Sarthe

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Sarthe
Abbaye Saint-Pierre de la Couture.JPG
Prefecture building of the Sarthe department, in Le Mans
Flag of Maine (province).svg
Flag
Blason dpt fr Sarthe.svg
Coat of arms
Sarthe-Position.svg
Location of Sarthe in France
Coordinates: 48°17′N0°13′E / 48.283°N 0.217°E / 48.283; 0.217 Coordinates: 48°17′N0°13′E / 48.283°N 0.217°E / 48.283; 0.217
Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Prefecture Le Mans
Subprefectures La Flèche
Mamers
Government
   President of the General Council Roland du Luart
Area
1
  Total6,206 km2 (2,396 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total567,561
  Rank 46th
  Density91/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 72
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 21
Communes 354
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
The Chateau de Boisclaireau, residence of the Gueroust family, Counts of Boisclaireau, in Sarthe. ChateauBoisclaireau1.jpg
The Château de Boisclaireau, residence of the Gueroust family, Counts of Boisclaireau, in Sarthe.

Sarthe (French pronunciation:  [saʁt] ) is a department of Pays de la Loire situated in the Grand-Ouest of the country. It is named after the River Sarthe, which flows from east of Le Mans to just north of Angers.

Contents

History

In the late 18th century, before it was officially Sarthe, the nobility built their Mansions and Chateaus there, as an escape from Paris.

The department was created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, pursuant to the law of 22 December 1789, starting from a part of the province of Maine. The latter was divided into two departments, Sarthe to the east and Mayenne to the west. [1]

In Roman times, this province contained the city of Mans, and many of its ruins are still standing. The Roman Thermal Bathhouse attracts many tourists, as does the Theater of Aubigné-Racan, both located on the outskirts of Anjou, Maine, and Touraine.

Marin Mersenne, perhaps the most important scientific figure in the early 17th century, was born in the vicinity of Sarthe.

Geography

The department of Sarthe is at the north end of the administrative region of Pays-de-la-Loire. It is south of Normandy and on the southern edge of the Armorican Massif. It is bordered by the departments of Orne, Eure-et-Loir, Loir-et-Cher, Indre-et-Loire, Maine-et-Loire and Mayenne.

Approximately 300,000 people, comprising more than half of the department's population, live in Le Mans, its conurbation, or the essentially urban communes close by. The rest of the department retains a rural character, with agriculture as the chief part of the economy.

The arrival of the railways in 1854 boosted trade for the local economy. A TGV connection was constructed in 1989, connecting the community to high-speed transport.

In terms of road connections, the A11 autoroute, which was constructed to Le Mans from the east in 1978, enhances Sarthe's strategic position as the gateway to the French west.

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801388,143    
1806410,380+1.12%
1821428,432+0.29%
1831457,372+0.66%
1841470,535+0.28%
1851473,071+0.05%
1861466,155−0.15%
1872446,603−0.39%
1881438,917−0.19%
1891429,737−0.21%
1901422,699−0.16%
1911419,370−0.08%
1921389,235−0.74%
1931384,619−0.12%
1936388,519+0.20%
1946412,214+0.59%
1954420,393+0.25%
1962443,019+0.66%
1968461,839+0.70%
1975490,385+0.86%
1982504,768+0.41%
1990513,654+0.22%
1999529,851+0.35%
2006553,484+0.63%
2011565,718+0.44%
2016567,561+0.07%
source: [2]

Politics

The department was the electoral base of former Prime Minister Francois Fillon, who since 2012 sits in the National Assembly of France for a constituency in central Paris.

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [3] Party
Sarthe's 1st constituency Damien Pichereau La République En Marche!
Sarthe's 2nd constituency Marietta Karamanli Socialist Party
Sarthe's 3rd constituency Pascale Fontenel-Personne La République En Marche!
Sarthe's 4th constituency Stéphane Le Foll Socialist Party
Sarthe's 5th constituency Jean-Carles Grelier The Republicans

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

Le Mans Prefecture and commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Le Mans is a city in France on the Sarthe River. Traditionally the capital of the province of Maine, it is now the capital of the Sarthe department and the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese of Le Mans. Le Mans is a part of the Pays de la Loire region.

Indre-et-Loire Department of France in Centre-Val de Loire

Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre River and Loire River. In 2016, it had a population of 606,223. Sometimes referred to as Touraine, the name of the historic region, it nowadays is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Its prefecture is Tours and subprefectures are Chinon and Loches. Indre-et-Loire is a touristic destination for its numerous monuments that are part of the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

Maine-et-Loire Department of France

Maine-et-Loire is a department of the Loire Valley in west-central France, in the Pays de la Loire region.

Loir-et-Cher Department of France

Loir-et-Cher is a department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France. Its name is originated from two rivers which cross it, the Loir in its northern part and the Cher in its southern part. Its prefecture is Blois. The INSEE and La Poste gave it the number 41.

Mayenne Department of France

Mayenne is a department in northwest France named after the Mayenne River. Mayenne is part of the current region of Pays de la Loire and is surrounded by the departments of Manche, Orne, Sarthe, Maine-et-Loire, and Ille-et-Vilaine.

Pays de la Loire Administrative region of France

Pays de la Loire is one of the 18 regions of France, in the west of the mainland. It is one of the regions created in the 1950s to serve as a zone of influence for its capital, Nantes, one of a handful of so-called "balancing metropolises" ¹.

Saint Denis may refer to:

Maine (province) Place in France

Maine[mɛːn] is one of the traditional provinces of France. It corresponds to the former County of Maine, whose capital was also the city of Le Mans. The area, now divided into the departments of Sarthe and Mayenne, counts about 857,000 inhabitants.

Montreuil may refer to:

Mayenne (river) river in France

The Mayenne is a 202.3 km (125.7 mi) long river in western France principally located in the French region of Pays de la Loire. Together with the river Sarthe and its tributary the Loir it forms the Maine, which is a tributary to the Loire.

Sarthe (river) river in France

The Sarthe is a 313.9-kilometre-long (195.0 mi) river in western France. Together with the river Mayenne it forms the river Maine, which is a tributary to the river Loire.

Loir river in France

The Loir is a 317 km (197 mi) long river in western France. It is a left tributary of the Sarthe. Its source is in the Eure-et-Loir department, north of Illiers-Combray. It joins the river Sarthe in Briollay, north of the city of Angers.

Châteaudun Subprefecture and commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Châteaudun is a commune in the Eure-et-Loir department in northern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.

Arrondissement of Angers Arrondissement in Pays de la Loire, France

The arrondissement of Angers is an arrondissement of France in the Maine-et-Loire department in the Pays de la Loire region. It has 66 communes. Its population is 380,215 (2016), and its area is 1,740.7 km2 (672.1 sq mi).

Château-du-Loir Part of Montval-sur-Loir in Pays de la Loire, France

Château-du-Loir is a former commune in the Sarthe department in the region of Pays de la Loire in north-western France. On 1 October 2016, it was merged into the new commune Montval-sur-Loir.

Châteauneuf-sur-Sarthe Part of Les Hauts-dAnjou in Pays de la Loire, France

Châteauneuf-sur-Sarthe is a former commune in the Maine-et-Loire department of western France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the commune Les Hauts-d'Anjou. It is approximately 175 miles (280 km) from Paris. It had a population of 2,656 according to 2006 statistics. The river Sarthe flows to the east of the town near where the Sarthe and river Mayenne join to form the river Maine.

Poncé-sur-le-Loir Part of Loir en Vallée in Pays de la Loire, France

Poncé-sur-le-Loir is a former commune in the Sarthe département in the region of Pays-de-la-Loire in north-western France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Loir en Vallée. Its inhabitants are called Poncéens.

Marçon Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Marçon is a commune in the Sarthe department in the region of Pays-de-la-Loire in north-western France. It is also a minor, but well-liked wine-producing area.

Château du Lude castle

The Château du Lude is one of the many great châteaux of the Loire Valley in France. The château is situated in the commune of Le Lude in the Sarthe department in the region of Pays-de-la-Loire and stands at the crossroads of Anjou, Maine and Touraine. Le Lude is the most northerly château of the Loire Valley and one of the last important historic castles in France, still inhabited by the same family for the last 260 years. The château is testimony to four centuries of French architecture, as a stronghold transformed into an elegant house during the Renaissance and the 18th century. The monument is located in the valley of le Loir. Its gardens have evolved throughout the centuries. It is a harmonious combination of French design and an English-style landscape, with a rose garden, topiaries, a labyrinth and a botanical walk.

Montval-sur-Loir Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Montval-sur-Loir is a commune in the Sarthe department in the region of Pays de la Loire in north-western France. The municipality was established on 1 October 2016 and consists of the former communes of Château-du-Loir, Montabon and Vouvray-sur-Loir.

References

  1. The Sarthe region
  2. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  3. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/
  4. "Weekly auto agenda: Le Mans". The Independent . 11 June 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2011.