Schwechat

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Schwechat
Schwechat - Hauptplatz.JPG
The central square in 2019
AUT Schwechat COA.svg
Coat of arms
Austria adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Schwechat
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°08′28″N16°28′43″E / 48.14111°N 16.47861°E / 48.14111; 16.47861 Coordinates: 48°08′28″N16°28′43″E / 48.14111°N 16.47861°E / 48.14111; 16.47861
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Bruck an der Leitha
Government
   Mayor Karin Baier [1] (SPÖ)
Area
[2]
  Total44.73 km2 (17.27 sq mi)
Elevation
162 m (531 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [3]
  Total18,026
  Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
2320
Area code 01
Vehicle registration SW
Website www.schwechat.gv.at

Schwechat (German pronunciation: [ˈʃvɛçaːt] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a town southeast of Vienna known for the Vienna International Airport and Schwechater beer. The city is home to the refineries of the Austrian national oil company OMV.

Contents

Geography

Schwechat is named after the river Schwechat, which flows through the centre of town. The city subdivisions called Katastralgemeinde (Cadastre) are Kledering, Mannswörth, Rannersdorf and Schwechat.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18697,458    
18808,910+19.5%
189010,327+15.9%
190013,636+32.0%
191014,625+7.3%
192314,372−1.7%
193414,936+3.9%
193914,813−0.8%
195113,270−10.4%
196113,403+1.0%
197115,303+14.2%
198114,834−3.1%
199114,669−1.1%
200115,286+4.2%
201116,329+6.8%

History

Home to the settlement Ala Nova of the Roman Empire, the city was first mentioned in a document in 1334.[ citation needed ] The meeting at Schwechat of Emperor Leopold I with Jan Sobieski in 1683, after the liberation of Vienna, is commemorated by an obelisk. The imperial troops defeated the Hungarian insurgents in a battle fought here in October 1848. [4]

In 1724, a textile factory was established in Schwechat. Schwechat profited massively from the Austrian industrialisation wave of the 19th century, many of the companies established then still existing today (like the famous Dreher Brewery, founded in 1796 by Franz Anton Dreher the Younger). Schwechat became a city in 1924 and was incorporated into Vienna in 1938. The city's oil refinery was a bombing target of the Allied Oil Campaign of World War II, with the southern aviation plant complex of the Heinkel firm (Germany-based at Rostock-Schmarl as Heinkel-Nord, the Schwechat offices/facility was called Heinkel-Süd) also targeted in late 1943 and lasting through the spring of 1944.

Schwechat became an independent city in 1954. Since 2017 it belongs to Bruck an der Leitha District because Wien-Umgebung was dissolved at the end of 2016. [5] [6]

Economy

Austrian Airlines building AustrianAirlinesHQ.jpg
Austrian Airlines building

Vienna International Airport and the headquarters of Austrian Airlines are in the city of Schwechat. [7] [8]

When Lauda Air was an independent airline, it had its corporate headquarters in Schwechat. [9] Niki was also based in Schwechat. [10]

Education

Schools include: [11]

Primary schools:

Secondary:

Notable people

Ernst Seidler von Feuchtenegg Ernst Seidler von Feuchtenegg.jpg
Ernst Seidler von Feuchtenegg

Schwechat (as Megacity Schwechat) plays an important role in the Austrian sci-fi movie Die Gstettensaga: The Rise of Echsenfriedl.

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References

  1. Neue Burgermeister für Gänserndorf und Schwechat, NÖ ORF, March 10, 2015
  2. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  3. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  4. Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schwechat". Encyclopædia Britannica . 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 391.
  5. "Bezirk Wien Umgebung wird aufgelöst". 10 September 2015.
  6. "Wien-Umgebung: Aufteilung geändert", artikel in Niederösterreichische Nachrichten (NÖN.at), 24-9-2015
  7. "Offices in Austria". Austrian Airlines. Retrieved 26 May 2009.
  8. "Information about the city plan." City of Schwechat. Retrieved on 5 September 2009.
  9. "World Airline Directory". Flight International . 27 March – 2 April 1991. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  10. "About Us Contact". Niki. Archived from the original on 16 October 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
  11. "Schule." Schwechat. Retrieved on September 4, 2017.