Sarlat-la-Canéda

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Sarlat-la-Canéda
1 sarlat la caneda 2016.jpg
An aerial view of Sarlat-la-Canéda
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Location of Sarlat-la-Canéda
Sarlat-la-Caneda
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Sarlat-la-Canéda
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
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Sarlat-la-Canéda
Coordinates: 44°53′34″N1°12′55″E / 44.8928°N 01.2153°E / 44.8928; 01.2153 Coordinates: 44°53′34″N1°12′55″E / 44.8928°N 01.2153°E / 44.8928; 01.2153
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Sarlat-la-Canéda
Canton Sarlat-la-Canéda
Intercommunality Sarlat-Périgord Noir
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Jean-Jacques de Peretti
Area
1
47.13 km2 (18.20 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
8,793
  Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Sarladais, Sarladaises
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24520 /24200
Elevation102–319 m (335–1,047 ft)
(avg. 189 m or 620 ft)
Website www.sarlat.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Sarlat-la-Canéda (French:  [saʁla.la.kaneda] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Sarlat e La Canedat), commonly known as Sarlat, is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. Sarlat and La Canéda were distinct towns until merged into one commune in 1965. [2]

Contents

Geography

The town of Sarlat is in a region known in France as the Périgord Noir (the Black Périgord, as opposed to the Green Périgord, the White Périgord, and the Purple Périgord).

History

Sarlat is a medieval town that developed around a large Benedictine abbey of Carolingian origin. The medieval Sarlat Cathedral is dedicated to Saint Sacerdos. This abbey appears in records as early as 1081 and was one of the few in the region that was not raided by the Vikings. The name for the abbey church was Saint Sacerdos by 1318; in the 20th century, it would become a cathedral under Pope John XXIII. [3]

Because modern history has largely passed it by, Sarlat has remained preserved and one of the towns most representative of 14th-century France. Its historic centre, with 77 protected monuments, was added to France's Tentative List for future nomination as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002. [4] The excellent state of preservation owed a debt to writer, resistance fighter and politician André Malraux, who, as Minister of Culture (1960–1969), restored the town and many other sites of historic significance throughout France. The centre of the old town consists of impeccably restored stone buildings and is largely car-free. [5] [6]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19688,801    
19759,765+11.0%
19829,670−1.0%
19909,909+2.5%
19999,751−1.6%
20089,331−4.3%
20168,946−4.1%

Economy

A film festival has been held in the commune every November since 1991. Other events include the Truffle Festival, Christmas Market and Fest’oie in winter, the Ringueta of traditional games, and the Theatre Games Festival. [8]

Transport

Sarlat railway station offers train services to Bergerac, Bordeaux and Périgueux.

The commune is also served by Brive Vallée de la Dordogne airport (50 km), Bergerac Roumanière airport (70 km) and two bus lines. [8] [9]

Notable inhabitants

Cimetiere Sarlat 2015 Sarlat-la-Caneda Cimetiere.jpg
Cimetière Sarlat

Sarlat was the birthplace of:

Cultural references

The town and region have featured in two major Hollywood films: Ridley Scott's The Duellists (1978), based on Joseph Conrad's Napoleonic tale; and more recently Timeline (2003), adapted from Michael Crichton's time-travel novel, and set in 14th-century France.

In the cemetery of Sarlat one can admire the pyramid tomb of François Fournier-Sarlovèze, who inspired the story behind The Duellists.

Other movies partly shot in Sarlat include:

The city also appears in the first instalments of French author Robert Merle's saga Fortune de France , which tells the story of a fictitious Huguenot, Pierre de Siorac, during the 16th and 17th centuries in France.

See also

Related Research Articles

Dordogne Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Dordogne is a department in Southwestern France, with its prefecture in Périgueux. Located in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region between the Loire Valley and the Pyrenees, it is named after the river Dordogne, which runs through it. It corresponds roughly to the ancient county of Périgord. In 2016, Dordogne had a population of 414,789.

Communes of the Dordogne department

The following is a list of the 505 communes of the Dordogne department of France.

Périgord Natural region in France

The Périgord is a natural region and former province of France, which corresponds roughly to the current Dordogne department, now forming the northern part of the administrative region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is divided into four areas called the Périgord Noir (Black), the Périgord Blanc (White), the Périgord Vert (Green) and the Périgord Pourpre (Purple). The geography and natural resources of Périgord make it an unspoiled region rich in history and wildlife, and the newly created Parc Naturel Régional Périgord-Limousin aims to conserve it as such.

Bergerac, Dordogne Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Bergerac is a commune and a sub-prefecture of the Dordogne department in southwestern France. Bergerac is designated as a 'City of Art and History' by the Ministry of Culture (France). It is the secondmost populated subprefecture in the Dordogne, after Périgueux.

The following is a list of the 25 cantons of the Dordogne department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Arrondissements of the Dordogne department

The 4 arrondissements of the Dordogne department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Bergerac, with 130 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 102,859 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Nontron, with 94 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 54,758 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Périgueux, with 143 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 175,309 in 2016.
  4. Arrondissement of Sarlat-la-Canéda, with 138 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 81,863 in 2016.
Arrondissement of Bergerac Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Bergerac is an arrondissement of France in the Dordogne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 130 communes. Its population is 102,859 (2016), and its area is 1,819.9 km2 (702.7 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Sarlat-la-Canéda Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Sarlat-la-Canéda is an arrondissement in France in the Dordogne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 138 communes. Its population is 81,863 (2016), and its area is 2,273.1 km2 (877.6 sq mi).

Montignac-Lascaux Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Montignac-Lascaux, is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is a small town situated on the Vézère river and has been the capital of the canton of Montignac since 1790. In 2015 it became the capital of the newly created Canton de la Vallée de l'Homme. The poet Pierre Lachambeaudie (1806–1872) was born in the village.

Sarlat Cathedral

Sarlat Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church and former cathedral located in Sarlat-la-Canéda, France. It is a national monument.

Saint-Vincent-de-Cosse Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Vincent-de-Cosse is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Turenne, Corrèze Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Turenne is a commune in the Corrèze department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. It is characterised by its height and unique position on top of a cliff.

Beynac-et-Cazenac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Beynac-et-Cazenac is a village located in the Dordogne department in southwestern France.

Campagnac-lès-Quercy Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Campagnac-lès-Quercy is a commune in the southern Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is located about 30 km south of Sarlat-la-Canéda, close to the border with Lot-et-Garonne.

Saint-Amand-de-Coly Part of Coly-Saint-Amand in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Amand-de-Coly is a former commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the new commune Coly-Saint-Amand.

Périgord noir Natural region in France

The Périgord noir, also known as Sarladais, is a traditional natural region of France, which corresponds roughly to the Southeast of the current Dordogne département, now forming the northern part of the Aquitaine région. It is centered around the town of Sarlat-la-Canéda.

Sarlat-la-Canéda station

Sarlat-la-Canéda or just Sarlat is a railway station in Sarlat-la-Canéda, Dordogne, France. The station opened in 1882 and is located on the Siorac-en-Périgord - Cazoulès railway line. The station is served by TER (local) services operated by the SNCF.

Saint-Cyprien station

Saint-Cyprien is a railway station of modest size and importance in the village of Saint-Cyprien, Dordogne, France. The station is located on the Siorac-en-Périgord - Cazoulès railway line. The station is served by TER (local) services operated by the SNCF.

Siorac-en-Périgord station

Siorac-en-Périgord is a railway station in Siorac-en-Périgord, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. The station is located on the Niversac - Agen and Siorac-en-Périgord - Cazoulès railway lines. The station is served by TER (local) services operated by SNCF.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 18 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Sarlat History French Moments Ltd
  3. Sarlat History
  4. Centre ancien de Sarlat
  5. SARLAT-LA-CANÉDA DEPARTMENT: DORDOGNE REGION NOUVELLE-AQUITAINE
  6. 1 2 Contested Tastes: Foie Gras and the Politics of Food page 91
  7. Foie Gras Behind the Scenes of a French Delicacy
  8. 1 2 Visit Sarlat la Canéda
  9. Fodor's Dordogne & the Best of Southwest France: with Paris