Sausalito, California

Last updated

Sausalito
City of Sausalito
Sausalito.jpg
Sausalito combines hillside with shoreline, as seen in this view from Bridgeway, the city's central street.
Marin County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Sausalito Highlighted.svg
Location in Marin County and the state of California
Location Map San Francisco Bay Area.png
Red pog.svg
Sausalito
Location in the United States
Relief map of Northern California.png
Red pog.svg
Sausalito
Sausalito (Northern California)
Relief map of California.png
Red pog.svg
Sausalito
Sausalito (California)
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Sausalito
Sausalito (the United States)
Coordinates: 37°51′33″N122°29′07″W / 37.85917°N 122.48528°W / 37.85917; -122.48528 Coordinates: 37°51′33″N122°29′07″W / 37.85917°N 122.48528°W / 37.85917; -122.48528
Country United States
State California
County Marin
Incorporated September 4, 1893 [1]
Government
   Mayor Joe Burns [2]
   State Senator Mike McGuire (D) [3]
   Assemblymember Marc Levine (D) [3]
   U. S. Rep. Jared Huffman (D) [4]
   Supervisor District 3
Kate Sears
Area
[5]
  Total2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)
  Land1.76 sq mi (4.57 km2)
  Water0.49 sq mi (1.28 km2)  21.54%
Elevation
[6]
10 ft (3 m)
Population
 (2010) [7]
  Total7,061
  Estimate 
(2019) [8]
7,068
  Density4,006.80/sq mi (1,547.02/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PST)
ZIP codes
94965, 94966
Area codes 415/628
FIPS code 06-70364
GNIS feature IDs 277597, 2411834
Website www.ci.sausalito.ca.us

Sausalito (Spanish for "small willow grove") is a city in Marin County, California, located 8 miles (13 km) south-southeast of San Rafael, [9] and 4 miles (7 km) north of San Francisco. [6]

Contents

Sausalito's population was 7,061 as of the 2010 census. The community is situated near the northern end of the Golden Gate Bridge, and prior to the building of that bridge served as a terminus for rail, car, and ferry traffic.

Sausalito developed rapidly as a shipbuilding center in World War II, with its industrial character giving way in postwar years to a reputation as a wealthy and artistic enclave, a picturesque residential community (incorporating large numbers of houseboats), and a tourist destination. The city is adjacent to, and largely bounded by, the protected spaces of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

Etymology

The name of Sausalito comes from the Spanish sauzalito, meaning "small willow grove", from sauce "willow" + collective derivative -al meaning "place of abundance" + diminutive suffix -ito; with orthographic corruption from z to s due to seseo . Early variants of the name included Saucelito, San Salita, San Saulito, San Salito, Sancolito, Sancilito, Sousolito, Sousalita, Sousilito, Sausilito, and Sauz Saulita. [9]

It is sometimes claimed[ by whom? ] that Sausalito was named for the district in Valparaíso, Chile, where the bandit Joaquín Murrieta was born. Murrieta was the leader of bandits who settled at the northern end of the future Golden Gate bridge after being banned from San Francisco in the bandit wars. However, this theory cannot be true because Murrieta was from Mexico, not Chile, and because he did not arrive in California until the Gold Rush around 1849. [10] The Rancho Saucelito had already been granted to William Richardson in 1838. [11]

Geography

Located at 37°51′33″N122°29′07″W / 37.85917°N 122.48528°W / 37.85917; -122.48528 , [6] Sausalito encompasses both steep, wooded hillside and shoreline tidal flats. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2). Notably, only 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) of it is land. A full 21.54% of the city (0.5 square miles, or 1.3 km2) is under water, and has been so since its founding in 1868. Prominent geographic features associated with Sausalito include Richardson Bay and Pine Point.

When Sausalito was formally platted, it was anticipated that future development might extend the shoreline with landfill, as had been the practice in neighboring San Francisco. As a result, entire streets, demarcated and given names like Pescadero, Eureka and Teutonia, remain beneath the surface of Richardson Bay. [12] The legal, if not actual, presence of these streets has proved a contentious factor in public policy, because some houseboats float directly above them. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, "State agencies say privately owned houseboats can't be located above the underwater streets because the streets are public trust lands intended for public benefit." The California State Lands Commission is reportedly pursuing a compromise which would move not the houseboats, but the theoretical streets instead. [13]

Climate

Sausalito has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb) with far lower temperatures than expected because of its adjacency to San Francisco Bay and the resultant onshore breezes.

Climate data for Sausalito, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)57
(14)
60
(16)
62
(17)
63
(17)
64
(18)
67
(19)
67
(19)
68
(20)
70
(21)
69
(21)
63
(17)
57
(14)
64
(18)
Average low °F (°C)46
(8)
48
(9)
49
(9)
49
(9)
51
(11)
53
(12)
54
(12)
55
(13)
55
(13)
54
(12)
50
(10)
46
(8)
51
(11)
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.50
(114)
3.61
(92)
3.26
(83)
1.46
(37)
.70
(18)
.16
(4.1)
0
(0)
.06
(1.5)
.21
(5.3)
1.12
(28)
3.16
(80)
4.56
(116)
22.80
(579)
Source: Weather Channel [14]

History

Indigenous culture

Sausalito was once the site of a Coast Miwok settlement known as Liwanelowa. The branch of the Coast Miwok living in this area were known as the Huimen (or as Nación de Uimen to the Spanish). [15] [16] Early explorers of the area described them as friendly and hospitable. According to Juan de Ayala, "To all these advantages must be added the best of all, which is that the heathen Indians of the port are so faithful in their friendship and so docile in their disposition that I was greatly pleased to receive them on board." European settlers took advantage of the Huimen's kindness and hospitality,[ citation needed ] and completely massacred[ citation needed ] them within the span of a few generations. As historian Jack Tracy has observed, "Their dwellings on the site of Sausalito were explored and mapped in 1907, nearly a century and a half later, by an archaeological survey. By that time, nothing was left of the culture of those who had first enjoyed the natural treasures of the bay. The life of the Coastal Miwoks had been reduced to archaeological remnants, as though thousands of years had passed since their existence."

European arrival and settlement

1781 Canizares map of San Francisco Bay 1781 Canizares Map of San Francisco Bay (cropped).jpg
1781 Cañizares map of San Francisco Bay

The first European known to visit the present-day location of Sausalito was Don José de Cañizares, on August 5, 1775. Cañizares was head of an advance party dispatched by longboat from the ship San Carlos, searching for a suitable anchorage for the larger vessel. The crew of the San Carlos came ashore soon after, reporting friendly natives and teeming populations of deer, elk, bear, sea lions, seals and otters. More significantly for maritime purposes, they reported an abundance of large, mature timber in the hills, a valuable commodity for shipwrights in need of raw materials for masts, braces and planking.

Despite these and later positive reports, the Spanish colonial government of Upper California did little to establish a presence in the area. When a military garrison (now the Presidio of San Francisco) and a Franciscan mission (Mission Dolores) were founded the following year, they were situated on the opposite, southern shore of the bay, where no portage was necessary for overland traffic to and from Monterey, the regional capitol. As a result, the far shore of the Golden Gate strait would remain largely wilderness for another half-century.

William Richardson (1795-1856), an English-born Mexican citizen, first claimed and developed the site of Sausalito as a private rancho. William Richardson.jpg
William Richardson (1795–1856), an English-born Mexican citizen, first claimed and developed the site of Sausalito as a private rancho.

The development of the area began at the instigation of William A. Richardson, who arrived in Upper California in 1822, shortly after Mexico had won its independence from Spain. An English mariner who had picked up a fluency in Spanish during his travels, he quickly became an influential presence in the now-Mexican territory. By 1825, Richardson had assumed Mexican citizenship, converted to Catholicism and married the daughter of Don Ignacio Martínez, commandant of the Presidio and holder of a large land grant. His ambitions now expanding to land holdings of his own, Richardson submitted a petition to Governor Echienda for a rancho in the headlands across the water from the Presidio, to be called "Rancho Saucelito". [11] Sausalito is believed to refer to a small cluster of willows, a moist-soil tree, indicating the presence of a freshwater spring. [17]

Even before filing his claim, Richardson had used the spring as a watering station on the shores of what is now called Richardson Bay (an arm of the larger San Francisco Bay), selling fresh water to visiting vessels. However, his ownership of the land was legally tenuous: other claims had been submitted for the same region, and at any rate Mexican law reserved headlands for military uses, not private ownership. Richardson temporarily abandoned his claim and settled instead outside the Presidio, building the first permanent civilian home and laying out the street plan for the pueblo of Yerba Buena (present-day San Francisco). After years of lobbying and legal wrangling, Richardson was given clear title to all 19,751 acres (79.93 km2) of Rancho del Sausalito on February 11, 1838.

Fishing village and sybaritic enclave

In the post-Gold Rush era, Sausalito's unusual location became a key factor in its formation as a community. It was San Francisco's nearest neighbor, less than two miles (3 km) away at the nearest point and easily seen from city streets, yet transportation factors rendered it effectively isolated. A boat could sail there in under half an hour, but wagons and carriages required an arduous skirting of the entire bay, a journey that could well exceed a hundred miles. As a result, the region was largely dominated by two disparate classes of people, both with ready access to boats: commercial fishermen and wealthy yachting enthusiasts.

Mining town

In the 1870s, manganese was discovered in the hills west of Old Town that was rich enough to justify small-scale mining. Tunnels were dug near the springs between present-day Prospect Avenue and Sausalito Boulevard. Henry Eames, an opportunistic inventor, built an ore reduction plant at the foot of Main Street to process the manganese ore. This location would become the later site of Sally Stanford’s infamous bordello, Valhalla. However, by 1880 the Saucelito Smelting Works was producing only about fifty tons of black oxide annually, hardly enough to make Sausalito a true mining center. [18]

Transit hub

The first post office opened in 1870 as "Saucelito" and changed its name to the present spelling in 1887. [9]

The Eureka, then the largest double-ended ferryboat in the world, carried passenger and automobile traffic on the Sausalito-San Francisco run from 1922 to 1941. Eureka (steam ferryboat, San Francisco).JPG
The Eureka, then the largest double-ended ferryboat in the world, carried passenger and automobile traffic on the Sausalito–San Francisco run from 1922 to 1941.

In the 1870s, the North Pacific Coast Railroad (NPC) extended its tracks southward to a new terminus in Sausalito, where a rail yard and ferry to San Francisco were established. The NPC was acquired by the North Shore Railroad in 1902, which in turn was absorbed in 1907 by the Southern Pacific affiliate, the Northwestern Pacific.

By 1926, a major auto ferry across the Golden Gate was established, running to the Hyde Street Pier in San Francisco. [19] [ better source needed ] This ferry was an integral part of old U.S. Highway 101, and a large influx of automobile traffic, often parked or idling in long queues, became a dominant characteristic of the town. Northwestern Pacific commuter train service also expanded to serve the increased traffic volume, and Sausalito became known primarily as a transportation hub.

This era came to an end in May 1937 with the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge. The bridge made large-scale ferry operations redundant, and since the new route of Highway 101 bypassed Sausalito entirely, in-town traffic was quickly reduced to a trickle. Car ferry service ended in March 1941 (passenger ferry service, however, continues to this day, linking downtown Sausalito with both the Ferry Building in San Francisco's Embarcadero, and Pier 39 in the Fisherman's Wharf district). Northwestern Pacific also closed its Sausalito terminal in March 1941, although some tracks remained in use as "spur tracks" for freight trains as late as 1971. [17]

Bootlegging and rum runners

Sausalito was a center for bootlegging during the era of Prohibition in the United States. Because of its location facing the Golden Gate and isolated from San Francisco by the same waterway, it was also a favorite landing spot for rum runners. [20] The 1942 film China Girl has some footage of Sally Stanford's Valhalla restaurant on the waterfront. The scene shows the docks and illustrates rum running.

Industrialization during World War II

When the United States entered World War II, Fort Barry on Point Bonita was reoccupied. Fort Baker also hosted large numbers of troops. Barracks and other housing were constructed for soldiers. Few of these buildings remain. [21]

A major shipyard of the Bechtel Corporation called Marinship was sited along the shoreline of Sausalito. The thousands of laborers who worked here were largely housed in a nearby community constructed for them called Marin City. The soil which supports this area is dredgings from Richardson Bay that were placed during World War II as part of the Marin shipyards for the United States Navy. [22] A total of 202 acres (0.8 km2) were condemned by the government. A portion of this total area was formed in the shape of a peninsula and this peninsula became known as Schoonmaker Point. In honor of the city's contribution to the war effort, a Tacoma-class frigate was christened the USS Sausalito (PF-4) in 1943. The ship Sausalito, however, was not built in Sausalito but at one of the Kaiser Shipyards in Richmond, California, also on the San Francisco Bay.

The Marinship Shipyards were the site of incidents that provided a key early milestone in the civil rights movement. [23] In 1944 in the case of James v. Marinship the California Supreme Court held that African Americans could not be excluded from jobs based on their race, even if the employer took no discriminatory actions. In the case of Joseph James, on whose behalf the suit was brought, the local Boilermakers Union excluded Blacks from membership and had a "closed shop" contract, forbidding the shipbuilder from employing anyone who was not a member of the union. African American workers could join an auxiliary of the union, which offered access to fewer jobs at lower pay. Future US Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall successfully argued the case, winning a ruling that the union be required to offer equal membership to African Americans. The court extended the ruling to apply explicitly to all unions and all workers in California.

Postwar years

Richard Nixon campaigning for United States Senate in Sausalito in the spring of 1950 Nixon campaigns in Sausalito 1950.jpg
Richard Nixon campaigning for United States Senate in Sausalito in the spring of 1950
Sausalito Yacht Harbor Sausalito Yacht Harbor panorama.jpg
Sausalito Yacht Harbor

Following World War II, a lively waterfront community grew out of the abandoned shipyards. By the late 1960s at least three houseboat communities occupied the waterfront along and adjacent to Sausalito's shore. Beginning in the 1970s, an intense struggle erupted between houseboat residents and developers, dubbed the "Houseboat Wars". [24] Forced removals by county authorities and sabotage by some on the waterfront characterized this struggle. This long fight pitted the waterfront against the "Hill People" – the rich on the hill looking down on the waterfront. Today three houseboat communities still exist  Galilee Harbor in Sausalito, Waldo Point Harbor and the Gates Cooperative, just outside the city limit.

In 1965, the City of Sausalito sued the County of Marin and a private developer for illegally zoning 2,000 acres (809 ha) of land to build a city named Marincello adjacent to Sausalito. The city won the lawsuit in 1970, and the land was transferred as open space to the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

Government

Federal and state

In the United States House of Representatives, Sausalito is in California's 2nd congressional district , represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. [25] From 2008 to 2012, Huffman represented Marin County in the California State Assembly.

In the California State Legislature, Sausalito is in:

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Sausalito has 5,430 registered voters. Of those, 2,905 (53.5%) are registered Democrats, 677 (12.5%) are registered Republicans, and 1,605 (30%) have declined to state a political party. [27]

Sausalito vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Democratic Republican
2016 81.2%3,82413.5% 636
2012 76.1%3,53521.6% 1,001
2008 81.2%4,03117.1% 850
2004 77.0%3,67721.9% 1,046
2000 67.7%2,94524.5% 1,067
1996 61.7%2,57924.7% 1,034
1992 63.2%3,12519.3% 953
1988 63.4%2,76835.4% 1,548
1984 56.6%2,07142.2% 1,542
1980 39.6%1,36939.5% 1,367
1976 46.5% 1,57149.9%1,686
1972 58.4%2,35739.6% 1,600
1968 52.5%1,63842.4% 1,322
1964 65.7%1,99234.3% 1,040

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 476
1890 1,334180.3%
1900 1,62822.0%
1910 2,38346.4%
1920 2,79017.1%
1930 3,66731.4%
1940 3,540−3.5%
1950 4,82836.4%
1960 5,33110.4%
1970 6,15815.5%
1980 7,33819.2%
1990 7,152−2.5%
2000 7,3302.5%
2010 7,061−3.7%
2019 (est.)7,068 [8] 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [28]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [29] reported that Sausalito had a population of 7,061. The population density was 3,128.5 people per square mile (1,207.9/km2). The racial makeup of Sausalito was 6,400 (90.6%) White, 65 (0.9%) African Americans, 16 (0.2%) Native American, 342 (4.8%) Asian, 10 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 53 (0.8%) from other races, and 175 (2.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 287 persons (4.1%).

The Census reported that 99.8% of the population lived in households and 0.2% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.

There were 4,112 households, out of which 420 (10.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,443 (35.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 146 (3.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 64 (1.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 313 (7.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 63 (1.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,927 households (46.9%) were made up of individuals, and 524 (12.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.71. There were 1,653 families (40.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.39.

The population was spread out, with 615 people (8.7%) under the age of 18, 159 people (2.3%) aged 18 to 24, 1,962 people (27.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,830 people (40.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,495 people (21.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

There were 4,536 housing units at an average density of 2,009.7 per square mile (776.0/km2), of which 2,088 (50.8%) were owner-occupied, and 2,024 (49.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 3,783 people (53.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,265 people (46.2%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

Sausalito's harbor sidewalk Sausalito near the harbor.jpg
Sausalito's harbor sidewalk

As of the census [30] of 2000, there were 7,330 people, 4,254 households, and 1,663 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,852.9 people per square mile (1,489.5/km2). There were 4,511 housing units at an average density of 2,371.1 per square mile (916.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city in 2010 was 87.4% non-Hispanic White, 0.9% non-Hispanic African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 4,254 households, out of which 8.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 3.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 60.9% were non-families. 45.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.72 and the average family size was 2.34.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 7.4% under the age of 18, 2.4% from 18 to 24, 39.5% from 25 to 44, 38.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $87,469, and the median income for a family was $123,467. Males had a median income of $90,680 versus $56,576 for females. The per capita income for the city was $81,040. About 2.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Sister cities

Sausalito has three sister cities , as designated by Sister Cities International :

Sakaide is near the Seto Ohashi Bridge on the north coast of the island of Shikoku in Japan (established in 1988). The primary program is a youth cultural exchange program.

Viña del Mar is located on the coast of Chile not far from Santiago (established 1960). The relationship features a Sausalito Stadium and a Sausalito Lagoon. Conversely, Sausalito's main plaza is named Viña del Mar in honor of the Chilean city. The primary program is 777 (7 women, 7 days, 7 dreams), an entrepreneurial training for Chilean Woman in Sausalito.

Cascais is the newest sister city. This relationship was established in 2013. The primary program is a youth sailing exchange between Cascais and Sausalito, Clube Naval and the Sausalito Yacht Club.

Service organizations and clubs

Sausalito Yacht Club, founded in 1942 Sausalitoyachtclub2008.jpg
Sausalito Yacht Club, founded in 1942
Aerial view of the Sausalito Yacht Harbor Aerial view of the Sausalito Yacht Harbor.JPG
Aerial view of the Sausalito Yacht Harbor

Service organizations in Sausalito include the Lions Club, Rotary Club, Sausalito Woman's Club, Sausalito Historical Society, the Sausalito Library Foundation, Friends of the Sausalito Library, Sausalito Art Festival Foundation, the Sausalito-on-the-Waterfront Foundation, and Richardson's Bay Maritime Association. Clubs include the Sausalito Yacht Club, Presidio Yacht Club and the Sausalito Cruising Club.

The Sausalito-on-the-Waterfront Foundation, incorporated in May 2009, is a non-profit California public benefit corporation. Its mission is to educate the public on the history of the Sausalito waterfront and environmental issues related to San Francisco Bay, perpetuate life on San Francisco Bay and waterfront, sponsor boating activities and community events and provide educational scholarships and support to other non-profit organizations. [31] Some activities of the foundation include the Sausalito Lighted Boat Parade and Fireworks, Opening Day on the Bay celebration, Youth Sailing Program, Burning Woman Artists Waterfront Exhibit, Kids Waterfront Day-in-the-Park and Jazz & Blues On-the-Waterfront.

The Sausalito Yacht Harbor has slips for 600 vessels and is the southernmost harbor in Sausalito, adjacent to the central downtown area.

Tourism

Aerial view of the ferry docking at Sausalito Aerial view of ferry docking at Sausalito.JPG
Aerial view of the ferry docking at Sausalito

Due to its location at the north end of the Golden Gate Bridge, Sausalito receives a steady stream of visitors via the bridge (auto and bicycle traffic) and a ferry service from San Francisco. It retains one of the few ungated marinas in the Bay Area that attracts visitors.

Media

For several decades Sausalito had a local newspaper called the MarinScope, [32] owned at times by Paul and Billy Anderson, and Vijay Mallya. However, as of 2018 the newspaper had ceased publication. Sausalito retains a small radio station founded by Jonathan Westerling, Radio Sausalito 1610 AM, which also serves as the city's Emergency Broadcasting System. The city's primary websites are the city's official site ci.Sausalito.ca.us, [33] the Chamber of Commerce sausalito.org, [34] a reference site oursausalito.com [35] and a guide for locals and visitors to the area Sausalito.com. [36]

Education

Sausalito is served by the Sausalito Marin City School District for primary school and the Tamalpais Union High School District for secondary school. [37] Residents have two public schools to choose from: the K-8 public school Bayside Martin Luther King, Jr. Academy in Marin City or the K-8 charter school Willow Creek Academy in Sausalito. [38] There are two private elementary schools that have been recently established in Sausalito, The K-12 Waldorf style New Village School, and PreK - 5 campus of the Lycée Français de San Francisco. High schoolers in public school attend Tamalpais High School in Mill Valley. [37]

Sausalito City Hall houses the Sausalito Public Library. [39]

Parks and recreation

Gabrielson Memorial Park Gabrielson Park.jpg
Gabrielson Memorial Park

The public parks in Sausalito include Cazneau Playground, Cloud View Park, Dunphy Park, Gabrielson Park, Harrison Playground, Martin Luther King Park and Dog Park, Langendorf Park, Marinship Park, South View Park, Robin Sweeny Park, Tiffany Park, Vina del Mar Plaza, and Yee Tock Chee Park. The public beaches include Schoonmaker Beach, Swede's Beach and Tiffany Beach. Sausalito also has a municipal fishing pier and the Turney Street Boat Ramp. A club house/game room and an exercise room are located in the city hall. [40]

Houseboats

Sausalito houseboats Sausalito houseboats.JPG
Sausalito houseboats

The Sausalito houseboat community consists of more than 400 houseboats of various shapes, sizes, and values, along the north end of town, approximately two miles from downtown. [41] While some of these are technically outside the Sausalito city limits, they are generally acknowledged as forming an integral part of the Sausalito community.

The roots of the houseboat community lie in the re-use of abandoned boats and material after the de-commissioning of the Marinship shipyards at the end of World War II. Many anchor-outs came to the area, which created problems with sanitation and other issues. After a series of tense confrontations in the 1970s and 1980s, additional regulations were applied to the area and the great majority of boats were relocated to approved docks. From 77 boats in the water in 1977, there were about 18 boats left in 2019. Several are architect-designed pieces that have been featured in major magazines. The Gates Co-op Houseboat Community remains to this day, although recent action has required them to fit city-standards of sanitation and building codes.

The humming toadfish makes mating noises underwater, keeping some residents awake at night. [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47]

Notable people

The following is a list of notable residents of Sausalito, past and present.

Past

Present-day

Sausalito California.jpg

Industry

Sausalito yacht harbor in 2011 Sausalito Yacht Harbor.jpg
Sausalito yacht harbor in 2011
The Spaulding Wooden Boat Center in 2007 Spauldingbw.jpg
The Spaulding Wooden Boat Center in 2007

Film, television, and video games

Music

See also

Related Research Articles

Mill Valley, California City in California, United States

Mill Valley is a city in Marin County, California, United States, located about 14 miles (23 km) north of San Francisco via the Golden Gate Bridge and 52 miles (84 km) from Napa Valley. The population was 13,903 at the 2010 census.

Richmond–San Rafael Bridge Bridge crossing the San Francisco Bay

The Richmond–San Rafael Bridge is the northernmost of the east–west crossings of the San Francisco Bay in California, USA. Officially named after California State Senator John F. McCarthy, it bridges Interstate 580 from Richmond on the east to San Rafael on the west. It opened in 1956, replacing ferry service by the Richmond–San Rafael Ferry Company.

Marin City, California census-designated place in California, United States

Marin City is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Marin County, California, United States. It is located 1.5 miles northwest of downtown Sausalito, and about five miles north of San Francisco from the Golden Gate Bridge, at an elevation of 23 feet. Marin City was developed for housing starting in 1942, to accommodate wartime shipyard workers and other migrants to California. Among those were African Americans from the South in the Great Migration, which continued until 1970.

William A. Richardson

William Anthony Richardson was an early California entrepreneur, influential in the development of Yerba Buena, the forerunner of the city of San Francisco.

Richardson Bay arm of San Francisco Bay

Richardson Bay is a shallow, ecologically rich arm of San Francisco Bay, managed under a Joint Powers Agency of four northern California cities. The 911-acre (369 ha) Richardson Bay Sanctuary was acquired in the early 1960s by the National Audubon Society. The bay was named for William A. Richardson, early 19th century sea captain and builder in San Francisco. It contains both Strawberry Spit and Aramburu Island.

Marinship shipyard in Sausalito, California, United States

Marinship Corporation was a shipbuilding company of the United States during World War II, created to build the shipping required for the war effort. Founded in 1942, the shipyard built 93 cargo ships and oil tankers, before ending operations 1945.

Ferries of San Francisco Bay

San Francisco Bay in California has been served by ferries of all types for over 150 years. John Reed established a sailboat ferry service in 1826. Although the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge and the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge led to the decline in the importance of most ferries, some are still in use today for both commuters and tourists.

The Waldo Grade is a highway grade between the Golden Gate Bridge and Marin City along U.S. Route 101 and State Route 1. It is defined as the stretch of roadway between the Spencer Offramp and Marin City, within the city of Sausalito. This grade is traversed by a full freeway multi-lane highway facility. This portion of US 101/SR 1 is an important link in surface transportation connecting the city of San Francisco to Marin County and the North Bay. Nearby locations to the Waldo Grade include: the city of Sausalito, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Bay Model, The Marine Mammal Center and the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. It, and nearby Waldo Point along Richardson Bay between Sausalito and Mill Valley, is named after 1850s California politician William Waldo.

Golden Gate Ferry

Golden Gate Ferry is a commuter ferry service operated by the Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District in San Francisco Bay, part of the Bay Area of Northern California, United States. Regular service is run to the Ferry Building in San Francisco from Larkspur, Sausalito, and Tiburon in Marin County, with additional service from Larkspur to Oracle Park and Chase Center. The ferry service is funded primarily by passenger fares and Golden Gate Bridge tolls.

Spaulding Wooden Boat Center

The Spaulding Marine Center, , in Sausalito, California, is a living museum where one can go back in time to experience the days when craftsmen and sailors used traditional skills to build, sail or row classic wooden boats on San Francisco Bay.

Belvedere Lagoon

Belvedere Lagoon is an artificial lagoon on San Francisco Bay in Belvedere in Marin County, California. Narrow strips of land separate it from Richardson Bay and Raccoon Strait.

Jean "Yanko"Varda was an American artist, best known for his collage work. He was the subject of the short documentary, Uncle Yanco (1967), made by his cousin, Agnès Varda. Varda was one of the early adopters of the Sausalito houseboat lifestyle that was popular in the 1960s–1970s.

Tamalpais Valley, California Unincorporated community in California, United States

Tamalpais Valley is an unincorporated community in Marin County, California.

Coyote Creek (Marin County)

Coyote Creek is a stream in the Richardson Bay watershed, draining Tamalpais-Homestead Valley, California eastward into Richardson Bay, Marin County, California, United States. The stream originates on Coyote Ridge and flows 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the bay at the south end of Bothin Marsh.

<i>Vallejo</i> (ferry)

The Vallejo is a houseboat in Sausalito, California, United States. It was originally a passenger ferry in Portland, Oregon, known as O&CRR Ferry No. 2, in the late 19th century. After falling into disuse in Portland, it was transported to the San Francisco Bay in California, where it was used as a ferry between Vallejo and Mare Island until the end of World War II. It was later purchased by a group led by artist Jean Varda, and repurposed as a houseboat, where a number of parties and salons were hosted by leading figures in the San Francisco area counterculture scene of the 1960s and '70s.

Forbes Island Floating island and former restaurant in California

Forbes Island is a floating island near Holland Tract, California, United States. It was formerly a restaurant, located between Pier 39 and Pier 41 in Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco. It was the only "floating island" restaurant in the Bay Area. The restaurant was inspired by Captain Nemo's marine dwelling. The restaurant closed in 2017, and the floating platform was moved to its current location at Holland Riverside Marina in Brentwood, California.

Violeta Autumn

Violeta Autumn née Eidelman was a Peruvian-born, naturalized American citizen, who became a noted architect and artist in the San Francisco Bay Area, based in Sausalito, California. She was best known for her works in Organic Architecture, the home she built for herself, and her winery designs with her associate John Marsh Davis as licensed architect in the firm Davis-Autumn Architects Planners. In addition to architecture, Autumn served on the Planning Commission and City Council for Sausalito from 1965 to 1980. She wrote cookbooks, designed murals, and illustrated books for other authors, as well.

Golden Gate Ferry Company was a private company which operated automobile ferries between San Francisco, Berkeley and Sausalito before the opening of the Bay Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge. The company was incorporated in November of 1920. The ferry went bankrupt at the completion of the Golden Gate Bridge, but with the start of World War 2 the demand for service was so great it started again. Ferry service started just one year after closing to ferry shipyard workers to the Marinship and Kaiser Shipyards shipyard in San Francisco. But after the war, service was discontinued again. In early 1929, the Golden Gate Ferry Company merged with the ferry system of the Southern Pacific railroad, becoming the Southern Pacific-Golden Gate Ferries, Ltd.

Al and Barbara Garvey are an American artist and tango dancing couple known for catalyzing hot tub culture in California in 1966. While living in Fairfax in Marin County, California, the Garveys built their own hot tub in which they could soak with friends. The practice spread into a cultural phenomenon throughout the 1970s and 1980s.

Sausalito Shipbuilding shipyard in Sausalito, California, United States

Sausalito Shipbuilding in Sausalito, California, started in 1942 as the Oakland shipbuilding Corporation. The founders had hoped to start a new shipyard in Oakland, California, but a better site opened up next to the new Marinship shipyard in Sausalito, which built Liberty ships. The site was near the former Northwestern Pacific Railroad repair yard situated at Richardson's Bay in Marin County. With World War 2 very active, there was a demand for more vessels, Oakland and much of the San Francisco Bay was also already built up. The shoreline in Marin County had open space to built new shipyards. At the site, the new company built 4 shipways. It had no official name while it was being built but was referred to as the "Marin Shipbuilding Division of W.A. Bechtel Company" and that lengthy title was shortened to Marin-Ship or what known today as "Marinship" with a street in Sausalito named Marinship Way. Sausalito Shipbuilding received an US Army contact to built barges. Sausalito Shipbuilding was operated as Co-Operative, each worker having a spare in the company. The president was D. F. Baker, who had worked at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Brooklyn Navy Yard and Bremerton Navy Yard. The vice president was R. E. Oberer. Tresurer was Ernent Collins. Office manager was E. G. Harris. The other key partner was Robert Rich and Stanley G. Morris. Stanley G. Morris sold his share to Rich in August 1945. The site was north end of Sausalito, California and just three miles (5 km) north of the Golden Gate Bridge. Ernent Collins was a yacht builder for years before the joining the partnership. Later Robert Rich became the president of Sausalito Shipbuilding. Later he sold his share in the company and joining a Dredging Company that worked with Sausalito Shipbuilding. Robert Rich sold his shares Gus Wandtke and Ernest Collins. In 1945 with the end of World War 2, like many shipyard, Sausalito Shipbuilding closed. There was surplus of ships after the war. The site later became Sausalito houseboat community.

References

  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. "City Council". Sausalito, CA. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  4. "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  5. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  6. 1 2 3 "Sausalito". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  7. "Sausalito (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  8. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  9. 1 2 3 Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 699. ISBN   1-884995-14-4.
    • "Review: Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold Rush", American Scholar, 1 January 2000, p. 142 Vol. 69 No. 1 ISSN   0003-0937
  10. 1 2 Robert Ryal Miller, Captain Richardson, Mariner, Ranchero, and Founder of San Francisco Berkeley: La Loma Press, 1995 [Call number at SSU: Regional Room F869 .S353 R546] 1995
  11. Greg Lucas, Chronicle Sacramento Bureau (June 15, 2006). ""Now, houseboats not really sunk: Assembly bill seeks to legalize mooring on public property", San Francisco Chronicle, June 15, 2006". Sfgate.com. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  12. Greg Lucas, Chronicle Sacramento Bureau (June 15, 2006). "op. cit., San Francisco Chronicle, June 15, 2006". Sfgate.com. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  13. Average weather for Sausalito Weather Channel Retrieved 2012-12-22
  14. Peterson, Bonnie J. (1976). Dawn of the World: Coast Miwok Myths. ISBN   0-912908-04-1
  15. National Park Service. (2005). Cultural Landscape Report for Fort Baker, Golden Gate National Recreation Area.
  16. 1 2 Tracy, Jack. Sausalito Moments in Time: A Pictorial History of Sausalito 1850-1950. Sausalito:Windgate Press 1983. ISBN   0-915269-00-7
  17. Tracy, Jack."Sausalito Moments in Time."Sausalito, California: Windgate Press, 1983.
  18. http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAC-2256.jpg
  19. SF Chronicle, December 5, 2008, pp. A1, A20.[ full citation needed ]
  20. "Historic California Posts: Fort Barry". Militarymuseum.org. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  21. Soils testing results for the Liberty Shipbuilding site, Sausalito California, EMI report 7291W2, City of Sausalito Community Development Department, November 1989
  22. ""The decision was an important victory in the fight to end segregation in the work place and the fight for civil rights for all workers regardless of color.", BlackPast.org, accessed April 29, 2010". Blackpast.org. January 24, 2007. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  23. Larry Clinton (August 2001). "A Short History of Liveaboards on the Bay". Bay Crossings. Archived from the original on August 19, 2018.
  24. "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  25. "Members Assembly".
  26. "CA Secretary of State – Report of Registration – February 10, 2019" (PDF). ca.gov. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  27. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  28. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Sausalito city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  29. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  30. Sausalito-on-the-Waterfront Foundation. "Purposes". Articles of Incorporation, Section 2 May 29, 2009
  31. "Marinscope Newspapers > Front". Marinscope.com. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  32. "City of Sausalito : Home". Ci.sausalito.ca.us. May 18, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  33. "Visit Sausalito, CA | Sausalito Chamber of Commerce". Sausalito.org. May 11, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  34. "Our Sausalito.com". Our Sausalito.com. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  35. "Sausalito California Hotels, Restaurants, Real Estate, Shopping". Sausalito.com. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  36. 1 2 "SCHOOLS in the Tamalpais Union High School District and communities served Archived August 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine ." Tamalpais Union High School District. Retrieved on April 1, 2010.
  37. "K-8 Comprehensive Education Program." School(Archive) Sausalito Marin City School District. Retrieved on February 3, 2013.
  38. "Hours and Directions." Sausalito Public Library. Retrieved on January 26, 2017. ""
  39. "Parks & Facilities." City of Sausalito. Retrieved on February 4, 2013.
  40. Kristine M. Carber (October 4, 2003). "Floating Through Life, Sausalito houseboat community will show off its one-of-a-kind dwellings on Sunday". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  41. Hum along with male plainfin midshipman fish. Morning Edition. National Public Radio. July 29, 2009.
  42. Bishop, K. Sausalito Journal; Voice of the turtle? No, toadfish love song. The New York Times. June 26, 1989.
  43. Sounds of the Plainfin Midshipman. Underwater Sound from the RTC Pier. Underwater Acoustics Research Group. San Francisco State University.
  44. Perlman, D. Hormones fine-tune the humming toadfish: High levels of estrogen found in the most responsive females. San Francisco Chronicle. July 19, 2004.
  45. Toadfish's steamy love life is revealed / Singing fish sometimes let meek males join a ménage à trois San Francisco Chronicle
  46. The humming toadfish story
  47. Goldberg, Howard G. (September 16, 1995). "Leon Adams, Wine Expert And Writer, 90". Obituaries. The New York Times. Retrieved November 24, 2011.
  48. Hayes, Allan and Carol (2019). Enid Foster, 1895-1979: Artist, Sculptor, Poet, Playwright, Creative Force, Ringleader, Cultural Icon. Petaluma, CA: Roundtree Press. ISBN   9781949480023.
  49. Lee, Henry K.; Wildermuth, John (October 7, 2011). "Lincecum trashed S.F. townhouse, suit claims". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  50. SF Chronicle, Dec.5, 2008, p. A20.[ full citation needed ]
  51. Geiger, Jeffrey (2007), Facing the Pacific, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, pp 74-117
  52. Partch, Harry (2000). McGeary, Thomas (ed.). Bitter Music: Collected Journals, Essays, Introductions, and Librettos. University of Illinois Press. p. xxi. ISBN   978-0-252-06913-0.
  53. San Francisco Chronicle, February 4, 2009, p. E3.[ full citation needed ]
  54. "Profile of life history of Sally Stanford". Mistersf.com. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  55. Charters, Ann (ed.). The Portable Beat Reader. Penguin Books. New York. 1992. ISBN   0-670-83885-3
  56. "City of Sausalito : Alan Watts Audio Cassette Collection". Ci.sausalito.ca.us. April 28, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  57. "Isabel Allende". Fanmail.biz. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
  58. Neal Gottlieb - Survivor Cast Member , retrieved July 27, 2020
  59. Fost, Dan (June 24, 2011). "Vijay Mallya is not your typical brewer / Owner of Mendocino Brewing Co. is a member of India's Parliament - and more". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  60. "Brief Bio". Jason Roberts. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
  61. "Amy Tan on Joy and Luck at Home". Wall Street Journal. July 30, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
  62. Sausalito Historical Society. Sausalito (Images of America). San Francisco: Arcadia Publishing, 2005. ISBN   0-7385-3036-0
  63. "Mason Distillery". Search Term Record. Sausalito Historical Society.
  64. "Sausalito® Milk Chocolate Macadamia". Our products. Pepperidge Farm. Archived from the original on June 1, 2012.
  65. Bowman, Rob (2007). Liner Notes for Dreams to Remember: The Otis Redding Story [DVD]. Beverly Hills, CA: Reelin' in the Years Productions/Concord Music Group.
  66. "Diesel - Billboard Hot 100 History". Billboard.com. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  67. "RPM Weekly - Week of September 5, 1981 - RPM Top 50 Singles". bac-lac.gc.ca. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  68. "Sausalito in the Summertime: Benita Hill: MP3 Downloads". Amazon. Retrieved June 25, 2012.

Further reading