Scone, New South Wales

Last updated
Scone
New South Wales
Mare & foal.JPG
Mare and foal, Scone
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Scone
Coordinates 32°05′S150°51′E / 32.083°S 150.850°E / -32.083; 150.850 Coordinates: 32°05′S150°51′E / 32.083°S 150.850°E / -32.083; 150.850
Population5,624 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 2337
Elevation216 m (709 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Upper Hunter Shire
State electorate(s) New England
Federal Division(s) New England
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
24.0 °C
75 °F
11.0 °C
52 °F
645.0 mm
25.4 in

Scone /ˈskn/ is a town in the Upper Hunter Shire in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. At the 2006 census, Scone had a population of 4,624 people. [2] It is on the New England Highway north of Muswellbrook about 270 kilometres north of Sydney, and is part of the New England (federal) and New England (state) electorates. Scone is in a farming area and is also noted for breeding Thoroughbred racehorses. It is known as the 'Horse capital of Australia'. [3]

Upper Hunter Shire Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Upper Hunter Shire is a local government area in the Upper Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. The Shire was formed in May 2004 from the Scone Shire and parts of Murrurundi and Merriwa shires.

Hunter Region Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Hunter Region, also commonly known as the Hunter Valley, is a region of New South Wales, Australia, extending from approximately 120 km (75 mi) to 310 km (193 mi) north of Sydney. It contains the Hunter River and its tributaries with highland areas to the north and south. Situated at the northern end of the Sydney Basin bioregion, the Hunter Valley is one of the largest river valleys on the NSW coast, and is most commonly known for its wineries and coal industry.

New South Wales state of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 7.9 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

History

St Luke's Anglican Church, Scone, NSW Scone church.JPG
St Luke's Anglican Church, Scone, NSW

First inhabitants of the region were the Wonnarua & Gamilaroi Aboriginal Peoples. Surveyor Henry Dangar was the first European to travel through the area, prior to passing over the Liverpool Range above Murrurundi in 1824. Scone was named in 1831 after Scone, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, by Jason Kent Toth, an Australian of Scottish descent. [4] Scone was gazetted in 1837 and during the early days was renowned for its large pastoral properties including Belltrees and Segenhoe. [5] Early buildings were St Luke's Church, Scone Post Office, the Old Court Theatre (that is now a hall for musicals and plays), and the St Aubins' Inn.

Henry Dangar Henry Dangar was a surveyor and explorer of Australia, a successful pastoralist and businessman, and also served as a magistrate and politician.

Henry Dangar was a surveyor and explorer of Australia in the early period of British colonisation. He became a successful pastoralist and businessman, and also served as a magistrate and politician. He was born on 18 November 1796 at St Neot, Cornwall, United Kingdom, and was the first of six brothers to emigrate as free settlers to New South Wales.

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Liverpool Range component range of Great Dividing Range, New South Wales, Australia

The Liverpool Range is a mountain range and a lava-field province in New South Wales, Australia.

Scone Shire was merged into the Upper Hunter Shire in 2004, integrating parts of the former Murrurundi and Merriwa shires.

Murrurundi Shire is a former local government area, centred on the town of Murrurundi, New South Wales, Australia. It was abolished by amalgamation in 2004, with the parts of the shire north of the Liverpool Range being incorporated into the new Liverpool Plains Shire, and the part of the shire south of the Liverpool Range, including the town of Murrurundi, merged into the new Upper Hunter Shire.

Merriwa Shire former local government area of New South Wales, Australia

Merriwa Shire was a local government area in New South Wales, Australia.

The annual Scone Horse Festival is a celebration of Scone's cultural links to equines. It is celebrated during May and includes all manner of activities, including wine tours, Open Days across the numerous horse studs in the area, the Scone rodeo, the Scone School Horse Sports competition, the Black Tie Ball, and a parade in Kelly Street.

The main event is a horse racing carnival featuring the prestigious Scone Cup, one of the richest country racing days in New South Wales and Australia. Small celebrations are also a key part of the festival and include schools, businesses, public events and sports centres. The Horse Festival is also traditionally linked with such events as the Belltrees poetry competition, the yarns night and many other small annual fundraisers and events. Scone also hosts the Inglis Guineas Day, a major race meet, in the middle of May. [6]

Horse racing Equestrian sport

Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys over a set distance for competition. It is one of the most ancient of all sports, as its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest over a set course or distance – has been unchanged since at least classical antiquity.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Heritage listings

Scone has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Scone Civic Theatre heritage-listed cinema in Scone, New South Wales, Australia

The Scone Civic Theatre is a heritage-listed cinema at 144 Kelly Street, Scone, Upper Hunter Shire, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by Guy Crick and Bruce Furse and built from 1937 to 1938 by Mr A. F. Little. The property is privately owned. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 21 February 2003.

Old Court Theatre, Scone theatre in Scone, New South Wales, Australia

The Old Court Theatre is an heritage-listed former courthouse and now community theatre and playhouse located at 41 Kingdon Road, Scone, Upper Hunter Shire, New South Wales, Australia. It is also known as the Old Courthouse. The property is owned by Scone Community Amateur Dramatic Society Inc., and was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Education

Scone High School is a government high school, located in the town of Scone, New South Wales. Currently around 500 students from Scone, Aberdeen, Murrurundi and surrounding areas like Denman attend the school.

There is also a campus of Hunter Institute of TAFE

Transport

Scone lies on the Main North railway line, and is served by a passenger train service made up of a daily NSW TrainLink train to Sydney and local regular NSW TrainLink services to Newcastle.

Climate

Scone has a borderline humid subtropical (Cfa) with warm to hot summers and cool winters. Rainfall is more common in summer than in winter.

Climate data for Scone Airport
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)43.5
(110.3)
43.5
(110.3)
41.0
(105.8)
36.0
(96.8)
28.7
(83.7)
24.4
(75.9)
24.5
(76.1)
29.8
(85.6)
34.1
(93.4)
39.0
(102.2)
43.4
(110.1)
42.4
(108.3)
43.5
(110.3)
Average high °C (°F)31.1
(88.0)
29.8
(85.6)
27.9
(82.2)
24.5
(76.1)
20.1
(68.2)
17.0
(62.6)
16.3
(61.3)
18.3
(64.9)
21.5
(70.7)
24.9
(76.8)
27.7
(81.9)
30.2
(86.4)
24.1
(75.4)
Average low °C (°F)16.9
(62.4)
16.9
(62.4)
14.6
(58.3)
11.3
(52.3)
8.1
(46.6)
6.0
(42.8)
4.7
(40.5)
5.5
(41.9)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
13.3
(55.9)
15.7
(60.3)
11.0
(51.8)
Record low °C (°F)8.2
(46.8)
8.6
(47.5)
4.7
(40.5)
1.3
(34.3)
−1.0
(30.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
−2.7
(27.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
0.5
(32.9)
5.0
(41.0)
6.4
(43.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)82.3
(3.24)
77.3
(3.04)
52.2
(2.06)
38.9
(1.53)
46.5
(1.83)
45.5
(1.79)
36.5
(1.44)
38.1
(1.50)
38.5
(1.52)
57.8
(2.28)
62.0
(2.44)
67.9
(2.67)
643.1
(25.32)
Average precipitation days8.37.87.16.77.49.48.17.67.08.88.68.695.4
Source: [11]

See also

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Scone (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 January 2018. Blue pencil.svg
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Scone (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  3. http://www.upperhuntertourism.com.au/scone
  4. Scone and Upper Hunter Historical Society Newsletter (August 1972), p. 7
  5. Scone History Retrieved on 11 October 2008
  6. Scone Race Club - Race Days - retrieved 8 October 2014
  7. "Scone Civic Theatre". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01660. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  8. "Old Court Theatre". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00340. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  9. "Scone Post Office (Place ID 106199)". Australian Heritage Database . Department of the Environment . Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  10. "Scone Railway Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01242. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  11. "Climate statistics for Scone SCS". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 4 December 2013.