Sariwon

Last updated
Sariwŏn
사리원시
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl
   Hancha
   McCune-Reischauer Sariwŏn-si
   Revised Romanization Sariwon-si
Sariwon City (14014984300).jpg
Sariwon Folk Village, North Korea.jpg
Sariwon (5063726588).jpg
Songbul Temple, Sariwon - panoramio.jpg
Teatr v Sarivone - panoramio.jpg
Clockwise from top: view of Sariwon, street in Sariwon, North Hwanghae Province Art Theatre, Songbul Temple, Sariwon Folk Village
DPRK2006 Hwangbuk-Sariwon.PNG
Map of North Hwanghae showing the location of Sariwon
Sariwon
North Korea adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sariwŏn
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 38°30′28″N125°45′16″E / 38.50778°N 125.75444°E / 38.50778; 125.75444
CountryFlag of North Korea.svg  North Korea
Province North Hwanghae Province
Population
 (2008)
  Total307,764
  Dialect
Hwanghae
Time zone UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

Sariwŏn (Korean pronunciation:  [sa.ɾi.wʌn] ) is the capital of North Hwanghae Province, North Korea.

Contents

Population

The city's population as of 2008 is 307,764.

Administrative divisions

Sariwŏn is divided into 31 tong (neighbourhoods) and 9 ri (villages):

  • Ch'ŏlsan-dong
  • Kuch'ŏn 1-dong
  • Kuch'ŏn 2-dong
  • Kuch'ŏn 3-dong
  • Kuch'ŏn 4-dong
  • Kwangsŏng-dong
  • Kyŏng'am-dong
  • Man'gŭm-dong
  • Ŏsu-dong
  • Puk 1-dong
  • Puk 2-dong
  • Puk 3-dong
  • Puk 4-dong
  • Sangha-dong
  • Sangmae 1-dong
  • Sangmae 2-dong
  • San'ŏp-tong
  • Sinch'ang-dong
  • Sinhŭng 1-dong
  • Sinhŭng 2-dong
  • Sinyang-dong
  • Sŏngmun-dong
  • Sŏri-dong
  • Taesŏng-dong
  • Tong 1-dong
  • Tong 2-dong
  • Torim-dong
  • Ŭnbyŏl-dong
  • Unha 1-dong
  • Unha 2-dong
  • Wŏnju-dong
  • Chŏngbang-ri
  • Haesŏ-ri
  • Kuryong-ri
  • Migong-ri
  • Munhyŏl-li
  • Pungŭi-ri
  • Sŏnch'ŏng-ri
  • Sŏngsal-li
  • Taeryong-ri

Healthcare

Sariwŏn has the only pediatric hospital (founded by Hungarians in the 1950s) in the entire region; it serves 16 districts and 500,000 children and teens annually.

Industry

Sariwŏn has a Potassic/Potash Fertilizer Complex and a tractor factory.

Education

Educational institutions include the University of Agriculture, University of Geology, University of Medicine, University of Education nos. 1 & 2 and the Sariwŏn Pharmaceutical College of Koryŏ.

Tourism

The "Sariwŏn Folklore street" was constructed during Kim-Jong-il's rule. Built to display an ideal picture of ancient Korea, it includes buildings in the "historical style" and a collection of ancient Korean cannons. Although it is considered an inaccurate romanticized recreation of an ancient Korean street[ by whom? ], it is frequently used as a destination for foreigners on official government tours[ citation needed ]. Many older style Korean buildings exist in the city.

In 2020, Jongbangsan Hotel opened after several years of delays in construction. It has three main buildings and includes a gym and a swimming pool. [1]

Transport

Sariwŏn is served by Sariwŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn and several other stations on both the P'yŏngbu and Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn lines of the Korean State Railway.

Sariwŏn has a trolleybus system with two Ikarus 280T articulated trolleybuses; they are converted from diesel Ikarus 280 buses due to the lack of roof equipment. Regular trolleybuses were mothballed at the depot from 2020. The service is supplemented by regular buses. [2]

Climate

Sariwŏn has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa).

Climate data for Sariwŏn (1991–2020)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)0.1
(32.2)
3.5
(38.3)
9.9
(49.8)
17.7
(63.9)
23.5
(74.3)
27.4
(81.3)
28.9
(84.0)
29.6
(85.3)
26.0
(78.8)
19.3
(66.7)
10.3
(50.5)
2.2
(36.0)
16.5
(61.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.8
(23.4)
−1.8
(28.8)
4.1
(39.4)
11.3
(52.3)
17.3
(63.1)
21.8
(71.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.9
(76.8)
20.1
(68.2)
13.2
(55.8)
5.3
(41.5)
−2.2
(28.0)
11.2
(52.2)
Average low °C (°F)−9.2
(15.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
5.5
(41.9)
11.7
(53.1)
17.2
(63.0)
21.1
(70.0)
21.2
(70.2)
15.2
(59.4)
7.8
(46.0)
0.7
(33.3)
−6.2
(20.8)
6.5
(43.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)8.9
(0.35)
12.0
(0.47)
18.1
(0.71)
42.6
(1.68)
71.2
(2.80)
80.0
(3.15)
203.1
(8.00)
203.5
(8.01)
85.6
(3.37)
40.7
(1.60)
32.7
(1.29)
14.7
(0.58)
813.1
(32.01)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)4.23.33.85.56.97.511.49.95.84.76.55.575.0
Average snowy days4.83.21.30.30.00.00.00.00.00.12.25.617.5
Average relative humidity (%)71.067.965.463.267.474.483.382.476.672.473.171.472.4
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration [3]

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References

  1. O'Carroll, Chad (21 October 2021). "New North Korean hotel opens after 10-year construction period". NK News.
  2. "Sariwon". transphoto.org. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  3. "30 years report of Meteorological Observations in North Korea (1991 ~ 2020)" (PDF) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. pp. 220, 324, and 345. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 January 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  4. "No committee to develop ties with Lahore's twins". Daily Times of Pakistan. 2007-03-02. Archived from the original on 2013-09-29. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
  5. "Sister City Ties Established between DPRK and Mexico". KCNA. 21 April 2004. Archived from the original on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 3 December 2017.

Further reading

Coordinates: 38°30′23″N125°45′35″E / 38.50639°N 125.75972°E / 38.50639; 125.75972