Scott Dozier

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Scott Dozier
Scott Dozier.jpg
Born
Scott Raymond Dozier

(1970-11-20)November 20, 1970
Died (aged 48)
Cause of death Suicide by hanging
Other namesChadwick Quincy "Chad" Wyatt
Raymond Dozier
Children2
Conviction(s) Capital murder (September 25, 2007)
Criminal penalty Death penalty (October 3, 2007)
Details
VictimsJeremiah Miller
Jasen "Griffin" Green
DateApril 18, 2002

Scott Raymond Dozier ( /ˈdʒər/ ; November 20, 1970 – January 5, 2019) was an American murderer on death row in Nevada [1] for the 2002 murder of 22-year-old Jeremiah Miller, who was one of Dozier's drug associates. He would have been the first inmate executed by the state of Nevada in more than a decade, but committed suicide in prison before this could take place after a lengthy battle to carry out his death sentence by the state. [2]

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Death row is a special section of a prison that houses inmates awaiting execution after being convicted of a capital crime. The term is also used figuratively to describe the state of awaiting execution, even in places where no special facility or separate unit for condemned inmates exists. In the United States, after a person is found guilty of a capital offense in death penalty states, the judge will give the jury the option of imposing a death sentence or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole. It is then up to a jury to decide whether to give the death sentence; this usually has to be a unanimous decision. If the jury agrees on death, the defendant will remain on death row during appeal and habeas corpus procedures, which may continue for several years.

Nevada State of the United States of America

Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U.S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital, however, is Carson City.

Contents

Background

Scott Dozier was born on November 20, 1970, in Boulder City, Nevada. His father worked for federal water projects throughout the American West and he had two siblings. [3]

Boulder City, Nevada City in Nevada, United States

Boulder City is a city in Clark County, Nevada. It is approximately 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Las Vegas. As of the 2010 census, the population of Boulder City was 15,023.

In his adulthood, Dozier briefly served in the United States Military, and married Angela Drake whom he had begun dating in high school, and had a son from that marriage. By his mid-20s, he was making much of his income from the production and sale of methamphetamine, during the course of which he would alternate between Nevada and Arizona, the two states in which he was convicted of murder. Dozier had commented on his enjoyment of "living outside the law" in the months leading up to his scheduled execution. [4]

Methamphetamine chemical

Methamphetamine is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity. Methamphetamine was discovered in 1893 and exists as two enantiomers: levo-methamphetamine and dextro-methamphetamine. Methamphetamine properly refers to a specific chemical, the racemic free base, which is an equal mixture of levomethamphetamine and dextromethamphetamine in their pure amine forms. It is rarely prescribed over concerns involving human neurotoxicity and potential for recreational use as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant, among other concerns, as well as the availability of safer substitute drugs with comparable treatment efficacy. Dextromethamphetamine is a much stronger CNS stimulant than levomethamphetamine.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Murders

On April 18, 2002, Jeremiah Miller met Dozier at La Concha, a motel on the Las Vegas Strip. Dozier had promised to help Miller buy ephedrine, a key ingredient in the production of methamphetamine. Miller had brought $12,000 in cash for that purpose. Upon Miller's arrival at La Concha, Dozier killed him (likely by shooting), sawed Miller's body into multiple pieces, stuffed most of them into a suitcase, and disposed of it near an apartment complex in western Las Vegas. [5] The suitcase was discovered by a worker the following week. Miller's head and arms were never found. Dozier was arrested on June 25, 2002, in Phoenix, Arizona. Subsequently, he was also connected to the July 27, 2001, murder of Jasen "Griffin" Green, whose remains were found in a plastic container in the desert north of Phoenix. [6]

La Concha Motel

The La Concha Motel was a motel that opened in 1961 and closed in 2004. It was designed by architect Paul Williams who was one of the first prominent African American architects in the United States and was also the architect who designed the first LAX theme building. It was located at 2955 Las Vegas Blvd South, on the Las Vegas Strip, in Winchester, Nevada, and was considered one of the best-preserved examples of 1950s Googie architecture. It was named after the resort community of La Concha, Spain. La Concha motel was also neighbors of El Morocco Hotel that opened in 1964 and closed 1983.

Las Vegas Strip 4 mile stretch of Las Vegas Boulevard with many resorts, shows, and casinos

The Las Vegas Strip is a stretch of South Las Vegas Boulevard in Clark County, Nevada that is known for its concentration of resort hotels and casinos. The Strip is approximately 4.2 miles (6.8 km) in length, located immediately south of the Las Vegas city limits in the unincorporated towns of Paradise and Winchester. However, the Strip is often referred to as being in Las Vegas.

Ephedrine chemical compound

Ephedrine is a medication and stimulant. It is often used to prevent low blood pressure during spinal anesthesia. It has also been used for asthma, narcolepsy, and obesity but is not the preferred treatment. It is of unclear benefit in nasal congestion. It can be taken by mouth or by injection into a muscle, vein, or just under the skin. Onset with intravenous use is fast, while injection into a muscle can take 20 minutes, and by mouth can take an hour for effect. When given by injection it lasts about an hour and when taken by mouth it can last up to four hours.

Dozier received a 22-year sentence in 2005 for killing Green. After being extradited to Nevada, he stood trial for Miller's murder. He was convicted of the murder in September 2007; he received a death sentence on October 3, 2007, which was upheld by the Nevada Supreme Court on January 23, 2012. [7]

Attempts to expedite execution

On October 31, 2016, Dozier voluntarily waived his appeals and wrote a letter to District Judge Jennifer Togliatti asking her to expedite his execution. [8] Ten days later, on November 10, the Nevada Department of Corrections publicly announced the completion of the new lethal injection chamber at Ely State Prison, following the May 18, 2012, closure of the Nevada State Prison in Carson City, which had housed the state's former gas chamber which had been converted to be compatible with lethal injections. Dozier was transferred from Carson City to Ely in September 2011. In a hearing on July 27, 2017, Judge Togliatti signed Dozier's death warrant, permitting his execution to take place [9] "in the week of October 16, 2017". [10]

Nevada Department of Corrections

The Nevada Department of Corrections (NDOC) is a governmental agency in the U.S. state of Nevada. The NDOC headquarters is located on the property of the Stewart Indian School in Carson City.

Lethal injection form of execution

Lethal injection is the practice of injecting one or more drugs into a person for the express purpose of causing immediate death. The main application for this procedure is capital punishment, but the term may also be applied in a broader sense to include euthanasia and other forms of suicide. The drugs cause the person to become unconscious, stops their breathing, and causes a heart arrhythmia, in that order.

Ely State Prison architectural structure

Ely State Prison (ESP) is a maximum security penitentiary located in unincorporated White Pine County, Nevada, about 9 miles (14 km) north of Ely. The facility, operated by the Nevada Department of Corrections, opened in July 1989. As of 2010 the prison has a staff of 406 and is a major employer in the Ely area. As of September 2010, the prison housed 1,077 male inmates.

Following a hearing on August 17, 2017, Dozier's execution was pushed back to the week of November 13, 2017, with the Department of Corrections scheduling the execution for 8 p.m. on November 14. On November 9, 2017, Judge Togliatti stayed Dozier's execution at the request of his lawyers so the state's proposed lethal injection plan could be appealed. This was the first execution to be scheduled in seven years in Nevada since Tamir Hamilton was scheduled for execution on August 16, 2010. Hamilton's execution was stayed to allow him to pursue further appeals. [11]

On June 19, 2018, Judge Togliatti signed a new death warrant for Dozier, permitting his execution to take place in the week beginning Monday, July 9, 2018. The following day, Nevada Department of Corrections spokeswoman Brooke Santina confirmed that the state had the necessary drugs with which to execute Dozier, and also that the execution had been tentatively scheduled for Wednesday, July 11, 2018, at 8 p.m. [12] [13] Clark County District Court Judge Elizabeth Gonzalez halted the execution on Wednesday morning, hours before it was scheduled to proceed, in response to a challenge by New Jersey-based pharmaceutical firm Alvogen that it does not want its product midazolam used in executions; Pfizer and Sandoz also objected to the use of their drugs (fentanyl and cisatracurium besilate, respectively) but did not join Alvogen's lawsuit. [14]

A court hearing regarding Alvogen's case was scheduled for September 10, 2018, in which Alvogen sought to prevent the use of midazolam in any lethal injection execution. [15] Alvogen asserted that the Nevada Department of Corrections fraudulently obtained one of its sedatives to be used in the execution, and also filed a temporary restraining order to prevent its product from being used in executions. [16] Lawyers for Alvogen claim the manufacturer will "suffer irreparable harm to its reputation as a company that produces life-enhancing and life-saving drugs if Defendants [i.e. the state of Nevada] are allowed to misuse its product midazolam". [17] Sandoz subsequently joined Alvogen in seeking the prevention of any of their drugs being used in an execution. [18] State prison officials responded to Alvogen's successful stay of the execution and filed a motion requesting to vacate the order on August 7, 2018. [19] The case continued in the Nevada Supreme Court and outgoing Attorney General Adam Laxalt made a filing in December 2018 that stated that if businesses could prevent their drugs being used for executions then it would mean the end of capital punishment in the state. A date had not been set for the hearing in 2019 and it was unclear if incoming Attorney General Aaron D. Ford would continue the appeal. [20]

Death

Dozier had been on suicide watch for several months. According to his lawyers, his mental state had deteriorated due to deprivation of personal belongings and outside contact. [3] On January 5, 2019, Dozier was found dead in his death-row cell at the Ely State Prison in Ely, Nevada. [2] , having hanged himself from a bed sheet attached to an air vent in the cell. Dozier was 48 years old at the time of his death.

See also

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References

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  2. 1 2 Associated Press. "Nevada inmate whose execution was twice called off found dead in cell". Nbcnews.com. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  3. 1 2 "Meet the Man Who Wants Nevada to Kill Him". The Marshall Project. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  4. Artemur (January 18, 2018), Scott Raymond Dozier Nevada Death Row inmate interview , retrieved August 11, 2018
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  6. "Nevada Murderer Is Granted His Wish to Die". www.theepochtimes.com. July 29, 2017. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  7. "The State of Nevada vs Scott R Dozier". Eighth Judicial District Court Records Inquiry. September 13, 2005. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  8. "Las Vegas Review-Journal". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
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  10. "Las Vegas judge grants killer his wish, orders execution". Las Vegas Review-Journal. July 27, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  11. "Stays of Execution 2010 | Death Penalty Information Center". deathpenaltyinfo.org. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  12. "Las Vegas judge signs Scott Dozier's execution warrant". Las Vegas Review-Journal. June 20, 2018. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  13. "Article". US News. June 20, 2018.
  14. "Article". CBS News. July 11, 2018.
  15. Ritter, Ken; Price, Michelle L. (July 12, 2018). "Execution blocked after company objects to use of its drug". Associated Press. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  16. "Drug maker Alvogen sues to stop Nevada execution planned for Wednesday". Eu.rgj.com. July 10, 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
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