Schleusingen

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Schleusingen
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Coat of arms
Location of Schleusingen within Hildburghausen district
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Schleusingen
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Schleusingen
Coordinates: 50°31′0″N10°45′0″E / 50.51667°N 10.75000°E / 50.51667; 10.75000 Coordinates: 50°31′0″N10°45′0″E / 50.51667°N 10.75000°E / 50.51667; 10.75000
Country Germany
State Thuringia
District Hildburghausen
Subdivisions7
Area
  Total125.56 km2 (48.48 sq mi)
Elevation
372 m (1,220 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31) [1]
  Total10,960
  Density87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
98553
Dialling codes 036841
Vehicle registration HBN
Website www.schleusingen.de

Schleusingen is a city in the district of Hildburghausen, in Thuringia, Germany. It is situated 10 km north of Hildburghausen, and 12 km southeast of Suhl.

Hildburghausen is a district in Thuringia, Germany. It is bounded by the district of Schmalkalden-Meiningen, the city of Suhl, the districts of Ilm-Kreis, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt and Sonneberg, and the state of Bavaria. Located roughly halfway between the mountain chains of the Rhön and the Thuringian Forest, the district is densely forested and covered by hilly countryside. Its territory is similar to that of the former Ernestine duchy, Saxe-Hildburghausen.

Thuringia State in Germany

Thuringia, officially the Free State of Thuringia, is a state of Germany.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance, and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west.

Contents

Geography

The city of Schleusingen in the Henneberger Land got its name from the river Schleuse, which passes through its city districts Ratscher and Rappelsdorf. The city itself is located on the river Nahe, a tributary of the Schleuse, which runs south of the core city area. From the north, from Erlau, the Erle river joins the Nahe river in Schleusingen.

City Arrangement

The city of Schleusingen includes next to the core city another seventeen districts: Altendambach, Breitenbach, Erlau, Fischbach, Geisenhöhn, Gethles, Gottfriedsberg, Heckengereuth, Hirschbach, Hinternah, Oberrod, Rappelsdorf, Ratscher, Schleusingerneundorf, Silbach, Sankt Kilian and Waldau

Sankt Kilian Ortsteil of Schleusingen in Thuringia, Germany

Sankt Kilian is a village and a former municipality in the district of Hildburghausen, in Thuringia, Germany. Since July 2018, it is part of the town Schleusingen.

In addition, terms for residential areas such as' 'Upper-' 'and' 'Lower Town, Schmuckplatz, Weißer Berg, Hirtengrund, Kalkrangen, Sonneneck, Rubetal ' etc. are common in the population.

History

Schleusingen was first mentioned in documents in 1232 as 'Villa Slusungen'. Earl Poppo VII of Henneberg built as a residence and fortification in the period from 1226 to 1232 the Bertholdsburg. 1274 was the division of the Shire Henneberg into three lines. The Bertholdsburg then became the residence of the Schleusinger line of the Earls of Henneberg. Schleusingen experienced a first fire catastrophe in the year 1353. Further town fires in 1679, 1765, 1773 and 1876 destroyed whole districts of the city.

In 1412 Schleusingen received the Stadtrecht (the right to be considered a city instead of a town) but only in 1533 the Marktrecht (the right to, among other things, hold a folk festival or a weekly market). In 1502 Earl Wilhelm IV. founded a Barfüsserkloster (monastery) in the outskirts. During the riots in the German Peasants' War in the spring of 1525, the inhabitants, documents and valuables of the neighboring monasteries Veßra and Trostadt were sent to Schleusingen to be brought to safety at the Bertholdsburg. In 1544 the Reformation was introduced. The Aegidienkapelle of the St. Johannis Church became the burial place of the Earls of Henneberg in 1566 and of Elisabeth of Brandenburg. The Barfüsserkloster was transferred into state ownership and from 1560 it was used as a school. On 7 June 1577 this school was inaugurated on as a Gymnasium (high school) and still exists today under the name Hennebergisches Gymnasium ‘Georg Ernst’]. Until 1583 Schleusingen was the seat of the Earls of Henneberg. After the death of Earl Georg Ernst), with whose death the royal line was extinguished, Schleusingen was transferred to the Saxon dukes of the Ernestine and the Albertiner line, at first under joined administration. From 1500 to 1806 Schleusingen belonged to the Franconian Imperial Circle.

German Peasants War conflict

The German Peasants' War, Great Peasants' War or Great Peasants' Revolt was a widespread popular revolt in some German-speaking areas in Central Europe from 1524 to 1525. It failed because of the intense opposition by the aristocracy, who slaughtered up to 100,000 of the 300,000 poorly armed peasants and farmers. The survivors were fined and achieved few, if any, of their goals. The war consisted, like the preceding Bundschuh movement and the Hussite Wars, of a series of both economic and religious revolts in which peasants and farmers, often supported by Anabaptist clergy, took the lead. The German Peasants' War was Europe's largest and most widespread popular uprising prior to the French Revolution of 1789. The fighting was at its height in the middle of 1525.

Kloster Veßra Place in Thuringia, Germany

Kloster Veßra is a municipality in the district of Hildburghausen in Thuringia, Germany.

Reformation Schism within the Christian Church in the 16th century

The Reformation was a movement within Western Christianity in the sixteenth-century Europe that posed a religious and political challenge to the Roman Catholic Church and papal authority in particular. Although the Reformation is usually considered to have started with the publication of the Ninety-five Theses by Martin Luther in 1517, there was no schism between the Catholic Church and the nascent Luther until the 1521 Edict of Worms. The edict condemned Luther and officially banned citizens of the Holy Roman Empire from defending or propagating his ideas. The end of the Reformation era is disputed: it could be considered to end with the enactment of the confessions of faith which began the Age of Orthodoxy. Other suggested ending years relate to the Counter-Reformation, the Peace of Westphalia, or that it never ended since there are still Protestants today.

Incorporations

Nahetal-Waldau part of Schleusingen in Thuringia, Germany

Nahetal-Waldau is a former municipality in the district of Hildburghausen, in Thuringia, Germany. Since July 2018, it is part of the town Schleusingen.

Population Development

Population development '(from 1960 on 31 December respectively)' ':

  • 1791: 2.050
  • 1831: 2.725
  • 1852: 3.105
  • 1960: 5.310
  • 1994: 5.585
  • 1995: 5.605
  • 1996: 6.007
  • 1997: 5.995
  • 1998: 5.990
  • 1999: 5.949
  • 2000: 5.923
  • 2001: 5.854
  • 2002: 5.892
  • 2003: 5.868
  • 2004: 5.808
  • 2005: 5.769
  • 2006: 5.653
  • 2007: 5.609
  • 2008: 5.481
  • 2009: 5.445
  • 2010: 5.384
  • 2011: 5.415
  • 2012: 5.392
  • 2013: 5.394
  • 2014: 5.390
  • 2015: 5.342
  • 2016: 5.391

Main sights

Castle Bertholdsburg; built between 1223 and 1232 Bertholdsburg2008.JPG
Castle Bertholdsburg; built between 1223 and 1232
Townchurch St. Johannis Stadtkirche Schleusingen.JPG
Townchurch St. Johannis
Teutsche Schule; built 1681, moved 1868 SchleusingenFachwerkhaus2005-07-07.jpg
Teutsche Schule; built 1681, moved 1868

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The Hennebergische Gymnasium "Georg Ernst" (HGS) is a public grammar school with Alumnat in the Thuringian city of Schleusingen. Founded in June 1577 by the Georg Ernst, Earl of Henneberg, it is one of the oldest continuously operated high schools in Germany.

References

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften nach Geschlecht in Thüringen Gebietsstand: 31.12.2018". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). September 2019.