Schaumburg

Last updated
Landkreis Schaumburg
Flagge Landkreis Schaumburg.svg
Wappen Landkreis Schaumburg.svg
Schaumburg
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
Capital Stadthagen
Area
  Total676 km2 (261 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2020) [1]
  Total158,406
  Density230/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registration SHG, RI
Website landkreis-schaumburg.de

Schaumburg is a district (Landkreis) of Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (clockwise from the north) the districts of Nienburg, Hanover and Hamelin-Pyrmont, and the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (districts of Lippe and Minden-Lübbecke).

Contents

History

Landkreis Schaumburg was created on August 1, 1977 within the framework of the Kreisreform (district reform) of Lower Saxony by combining the former districts of Schaumburg-Lippe and Grafschaft Schaumburg. The town of Hessisch Oldendorf was reallocated to Landkreis Hameln-Pyrmont. The communities of Großenheidorn, Idensermoor-Niengraben and Steinhude had already been allocated to the community of Wunsdorf and thereby became part of Landkreis Hanover.

The Landkreis Schaumburg essentially duplicates the borders of Schaumburg at the time of the Middle Ages. Schaumburg was a medieval county, which was founded at the beginning of the 12th century. Shortly after, the Holy Roman Emperor appointed the counts of Schaumburg to become counts of Holstein as well.

During the Thirty Years' War the House of Schaumburg had no male heir, and the county was divided into Schaumburg (which became part of Hesse-Kassel) and the County of Schaumburg-Lippe (1640). As a member of the Confederation of the Rhine, Schaumburg-Lippe raised itself to a principality. In 1815, Schaumburg-Lippe joined the German Confederation, and in 1871 the German Empire. In 1918, it became a republic. The tiny Free State of Schaumburg-Lippe existed until 1946, when it became an administrative area within Lower Saxony. Schaumburg-Lippe had an area of 340 km², and a population of 51,000 (as of 1934).

Hessian Schaumburg was annexed to Prussia along with the rest of Hesse-Kassel in 1866. After World War II, Schaumburg and Schaumburg-Lippe became districts within the state of Lower Saxony, until they were merged again in 1977.

Geography

The district (Landkreis) of Schaumburg has its northern half located in the North German Plain and the southern half in the Weser Uplands (Weserbergland). The Weser Uplands consist of hilly ridges and include the Wesergebirge, Harrl, Süntel, Bückeberg and Deister. The Schaumburg Forest is a continuous strip of woods running in a direction of approximately 60 degrees along the northern border of the district. Just beyond the northern border of the district is Lake Steinhude a 29,1 km2 shallow lake that is the largest in Northern Germany. The river Weser flows westward along the south of the Wiehengebirge through a broad valley and the town of Rinteln. The landscape is bordered to the west by the River Weser which is in the neighbouring district of Minden-Lübbecke. It flows north through the Westphalian Gap towards the city of Bremen and the North Sea. In the flat North German Plain to the east of Schaumburg district lies Hanover, the capital city of Lower Saxony.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is almost identical to the old arms of Schaumburg, which had been used since the 12th century. Schaumburg Castle, in mediaeval times the seat of the Counts of Schaumburg, is located on the Nesselberg ("nettle mountain") in Schaumburg, a locality in the town of Rinteln. The nettle leaf in the middle of the arms has become the heraldic symbol of Holstein, symbolising the historical connection between Holstein and Schaumburg.

Towns and municipalities

Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Schaumburg Municipalities in SHG.svg
Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Schaumburg

Towns

TownCapitalArea(km²)Population (2015)Location
Auetal

DEU Auetal COA.svg

Rehren62,16 km²6.315 Auetal in SHG.svg
Obernkirchen

Wappen Obernkirchen.png

Obernkirchen32,48 km²9.196

Obernkirchen in SHG.svg

Rinteln

Wappen Rinteln.svg

Rinteln109,06 km²25.187

Rinteln in SHG.svg

Bückeburg

Wappen Bueckeburg.png

Bückeburg68,84 km²19.182

Buckeburg in SHG.svg

Stadthagen

Kleines Wappen Stadthagen.png

Stadthagen60,27 km²21.814

Stadthagen in SHG.svg

Samtgemeinden (collective municipalities) with their member municipalities

SamtgemeindeMember municipalitiesCapitalArea (km²)Population(2015)Location
Rodenberg

Wappen Samtgemeinde Rodenberg.png

List Rodenberg 86,2 km²15.562

Samtgemeinde Rodenberg in SHG.svg

Nenndorf


Wappen Bad Nenndorf.png

List Bad Nenndorf 51,4 km²16.960

Samtgemeinde Nenndorf in SHG.svg

Eilsen

DEU Bad Eilsen COA.svg

List Bad Eilsen 13,91 km²6.715

Samtgemeinde Eilsen in SHG.svg

Niedernwöhren

DEU SG Niedernwoehren COA.svg

List Niedernwöhren 64,42 km²8.115

Samtgemeinde Niedernwohren in SHG.svg

Sachsenhagen

Wappen Samtgemeinde Sachsenhagen.png

List Sachsenhagen 62,44 km²9.253

Samtgemeinde Sachsenhagen in SHG.svg

Nienstädt

Wappen Samtgemeinde Nienstaedt.png

List Nienstädt 30,06 km²10.111

Samtgemeinde Nienstadt in SHG.svg

Lindhorst List Lindhorst 34,34 km²7.796

Samtgemeinde Lindhorst in SHG.svg

See also

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Schaumburg Forest

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References

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Landkreis Schaumburg at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°15′N9°10′E / 52.25°N 9.17°E / 52.25; 9.17