The Scotland national football team represents Scotland in international association football and is controlled by the Scottish Football Association. It is the joint-oldest national football team in the world, alongside England, Scotland's opponents in what is now recognised as the world's first international football match, which took place at Hamilton Crescent in Glasgow in November 1872.Prior to this, a series of matches had been played between teams representing the two countries, but the Scottish team was drawn almost entirely from players based in and around London and these games are now not regarded as full international matches. The lack of involvement by players from Scottish clubs in these matches led to some controversy, which was resolved when The Football Association arranged to send a team to play in Glasgow, where the English players took on a Scotland team composed entirely of players from the Queen's Park club.
The Scotland national football team represents Scotland in international football and is controlled by the Scottish Football Association. It competes in the three major professional tournaments, the FIFA World Cup, UEFA Nations League and the UEFA European Championship. Scotland, as a constituent country of the United Kingdom, is not a member of the International Olympic Committee and therefore the national team does not compete in the Olympic Games. The majority of Scotland's home matches are played at the national stadium, Hampden Park.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.
The Scottish Football Association, is the governing body of football in Scotland and has the ultimate responsibility for the control and development of football in Scotland. Members of the SFA include clubs in Scotland, affiliated national associations as well as local associations. It was formed in 1873, making it the second oldest national football association in the world. It is not to be confused with the "Scottish Football Union", which is the name that the SRU was known by until the 1920s.
Between 1872 and 1914, when competitive football was interrupted by the First World War, Scotland played 113 international matches, resulting in 70 victories, 23 draws and 20 defeats. This total does not include a match in 1902 which was declared void after a disaster at Ibrox Park in which 25 spectators died. Scotland played an annual friendly against England each year until 1883, and added a regular game against Wales in 1876. These two teams remained Scotland's only opponents until the British Home Championship was instituted in 1884, consisting of a round-robin tournament between England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. –0 defeat of Ireland in 1901 is the national team's biggest win, and the 6–1 victory over England at Kennington Oval in 1881 remains the team's biggest win away to fierce rivals England. Scotland's games with England during this period drew extremely large crowds, with five matches prior to the First World War attracting crowds of over 100,000 spectators. The compilers of the World Football Elo Ratings retrospectively consider Scotland to have been ranked at number 1 during much of the early period of international football.Of the 31 tournaments staged prior to the war, Scotland won 10 outright and 6 jointly. Scotland's 11
The 1902 Ibrox disaster was the collapse of a stand at Ibrox Park in Glasgow, Scotland which led to the deaths of 25 and injuries to more than 500 supporters during an international association football match between Scotland and England on 5 April 1902.
An exhibition game is a sporting event whose prize money and impact on the player's or the team's rankings is either zero or otherwise greatly reduced. In team sports, matches of this type are often used to help coaches and managers select and condition players for the competitive matches of a league season or tournament. If the players usually play in different teams in other leagues, exhibition games offer an opportunity for the players to learn to work with each other. The games can be held between separate teams or between parts of the same team.
The Wales national football team represents Wales in international football. It is controlled by the Football Association of Wales (FAW), the governing body for football in Wales and the third-oldest national football association in the world.
Scotland's score is shown first in each case.
|30 November 1872||Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow (H)||0–0||Friendly||3,000|
|8 March 1873||Kennington Oval, London (A)||2–4||Friendly||Henry Renny-Tailyour, William Gibb||3,000|
|7 March 1874||Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow (H)||2–1||Friendly||Frederick Anderson, Angus MacKinnon||7,000|
|6 March 1875||Kennington Oval, London (A)||2–2||Friendly||Henry McNeil, Peter Andrews||2,000|
|4 March 1876||Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow (H)||3–0||Friendly||Billy MacKinnon, Henry McNeil, Thomas Highet||15,000|
|25 March 1876||Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow (H)||4–0||Friendly||John Ferguson, Jimmy Lang, Billy MacKinnon, Henry McNeil||17,000|
|3 March 1877||Kennington Oval, London (A)||3–1||Friendly||John Ferguson (2), James Richmond||2,000|
|5 March 1877||Acton Park, Wrexham (A)||2–0||Friendly||Own goal, Charles Campbell||4,000|
|2 March 1878||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||7–2||Friendly||John McDougall (3), John McGregor, Henry McNeil (2), Billy MacKinnon||10,000|
|23 March 1878||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||9–0||Friendly||Peter Campbell (2), Jerry Weir (2), John Ferguson (2), John Baird, James Watson, Jimmy Lang||6,000|
|5 April 1879||Kennington Oval, London (A)||4–5||Friendly||Billy MacKinnon (2), John McDougall, John Smith||4,500|
|7 April 1879||Acton Park, Wrexham (A)||3–0||Friendly||John Smith (2), Peter Campbell||2,000|
|13 March 1880||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||5–4||Friendly||George Ker (3), John Baird, John Kay||12,000|
|27 March 1880||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||5–1||Friendly||David Davidson, William Beveridge, Joseph Lindsay, J. McAdam, John Campbell||2,000|
|12 March 1881||Kennington Oval, London (A)||6–1||Friendly||John Smith (3), George Ker (2), David Hill||8,500|
|14 March 1881||Acton Park, Wrexham (A)||5–1||Friendly||George Ker (2), Henry McNeil, two own goals||1,500|
|11 March 1882||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||5–1||Friendly||George Ker (2), William Harrower, John Kay, Robert McPherson||10,000|
|25 March 1882||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||5–0||Friendly||Eadie Fraser (2), John Kay, George Ker, James McAulay||5,000|
|10 March 1883||Bramall Lane, Sheffield (A)||3–2||Friendly||John Smith (2), Eadie Fraser||7,000|
|12 March 1883||Acton Park, Wrexham (A)||3–0||Friendly||John Smith, Eadie Fraser, William Anderson||2,000|
|26 January 1884||Ulster Cricket Ground, Belfast (A)||5–0||British Home Championship||James Gossland (2), William Harrower (2), John Goudie||2,000|
|15 March 1884||Cathkin Park, Glasgow (H)||1–0||British Home Championship||John Smith||10,000|
|29 March 1884||Cathkin Park, Glasgow (H)||4–1||British Home Championship||John Kay (2), Joseph Lindsay, Francis Shaw||5,000|
|14 March 1885||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||8–2||British Home Championship||Alexander Higgins (3), Alexander Barbour, W. Lamont, William Turner, John Marshall, Robert Calderwood||6,000|
|21 March 1885||Kennington Oval, London (A)||1–1||British Home Championship||Joseph Lindsay||8,000|
|23 March 1885||Acton Park, Wrexham (A)||8–1||British Home Championship||Joseph Lindsay (3), Robert Calderwood (2), William Anderson (2), David Allan||4,000|
|20 March 1886||Ulster Cricket Ground, Belfast (A)||7–2||British Home Championship||Charles Heggie (4), John Lambie, James Gourlay, Michael Dunbar||3,000|
|27 March 1886||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||1–1||British Home Championship||George Somerville||11,000|
|10 April 1886||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||4–1||British Home Championship||Bob McCormick, James McCall, David Allan, William Harrower||5,500|
|19 February 1887||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||4–1||British Home Championship||William Watt, Tom Jenkinson, William Johnstone, James Lowe||1,000|
|19 March 1887||Leamington Road, Blackburn (A)||3–2||British Home Championship||James McCall, Leitch Keir, James Allan||12,000|
|21 March 1887||Acton Park, Wrexham (A)||2–0||British Home Championship||William Robertson, James Allan||2,000|
|10 March 1888||Hibernian Park, Edinburgh (H)||5–1||British Home Championship||Alex Latta (2), William Paul, Neil Munro, Willie Groves||8,000|
|17 March 1888||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||0–5||British Home Championship||10,000|
|24 March 1888||Solitude Ground, Belfast (A)||10–2||British Home Championship||William Dickson (4), Geordie Dewar, Thomas Breckenridge, Allan Stewart, Neil McCallum, Ralph Aitken, own goal||5,000|
|9 March 1889||Ibrox Park, Glasgow (H)||7–0||British Home Championship||Willie Groves (3), Frank Watt (2), David Black, Tom McInnes||6,000|
|13 April 1889||Kennington Oval, London (A)||3–2||British Home Championship||Neil Munro, Jimmy Oswald, James McLaren||10,000|
|15 April 1889||The Racecourse, Wrexham (A)||0–0||British Home Championship||6,000|
|22 March 1890||Underwood Park, Paisley (H)||5–0||British Home Championship||William Paul (4), Hughie Wilson||7,500|
|29 March 1890||Ulster Cricket Ground, Belfast (A)||4–1||British Home Championship||Gilbert Rankin (2), Tom Wylie, John McPherson||5,000|
|5 April 1890||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||1–1||British Home Championship||John McPherson||26,379|
|21 March 1891||The Racecourse, Wrexham (A)||4–3||British Home Championship||Bob Boyd (2), James Logan, Robert Buchanan||4,000|
|28 March 1891||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||2–1||British Home Championship||James Low, Tom Waddell||8,000|
|4 April 1891||Ewood Park, Blackburn (A)||1–2||British Home Championship||Frank Watt||31,000|
|19 March 1892||Solitude Ground, Belfast (A)||3–2||British Home Championship||Alexander Keillor, William Lambie, James Ellis||10,500|
|26 March 1892||Tynecastle Park, Edinburgh (H)||6–1||British Home Championship||James Hamilton (2), John McPherson (2), Davie Baird, William Thomson||600|
|2 April 1892||Ibrox Park, Glasgow (H)||1–4||British Home Championship||Jack Bell||20,000|
|18 March 1893||The Racecourse, Wrexham (A)||8–0||British Home Championship||Jake Madden (4), John Barker (3), William Lambie||4,500|
|25 March 1893||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||6–1||British Home Championship||William Sellar (2), James Kelly, James Hamilton, own goal||12,000|
|1 April 1893||Athletic Ground, London (A)||2–5||British Home Championship||William Sellar (2)||16,000|
|24 March 1894||Rugby Park, Kilmarnock (H)||5–2||British Home Championship||Davidson Berry, John Barker, Thomas Chambers, David Alexander, John Johnstone||10,000|
|31 March 1894||Solitude Ground, Belfast (A)||2–1||British Home Championship||John Taylor, own goal||6,000|
|7 April 1894||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||2–2||British Home Championship||William Lambie, Sandy McMahon||45,017|
|23 March 1895||The Racecourse, Wrexham (A)||2–2||British Home Championship||Jake Madden, John Divers||4,000|
|30 March 1895||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||3–1||British Home Championship||John Walker (2), William Lambie||15,000|
|6 April 1895||Goodison Park, Liverpool (A)||0–3||British Home Championship||42,500|
|21 March 1896||Carolina Port, Dundee (H)||4–0||British Home Championship||Robert Neil (2), Alexander Keillor, Daniel Paton||11,700|
|28 March 1896||Solitude Ground, Belfast (A)||3–3||British Home Championship||Robert Smyth McColl (2), Patrick Murray||8,000|
|4 April 1896||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||2–1||British Home Championship||William Lambie, Jack Bell||56,500|
|20 March 1897||Racecourse Ground, Wrexham (A)||2–2||British Home Championship||John Ritchie, John Walker||5,000|
|27 March 1897||Ibrox Park, Glasgow (H)||5–1||British Home Championship||John McPherson (2), Neil Gibson, Robert Smyth McColl, Alexander King||15,000|
|3 April 1897||Crystal Palace, London (A)||2–1||British Home Championship||Tommy Hyslop, Jimmy Millar||35,000|
|19 March 1898||Fir Park, Motherwell (H)||5–2||British Home Championship||James Gillespie (3), James McKie (2)||3,500|
|26 March 1898||Solitude Ground, Belfast (A)||3–0||British Home Championship||Thomas Robertson, Robert Smyth McColl, William Stewart||5,000|
|2 April 1898||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||1–3||British Home Championship||Jimmy Millar||40,000|
|18 March 1899||Racecourse Ground, Wrexham (A)||6–0||British Home Championship||Robert Smyth McColl (3), John Campbell (2), Henry Marshall||12,000|
|25 March 1899||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||9–1||British Home Championship||Robert Smyth McColl (3), John Campbell (2), Robert Hamilton (2), Jack Bell, Alex Christie||12,000|
|8 April 1899||Villa Park, Birmingham (A)||1–2||British Home Championship||Robert Hamilton||25,590|
|3 February 1900||Pittodrie, Aberdeen (H)||5–2||British Home Championship||Davie Wilson (2), Jack Bell, Alexander Smith, Robert Hamilton||12,500|
|3 March 1900||Solitude Ground, Belfast (A)||3–0||British Home Championship||Alexander Smith, John Campbell (2)||6,000|
|7 April 1900||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||4–1||British Home Championship||Robert Smyth McColl (3), Jack Bell||63,000|
|23 February 1901||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||–011||British Home Championship||Sandy McMahon (4), Robert Hamilton (4), John Campbell (2), Davie Russell||15,000|
|2 March 1901||Racecourse Ground, Wrexham (A)||1–1||British Home Championship||John Robertson||5,000|
|30 March 1901||Crystal Palace, London (A)||2–2||British Home Championship||John Campbell, Robert Hamilton||18,520|
|1 March 1902||Grosvenor Park, Belfast (A)||5–1||British Home Championship||Robert Hamilton (3), Robert Walker, Albert Buick||15,000|
|15 March 1902||Cappielow Park, Greenock (H)||5–1||British Home Championship||John Robertson, Albert Buick, Alec Smith, Robert Walker, John Campbell||5,284|
|3 May 1902||Villa Park, Birmingham (A)||2–2||British Home Championship||Bobby Templeton, Ronald Orr||15,000||[A]|
|9 March 1903||Arms Park, Cardiff (A)||1–0||British Home Championship||Finlay Speedie||11,000|
|21 March 1903||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||0–2||British Home Championship||17,000|
|4 April 1903||Bramall Lane, Sheffield (A)||2–1||British Home Championship||Finlay Speedie, Robert Walker||32,000|
|12 March 1904||Dens Park, Dundee (H)||1–1||British Home Championship||Robert Walker||12,000|
|26 March 1904||Dalymount Park, Dublin (H)||1–1||British Home Championship||Robert Hamilton||1,000|
|9 April 1904||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||0–1||British Home Championship||45,000|
|6 March 1905||Racecourse Ground, Wrexham (A)||1–3||British Home Championship||John Robertson||6,000|
|18 March 1905||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||4–0||British Home Championship||Charles Thomson (2 pens.), Bobby Walker, Jimmy Quinn||35,000|
|1 April 1905||Crystal Palace, London (A)||0–1||British Home Championship||32,000|
|3 March 1906||Tynecastle Park, Edinburgh (H)||0–2||British Home Championship||25,000|
|17 March 1906||Dalymount Park, Dublin (A)||1–0||British Home Championship||Thomas Fitchie||8,000|
|7 April 1906||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||2–1||British Home Championship||James Howie (2)||102,741|
|4 March 1907||Racecourse Ground, Wrexham (A)||0–1||British Home Championship||7,715|
|16 March 1907||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||3–0||British Home Championship||Frank O'Rourke, Robert Walker, Charles Thomson (pen.)||26,000|
|6 April 1907||St James' Park, Newcastle (A)||1–1||British Home Championship||Own goal||35,829|
|7 March 1908||Dens Park, Dundee (H)||2–1||British Home Championship||Alex Bennett, Willie Lennie||18,000|
|14 March 1908||Dalymount Park, Dublin (A)||5–0||British Home Championship||Jimmy Quinn (4), James Galt||10,000|
|4 April 1908||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||1–1||British Home Championship||Andrew Wilson||121,452|
|1 March 1909||Racecourse Ground, Wrexham (A)||2–3||British Home Championship||Robert Walker, Harold Paul||6,000|
|15 March 1909||Ibrox Park, Glasgow (H)||5–0||British Home Championship||James McMenemy (2), Sandy MacFarlane, Alexander Thomson, Harold Paul||24,000|
|3 April 1909||Crystal Palace, London (A)||0–2||British Home Championship||27,000|
|5 March 1910||Rugby Park, Kilmarnock (H)||1–0||British Home Championship||Archie Devine||22,000|
|19 March 1910||Windsor Park, Belfast (A)||0–1||British Home Championship||17,000|
|2 April 1910||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||2–0||British Home Championship||Jimmy McMenemy, Jimmy Quinn||106,205|
|6 March 1911||Ninian Park, Cardiff (A)||2–2||British Home Championship||Robert Hamilton (2)||14,000|
|18 March 1911||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||2–0||British Home Championship||William Reid, James McMenemy||32,000|
|1 April 1911||Goodison Park, Liverpool (A)||1–1||British Home Championship||Alexander Higgins||38,000|
|2 March 1912||Tynecastle Park, Edinburgh (H)||1–0||British Home Championship||James Quinn||32,000|
|16 March 1912||Windsor Park, Belfast (A)||4–1||British Home Championship||Walter Aitkenhead (2), William Reid, Bobby Walker||12,000|
|23 March 1912||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||1–1||British Home Championship||Andrew Wilson||127,307|
|3 March 1913||Racecourse Ground, Wrexham (A)||0–0||1913 British Home Championship||8,000|
|15 March 1913||Dalymount Park, Dublin (A)||2–1||British Home Championship||William Reid, Alex Bennett||12,000|
|5 April 1913||Stamford Bridge, Chelsea (A)||0–1||British Home Championship||52,500|
|28 February 1914||Celtic Park, Glasgow (H)||0–0||British Home Championship||10,000|
|14 March 1914||Windsor Park, Belfast (A)||1–1||British Home Championship||Joseph Donnachie||31,000|
|14 April 1914||Hampden Park, Glasgow (H)||3–1||British Home Championship||Charles Thomson, James McMenemy, William Reid||105,000|
The International Roll of Honour is a list established by the Scottish Football Association recognising players who have gained 50 or more international caps for Scotland. The roll of honour was launched in February 1988, when 11 players had already achieved the distinction. Each player inducted receives a commemorative gold medal, an invitation to every Scotland home match and has their portrait hung in the Scottish Football Museum.
The Faroe Islands national football team, represents the Faroe Islands in association football and is controlled by the Faroe Islands Football Association. The Faroe Islands became a member of FIFA in 1988 and UEFA in 1990 and is the fourth smallest UEFA country by population.
Gordon Smith was a Scottish football player. He is the only player to have won a Scottish league championship with three clubs: Hibernian, Heart of Midlothian, and Dundee. Smith also represented Scotland and the Scottish League XI.
Richard Asa Hartford is a Scottish former football player and coach. He started his professional career with West Bromwich Albion. His early progress led to a proposed transfer to Leeds United in November 1971, but this collapsed when a medical examination discovered a heart condition. Hartford instead moved to Manchester City in 1974. He helped City win the 1976 League Cup Final. After a brief spell with Nottingham Forest, Hartford moved to Everton in 1979 and then had a second spell with Manchester City. After playing for Fort Lauderdale Sun, Hartford joined Norwich City. His shot resulted in the only goal of the 1985 League Cup Final.
Hampden Park in Glasgow is the primary home stadium for the Scotland national football team. This has been the case since 1906, soon after it opened. The present site of Hampden Park is the third location to bear that name and both the previous locations also hosted Scotland games. Scotland have also played many of their home games in other stadiums throughout their history, both in friendly matches and for competitive tournaments.
This page details Scotland national football team records and statistics; the most capped players, the players with the most goals, and Scotland's match record by opponent and decade.
This article lists the results for the Scotland national football team between 1940 and 1959. Scotland did not play any official matches between 1940 and 1945 because competitive football was suspended for the duration of the Second World War. Several unofficial internationals, some known as Victory Internationals, were played during this time.
This article lists the results for the Scotland national football team between 1980 and 1999.
This article lists the results for the Scotland national football team from 2000 to the present day.
This article lists the results for the Scotland national football team between 1960 and 1979.
The Scotland national football team represents Scotland in international association football and is controlled by the Scottish Football Association. It is the joint-oldest national football team in the world, alongside England, Scotland's opponents in what is now recognised as the world's first international football match, which took place at Hamilton Crescent in Glasgow in November 1872.
Scotland was one of the earliest modern footballing nations, with Glasgow club Queen's Park early pioneers of the game throughout the UK. More clubs formed in Scotland, resulting in the commencement of the first major competition in 1873, the Scottish Cup, then the founding of the Scottish Football League in 1890. With the official sanctioning of professionalism, the Old Firm of Celtic and Rangers became dominant in Scotland, and remain so, although other clubs have enjoyed brief periods of success too.
This is a progressive list of association footballers who have held or co-held the record for international caps for the Scotland national football team. The record is held by Kenny Dalglish with 102 caps. Dalglish is the only player to have appeared 100 or more times for Scotland, meaning that he is the only Scottish member of the FIFA Century Club.
Billy Rogers (1905-1936) was a Welsh international footballer. He made nearly 200 appearances in the Football League, primarily for Wrexham, despite playing his last 3 seasons with terminal cancer. He also represented the Wales national team twice.