Sarpsborg

Last updated
Sarpsborg kommune
Sarpsborg station and town centre from north (2).jpg
Parts of Sarpsborg
Sarpsborg komm.svg
Coat of arms
Norway Counties Viken Position.svg
Viken within
Norway
NO 3003 Sarpsborg.svg
Sarpsborg within Viken
Coordinates: 59°17′09″N11°06′43″E / 59.28583°N 11.11194°E / 59.28583; 11.11194 Coordinates: 59°17′09″N11°06′43″E / 59.28583°N 11.11194°E / 59.28583; 11.11194
Country Norway
County Viken
Administrative centreSarpsborg
Government
  Mayor (2011)Sindre Martinsen-Evje (Ap)
Area
  Total406 km2 (157 sq mi)
  Land370 km2 (140 sq mi)
Area rank238 in Norway
Population
 (30 September 2019)
  Total56,559 Increase2.svg
  Rank13 in Norway
  Density134/km2 (350/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
6.6%
Demonym(s) Sarping [1]
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-3003
Official language form Bokmål [2]
Website www.sarpsborg.com

Sarpsborg (pronounced  [ˈsɑ̀ʂbɔr] or [ˈsɑ̀rpsbɔrɡ] ), historically Borg, is a city and municipality in Viken county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Sarpsborg.

Contents

Sarpsborg is part of the fifth largest urban area in Norway when paired with neighbouring Fredrikstad. As of 1 January 2018, according to Statistics Norway these two municipalities have a total population of 136,127 with 55,840 in Sarpsborg and 81,278 in Fredrikstad. [3]

Borregaard Industries is, and always has been, the most important industry in the city. The city is also the home of Borg Bryggerier, part of the Hansa Borg Bryggerier, which is Norway's second largest brewery-group.

General information

Name

In Norse times the city was just called Borg (from borg which means "castle"). The background for this was the fortification built by Olav Haraldsson (see History section). Later the genitive case of the name of the waterfall Sarpr (Sarp Falls) was added.

In Norse times Østfold county was called Borgarsýsla which means "the county (sýsla) of Borg" and the law district of southeast Norway was called Borgarþing meaning "the thing/court of Borg".

The old name has been revived in the diocese of Borg (1968) and Borgarting Court of Appeal (1995).

Coat of arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times and was granted on 13 November 1991. It is based on a coat of arms dating from 1556 and shows a bear above a castle. The bear was introduced as early as some time in the 13th century, by the earl of Sarpsborg (Comes de Saresburgh), Alv Erlingsson. He used the bear to symbolise his strength.[ citation needed ] The castle symbolises the fortress (borg) that gave the city its original name. [4]

History

Downtown Sarpsborg (Roald Amundsens Gate) Sarpsborg.jpg
Downtown Sarpsborg (Roald Amundsens Gate)

The city was founded as Borg by the Viking King Olav Haraldsson (Saint Olaf) in 1016. It was burned to the ground by Swedish invaders in 1567 during the Northern Seven Years' War. Half the population was evacuated down the river to what is today known as Fredrikstad, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) downstream.

Much of the rebuilt town disappeared into the river Glomma during a 1702 mudslide. Again Borg was rebuilt, and it was recreated as a city in 1839, and separated from Tune as a municipality of its own.

The rural municipalities of Tune, Skjeberg, and Varteig were merged with the city on 1 January 1992. The population is steadily growing, and during the summer of 2005 it reached 50,000 inhabitants.

In 2016 the town celebrated its 1,000th anniversary, and the entire year was commemorated by a special programme that encouraged historic preservation within the town. [5]

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Sarpsborg by country of origin in 2020 [6]
AncestryNumber
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1,585
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 1,323
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,098
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 796
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia 679
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 467
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 451
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 363
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 357
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 303
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 271
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 250
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 230
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 193
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 164

City districts

Sport

During the 1950s and 1960s, Sarpsborg was famous for its football (soccer) team, Sarpsborg FK, but is now more known for its ice hockey team, Sparta Warriors. In football, Sarpsborg 08 FF has taken over the local throne, currently playing at the highest national level. On 6 November 2009, they sent arch-rival FFK down from the top division in a play-off game in Fredrikstad stadion. Sarpsborg 08 has a women's football team that was promoted to the women's Division 1 at the end of 2011, at the same time as the club's under-19 girls reached the Junior Cup Final. Sarpsborg BK plays in the highest bandy division.[ citation needed ]

Sarpsborg is famous for its two elite leagues teams in floorball, Sarpsborg IBK and Greåker IBK.

Climate

Sarpsborg has a humid continental climate (Dfb) or temperate oceanic climate (Cfb), depending on winter threshold used (0 °C (32 °F) as in USA or −3 °C (27 °F) as in Europe). The all-time high 33.5 °C (92.3 °F) was recorded in July 2018. The all-time low −26 °C (−15 °F) was set in December 2002.

Climate data for Sarpsborg 1991-2020 (57 m, extremes 1991-2020)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)10.5
(50.9)
11.4
(52.5)
21.4
(70.5)
27
(81)
30
(86)
31.5
(88.7)
33.5
(92.3)
30.4
(86.7)
25
(77)
18.8
(65.8)
13.3
(55.9)
12.5
(54.5)
33.5
(92.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.4
(29.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
0.9
(33.6)
5.8
(42.4)
11.1
(52.0)
14.9
(58.8)
17.4
(63.3)
16.5
(61.7)
12.2
(54.0)
7
(45)
3.1
(37.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
7.2
(44.9)
Record low °C (°F)−21.5
(−6.7)
−23
(−9)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−6
(21)
−2.6
(27.3)
2
(36)
7
(45)
5.2
(41.4)
−1
(30)
−8.5
(16.7)
−12.5
(9.5)
−26
(−15)
−26
(−15)
Average precipitation mm (inches)76.7
(3.02)
51.9
(2.04)
49.4
(1.94)
49.2
(1.94)
54.4
(2.14)
71.9
(2.83)
67.2
(2.65)
89.3
(3.52)
84.9
(3.34)
105.4
(4.15)
101.3
(3.99)
85.3
(3.36)
886.9
(34.92)
Source 1: yr.no/Norwegian Meteorological Institute [7]
Source 2: eklima/met.no [8]

Musical artists and bands

Notable residents

Zacharias Mellebye, 1854 Zacharias Mellebye 2.jpg
Zacharias Mellebye, 1854
Oscar Torp, 1950 26771 Oscar Torp.jpg
Oscar Torp, 1950

Public service

The Arts

Nils Ole Oftebro, as King Olaf II, 1992 Nils Ole Oftebro som konge i spelet 1992.jpg
Nils Ole Oftebro, as King Olaf II, 1992
Thomas Myhre, 2009 Thomas Myhre 04.jpg
Thomas Myhre, 2009
Marianne Skarpnord, 2009 2009 Women's British Open - Marianne Skarpnord (2).jpg
Marianne Skarpnord, 2009

Sport

Twin towns - Sister cities

Sarpsborg has several sister cities: [14]

Related Research Articles

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Østfold Former county (fylke) of Norway

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Varteig

Varteig is a village in Sarpsborg and a former municipality in Østfold County, Norway.

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Greåker

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References

  1. "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. "Population 1 January and population changes until now this year. The whole country, counties and municipalities". Statistics Norway. 22 August 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  4. "Vedtak om bruk av byvåpenet i den nye kommunen" (in Norwegian). Sarpsborg. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
  5. "Sarpsborg 1016-2016".
  6. "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  7. "yr.no/met.no".
  8. "eklima portal".
  9. IMDb Database retrieved 12 March 2021
  10. IMDb Database retrieved 12 March 2021
  11. IMDb Database retrieved 12 March 2021
  12. IMDb Database retrieved 12 March 2021
  13. IMDb Database retrieved 12 March 2021
  14. "Vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Sarpsborg kommune. Archived from the original on 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
  15. "::Bethlehem Municipality::". www.bethlehem-city.org. Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2009-10-10.