The central square in 2019
|District||Bruck an der Leitha|
|• Mayor||Karin Baier (SPÖ)|
|• Total||44.73 km2 (17.27 sq mi)|
|Elevation||162 m (531 ft)|
|• Density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Schwechat (German pronunciation: [ˈʃvɛçaːt] ( listen )) is a town southeast of Vienna known for the Vienna International Airport and Schwechater beer. The city is home to the refineries of the Austrian national oil company OMV.
Schwechat is named after the river Schwechat, which flows through the centre of town. The city subdivisions called Katastralgemeinde (Cadastre) are Kledering, Mannswörth, Rannersdorf and Schwechat.
Home to the settlement Ala Nova of the Roman Empire, the city was first mentioned in a document in 1334.[ citation needed ] The meeting at Schwechat of Emperor Leopold I with Jan Sobieski in 1683, after the liberation of Vienna, is commemorated by an obelisk. The imperial troops defeated the Hungarian insurgents in a battle fought here in October 1848.
In 1724, a textile factory was established in Schwechat. Schwechat profited massively from the Austrian industrialisation wave of the 19th century, many of the companies established then still existing today (like the famous Dreher Brewery, founded in 1796 by Franz Anton Dreher the Younger). Schwechat became a city in 1924 and was incorporated into Vienna in 1938. The city's oil refinery was a bombing target of the Allied Oil Campaign of World War II, with the southern aviation plant complex of the Heinkel firm (Germany-based at Rostock-Schmarl as Heinkel-Nord, the Schwechat offices/facility was called Heinkel-Süd) also targeted in late 1943 and lasting through the spring of 1944.
Schwechat became an independent city in 1954. Since 2017 it belongs to Bruck an der Leitha District because Wien-Umgebung was dissolved at the end of 2016.
Vienna International Airport and the headquarters of Austrian Airlines are in the city of Schwechat.
When Lauda Air was an independent airline, it had its corporate headquarters in Schwechat.Niki was also based in Schwechat.
Schwechat (as Megacity Schwechat) plays an important role in the Austrian sci-fi movie Die Gstettensaga: The Rise of Echsenfriedl.
Baden, unofficially distinguished from other Badens as Baden bei Wien, is a spa town in Austria. It serves as the capital of Baden District in the state of Lower Austria. Located about 26 km (16 mi) south of Vienna, the municipality consists of cadastral areas Baden, Braiten, Gamingerhof, Leesdorf, Mitterberg, Rauhenstein, and Weikersdorf.
Vienna International Airport is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of central Vienna and 57 kilometres (35 mi) west of Bratislava. It is the country's largest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines as well as a base for low-cost carriers Wizz Air and Ryanair. It is capable of handling wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380. The airport features a dense network of European destinations as well as long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa. In 2020, the airport handled 7.8 million passengers, a 75.3% decrease compared to 2019 due to the collapse of air traffic during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Klosterneuburg is a town in Tulln District in the Austrian state of Lower Austria. It has a population of about 27,500. The Klosterneuburg Monastery, which was established in 1114 and soon after given to the Augustinians, is of particular historical importance.
Mauerbach is a town on the western boundary of Vienna, Austria.
Pressbaum is a town in the district of St. Pölten-Land in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
Laxenburg is a market town in the district of Mödling, in the Austrian state of Lower Austria. Located about 20 km (12 mi) south of the Austrian capital Vienna, it is chiefly known for the Laxenburg castles, which, beside Schönbrunn, served as the most important summer retreat of the Habsburg monarchs.
Anton Dreher was an Austrian brewer, business magnate, philanthropist of Danube Swabian ancestry, the founder of the Dreher Breweries who was an important figure in the development of pale lager.
Bezirk Wien-Umgebung was a district of the state of Lower Austria in Austria. The district comprised four non-contiguous districts on the outer fringes of Vienna: Klosterneuburg and Gerasdorf to the north of the city, Schwechat to its south-east and Purkersdorf on Vienna's western side.
Schwadorf is an Austrian market town in the Bruck an der Leitha district. It lies on the banks of the River Fischa, fifteen miles (25 km) southeast of Vienna.
Breitenfurt bei Wien is a town in the district of Mödling in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
Fischamend is a town in the district of Bruck an der Leitha in the Austrian state of Lower Austria. It belonged to Wien-Umgebung District which was dissolved in 2016.
Gablitz is a municipality in the district of St. Pölten-Land in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
Gerasdorf bei Wien is a town in the district of Korneuburg in the Austrian state of Lower Austria. The city has 10,862 inhabitants.
Maria-Lanzendorf is a municipality in the district of Bruck an der Leitha in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
Moosbrunn is a municipality in the district of Bruck an der Leitha in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
Purkersdorf is a municipality in the district of Sankt Pölten-Land District, in the Austrian state of Lower Austria. The Sandstein-Wienerwald natural park, a part of the Vienna Woods, is situated on its territory. The municipality belonged to Wien-Umgebung District which was dissolved at the end of 2016.
Bad Leonfelden is a municipality in the district of Urfahr-Umgebung in the Austrian state of Upper Austria. Steven Beller, author of A Concise History of Austria, who has family links to Bad Leonfelden, cites episodes from the town's history from its foundation in 1292 to the 21st century, to demonstrate the impact of historical and political events on the local life in Austria's rural provinces. The Jugendstil mosaicist Leopold Forstner was born there.
Rohrbach an der Lafnitz is a municipality in Styria, Austria. It is in the judicial district of Hartberg and the political district of Hartberg-Fürstenfeld.
Rudolf-Tonn-Stadion, is a multi-use-stadium in Rannersdorf, a city subdivision of Schwechat, Austria.
Fußballclub Mauerwerk is an Austrian association football club from the capital city of Vienna. From September 2014 to June 2018, the club played under the name FC Karabakh Wien. Currently playing in the Regionalliga Ost and plays their home games at the Rudolf-Tonn-Stadion in Schwechat.
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