Sawtooth National Recreation Area

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Sawtooth National Recreation Area
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Stanley Lake in Sawtooth National Recreation Area
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Location Blaine, Boise, Custer, and Elmore counties, Idaho, United States
Nearest city Sun Valley, Idaho
Coordinates 44°N115°W / 44°N 115°W / 44; -115 Coordinates: 44°N115°W / 44°N 115°W / 44; -115
Area730,864 acres (295,770 ha) [1]
EstablishedAugust 22, 1972
Governing body U.S. Forest Service
Website http://www.fs.usda.gov/attmain/sawtooth/specialplaces

The Sawtooth National Recreation Area (SNRA) is a National Recreation Area located in central Idaho, United States that is managed as part of Sawtooth National Forest. The recreation area, established on August 22, 1972, is managed by the U.S. Forest Service, and includes the Sawtooth, Hemingway–Boulders, and Cecil D. Andrus–White Clouds wilderness areas. [2] [3] [4] Activities within the 730,864-acre (2,957.70 km2) recreation area include hiking, backpacking, White water rafting, camping, rock climbing, kayaking, mountain biking, fishing, and hunting. [1] [5]

Contents

The SNRA headquarters are about seven miles (11 km) north of Ketchum on Highway 75. SNRA also has a ranger station in Stanley, near its northern boundary. [6]

History

The SNRA was created on August 22, 1972 by Pub.L.   92–400, which including creating the Sawtooth Wilderness from the Sawtooth Primitive Area. [2] The White Clouds and Hemingway–Boulders wilderness areas were created on August 7, 2015 by Public Law 114-46. [3] [4] Between 1998 and 2010 an outbreak of Mountain pine beetle killed thousands of Lodgepole Pine across the Sawtooth Valley [7] . In recent years forest management activity has increased in the form of Prescribed Fire, commercial Logging, and non-commercial thinning of dead and diseased trees throughout the Sawtooth NRA. Active Forest management is designed to reduce hazardous wildfire fuel, restore beetle killed forests, regenerate young growth, and prevent the further spread of Bark beetle and disease such as dwarf mistletoe. Forest management activities have been developed and supported by the local residents through the Sawtooth Valley Wildfire Collaborative. [8]

Geology

Sawtooth Mountains Sawtooths 4.jpg
Sawtooth Mountains

Much of the SNRA was heavily glaciated, especially in the Sawtooth Mountains where remnants of these glaciers exist as glacial lakes, moraines, hanging valleys, cirques, and arêtes. The Sawtooth Fault stretches 40 mi (64 km) long, and runs through the Sawtooth Valley, while the two past large earthquakes likely took place on the fault around 7,000 and 4,000 years b.p. [9] [10]

Mountains

The Sawtooth Mountains are located within the SNRA, along with the White Cloud, Boulder, and Smoky mountains. [6] The highest point in the SNRA is Castle Peak at 11,815 ft (3,601 m) in the White Cloud Mountains, while the second-highest point is Ryan Peak at 11,714 ft (3,570 m) in the Boulder Mountains. Thompson Peak, at an elevation of 10,751 ft (3,277 m), is the highest point in the Sawtooth Mountains, while Saviers Peak at 10,441 feet (3,182 m) is the highest point in the Smoky Mountains. [6] [11] [12]

Rivers

The headwaters of the Salmon River, also known as the "River of No Return" are in the SNRA, and the river flows north through the Sawtooth Valley before turning east in Stanley and following the northern border of the SNRA. The headwaters of the Big Wood, Boise, and Payette rivers are also in SNRA. [6]

Lakes

There are hundreds of lakes in the SNRA, most of which have been created by alpine glaciers. The largest lakes are Redfish, Alturas, Pettit, Yellow Belly, Stanley, and Sawtooth lakes. [6]

Wildlife

Timber wolves were reintroduced in the 1990s and plans to reintroduce grizzly bears have been abandoned. [13] [14] The SNRA contains prime habitat for wolverines and the endangered Canadian lynx, but no recent sightings have been reported. [5] Bull trout are the management indicator species for the SNRA and population monitoring efforts are undertaken every year. [15] [16]

A 2003 memoir by John Rember, Traplines: Coming Home to the Sawtooth Valley, describes the life and culture of Stanley, Idaho before and after establishment of the Sawtooth National Recreation Area. [17]

Clint Eastwood's 1985 film Pale Rider was filmed in the SNRA, mostly in the Boulder Mountains in the fall of 1984. The opening credits scene was shot south of Stanley in front of the Sawtooth Mountains. [18] The SNRA is one of the settings of Lionsgate's 2010 3-D computer-animated film Alpha and Omega . [19] [20] [21]

The Idaho Department of Motor Vehicles also created a license plate depicting the SNRA (see right). [22]

See also

Related Research Articles

Sawtooth Wilderness

The Sawtooth Wilderness is a federally-protected wilderness area that covers 217,088 acres (87,852 ha) of the state of Idaho. Managed by the U.S. Forest Service in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, it was designated the Sawtooth Primitive Area in 1937 to preserve the exceptional scenic beauty of the Sawtooth Mountains. On August 22, 1972 Public Law 92-400 designated the Primitive Area as the Sawtooth Wilderness and part of the newly created Sawtooth National Recreation Area. As part of the National Wilderness Preservation System, the Sawtooth Wilderness is an area where human development and use are restricted and people are to remain only visitors. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Sawtooth Wilderness has some of the clearest air in the lower 48 states.

Sawtooth National Forest National forest located in Idaho and Utah in the United States

Sawtooth National Forest is a National Forest that covers 2,110,408 acres in the U.S. states of Idaho and Utah. Managed by the U.S. Forest Service in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, it was originally named the Sawtooth Forest Reserve in a proclamation issued by President Theodore Roosevelt on May 29, 1905. On August 22, 1972 a portion of the forest was designated as the Sawtooth National Recreation Area (SNRA), which includes the Sawtooth, Cecil D. Andrus–White Clouds, and Hemingway–Boulders wilderness areas. The forest is managed as four units: the SNRA and the Fairfield, Ketchum, and Minidoka Ranger Districts.

Sawtooth Range (Idaho)

The Sawtooth Range is a mountain range of the Rocky Mountains in central Idaho, United States, reaching a maximum elevation of 10,751 feet (3,277 m) at the summit of Thompson Peak. It encompass an area of 678 square miles (1,756 km2) spanning parts of Custer, Boise, Blaine, and Elmore counties, and is bordered to the east by the Sawtooth Valley. Much of the mountain range is within the Sawtooth Wilderness, part of the Sawtooth National Recreation Area and Sawtooth National Forest.

Idaho State Highway 75 State highway in Lincoln, Blaine, and Custer Counties in Idaho, United States

State Highway 75 is a two-lane highway that travels through the Sawtooth Valley of central Idaho. The highway's southern terminus is in Shoshone, and its northern is near Challis. It is designated as one of Idaho's scenic byways and provides access to Sawtooth National Recreation Area. It primarily follows the Big Wood River in the south and the main Salmon River in the north, divided by Galena Summit.

Thompson Peak (Idaho)

Thompson Peak, at 10,751 feet (3,277 m) above sea level is the highest peak in the Sawtooth Range of Idaho. The summit of Thompson Peak is located within Custer County, although some of the lower portion of the mountain is in Boise County. Thompson Peak is also located within the Sawtooth Wilderness portion of the Sawtooth National Recreation Area, a unit of Sawtooth National Forest. The town of Stanley, Idaho is about 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast of Thompson Peak.

Mount Heyburn

Mount Heyburn, at 10,229 feet (3,118 m) is one of the many 10,000-foot (3,050 m) peaks in the Sawtooth Range of central Idaho. Mount Heyburn is located in Custer County and within the Sawtooth Wilderness portion of the Sawtooth National Recreation Area. The town of Stanley is located eight miles (13 km) north-northeast of Mount Heyburn. Grand Mogul, 9,733 ft (2,967 m), and Mount Heyburn are the two signature peaks that frame the southwest end of Redfish Lake ; all are in the Salmon River watershed.

White Cloud Mountains mountain range in the US state of Idaho

The White Cloud Mountains are part of the Rocky Mountains of the western United States, located in central Idaho, southeast of Stanley in Custer County. The range is located within the Sawtooth National Recreation Area (SNRA) and partially within the Cecil D. Andrus–White Clouds Wilderness.

Williams Peak (Custer County, Idaho) mountain in the Sawtooth Range in the US state of Idaho

Williams Peak, at 10,636 feet (3,242 m) high is the 6th highest peak in the Sawtooth Mountains of Idaho and is located within the Sawtooth Wilderness portion of the Sawtooth National Recreation Area. The peak lies 0.75 mi (1,210 m) north-northwest of Thompson Peak, the highest peak in the range.

Castle Peak (Idaho)

Castle Peak is a mountain in the western United States, the highest peak in the White Cloud Mountains of central Idaho. Located in Custer County, it is the 25th highest peak in the state, and the ninth most prominent.

Alpine Lake (Central Sawtooth Wilderness)

Alpine Lake is an alpine lake in Custer County, Idaho, United States, located high in the Sawtooth Mountains in the Sawtooth National Recreation Area. The lake is approximately 11.4 miles (18.3 km) southwest of Stanley.

Edna Lake

Edna Lake is an alpine lake in Boise County, Idaho, United States, located high in the Sawtooth Mountains in the Sawtooth National Recreation Area. The lake is approximately 17 miles (27 km) southwest of Stanley and 14.5 miles (23.3 km) southeast of Grandjean. Located in the remote central Sawtooth Wilderness, Edna Lake can be reached by trails from many directions, including the Sawtooth Valley (east), Grandjean (northwest), Redfish Lake (north), and Atlanta (south).

Vernon Lake (Idaho)

Vernon Lake is an alpine lake in Boise County, Idaho, United States, located high in the Sawtooth Mountains in the Sawtooth National Recreation Area. The lake is approximately 17 miles (27 km) southwest of Stanley and 14.5 miles (23.3 km) southeast of Grandjean. Located in the remote central Sawtooth Wilderness, Vernon Lake can be reached by trails from many directions, including the Sawtooth Valley (east), Grandjean (northwest), Redfish Lake (north), and Atlanta (south).

Virginia Lake (Sawtooth Wilderness)

Virginia Lake is an alpine lake in Boise County, Idaho, United States, located high in the Sawtooth Mountains in the Sawtooth National Recreation Area. The lake is approximately 17 miles (27 km) southwest of Stanley and 14.5 miles (23.3 km) southeast of Grandjean. Located in the remote central Sawtooth Wilderness, Edna Lake can be reached by trails from many directions, including the Sawtooth Valley (east), Grandjean (northwest), Redfish Lake (north), and Atlanta (south).

Marshall Lake (Idaho)

Marshall Lake is a small alpine lake in Custer County, Idaho, United States, located in the Sawtooth Mountains in the Sawtooth National Recreation Area. Sawtooth National Forest trail 528 leads directly to Marshall Lake. The lakes is most easily accessed from the Redfish Lake or Stanley Ranger Station trailheads.

Little Redfish Lake (White Cloud Mountains)

Little Redfish Lake is a name given to two different alpine lakes in central Idaho, both in the Sawtooth National Recreation Area and Custer County. This article refers in the Big Boulder Creek Watershed of the White Cloud Mountains. For the article on the other Little Redfish Lake south of Stanley and downstream of Redfish Lake see Little Redfish Lake.

Sawtooth Valley valley in Idaho, United States of America

The Sawtooth Valley is a valley in the Western United States, in Blaine and Custer counties of central Idaho. About 30 miles (50 km) long, it is in Sawtooth National Recreation Area (SNRA) in the Sawtooth National Forest. It is surrounded by the Sawtooth Mountains to the west, White Cloud Mountains to the east, Salmon River Mountains to the north, and Boulder and Smoky Mountains to the south. The valley contains the headwaters of the Salmon River, the city of Stanley, and community of Sawtooth City.

D. O. Lee Peak

D. O. Lee Peak, also known as Lee Peak, at 11,347 feet (3,459 m) above sea level, is the third-highest peak in the White Cloud Mountains of the U.S. state of Idaho. It is one of the White Cloud Peaks and the 56th-highest peak in Idaho. It was named after Challis native David Oliver Lee (1934–1982), the first United States Forest Service ranger to be assigned to the Sawtooth Wilderness.

Hemingway–Boulders Wilderness a wilderness area in the US state of Idaho

The Hemingway–Boulders Wilderness is a 67,998-acre (27,518 ha) protected area in Sawtooth National Recreation Area, part of Sawtooth National Forest in Blaine and Custer counties, Idaho, United States. The wilderness covers part of the Boulder Mountains and directly adjoins the Jim McClure–Jerry Peak Wilderness on its northeast side and is south of the Cecil D. Andrus–White Clouds Wilderness, which it does not directly adjoin. It is named for the Boulder Mountains and Ernest Hemingway, who was a resident of nearby Ketchum. The area was added to the National Wilderness Preservation System on August 7, 2015 with the passage of the Sawtooth National Recreation Area and Jerry Peak Wilderness Additions Act, which was sponsored by Representative Mike Simpson and passed Congress without objection before being signed into law by President Barack Obama.

Cecil D. Andrus–White Clouds Wilderness

The Cecil D. Andrus–White Clouds Wilderness is a 90,769-acre (367.33 km2) protected area in the western United States, located in Custer County, Idaho. The Sawtooth National Recreation Area, in the Sawtooth National Forest, manages the majority of the wilderness, with 450 acres (180 ha) managed by the Bureau of Land Management at the wilderness's eastern edge along the East Fork Salmon River. The wilderness encompasses part of the White Cloud Mountains and is north of the Hemingway–Boulders Wilderness and west of the Jim McClure–Jerry Peak Wilderness.

References

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  2. 1 2 Dant Ewert, Sara E. (Summer 2000). "Peak park politics: the struggle over the Sawtooths, from Borah to Church". The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. Seattle, WA: University of Washington. 91 (3): 138–149. ISSN   0030-8803. JSTOR   40492581.
  3. 1 2 Landers, Rich (August 4, 2015). "Idaho's Boulder White-Clouds Wilderness Approved". The Spokesman-Review. Archived from the original on August 4, 2015.
  4. 1 2 Simpson, Mike. "H.R. 1138" (PDF). U.S. Congress. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 4, 2015.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. 1 2 "Sawtooth National Forest". U.S. Forest Service. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Sawtooth National Forest (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:126,720. Sawtooth National Forest, U.S. Forest Service.
  7. Aug. 19, Deborah Hill; Now, 2002 From the print edition Like Tweet Email Print Subscribe Donate (2002-08-19). "Attack of the bark beetles". www.hcn.org. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  8. "Wildfire collaborative works on central Idaho forest plan | The Spokesman-Review". www.spokesman.com. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  9. US & Canada, BBC News (18 November 2010). "Scientists find new seismic fault in Rocky Mountains". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
  10. Wall, Tim (November 19, 2010). "Large Seismic Fault Found in the Rockies". Discovery News. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
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  15. Isaak, Dan; Rieman, Bruce; Horan, Dona (April 2009). "A watershed-scale monitoring protocoal for bull trout" (PDF). Fort Collins, CO: Rocky Mountain Research Station, U.S. Forest Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 12, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
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  17. Rember, John (2003). Traplines: Coming Home to Sawtooth Valley (1st Pantheon ed.). New York: Pantheon Books. ISBN   0375422072. OCLC   50604950.
  18. Heumann, Joseph K.; Murray, Robin L. (2004). "Pale Rider environmental politics, Eastwood style". Jump Cut (47). Archived from the original on February 12, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
  19. "Film Review: Alpha and Omega". Film Journal International. September 17, 2010. Archived from the original on February 12, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  20. Bell, Anthony and Gluck, Ben (Directors) (September 17, 2010). Alpha and Omega (film). Lionsgate.
  21. McCarthy, Rebecca (August 1, 2010). Alpha and Omega: Kate and Humphrey's Big Adventure. New York, NY: Scholastic. ISBN   978-0-545-21460-5.
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