were presented to the Japanese Olympic Committee on 8 November 2016. [34] [35] In 2002, Sapporo hosted three group matches of the FIFA World Cup at the Sapporo Dome. In 2006, Sapporo hosted some games of the 2006 Basketball World Championship and also for the 2006 Women's Volleyball World Championship. In 2007, Sapporo hosted the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships at the Sapporo Dome, Miyanomori ski jump, Okurayama ski jump, and the Shirahatayama cross-country course. It has been host city of two Asian Winter Games and hosted the 2017 Asian Winter Games with Obihiro. Sapporo will also host some games during the 2019 Rugby World Cup.

Skiing remains a major sport in Sapporo with almost all children skiing as a part of the school curriculum. Okurayama Elementary School is unusual in having its own ski hill and ski jumping hill on the school grounds. Within the city are commercial ski hills including Moiwayama, Bankeiyama, KobaWorld, Sapporo Teine and Fu's.

Many sports stadiums and domes are located in Sapporo, and some of them have been designated as venues of sports competitions. The Sapporo Community Dome, also known by its nickname "Tsu-Dome", has hosted the Golden Market, a huge flea market event which is usually held twice a year, along with some sports events. The Makomanai Ice Arena, in Makomanai Park, was one of the venues of the Sapporo Olympics in 1972. It was renamed the Makomanai Sekisuiheim Ice Arena in 2007, when Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd., acquired naming rights and renamed the arena after their real estate brand. [36] Other large sports venues include the Makomanai Open Stadium, Tsukisamu Dome, Maruyama Baseball Stadium, and the Hokkaido Prefectural Sports Center, which hosts the professional basketball team, Levanga Hokkaido.

Toyota Big Air is a major international snowboarding event held annually in Sapporo Dome. As one of the richest events of its kind in the world, it draws many of the world's best snowboarders.

Professional sport teams

Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters Baseball Nippon Professional Baseball Sapporo Dome 2004
Levanga Hokkaido Basketball B.League Division 1 Hokkaido Prefectural Sports Center,
Tsukisamu Dome
Hokkaido Consadole Sapporo Football (soccer) J1 League Sapporo Atsubetsu Park Stadium,
Sapporo Dome


Sapporo Station Sapporo station 2012.jpg
Sapporo Station

Sapporo has one streetcar line, three JR Hokkaido lines, three subway lines and JR Bus, Chuo Bus and other bus lines. Sapporo Subway trains have rubber-tyred wheels.

Sapporo Municipal Subway is the only rubber tyre metro system in East Asia Sapporo 9000 9001 Odori 20150521.jpg
Sapporo Municipal Subway is the only rubber tyre metro system in East Asia

Rapid transit

Sapporo Streetcar is currently the only circular tram system in Asia
, although a new Circular light rail system is under construction in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Sapporo Street Car Type A1200 027.JPG
Sapporo Streetcar is currently the only circular tram system in Asia , although a new Circular light rail system is under construction in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.



The Sapporo area is served by two airports: Okadama Airport, which offers regional flights within Hokkaido, and New Chitose Airport, a larger international airport located in the city of Chitose 30 miles (48 km) away connected by regular rapid trains taking around 40 minutes. The Sapporo-Tokyo route between New Chitose and Haneda is one of the busiest in the world.

Airport shuttle, tour and charter bus service

An airport shuttle bus servicing all hotels in Sapporo operates every day of the year. SkyExpress was founded in 2005 and also provides transport to and from various ski resorts throughout Hokkaido, including Niseko.



The Sapporo Clock Tower, formerly a part of Hokkaido University in the 19th century Sapporo clock tower.JPG
The Sapporo Clock Tower, formerly a part of Hokkaido University in the 19th century
At Hokkaido University 131103 Hokkaido University Sapporo Hokkaido Japan12s5.jpg
At Hokkaido University


See Japanese national university



Primary and secondary schools

Sapporo Odori High School Sapporo Odori High School.JPG
Sapporo Odori High School

Sapporo Odori High School provides Japanese-language classes to foreign and Japanese returnee students, and the school has special admissions quotas for these groups. [37]

The city has two private international schools:

Twin towns – sister cities

Sapporo City Hall (June 2007) Sapporo-City-Hall-01.jpg
Sapporo City Hall (June 2007)

Sapporo has twinning relationships with several cities worldwide. [38] [39]

See also

Related Research Articles

Sapporo Snow Festival

The Sapporo Snow Festival is a festival held annually in Sapporo, Japan, over seven days in February. Odori Park, Susukino, and Tsudome are the main sites of the festival.

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Sapporo Station Railway station in Sapporo, Japan

Sapporo Station is a railway station in Chūō-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. It is served by Hakodate Main Line and other lines of Hokkaido Railway Company, and is also connected to the Subway Sapporo Station.

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Chitose is a city located in Ishikari Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan, and home to the New Chitose Airport, the biggest international airport in Hokkaido and closest airport to Sapporo, as well as the neighboring Chitose Air Base.

Atsubetsu-ku, Sapporo Ward in Hokkaidō, Japan

Atsubetsu-ku (厚別区) is one of the ten wards in Sapporo city, Japan. The ward was split from Shiroishi-ku on November 6, 1989.

Chūō-ku, Sapporo Ward in Hokkaido, Japan

Chūō-ku is one of the ten wards in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. Chūō-ku means "central ward" in Japanese. City administration and entertainment facilities are centred in this ward.

Higashi-ku, Sapporo Ward in Hokkaidō, Japan

Higashi-ku (東区) is one of the 10 wards in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. It is directly translated as "east ward", and is neighboured to Kita-ku, Chūō-ku, Shiroishi-ku, Ebetsu, Tōbetsu.

Minami-ku, Sapporo Ward in Hokkaidō, Japan

Minami-ku (南区) is one of the 10 wards in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. Minami-ku is directly translated as "south ward". Having the area of 657.23 km² in total, Minami-ku occupies 60 percent of the area of Sapporo.

Kiyota-ku, Sapporo Ward in Hokkaidō, Japan

Kiyota-ku, Sapporo (清田区、札幌) is one of the 10 wards in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. It is translated as "pure" or "clean" for "清", and "(rice) field" for "田". The ward was split from Toyohira-ku on November 4, 1997.

Teine-ku, Sapporo Ward in Hokkaidō, Japan

Teine-ku (手稲区) is one of the 10 wards in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. The ward is located in northwest of Sapporo, which is neighboured to three other wards in Sapporo and two cities. The area was established as one of the wards in Sapporo in 1989, when it was split from Nishi-ku, Sapporo.

Toyohira-ku, Sapporo Ward in Hokkaido, Japan

Toyohira-ku (豊平区) is one of the 10 wards in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. The ward was established in 1972, when the Sapporo Olympics was held in Sapporo. Four other wards in Sapporo are bounded on Toyohira-ku.

The Kamori Kankō (加森観光) is a tourist company operating hotels and amusement parks, mainly in Hokkaidō, Japan. The company is headquartered in Sapporo. Its most important resort facility has been Rusutsu Resort. The company was founded in 1981, and its group rapidly expanded after 1998, through mergers of underperforming facilities.

Sapporo Satoland

Sapporo Satoland is an amusement park located in Higashi-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. Sapporo Satoland, which has an agricultural theme, was opened in 1995. Its official name is Sapporo Facility of Agricultural Experience and Interchange.

Makomanai River

Makomanai River is a tributary of the Toyohira River in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. It has a length of 21 kilometres (13 mi) and has a watershed of 37 square kilometres (14 sq mi).

Tōhō Line

The Tōhō Line is a rubber-tyred metro line in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, operated by Sapporo City Transportation Bureau. It is part of the Sapporo Municipal Subway system. It runs from Sakaemachi Station in Higashi-ku to Fukuzumi Station in Toyohira-ku. The Tōhō Line color on maps is sky blue. Its stations are numbered with the prefix "H".

Iburi Province Former province of Japan

Iburi Province, also called Ifuri, was a short-lived province located in Hokkaidō. It corresponds to modern-day Iburi Subprefecture, Yamakoshi District of Oshima, Abuta District in Shiribeshi Subprefecture, the cities of Chitose and Eniwa in Ishikari Subprefecture and Shimukappu Village in Kamikawa Subprefecture.

Sapporo Municipal Subway

The Sapporo Municipal Subway is a mostly-underground rubber-tyred rapid transit system in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. Operated by the Sapporo City Transportation Bureau, it is the only subway system on the island of Hokkaido.

Bus Center-Mae Station Subway station in Sapporo, Japan

Bus Center-mae Station is a metro station in Chūō-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. The station is numbered T10.

Tsukisamu Gymnasium

The Sapporo Tsukisamu Gymnasium (札幌市月寒体育館) is an indoor sporting arena located in Toyohira-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaidō.

Makomanai Park (真駒内公園) is a city park in Minami-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. It is home to attractions such as Makomanai Open Stadium, Makomanai Ice Arena and the Sapporo Salmon Museum. It also contains a small gymnasium, restaurant and a shop.


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