Saw Lat of Pagan

Last updated
Saw Lat
စောလတ်
Queen of the Northern Palace
Tenure1171 – 1190s?
Predecessor Myauk Pyinthe
Successor Myauk Pyinthe II (Sithu II)
Bornc. 1140s
Pagan (Bagan)
Diedc. 1190s
Pagan
Spouse Naratheinkha (c. 1160s–1174)
Sithu II (1174–1190s?)
Issueone daughter (by Naratheinkha)
House Pagan
FatherYazathu
MotherEindawthe
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Saw Lat (Burmese : စောလတ်, pronounced  [sɔ́ laʔ] ) was a queen consort of kings Naratheinkha and Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). [1]

Royal chronicles do not agree on her ancestry. Maha Yazawin (1724) says she was the younger of the two daughters of Yazathu and Eindawthe, niece of queens Taung Pyinthe and Khin U. [2] But Yazawin Thit (1798) says she was a younger sister of Queen Min Aung Myat. [3] Hmannan Yazawin (1832) sides with Maha Yazawin's account. [4]

The queen had a daughter with Naratheinkha but their child died in early 1170s during the reign of Naratheinkha. [5] She died during the reign of Sithu II (after the death of Queen Weluwaddy in 1186), and was succeeded by another queen as the Queen of the Northern Palace. [6]

Related Research Articles

Naratheinkha was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1171 to 1174. He appointed his brother Narapati Sithu heir apparent and commander-in-chief. It was the first recorded instance in the history of the dynasty that the king had given up the command of the army. The king was assassinated by Aungzwa, one of Sithu's servants, after the king had raised one of Sithu's wives to queen.

Soe Min Kodawgyi was the chief queen consort of Sagaing from 1352 to 1364. The eldest daughter of the founder of Sagaing Saw Yun was a powerful figure who twice led diplomatic missions to forge a closer alliance with Pinya in the 1350s. She was the mother of Thado Minbya, the founder of the Kingdom of Ava (Inwa).

Min Phyu was a principal queen consort of King Nanda of Toungoo Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma) from 1583 to 1596. The eldest daughter of Viceroy Minkhaung II of Toungoo, along with her two younger sisters Min Htwe and Min Pu, married her first cousin Nanda in 1583. The marriages of state solidified the ties between Minkhaung II and Nanda, the High King.

Weluwaddy was a chief queen consort of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. According to the royal chronicles, Sithu II overthrew his brother King Naratheinkha after his brother seized his wife Weluwaddy in 1174.

Taung Pyinthe was a queen consort of King Sithu I of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Min Aung Myat was the chief queen consort of King Naratheinkha, and the Queen of the Southern Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). King Sithu I and Queen Khin U were her maternal grandparents. Naratheinkha and Sithu II were her second cousins. She and Naratheinkha were married by their grandfather king. She had a daughter Saw Pyei Chantha with Naratheinkha but their child died in early 1170s during the reign of Naratheinkha.

Saw Ahlwan was a queen consort of kings Naratheinkha and Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Taung Pyinthe was the second chief queen consort of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Myauk Pyinthe was the second Queen of the Northern Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Wadanthika was the second Queen of the Central Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). She may also have been Sithu II's chief queen for a brief period.

Saw Mya Kan was a principal queen of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). She was the mother of King Htilominlo.

Pwadawgyi was the chief queen consort of King Htilominlo of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). Her personal name is lost to history. Pwadawgyi simply means "Royal Grandmother". She was a great granddaughter of King Sithu I. She and Htilominlo had two children named Theinpatei and Taya Mun. Taya Mun died young.

Saw Mi Pyan was the Queen of the Central Palace of King Htilominlo of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). The queen, who was a great granddaughter of King Sithu I, had no children.

Eindawthe was a wife of Prince Zeya Theinkha. She was the mother of Regent Naratheinga Uzana and King Kyaswa. She was a great granddaughter of King Sithu I.

Min Htihlaing was governor of Prome (Pyay) from 1388/89 to c. 1390, according to the Maha Yazawin and Hmannan Yazawin chronicles. However, the two chronicles are internally inconsistent; they say in their Summary of Rulers of Prome section that Htihlaing ruled until 1393/94. The other main chronicle Yazawin Thit does not list him as governor of Prome at all.

Sokkate was acting governor of Prome (Pyay) for three months in 1413. He was a commander in the Royal Ava Army, and temporarily assumed governorship of Prome after Gov. Letya Pyanchi of Prome died of wounds c. April 1413. Sokkate was succeeded by Crown Prince Minye Kyawswa, who became the governor-general of Prome.

Saw Pyei Chantha was the chief queen consort of Arakan for a few months in 1408. After she and her first husband King Anawrahta of Launggyet were captured by the Hanthawaddy forces in 1408, she became a junior queen consort of King Razadarit of Hanthawaddy.

Saw Min Phyu was a princess of Ava. She was the youngest daughter of the famous Crown Prince Minye Kyawswa and the mother of Queen Saw Myat Lay of Prome.

Sithu Min Oo was a longtime pretender to the Pinya throne from the 1320s to the 1360s. After Ava replaced Pinya as the new power in present-day central Myanmar in 1365, Sithu entered into an alliance with King Swa Saw Ke of Ava by marrying Swa's daughter Minkhaung Medaw. Kings Mingyi Nyo, Tabinshwehti and Nanda of the Toungoo dynasty were descended from him.

Minkhaung Medaw was a Burmese princess in the early Ava period. The youngest daughter of Swa Saw Ke and Khame Mi, she became a princess in 1367 when her father ascended to the Ava throne. The princess was married to Prince Sithu Min Oo of Pinya, who was probably at least four decades her senior, perhaps in a marriage alliance arranged by her father. The couple had two children: Sithu Thanbawa and Thray Sithu of Myinsaing. Kings Mingyi Nyo, Tabinshwehti and Nanda of the Toungoo dynasty were descended from her.

References

  1. Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 312, 317
  2. Maha Yazawin Vol. 1 2006: 207
  3. Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 124
  4. Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 312
  5. Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 317
  6. Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 133

Bibliography

Saw Lat of Pagan
Born:c. 1140s Died:c. 1190s
Royal titles
Preceded by
Myauk Pyinthe (Narathu)
Queen of the Northern Palace
1171 – 1190s?
Succeeded by
Myauk Pyinthe II (Sithu II)