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Rèile na h-Alba
ScotRail Trains Limited
ScotRail logo.svg
ScotRail HST.jpg
Various ScotRail trains at Glasgow Queen Street, including an Inter7City train
Franchise(s) ScotRail
Main area(s) Scotland
Other area(s) Cumbria
Parent company Scottish Rail Holdings
Reporting mark SR
Dates of operation1 April 2022present
Predecessor Abellio ScotRail
Website OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Route map
Rail map scotland 2014.png

ScotRail Trains Limited, trading as ScotRail (Scottish Gaelic : Rèile na h-Alba), is a British train operating company that is publicly owned by Scottish Rail Holdings on behalf of the Scottish Government. [1] It has been operating the ScotRail franchise as an operator of last resort since 1 April 2022.



The ScotRail network had since 2015 been operated by the private-sector franchisee Abellio ScotRail. In December 2019, Transport Scotland announced Abellio had not met the performance criteria necessary to have its seven-year franchise extended for a further three years, and the franchise would conclude on 31 March 2022. [2] [3] [4]

In March 2021, Transport Scotland announced that the franchise would not be re-tendered for another private-sector operator to run, but would be operated by an operator of last resort owned by the Scottish Government. [5] [6] [7] The move was welcomed by the ASLEF, RMT and TSSA unions. [8]

The Minister for Transport, Jenny Gilruth, confirmed in February 2022 that ScotRail services would return to public ownership. She invited key stakeholders to take part in a discussion on the future of the service, saying "I can confirm that the transition of ScotRail into Scottish Government control will take place on 1 April 2022. Whilst that’s good news, it’s clear that much work still needs to be done... I want to kick-start a National Conversation about what our new beginning for ScotRail should look like - an affordable, sustainable, customer focused rail passenger service in Scotland in a post pandemic world." [9]

The Scottish Conservatives Transport Spokesman, Graham Simpson, criticised the planned consultation, saying that it "should be about lower fares, restoring services and stopping cuts to ticket offices - measures that will encourage people to use public transport." [10] The Scottish Liberal Democrats added that discussions should have started two years earlier, when nationalisation was decided. [10]

On 4 April 2022, on-board catering started to be reintroduced on ScotRail services. It had been suspended during the COVID-19 pandemic. [11]

In May 2022, ASLEF balloted its members for strike action, with drivers refusing to work overtime. In May 2022, many Sunday services were cancelled due to driver shortages. [12] [13] [14] ScotRail stated that the COVID-19 pandemic had prevented them from training an estimated 130 drivers. [15] On 1 June 2022, ASLEF announced that it had rejected an improved pay offer from ScotRail. [16]

A temporary timetable was brought in on 23 May 2022. The number of daily services was cut by around one-third, from approximately 2,150 to 1,456. Many early morning and late night services were cancelled. [17] In June 2022, ASLEF recommended its members accept a revised offer. [18] Services between Wick and Inverness on the Far North Line were cut from four trains each way per day to two. Stagecoach Highlands are expected to introduce an additional bus service on the route starting 6 June 2022. [19]


ScotRail Trains took over all of the services operated by Abellio. [7] As of May 2023, off-peak services delivered by ScotRail Monday to Friday are as follows: [20]

Central Belt

Argyle Line
RoutetphCalling at
Dalmuir to Larkhall 2
Dalmuir to Cumbernauld 1
Dalmuir to Motherwell1
  • Clydebank, Yoker, Garscadden, Scotstounhill, Jordanhill, Hyndland, Partick, Exhibition Centre, Anderston, Glasgow Central, Arygle Street, Bridgeton, Dalmarnock, Rutherglen, Cambuslang, Newton, Blantyre, Hamilton West, Hamilton Central, Airbles
Dalmuir to Whifflet 1
  • Clydebank, Yoker, Garscadden, Scotstounhill, Jordanhill, Hyndland, Partick, Exhibition Centre, Anderston, Glasgow Central, Arygle Street, Bridgeton, Dalmarnock, Rutherglen, Carmyle, Mount Vernon, Ballieston, Bargeddie, Kirkwood
Glasgow Central to Lanark 2
North Clyde Line
RoutetphCalling at
Helensburgh Central to Edinburgh Waverley 2
Balloch to Airdrie2
Milngavie to Springburn 2
Cumbernauld, Falkirk, and Maryhill Lines
RoutetphCalling at
Glasgow Queen Street to Cumbernauld 1
Glasgow Queen Street to Falkirk Grahamston 1
  • Springburn, Robroyston, Stepps, Gartcosh, Greenfaulds, Cumbernauld, Camelon
Glasgow Queen Street to Edinburgh Waverley 2
Glasgow Queen Street to Anniesland 1
Cathcart Circle Lines
RoutetphCalling at
Glasgow Central to Newton 1
Glasgow Central to Neilston 2
Paisley Canal Line
RoutetphCalling at
Glasgow Central to Paisley Canal 2
Shotts Line
RoutetphCalling at
Glasgow Central to Edinburgh Waverley via Shotts 1
Inverclyde Line
RoutetphCalling at
Glasgow Central to Gourock 2
Glasgow Central to Wemyss Bay 1
Ayrshire Coast Line
RoutetphCalling at
Glasgow Central to Ayr 2
Glasgow Central to Ardrossan Harbour 1
Glasgow Central to Largs 1
Glasgow South Western Line
RoutetphCalling at
Glasgow Central to East Kilbride 2
Glasgow Central to Barrhead 1
Glasgow Central to Kilmarnock 1
  • Barrhead, Dunlop, Stewarton, Kilmaurs
  • 1 train per day continues to Ayr (see below)
  • 1 train per day continues to Girvan (see below)
Glasgow Central to Carlisle 12
Dumfries to Carlisle12
  • Annan, Gretna Green
Kilmarnock to Ayr7tpd
  • 2 trains per day begin at Glasgow Central (see above)
  • 3 trains per day extend to Girvan (see below)
  • 2 trains per day extend to Stranraer (see below)
Ayr to Girvan12
Ayr to Stranraer14
Carstairs and North Berwick Lines
RoutetphCalling at
Glasgow Central to Edinburgh Waverley via Carstairs 12
Edinburgh Waverley to Dunbar 12 Musselburgh
Edinburgh Waverley to North Berwick 1
Borders Railway
RoutetphCalling at
Edinburgh Waverley to Tweedbank 2

Scotland National

West Highland Line
RoutetpdCalling at
Glasgow Queen Street to Oban 6
  • Falls of Cruachan is only served between March and October.
  • 3 trains per day run linked to a Mallaig portion between Glasgow and Crianlarich, see below
Glasgow Queen Street to Mallaig 3
  • Trains run linked to an Oban portion between Glasgow and Crianlarich, see above
Fort William to Mallaig1
Dalmally to Oban1
  • Loch Awe, Taynuilt, Connel Ferry
Croy & Dunblane Lines
RoutetphCalling at
Glasgow Queen Street to Alloa 2
Edinburgh Waverley to Dunblane 2
Fife Circle Line
RoutetphCalling at
Edinburgh Waverley to Dundee 1
Edinburgh Waverley to Perth 1
  • Haymarket, South Gyle, Edinburgh Gateway, Inverkeithing, Dalgety Bay, Aberdour, Burntisland, Kinghorn, Kirkcaldy, Markinch, Ladybank
Edinburgh Waverley to Cowdenbeath 1
Edinburgh Waverley to Glenrothes with Thornton 1
  • Haymarket, South Gyle, Edinburgh Gateway, Dalmeny, North Queensferry, Inverkeithing, Rosyth, Dunfermline City, Dunfermline Queen Margaret, Cowdenbeath, Lochgelly, Cardenden
Glasgow - / Edinburgh - Aberdeen Lines
RoutetphCalling at
Edinburgh Waverley to Aberdeen 1
Glasgow Queen Street to Aberdeen1
Glasgow Queen Street to Dundee1
Dundee to Arbroath1
Highland Main Line
RoutetpdCalling at
Glasgow Queen Street to Inverness 5
Edinburgh Waverley to Inverness5
  • Haymarket, Stirling, Perth, Dunkeld & Birnham, Pitlochry, Blair Atholl (3tpd), Dalwhinnie (3tpd), Newtonmore (3tpd), Kingussie, Aviemore, Carrbridge (3tpd)
Aberdeen–Inverness Line
RoutetphCalling at
Montrose to Inverurie 1
Aberdeen to Inverurie12
  • Dyce, Kintore
Aberdeen to Inverness 12
Elgin to Inverness12
  • Forres, Nairn, Inverness Airport
Far North & Kyle of Lochalsh Lines
RoutetpdCalling at
Inverness to Dingwall 1
Inverness to Invergordon 1
  • Beauly, Muir of Ord, Conon Bridge, Dingwall, Alness
Inverness to Tain 1
  • Beauly, Muir of Ord, Conon Bridge, Dingwall, Alness, Invergordon, Fearn
Inverness to Ardgay 1
  • Beauly, Muir of Ord, Conon Bridge, Dingwall, Alness, Invergordon, Fearn, Tain
Inverness to Wick 4
  • Dunrobin Castle is only served between March and October.
Inverness to Kyle of Lochalsh 4


ScotRail operates a number of different electric and diesel train types in its fleet. [21]

In 2021, ScotRail introduced five newly refurbished Class 153 carriages, which are attached to two-car Class 156 units. These new carriages, named "Highland Explorer" feature a 50:50 split between seating and bicycle racks. [22] The new carriage, which carries a £10 supplement to the regular ticket price, includes complimentary refreshments, cycling themed interior decorations and external vinyl wrap, and maps for cyclists planning to explore Western Scotland by bicycle. [23]

FamilyClassImageTypeTop speedNumberCarsRoutesBuiltNotes
High Speed Train [24] [25] 43 Taunton - Abellio ScotRail 43149.JPG Diesel locomotive 125200524/5 Aberdeen-Inverness Line
Glasgow/Edinburgh to Aberdeen
Glasgow/Edinburgh to Inverness
  • Operates under the brand Inter7City.
  • Fleet consists of 9 four-coach and 17 five-coach trains.
  • 1 four coach train damaged in the Stonehaven derailment.
Mark 3 ScotRailMk3.jpg Passenger carriage 120
Diesel multiple units
Sprinter 153 Super Sprinter [26] Train approaching Tyndrum Lower (geograph 7011217).jpg DMU 7512051 West Highland Line (Attached to 156s) [22] 19871988
156 Super Sprinter [27] [28] 156493+156453 Rannoch.jpg 422 Glasgow South Western Line
Maryhill Line
Shotts Line
West Highland Line
158/0 Express Sprinter Kyle of Lochalsh stn 21st July 2022 15.jpg 9014540 Aberdeen-Inverness Line
Borders Railway
Far North Line
Fife Circle Line
Glasgow/Edinburgh to Inverness
Kyle of Lochalsh line
Maryhill Line
ScotRail Class 158.png
Bombardier Turbostar 170 ScotRail 170426 at Kirkcaldy.jpg 100161303 Aberdeen-Inverness Line
Borders Railway
Edinburgh to Aberdeen Line
Fife Circle Line
Maryhill Line
Scotrail Class 170-3-4.png
Electric multiple units
BR Second Generation (Mark 3) 318 [29] 318261 in saltire livery at Gourock.jpg EMU 90145213 North Clyde Line
Whifflet Line
Cumbernauld Line
Inverclyde Line
Paisley Canal Line
Argyle Line
Cathcart Circle Lines
Glasgow to Lanark via Motherwell
320/3 [30] Hugh Llewellyn 19630631832.jpg 221990
320/4 [31] [32] 320414 at Gourock.jpg 1001611219891990Converted from Class 321/4.
Alstom Coradia Juniper [33] 334 Train terminates at Milngavie (geograph 5819031).jpg 9014540 North Clyde Line
Argyle Line
Scotrail Class 334 w-pantograph.png
Siemens Desiro [34] [35] 380/0 Glengarnock - looking towards Glasgow.JPG 100161223 Ayrshire Coast Line
Paisley Canal Line
Inverclyde Line
Cathcart Circle Lines
North Berwick Line
Glasgow to Edinburgh via Shotts
380/1 Edinburgh - Abellio 380108 North Berwick service.JPG 164
Scotrail Class 380 0 w-pantograph.png
Scotrail Class 380 1 w-pantograph.png
Hitachi AT200 [36] [37] 385/0 Breich railway station with train, view east from Edinburgh platform. Shotts Line. Scotland.jpg 463 Glasgow to Edinburgh via Falkirk Line
Glasgow/Edinburgh to North Berwick/Dunbar
Glasgow/Edinburgh to Dunblane and Alloa
Glasgow-Cathcart Circle/Neilston/Newton
Cumbernauld Line
Glasgow to Edinburgh via Motherwell and Carstairs
Glasgow to Lanark via Motherwell
Glasgow to Edinburgh via Shotts
Inverclyde Line
Argyle Line
20152019Operates under the brand eXpress.
385/1 British Rail Class 385s of Abellio ScotRail at Edinburgh Haymarket.jpg 244
Scotrail Class 385-0 w-pantograph.png
Scotrail Class 385-1 w-pantograph.png


Transport Scotland has a plan to implement the Scottish Government's policy to "decarbonise domestic passenger rail services", part of which involves replacing all diesel trains by 2035. [38] The £55 million first phase, to electrify 104 km (65 mi) of Fife Circle track, between Haymarket and Dalmeny, for use by battery electric multiple units, was begun by Scottish Powerlines in June 2022 and is due to be completed by December 2024. [39] [40] Further phases will electrify the lines between Kinghorn, Thornton, Ladybank and Lochgelly. [41]


ScotRail operates 353 stations in Scotland. [42] Not included are Prestwick International Airport station, owned and operated by the airport, [43] as well as both Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central, which are managed by Network Rail. [44] ScotRail operates Lockerbie and Reston even though no ScotRail services currently call at either station. [45]


ScotRail's fleet is maintained at Edinburgh Haymarket, Glasgow Eastfield, Glasgow Shields Road, Corkerhill Glasgow, Yoker, Ayr Townhead, Bathgate and Inverness as well as a newly built EMU stabling depot at Millerhill in Midlothian and a rebuilt depot at Cadder Yard. [46] [47]

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    Preceded by Operator of ScotRail franchise
    2022 -
    Succeeded by