Sarla Thakral

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Sarla Thakral
Sarla Thakral.jpg
Sarla Thakral
Born1914
New Delhi, India
Died(2008-03-15)15 March 2008
Spouse(s)P. D. Sharma , R.P Thakral

Sarla Thakral (1914 – 15 March 2008 [1] ) was the first Indian woman to fly an aircraft. [2] [3] [4] Born in 1914, she earned an aviation pilot license in 1936 at the age of 21 and flew a Gypsy Moth solo. She had a four-year-old daughter. After obtaining the initial licence, she persevered and completed one thousand hours of flying in the aircraft owned by the Lahore Flying Club. Her husband, P. D. Sharma, [5] whom she married at 16 and who came from a family which had nine pilots, encouraged her. While Sharma had been the first Indian to get his airmail pilot's license, flying between Karachi and Lahore, his wife would be the first woman in India to attain her "A" license, when she accumulated more than 1,000 hours of flying. [6]

Tragically, Captain Sharma died in an airplane crash in 1939. After some time, his young widow tried to apply to train for her commercial pilot license, but World War II had begun and civil training was suspended. With a child to raise, and needing to earn her livelihood, Thakral abandoned her plans to become a commercial pilot, returning to Lahore and attending the Mayo School of Art where she trained in the Bengal school of painting, obtaining a diploma in fine arts.

Doodled portrait of Sarla Thakral by Kirthi Jayakumar Sarla Thakral Art.jpg
Doodled portrait of Sarla Thakral by Kirthi Jayakumar

Thakral was a dedicated follower of the Arya Samaj, a spiritual community dedicated to following the teachings of the Vedas. [7] Within this community, remarriage was a possibility for Thakral.

Arya Samaj Hindu religious organization

Arya Samaj is a monotheistic Indian Hindu reform movement that promotes values and practices based on the belief in the infallible authority of the Vedas. The samaj was founded by the sannyasi (ascetic) Dayanand Saraswati on 10 April 1875. Members of the Arya Samaj believe in one God and reject the worship of idols.

After the Partition of India, she moved to Delhi with her two daughters, where she met R. P. Thakral and married him in 1948. Sarla, also known as Mati, became a successful businesswoman, painter and began designing clothes and costume jewellery. [6] She died in 2008. [1] [8] [9]

Partition of India partition of British India into the independent states of India and Pakistan in 1947

The partition of India was the partition of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent states, India and Pakistan. The Union of India is today the Republic of India and Dominion of Pakistan, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The partition involved the division of two provinces, Bengal and the Punjab, based on district-wise Hindu or Muslim majorities. It also involved the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury, between the two new dominions. The partition was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, or Crown rule in India. The two self-governing countries of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 14–15 August 1947.

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References

  1. 1 2 "Sarla Thakral, in a clear sky". hindi.indiatvnews.com. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  2. "First National Pilot Licences: Sarla Thakral – India". Institute for Women Of Aviation Worldwide. 25 July 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  3. "Women's Day: Top 100 coolest women of all time: 72/100". CNN-IBN. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  4. "Down memory lane: First woman pilot recounts life story". NDTV. 13 August 2006. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  5. "In 1936, she was the first woman pilot to enter the cockpit in a saree!". NTDTV. 16 September 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  6. 1 2 Ramachandran, Smriti Kak (5 February 2006). "Flying colours & ground reality". The Tribune . Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  7. Kulkarni, Jayant (25 November 2009). "Remember Sarla Thakral's maiden flight of fancy". Daily News and Analysis . Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  8. Chavan, Vivek (17 October 2007). "India's First women in air – India's first lady pilot – Sarla Thakral" . Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  9. Austa, Sanjay (2003). "Sarla Thakral - India's First Lady Pilot - Still Flying High". Archived from the original on 26 December 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2017.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)