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|• Chosŏn'gŭl||사 리 원 시|
|• Hancha||沙 里 院 市|
|• Revised Romanization||Sariwon-si|
|Province||North Hwanghae Province|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)|
Sariwŏn (Korean pronunciation: [sa.ɾi.wʌn] ) is the capital of North Hwanghae Province, North Korea.
The city's population as of 2008 is 307,764.
Sariwŏn is divided into 31 tong (neighbourhoods) and 9 ri (villages):
Sariwŏn has the only pediatric hospital (founded by Hungarians in the 1950s) in the entire region; it serves 16 districts and 500,000 children and teens annually.
Sariwŏn has a Potassic/Potash Fertilizer Complex and a tractor factory.
Educational institutions include the University of Agriculture, University of Geology, University of Medicine, University of Education nos. 1 & 2 and the Sariwŏn Pharmaceutical College of Koryŏ.
The "Sariwŏn Folklore street" was constructed during Kim-Jong-il's rule. Built to display an ideal picture of ancient Korea, it includes buildings in the "historical style" and a collection of ancient Korean cannons. Although it is considered an inaccurate romanticized recreation of an ancient Korean street[ by whom? ], it is frequently used as a destination for foreigners on official government tours[ citation needed ]. Many older style Korean buildings exist in the city.
In 2020, Jongbangsan Hotel opened after several years of delays in construction. It has three main buildings and includes a gym and a swimming pool.
Sariwŏn is served by Sariwŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn and several other stations on both the P'yŏngbu and Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn lines of the Korean State Railway.
Sariwŏn has a trolleybus system with two Ikarus 280T articulated trolleybuses; they are converted from diesel Ikarus 280 buses due to the lack of roof equipment. Regular trolleybuses were mothballed at the depot from 2020. The service is supplemented by regular buses.
Sariwŏn has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa).
|Climate data for Sariwŏn (1991–2020)|
|Average high °C (°F)||0.1|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−4.8|
|Average low °C (°F)||−9.2|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||8.9|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.2||3.3||3.8||5.5||6.9||7.5||11.4||9.9||5.8||4.7||6.5||5.5||75.0|
|Average snowy days||4.8||3.2||1.3||0.3||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||2.2||5.6||17.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||71.0||67.9||65.4||63.2||67.4||74.4||83.3||82.4||76.6||72.4||73.1||71.4||72.4|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration|
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North Hwanghae Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Sariwon. The province is bordered by Pyongyang and South Pyongan to the north, Kangwon to the east, Kaesong Industrial Region and South Korea's Gyeonggi Province to the south, and South Hwanghae southwest. In 2003, Kaesong Directly Governed City became part of North Hwanghae. Later on in 2019, it was promoted as Special City. Thus, it was separated from North Hwanghae.
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Kosŏng County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It lies in the southeasternmost corner of North Korea, immediately north of the Korean Demilitarized Zone. Prior to the end of the Korean War in 1953, it made up a single county, together with what is now the South Korean county of the same name. In a subsequent reorganization, the county absorbed the southern portion of Tongch'ŏn county.
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